charge

noun
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \

Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a obsolete : a material load or weight
b : a figure borne on a heraldic field
2a : the quantity that an apparatus is intended to receive and fitted to hold the charge of chemicals in a fire extinguisher
b : the quantity of explosive used in a single discharge
c : a store or accumulation of impelling force the deeply emotional charge of the drama
d : a definite quantity of electricity especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body
e : thrill, kick got a charge out of the game
3a : obligation, requirement … to maintain this readiness … is … a first charge upon our military effort …— Sir Winston Churchill
b : management, supervision has charge of the home office
c : the ecclesiastical jurisdiction (such as a parish) committed to a clergyman
d : a person or thing committed into the care of another played with her young charges at the day-care center
4a : instruction, command … he gave them charge about the Queen, To guard and foster her forevermore— Alfred Tennyson
b : instruction in points of law given by a court to a jury
5a : expense, cost gave the banquet at his own charge
b : the price demanded for something no admission charge
c : a debit to an account the purchase was a charge
d : the record of a loan (as of a book from a library)
e British : an interest in property granted as security for a loan
6a : a formal assertion of illegality a charge of murder
b : a statement of complaint or hostile criticism denied the charges of nepotism that were leveled against him
7a(1) : a violent rush forward (as to attack) the charge of the brigade
(2) : the signal for attack sound the charge
b : a usually illegal rush into an opponent in various sports (such as basketball)
in charge
: having control or custody of something he is in charge of the training program

charge

verb
charged; charging

Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a archaic : to lay or put a load on or in : load horses charged with heavy burdens
b(1) : to place a charge (as of powder) in
(2) : to load or fill to capacity
c(1) : to restore the active materials in (a storage battery) by the passage of a direct current through in the opposite direction to that of discharge
(2) : to give an electric charge to charge a capacitor
d(1) : to assume as a heraldic bearing (see bearing sense 4)
(2) : to place a heraldic bearing on charged his shield with three roses
e : to fill or furnish fully the music is charged with excitement
f : electrify sense 2 the crowd was charged by her performance
2a : to impose a task or responsibility on charge him with the job of finding a new meeting place
b : to command, instruct, or exhort with authority I charge you not to go
c of a judge : to give a charge (see charge entry 1 sense 4b) to (a jury)
3a : to make an assertion against especially by ascribing guilt or blame charges him with armed robbery they were charged as being instigators
b : to place the guilt or blame for charge her failure to negligence
c : to assert as an accusation charges that he distorted the data
4a : to bring (a weapon) into position for attack : level charge a lance
b : to rush against : attack The bull charged the matador. also : to rush into (an opponent) usually illegally in various sports
5a(1) : to impose a financial burden on charge his estate with debts incurred
(2) : to impose or record as financial obligation charge debts to an estate
b(1) : to fix or ask as fee or payment charges $50 for an office visit
(2) : to ask payment of (a person) charge a client for expenses
c : to record (an item) as an expense, debt, obligation, or liability charged a new sofa

intransitive verb

1 : to rush forward in or as if in assault : attack came charging into the room also : to charge an opponent in sports
2 : to ask or set a price do you charge for this service?
3 : to charge an item to an account charge now, pay later
4 of a battery or battery-powered device : to gain an electric charge : to receive and store a greater quantity of electrical energy She left the phone charging overnight.

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Synonyms for charge

Synonyms: Noun

complaint, count, indictment, rap

Synonyms: Verb

ask, command, demand

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Verb

command, order, bid, enjoin, direct, instruct, charge mean to issue orders. command and order imply authority and usually some degree of formality and impersonality. command stresses official exercise of authority. a general commanding troops order may suggest peremptory or arbitrary exercise. ordered his employees about like slaves bid suggests giving orders peremptorily (as to children or servants). she bade him be seated enjoin implies giving an order or direction authoritatively and urgently and often with admonition or solicitude. a sign enjoining patrons to be quiet direct and instruct both connote expectation of obedience and usually concern specific points of procedure or method, instruct sometimes implying greater explicitness or formality. directed her assistant to hold all calls the judge instructed the jury to ignore the remark charge adds to enjoin an implication of imposing as a duty or responsibility. charged by the President with a secret mission

