array

verb
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā \
arrayed; arraying; arrays

Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to dress or decorate especially in splendid or impressive attire : adorn … he had already arrayed himself in his best clothes.— Thomas Hardy
2a : to set or place in order : draw up, marshal the forces arrayed against us
b : to set or set forth in order (something, such as a jury) for the trial of a cause
3 : to arrange or display in or as if in an array The … data are arrayed in descending order.— Ed Burnett

array

noun

Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an imposing group : large number faced a whole array of problems also : variety, assortment a broad array of styles
2a : a regular and imposing grouping or arrangement : order lined up … in soldierly array— Donald Barthelme
b law : an orderly listing of jurors impaneled
b : rich or beautiful apparel : finery
4 : a body of soldiers : militia the baron and his feudal array
5a(1) : a number of mathematical elements arranged in rows and columns
(2) : a data structure in which similar elements of data are arranged in a table
b : a series of statistical data arranged in classes in order of magnitude
6 : a group of elements forming a complete unit an antenna array

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Other Words from array

Verb

arrayer noun

Examples of array in a Sentence

Verb

She arrayed herself in rich velvets and satins. a door arrayed for the holidays with a beautiful evergreen wreath

Noun

an array of solar panels an array of baseball gloves in the corner of his room
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Meanwhile, 46 battalions of Russia's Western Military District and the Kaliningrad Oblast—about nine combat divisions' worth—are arrayed against them. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "U.S. Official: Russia Could Defeat NATO in Less Than 3 Days," 14 June 2016 Naturally, the royal crash pad is beyond glamorous by today’s standards, with seemingly endless rooms arrayed in antiques, royal portraits, and family treasures, including an original Fabergé egg (more on that later). Olivia Martin, Town & Country, "The Story of the Incredible Paris Apartment in The Romanoffs Episode 1," 12 Oct. 2018 Facebook Oculus Quest builds sensors into the headset itself, with four cameras arrayed around the edges of the visor. Hayden Dingman, PCWorld, "The $399 Oculus Quest is a premium VR headset with no wires—and no PC required," 26 Sep. 2018 The Gatling featured four to ten barrels arrayed around a central axis and a top-loading magazine which loaded each barrel in turn before the continuing turn of the gun's crank fired the weapon. Matthew Moss, Popular Mechanics, "The Story of the Gatling Gun," 22 Aug. 2016 The final step is to dig the hundreds of horizontal burial shafts, arrayed like fish bones along the deepest access tunnels. Tim Heffernan, Popular Mechanics, "Finland's Crazy Plan to Make Nuclear Waste Disappear," 10 May 2012 England lines up from 35 yards in the center for a free kick; their targets are arrayed across the 18. Rory Smith, New York Times, "Croatia Digs Deeper, Burying England’s World Cup Dreams," 12 July 2018 Herbarium specimens – again, of varieties included in Tree of 40 Fruit and the Open Orchard – are arrayed formally against a wall. Barbara Schreiber, charlotteobserver, "This artist ‘sculpts’ in living trees and fruit. Here’s what he’s doing now in Charlotte," 11 July 2018 Their 11 flowering rooms — forests of head-high marijuana plants, arrayed in neat rows and bathed in artificial light — have space collectively for 5,800 plants. Matthew Ormseth, courant.com, "Medical Marijuana's Success In Connecticut Brings Renewed Calls For More Growers," 20 Apr. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Spend days enjoying the surf and the country's lush beaches, and follow up lazy days with trips to Udawalawe National Park, hikes to World's End, and trips to the country's endless array of historic ruins and temples. Carrie Goldberg, Harper's BAZAAR, "The 19 Best Places to Travel in 2019," 10 Jan. 2019 These days, such offerings, once devoured almost exclusively by Japanese expats living in the city and the greater metropolitan area, are becoming known to a broader array of New Yorkers. Charles Passy, WSJ, "New Year’s Resolution: Celebrate With a Japanese Feast," 29 Dec. 2018 Researchers Manu Mannoor and Sudeep Joshi wondered if mushrooms, which naturally play host to a wide array of bacteria, could find room on their caps for cyanobacteria to live for an extended period. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "Your Next Electrical Source: Bionic Mushrooms," 9 Nov. 2018 States that expanded Medicaid tend to see their populations having greater access to a wide array of health care services, from primary care to substance abuse treatment to surgery. Sarah Kliff, Vox, "Idaho, Nebraska, and Utah vote to expand Medicaid," 7 Nov. 2018 In addition to the standard array of activity-tracking sensors, the Vivosmart 4 includes an SpO2 monitor to measure blood oxygen saturation. Valentina Palladino, Ars Technica, "Garmin Vivosmart 4 review: An affordable band for easy fitness, SpO2 data," 27 Oct. 2018 Sears sold kits that lived up to the Modern Homes brand, making then new, novel, and costly modern conveniences such as central heating, indoor plumbing, and electricity available to a wider array of Americans. Patrick Sisson, Curbed, "How Sears Kit Homes changed housing," 16 Oct. 2018 Campaigns such as Aerie’s most recent, featuring disabled models, disrupt existing visions of beauty and make space to both celebrate and market to a wider array of bodies. Edward Lampley, Teen Vogue, "What It's Like to Be a Disabled Model in the Fashion Industry," 5 Sep. 2018 Local experts like Detroit author and historian Ken Coleman and national ones like Harvard professor Henry Louis Gates Jr. bring valuable context to the array of vintage photos and films clips. Julie Hinds, Detroit Free Press, "'Detroit: Comeback City' documentary is personal, and that's a good thing," 1 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'array.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of array

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

History and Etymology for array

Verb and Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French arraier, from Vulgar Latin *arredare, from Latin ad- + a base of Germanic origin; akin to Goth garaiths arranged — more at ready

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Learn More about array

Dictionary Entries near array

arrastre

Arrau

Arrawak

array

arrayal

arrayán

arrayment

Statistics for array

Last Updated

17 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for array

The first known use of array was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for array

array

verb

English Language Learners Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to place (a group of things) in a particular position so that they are in order or so that they look attractive

: to dress (someone, especially yourself) in fine clothing

: to put (soldiers) in a place or position so that they are ready to attack

array

noun

English Language Learners Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: a large group or number of things

: a group of numbers, symbols, etc., that are arranged in rows and columns

: a way of organizing pieces of information in the memory of a computer so that similar kinds of information are together

array

verb
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā \
arrayed; arraying

Kids Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to place in order Soldiers arrayed themselves for review. The table was arrayed with all sorts of delicacies.
2 : to dress especially in fine or beautiful clothing He was arrayed like a prince.

array

noun

Kids Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an impressive group You can choose from an array of colors.
2 : a group of persons (as soldiers) in a certain order
3 : fine or beautiful clothing They were dressed in magnificent array.
4 : regular order or arrangement
5 : a group of mathematical elements (as numbers or letters) arranged in rows and columns
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā \

Legal Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to set (a jury) for trial specifically : to set (a jury) by calling out the names of the jurors one at a time — compare impanel

array

noun

Legal Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: the group of people summoned to serve as jurors from which the jury will be chosen also : a list of the jurors' names — see also challenge to the array at challenge — compare venire

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More from Merriam-Webster on array

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with array

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for array

Spanish Central: Translation of array

Nglish: Translation of array for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of array for Arabic Speakers

Comments on array

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