\ˈgrīnd \
ground\ˈgrau̇nd \; grinding

Definition of grind 

(Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to reduce to powder or small fragments by friction (as in a mill or with the teeth) grind the coffee beans

2 : to wear down, polish, or sharpen by friction grind an ax

3a : oppress, harass tyrants who grind their subjects

b : to weaken or destroy gradually usually used with down poverty ground her spirit down

4a : to press together with a rotating motion grind the teeth

b : to rub or press harshly ground the cigarette out

5 : to operate or produce by turning a crank grind a hand organ

intransitive verb

1 : to perform the operation of grinding

2 : to become pulverized, polished, or sharpened by friction

3 : to move with difficulty or friction especially so as to make a grating noise gears grinding

4 : drudge especially : to study hard grind for an exam

5 : to rotate the hips in an erotic manner



Definition of grind (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : an act of grinding

b : the sound of grinding

2a : dreary, monotonous, or difficult labor, study, or routine the dull grind of office work

b : one who works or studies excessively a grind who never goes to parties

3 : the result of grinding also : material ground to a particular degree of fineness a drip grind of coffee

4 : an action of rotating the hips in an erotic manner (as in a dance or in a burlesque striptease act) — compare bump entry 1 sense 3

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Other Words from grind


grindingly \ˈgrīn-diŋ-lē \ adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for grind

Synonyms: Verb

edge, hone, sharpen, strop, whet

Synonyms: Noun

drudgery, labor, slavery, sweat, toil, travail

Antonyms: Verb

blunt, dull

Antonyms: Noun

fun, play

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Choose the Right Synonym for grind


work, labor, travail, toil, drudgery, grind mean activity involving effort or exertion. work may imply activity of body, of mind, of a machine, or of a natural force. too tired to do any work labor applies to physical or intellectual work involving great and often strenuous exertion. farmers demanding fair compensation for their labor travail is bookish for labor involving pain or suffering. years of travail were lost when the house burned toil implies prolonged and fatiguing labor. his lot would be years of back-breaking toil drudgery suggests dull and irksome labor. an editorial job with a good deal of drudgery grind implies labor exhausting to mind or body. the grind of the assembly line

Examples of grind in a Sentence


The corn is ground into meal. The steel grinds to a sharp edge. She kept grinding the car's gears. He grinds his teeth in his sleep. I could hear the gears grinding.


I need a break from the daily grind. the dull grind of office work
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

About ¼ teaspoon pure vanilla extract Salt, preferably fleur de sel, and freshly ground pepper 4 handfuls of mixed salad greens or mesclun Cut the vegetables into ribbons with a vegetable peeler or a mandolin slicer. Carole Kotkin, miamiherald, "There's nothing vanilla about cooking with fragrant, homemade vanilla," 13 June 2018 Combine a pint of milk, 4 ounces of raw sugar, and 2 ounces ground pepper in a saucepan and simmer for 10 minutes. Lauren Piro, Good Housekeeping, "7 Genius Ways to Kill Fruit Flies," 7 May 2018 Meanwhile, make a glaze in a blender by combining 1 cup cubed ripe mangoes, 1/3 cup cider vinegar, 1/3 cup honey, 1 tablespoon Dijon mustard, 1 clove garlic and 1/4 teaspoon freshly ground pepper. Atlanta Life, ajc, "7 Day Menu," 23 Mar. 2018 Lanes will be closed 7 a.m.-4 p.m. daily through June 27 as crews grind and pave 3.64 miles of roadway. Rosemarie Stein,, "Portland Wednesday Traffic: Night work closes the Broadway Bridge on Thursday," 13 June 2018 He was killed in action on Aug. 15, 1952 in the Battle of Bunker Hill, the first major Marine ground action in western Korea. Denise Coffey, Courant Community, "Memorial Day Parade Honors Fallen Military," 4 June 2018 Still, this is a trend that’s unlikely to grind to a halt anytime soon. Madeline Buxton,, "How Scooters Became A Go-To Instagram Prop — & The Next Transportation Revolution," 12 July 2018 Use a spice grinder or mortar and pestle to grind peppercorns and coriander, separately, to a medium-fine powder. Kitty Greenwald, WSJ, "The Recipe, The Legend: Bombay Bread Bar’s Black Pepper Shrimp," 12 July 2018 Thousands of wind turbines from Germany to the U.K. are set to grind to a halt next week, cutting electricity supplies at the same time as the next wave of hot weather arrives. Lars Paulsson,, "Europe’s Electricity Supply Could Drop Just in Time for the Next Blast of Heat," 22 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Gently rub the salmon fillets with 2 teaspoons of the oil, 1/3 teaspoon of salt and a good grind of pepper. Yotam Ottolenghi, sacbee, "Salmon – want it easy, or want it epic?," 5 June 2018 Still, the nonstop grind shows signs of paying off. Bailey Bischoff, The Christian Science Monitor, "Life of first-time candidate: 16-hour days, piles of paperwork – and enthusiasm," 25 Apr. 2018 In fact it's been kind of a grind, the last two knockout games after the 4-3 against Argentina. Grant Wahl And Brian Straus,, "World Cup Daily Podcast: How Finalists France, Croatia Mirror Their 1998 Teams," 12 July 2018 The baseball season is so long and such a grind, to have somebody who is always so upbeat is nice. Kevin Acee,, "Padres notes: Carlos Asuaje's positive effect; injury updates," 6 July 2018 Perhaps better than anyone, Warriors coach Steve Kerr understands the grind, both mental and physical, so many deep playoff runs can exact on a franchise. K.c. Johnson,, "Warriors' dominance should be celebrated, not criticized," 3 July 2018 Add a few grinds of black pepper and the lemon zest. Nick Marino, New York Times, "A Food Artist’s Surprisingly Low-Key Recipe (That She Eats With Her Hands)," 2 July 2018 Three years ago, Lugo was still on the grind: He could be seen at art fairs charging $20 for cups and $200 for large jars. Cassie Owens,, "Throwing down: How this potter from Kensington found fine art success," 26 June 2018 To figure out how to navigate the grind, the expectations and the knowledge that the first 82 games of the season don’t really mean much. Ann Killion, San Francisco Chronicle, "Steve Kerr pushed right buttons with Warriors," 10 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'grind.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of grind


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for grind


Middle English, from Old English grindan; akin to Latin frendere to crush, grind


see grind entry 1

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Statistics for grind

Last Updated

11 Oct 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for grind

The first known use of grind was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for grind



English Language Learners Definition of grind

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to crush or break (something) into very small pieces by rubbing it against a rough surface or using a special machine

: to cut (meat) into small pieces by putting it through a special machine

: to make (something) sharp or smooth by rubbing it against a hard surface



English Language Learners Definition of grind (Entry 2 of 2)

: boring or difficult work

: a person who works or studies too much

—used to describe the size of the pieces of something that has been ground


\ˈgrīnd \
ground\ˈgrau̇nd \; grinding

Kids Definition of grind

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make or be made into powder or small pieces by rubbing The mill grinds wheat into flour.

2 : to wear down, polish, or sharpen by friction grind an ax

3 : to rub together with a scraping noise grind the teeth

4 : to operate or produce by or as if by turning a crank



Kids Definition of grind (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an act of sharpening or reducing to powder

2 : steady hard work the daily grind

\ˈgrīnd \
ground\ˈgrau̇nd \; grinding

Medical Definition of grind 

1 : to reduce to powder or small fragments by friction (as with the teeth)

2 : to press together and move with a rotating or back-and-forth motion — see bruxism

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Comments on grind

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