Examples of charge in a Sentence

Noun

He set off a charge that destroyed the mountain. He has charge of the building. There is no charge for fixing the tire. a delivery charge for the refrigerator an admission charge at the fair

Verb

We tried to charge the car's battery. The government charged that he had not paid taxes for five years. It is not clear if he violated the rules, as his critics have charged. The basketball player was charged with a foul.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

No charges have been brought against either American. Washington Post, "Teen’s father to make statement after visit to Rome prison," 4 Aug. 2019 Police took the suspect to the station but then released him with a warning that charges could be filed once a lab examines the crystal-like flakes that police suspect are methamphetamine. Bruce Geiselman, cleveland.com, "Speeding suspect caught with open container: North Olmsted Police Blotter," 3 Aug. 2019 No charges have yet been filed, though investigators have raided the pawn shops and the home of the man identified as the ringleader, Aleksandr Pavlovskiy, 44, of Auburn. Fox News, "Amazon drivers part of major theft ring, FBI says," 2 Aug. 2019 Certainly not whoever’s in charge of marketing over at what is soon to become another empty storefront in the local strip mall. Alex Watt, The New Yorker, "The Best Beach Reads for When You Left Your Book at Home," 2 Aug. 2019 In 43 percent of those cases, no charges were filed. Sharon Otterman, New York Times, "Children Left to Die in Hot Cars: Accident or Murder?," 1 Aug. 2019 No charges have yet been filed, though investigators have raided the pawnshops and the home of the man identified as the ringleader, Aleksandr Pavlovskiy, 44, of Auburn. Gene Johnson, USA TODAY, "An Amazon driver theft ring sold stolen goods for 6 years, raked in millions in sales," 1 Aug. 2019 Park officials know the identity of the person who allegedly fired a weapon; no charges have been filed. Darran Simon And Mirna Alsharif, CNN, "Man fires a gun in a Kentucky national park after he claims he saw Bigfoot, couple says," 31 July 2019 No criminal charges were filed against DeWine, but the disciplinary counsel said the email was an ethics violation and possibly violated state law. Kevin Grasha, Cincinnati.com, "Attorney: Prosecuting Tracie Hunter, but not Pat DeWine, ‘smacks of unfairness’," 31 July 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Bogard was taken off the streets in early February when the FBI charged him with possessing child pornography because of explicit images found on his cell phone during a domestic terrorism investigation. Guillermo Contreras, ExpressNews.com, "San Antonio judge details ex-Texas State student’s racist, violent posts," 5 Aug. 2019 The role of mosquitoes in the development of the African slave trade is obviously a difficult and charged subject. Emily Toomey, Smithsonian, "How Mosquitos Helped Shape the Course of Human History," 5 Aug. 2019 In 1807, former Vice President Aaron Burr went on trial before a federal court in Richmond, Virginia, charged with treason. BostonGlobe.com, "This day in history," 3 Aug. 2019 Before the protests, prominent opposition leaders, including some seeking to be candidates on the city election ballot, were sentenced for a week to a month in jail, charged with calling for participation in an unsanctioned rally. Los Angeles Times, "Russian political crisis grows with more arrests in Moscow," 3 Aug. 2019 Because Wolf was charged with Class 1 felonies, prosecutors filed the charges directly to Boulder District Court on Friday morning rather than Boulder County Court. Mitchell Byars, The Denver Post, "Suspect in Fourmile Canyon death charged with first-degree murder," 2 Aug. 2019 The stranger sped away, but a tip later led detectives to identify him as Aaron Daniel Johnson, 28, and prosecutors charged him Friday. Zekriah Chaudhry, Twin Cities, "Man charged after attempted child kidnapping in Fridley; neighbor credited for intervening," 2 Aug. 2019 Having been thrown out, charging out of the dugout and making contact with the other team's manager. Dave Clark, Cincinnati.com, "ESPN's Sciambi to Francona: Trevor Bauer for Yasiel Puig 'undercuts your entire argument'," 2 Aug. 2019 Charleston’s transit system received money for two electric buses and charging stations. USA TODAY, "Milestone rhino, Bigfoot shooting, jailed for feeding cats: News from around our 50 states," 1 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'charge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of charge

