ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \
arrayed; arraying; arrays

Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to dress or decorate especially in splendid or impressive attire : adorn … he had already arrayed himself in his best clothes.— Thomas Hardy
2a : to set or place in order : draw up, marshal the forces arrayed against us
b : to set or set forth in order (something, such as a jury) for the trial of a cause
3 : to arrange or display in or as if in an array The … data are arrayed in descending order.— Ed Burnett



Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an imposing group : large number faced a whole array of problems also : variety, assortment a broad array of styles
2a : a regular and imposing grouping or arrangement : order lined up … in soldierly array— Donald Barthelme
b law : an orderly listing of jurors impaneled
b : rich or beautiful apparel : finery
4 : a body of soldiers : militia the baron and his feudal array
5a(1) : a number of mathematical elements arranged in rows and columns
(2) : a data structure in which similar elements of data are arranged in a table
b : a series of statistical data arranged in classes in order of magnitude
6 : a group of elements forming a complete unit an antenna array

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Other Words from array


arrayer noun

Examples of array in a Sentence

Verb She arrayed herself in rich velvets and satins. a door arrayed for the holidays with a beautiful evergreen wreath Noun an array of solar panels an array of baseball gloves in the corner of his room
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Adults sitting on wooden bleachers arrayed around the bright yellow-and-green truck that is the stage set groaned and grinned. Melissa Fletcher Stoeltje,, "Puns and pigs aplenty at Stock Show and Rodeo opening day," 6 Feb. 2020 Gorgeous, much larger eastern bronze azure butterflies are arrayed next to the enigmas. National Geographic, "60 hours on burning Kangaroo Island," 17 Jan. 2020 The supplies she’s ordered online are arrayed before her: a plastic jug of unflavored liquid nicotine, a baking scale and bottles of artificial flavors that, combined, promise to re-create the fruity taste of Nerds Rope candy in vapor form. NBC News, "More vapers are making their own juice, but not without risks," 13 Nov. 2019 Most of the men wear tuxedos with silk waistcoats, though some are in military uniforms with chin-high collars and heavy medals arrayed across their chests. Stephen O’connor, Harper's magazine, "The Interpretation of Dreams," 20 Jan. 2020 Experience the Isham-Terry House arrayed in Victorian holiday splendor, while carols fill the air., "Community News For The West Hartford Edition," 2 Dec. 2019 The remaining field of candidates arrayed themselves around the same philosophical dividing line, most of them aligning more closely with Biden., "“I know the senator says she’s with Bernie — well, I’m for Barack,” Biden jabbed, attacking the cost of a single-payer program: “How are we going to pay for it?”," 13 Sep. 2019 Dell made some careful choices, arraying the antennas around the edges of the laptop and inserting plastic pieces strategically to improve reception. Melissa Riofrio, PCWorld, "Dell's Latitude 9510 shakes up corporate laptops with 5G, machine learning, and thin bezels," 8 Jan. 2020 As Farrow recounts, Weinstein arrayed not just some big legal guns to thwart him and other reporters, but a host of black-ops characters: former Mossad agents, Ukrainian surveillance pros, European undercover operatives. Author: Paul Farhi, Anchorage Daily News, "Ronan Farrow overcame spies, intimidation to break some of the biggest stories of the #MeToo era," 11 Oct. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Choose from an array of colorful trackers, attach one to your dog’s collar, and purchase a subscription plan to connect the device to AT&T’s nationwide network. Popular Science, "Pet trackers that help you keep tabs on your furry friends," 10 Feb. 2020 Those photos come from a wide array of sources, and the sources are ticked off. Kate Cox, Ars Technica, "Facebook, YouTube order Clearview to stop scraping them for faces to match," 7 Feb. 2020 Farmers choose from a large and rapidly changing array of rice seeds, based on agronomic performance, market demands and local trends. Dominic Glover, The Conversation, "The Philippines has rated ‘Golden Rice’ safe, but farmers might not plant it," 7 Feb. 2020 All of these individuals, drawn from an array of countries and backgrounds, are now deceased. Lila Thulin, Smithsonian Magazine, "Nine Women Whose Remarkable Lives Deserve the Biopic Treatment," 7 Feb. 2020 At the EU Council building in Brussels yesterday, officials removed the British flag from the array representing the union’s members. Marc Bain, Quartz, "How the rest of Europe marked Brexit day," 1 Feb. 2020 With crossbows delivering greater speeds than in years past, getting perfect broadhead flight from an array of broadheads can be a challenge. Tony Hansen, Outdoor Life, "The Hottest New Hunting Crossbows for 2020," 12 Jan. 2020 Pressure to rethink its approach to political ads came from a wide array of digital experts and privacy advocates, as well as some of Facebook’s own employees. Craig Timberg, Washington Post, "Facebook won’t limit political ad targeting or stop false claims under new ad rules," 9 Jan. 2020 Often portrayed in pop culture as blonde, white, attractive girls, the students at Navarro come from a wide array of backgrounds. Kelly Lawler, USA TODAY, "How Netflix's superb 'Cheer' dispels your assumptions about cheerleading," 9 Jan. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'array.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of array


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

History and Etymology for array

Verb and Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French arraier, from Vulgar Latin *arredare, from Latin ad- + a base of Germanic origin; akin to Goth garaiths arranged — more at ready

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Time Traveler for array

Time Traveler

The first known use of array was in the 13th century

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Statistics for array

Last Updated

14 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Array.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 21 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for array


How to pronounce array (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to place (a group of things) in a particular position so that they are in order or so that they look attractive
literary : to dress (someone, especially yourself) in fine clothing
: to put (soldiers) in a place or position so that they are ready to attack



English Language Learners Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: a large group or number of things
: a group of numbers, symbols, etc., that are arranged in rows and columns
: a way of organizing pieces of information in the memory of a computer so that similar kinds of information are together


ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \
arrayed; arraying

Kids Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to place in order Soldiers arrayed themselves for review. The table was arrayed with all sorts of delicacies.
2 : to dress especially in fine or beautiful clothing He was arrayed like a prince.



Kids Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an impressive group You can choose from an array of colors.
2 : a group of persons (as soldiers) in a certain order
3 : fine or beautiful clothing They were dressed in magnificent array.
4 : regular order or arrangement
5 : a group of mathematical elements (as numbers or letters) arranged in rows and columns
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \

Legal Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to set (a jury) for trial specifically : to set (a jury) by calling out the names of the jurors one at a time — compare impanel



Legal Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: the group of people summoned to serve as jurors from which the jury will be chosen also : a list of the jurors' names — see also challenge to the array at challenge — compare venire

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More from Merriam-Webster on array

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for array

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with array

Spanish Central: Translation of array

Nglish: Translation of array for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of array for Arabic Speakers

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