file

noun (1)
\ˈfī(-ə)l \

Definition of file 

(Entry 1 of 8)

1 : a tool usually of hardened steel with cutting ridges for forming or smoothing surfaces especially of metal

2 : a shrewd or crafty person

file

verb (1)
filed; filing

Definition of file (Entry 2 of 8)

transitive verb

: to rub, smooth, or cut away with or as if with a file She filed her nails.

file

verb (2)
filed; filing

Definition of file (Entry 3 of 8)

transitive verb

chiefly dialectal

file

verb (3)
filed; filing

Definition of file (Entry 4 of 8)

transitive verb

1 : to arrange in order for preservation and reference file letters

2a : to place among official records as prescribed by law file a mortgage

b : to send (copy) to a newspaper filed a story

c : to return to the office of the clerk of a court without action on the merits

3 : to initiate (something, such as a legal action) through proper formal procedure threatened to file charges

intransitive verb

1 : to register as a candidate especially in a primary election

2 : to place items in a file

3 : to submit documents necessary to initiate a legal proceeding file for bankruptcy

file

noun (2)

Definition of file (Entry 5 of 8)

1 : a device (such as a folder, case, or cabinet) by means of which papers are kept in order

2a archaic : roll, list

b : a collection of papers or publications usually arranged or classified

c(1) : a collection of related data records (as for a computer)

(2) : a complete collection of data (such as text or a program) treated by a computer as a unit especially for purposes of input and output

on file

: in or as if in a file for ready reference

file

noun (3)

Definition of file (Entry 6 of 8)

2 : any of the rows of squares that extend across a chessboard from one player's side to the other player's side

file

verb (4)
filed; filing

Definition of file (Entry 7 of 8)

intransitive verb

: to march or proceed in single file

filé

noun (4)
fi·​lé | \fə-ˈlā, (ˌ)fē-ˈlā, ˈfē-(ˌ)lā\
variants: or less commonly file

Definition of filé (Entry 8 of 8)

: powdered young leaves of sassafras used to thicken soups or stews

Other Words from file

Verb (3)

filer \ ˈfī-​lər \ noun

First Known Use of file

Noun (1)

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb (1)

13th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb (2)

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb (3)

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun (2)

1525, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun (3)

1598, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb (4)

1614, in the meaning defined above

Noun (4)

1806, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for file

Noun (1)

Middle English, from Old English fēol; akin to Old High German fīla file

Verb (1)

see file entry 1

Verb (2)

Middle English, from Old English fȳlan, from fūl foul

Verb (3)

Middle English, from Medieval Latin filare to string documents on a string or wire, from filum file of documents, literally, thread, from Latin; akin to Armenian ǰil sinew

Noun (2)

see file entry 4

Noun (3)

Middle French, from filer to spin, draw out, from Late Latin filare, from Latin filum

Verb (4)

see file entry 6

Noun (4)

Louisiana French, from French, past participle of filer to twist, spin

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Time Traveler for file

The first known use of file was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for file

file

noun
\ˈfīl \

Kids Definition of file

 (Entry 1 of 6)

: a tool with sharp ridges or teeth for smoothing or rubbing down hard substances

file

verb
filed; filing

Kids Definition of file (Entry 2 of 6)

: to rub, smooth, or cut away with a file … they succeeded in filing the heavy brass collar from off his neck.— Jack London, The Call of the Wild

file

verb
filed; filing

Kids Definition of file (Entry 3 of 6)

1 : to arrange in an orderly way He filed the cards in alphabetical order.

2 : to enter or record officially file a claim

file

noun

Kids Definition of file (Entry 4 of 6)

1 : a device (as a folder, case, or cabinet) for storing papers or records in an orderly way

2 : a collection of papers or records kept in a file

3 : a collection of data treated as a unit by a computer

file

noun

Kids Definition of file (Entry 5 of 6)

: a row of persons or things arranged one behind the other Please walk in single file.

file

verb
filed; filing

Kids Definition of file (Entry 6 of 6)

: to walk in a row The entire class filed out of the building.

file

noun
\ˈfī(ə)l \

Medical Definition of file 

1 : a tool usually of hardened steel with cutting ridges for forming or smoothing surfaces (as of a tooth)

2 : a narrow instrument for shaping fingernails with a fine rough metal or emery surface

Other Words from file

file transitive verb filed; filing

file

verb
filed; filing

Legal Definition of file 

(Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to submit (a legal document) to the proper office (as the office of a clerk of court) for keeping on file among the records especially as a procedural step in a legal transaction or proceeding filed a tax return a financing statement filed with the Secretary of State filing a notice of appeal also : record filed a mortgage in the Registry of Deeds

Note: In nearly all cases, a document is deemed to be filed when it is actually received by the office to which it is directed. A few cases, however, have held that a document is filed upon the mailing of it.

b : to place (as a document) on file among the records of an office especially by formally receiving and endorsing a complaint filed by the clerk despite the absence of the filing fee

2 : to return (the documentation in a case) to the records of a clerk of court without any determination of the case broadly : to conclude (a case) without a determination on its merits

3 : to initiate (a judicial or administrative proceeding) by submitting the proper documents or following proper procedure : bring threatened to file charges two separate actions were filed by representatives of the estates— J. H. Friedenthal et al.

intransitive verb

1 : to register as a candidate especially in a primary election

2 : to place items in a file

file

noun

Legal Definition of file (Entry 2 of 2)

: a collection of papers or publications usually arranged or classified specifically : the papers that make up the record of a case

on file

: in or as if in a file for ready reference

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