Noun

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for charge

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from charger

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French charger, from Late Latin carricare, from Latin carrus wheeled vehicle — more at car

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Statistics for charge

Last Updated

7 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for charge

The first known use of charge was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for charge

charge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an amount of electricity
: the amount of an explosive material (such as dynamite) that is used in a single blast
: the responsibility of managing or watching over something

charge

verb

English Language Learners Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

: to give an amount of electricity to (something) : to put electricity into a battery so that a machine or device will run
formal : to give a job or responsibility to (a person or group) : to make (a person or group) responsible for something
: to formally accuse (someone) of a crime

charge

noun
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \

Kids Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the responsibility of managing, controlling, or caring for She has charge of the building. He took charge of the planning.
2 : a task or duty given to a person : obligation Grooming the animals was his charge.
3 : a person or thing given to someone to look after At long last, each of our charges was tucked in bed.— Ann M. Martin, Baby-sitters' Winter Vacation
4 : the price asked especially for a service
5 : an amount listed as a debt on an account charges on a phone bill
6 : accusation a charge of mutiny
7 : an instruction or command based on authority a judge's charge to a jury
8 : the amount of an explosive material (as dynamite) used in a single blast
9 : an amount of electricity an electrical charge
10 : a rushing attack the soldiers' charge
11 : the signal for attack Sound the charge!

charge

verb
charged; charging

Kids Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to give an electric charge to charge a device
2 : to refill (as an exhausted battery) with available energy
3 : to give a task, duty, or responsibility to I was charged with supervising the children.
4 : to instruct or command with authority … he cried to his sons, and charged them to yield …— Mark Twain, A Connecticut Yankee
5 : to accuse especially formally He was charged with speeding.
6 : to rush toward or against The bull charged the matador.
7 : to ask for payment from You charged me too much.
8 : to ask or set as a price or fee The garage charged 100 dollars for repairs.
9 : to enter as a debt or responsibility on a record The purchase was charged to her account.
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \
charged; charging

Medical Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give an electric charge to

charge

noun

Medical Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a plaster or ointment used on a domestic animal
2 : a definite quantity of electricity especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body

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charge

noun

Legal Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : something required : obligation
b : personal management or supervision put the child in his charge
c : a person or thing placed under the care of another
2 : an authoritative instruction or command especially : instruction in points of law given by a judge to a jury conviction…reversed, because of trial court's charge — W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
3a : an incurred expense
b : the price demanded for something (as admission or use) a finance charge
c : a debit to an account especially : a debit resulting from unexpected operating expenses a charge against earnings
4 : a formal allegation of an offense or wrongdoing based on a charge that was dismissedNational Law Journal — see also complaint, indictment, information
charged; charging

Legal Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to impose a task or responsibility on was charged with protecting civil rights
b : to command or instruct with authority especially : to give a charge to (a jury) the jury should have been charged on common-law negligence National Law Journal
2a : to make an accusation against especially in order to bring to trial charging her with attempted robbery — see also accuse, indict
b : to allege especially as an accusation crimes charged in the indictment
3a : to impose a financial liability on charge the estate
b : to impose or record as a financial burden or liability charge the debts to the estate charging the loss against earnings
4a : to fix or ask as a fee or payment charge $4 for parking
b : to ask payment of (an individual or organization) charge a client for expenses

Other Words from charge

chargeable adjective

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More from Merriam-Webster on charge

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with charge

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for charge

Spanish Central: Translation of charge

Nglish: Translation of charge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of charge for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about charge

Comments on charge

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