polish

verb
pol·ish | \ ˈpä-lish \
polished; polishing; polishes

Definition of polish 

(Entry 1 of 4)

transitive verb

1 : to make smooth and glossy usually by friction : burnish

2 : to smooth, soften, or refine in manners or condition

3 : to bring to a highly developed, finished, or refined state : perfect

intransitive verb

: to become smooth or glossy by or as if by friction

polish

noun (1)

Definition of polish (Entry 2 of 4)

1a : a smooth glossy surface : luster

b : freedom from rudeness or coarseness : culture

c : a state of high development or refinement

2 : the action or process of polishing

3 : a preparation that is used to produce a gloss and often a color for the protection and decoration of a surface furniture polish nail polish

Polish

adjective
Pol·ish | \ ˈpō-lish \

Definition of Polish (Entry 3 of 4)

: of, relating to, or characteristic of Poland, the Poles, or Polish

Polish

noun (2)

Definition of Polish (Entry 4 of 4)

: the Slavic language of the Poles

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Other words from polish

Verb

polisher noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for polish

Synonyms: Verb

complete, consummate, finalize, finish, perfect

Synonyms: Noun (1)

accomplishment, civilization, cultivation, culture, refinement

Antonyms: Noun (1)

barbarianism, barbarism, philistinism

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Examples of polish in a Sentence

Verb

He spent the summer polishing his math skills. you'll need to polish your shoes with a clean rag before the performance

Noun (1)

I need more shoe polish. Did you use a wax polish on the table or an oil-based one? The movie has the polish we've come to expect from that director. He's rude and lacks polish.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

In fact, a few days ago, Johnson said that May's plan to maintain close trade and regulatory ties with the E.U. was pardon the quote, polishing a turd. Fox News, "Gowdy: SCOTUS confirmation process has become politicized," 10 July 2018 Since graduating from college last month, Gabriel Villagomez has been polishing his resume, updating his LinkedIn profile — and worrying. Alexia Elejalde-ruiz, The Seattle Times, "Settling for a survival job right out of college can hurt your career for years," 22 June 2018 There is something missing at dozens of business schools where high-profile corporate chiefs and prominent government officials have gone to polish their management credentials: a leader. Kelsey Gee, WSJ, "For U.S. Business Schools, Leaders Are Hard to Find," 20 June 2018 Wood floors: Clean floors with a product that cleans and polishes. Joanne Kempinger Demski, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Spring cleaning: A spotless, well-organized home is your reward," 4 May 2018 The entire case is made from plates of sapphire that are first cut from solid blocks and then milled and polished down to the correct shapes. Cara Barrett, Bloomberg.com, "This Unorthodox Crystal Watch Demands Respect—and a Smile," 24 Apr. 2018 The point is not to polish and make what was originally spoken read as if it were written, but rather to make the verbatim transcripts of what was actually said readable in the first place. Adam Fisher, WIRED, "Sex, Beer, and Coding: Inside Facebook’s Wild Early Days," 10 July 2018 So far, the team has spent a significant amount of their time on the basics and polishing technique. Glynn A. Hill, Houston Chronicle, "Rice football retools with renewed energy this spring," 13 Apr. 2018 The ugliness of rape and abuse is polished into optimistic hashtags and spun into glamorous dresses. Amanda Hess, New York Times, "Hollywood Uses the Very Women It Exploited to Change the Subject," 24 Jan. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Gafford still lacks a level of polish and consistency and can be foul-prone. Jeremy Woo, SI.com, "2019 NBA Draft Big Board: Top 60 Prospects," 27 June 2018 Eventually, Chelsea went off to her hotel room to crash amid her zombie baby doll-land, in the toxic scent of nail polish, and clutter of props. Monica Drake, Longreads, "Doomed in Nashville," 5 Mar. 2018 On her wedding day in 2011, Sandoval painted Kate's nails with a combination of Essie's Allure polish and Bourjois' So Laque ultra-shine nail enamel. Katie Robinson, Town & Country, "Royal Beauty: Duchess Kate's Favorite Beauty Products," 25 Oct. 2017 Ignore all those old wives’ tales about slathering nail polish, petroleum jelly, or other substances onto the tick. Kate Sheridan, SELF, "Here’s Exactly What to Do if a Tick Bites You," 14 July 2018 And audiences have grown accustomed to a high level of craft and polish, which makes them likely to stick around even when their favorite show finishes a season. Bryan Bishop, The Verge, "AT&T plans to expand HBO, but could destroy it in the process," 11 July 2018 Among the rules royals have to live by: No playing monopoly, no dark nail polish, and no garlic—at least not during official events. Kayleigh Roberts, Marie Claire, "Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, Just Confirmed This Weird Royal Rule," 8 July 2018 In one clip, the woman pushes over a display of nail polish, which nearly hits another customer seated in a what appears to be a waiting area. Caitlin O'kane, CBS News, "Video shows angry customer trashing nail salon," 24 June 2018 Being a former politician, Mariah knows the importance of image and polish, and Woodard gives Mariah a sturdy veneer that conceals the smoldering rage beneath. Alex Abad-santos, Vox, "What went right and what went wrong for Luke Cage’s second season," 22 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'polish.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of polish

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun (1)

1597, in the meaning defined at sense 1b

Adjective

1592, in the meaning defined above

Noun (2)

1555, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for polish

Verb

Middle English polisshen, from Anglo-French poliss-, stem of polir, from Latin polire

Adjective

Pole

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Learn More about polish

Dictionary Entries near polish

polis

-polis

poli-sci

polish

Polish

polishable

Polish-American

Statistics for polish

Last Updated

19 Sep 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for polish

The first known use of polish was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for polish

polish

verb

English Language Learners Definition of polish

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: to make (something) smooth and shiny by rubbing it

: to improve (something) : to make (something) better than it was before

: to put nail polish on (a fingernail or toenail)

polish

noun

English Language Learners Definition of polish (Entry 2 of 3)

: a substance that is rubbed on a surface to make it smooth and shiny

: a smooth and shiny surface

: good quality or style that comes from practice or effort

Polish

noun

English Language Learners Definition of Polish (Entry 3 of 3)

: the language of Poland

the Polish : the people of Poland

polish

verb
pol·ish | \ ˈpä-lish \
polished; polishing

Kids Definition of polish

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1 : to make smooth and shiny usually by rubbing polish silver

2 : to improve in manners, condition, or style I took a few hours to polish my speech.

polish off

: to finish completely We polished off the whole cake.

Other words from polish

polisher noun

polish

noun

Kids Definition of polish (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : a smooth and shiny surface the polish of the table

2 : a substance for making a surface smooth and shiny shoe polish metal polish

3 : good manners : refinement

Polish

adjective
Pol·ish | \ ˈpō-lish \

Kids Definition of Polish

 (Entry 1 of 4)

: of or relating to Poland, the Poles, or Polish

Polish

noun

Kids Definition of Polish (Entry 2 of 4)

: the language of the Poles

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More from Merriam-Webster on polish

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for polish

Spanish Central: Translation of polish

Nglish: Translation of polish for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of polish for Arabic Speakers

Comments on polish

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occurring twice a year or every two years

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