charge

noun
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \

Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a obsolete : a material load or weight
b : a figure borne on a heraldic field
2a : the quantity that an apparatus is intended to receive and fitted to hold the charge of chemicals in a fire extinguisher
b : the quantity of explosive used in a single discharge
c : a store or accumulation of impelling force the deeply emotional charge of the drama
d : a definite quantity of electricity especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body
e : thrill, kick got a charge out of the game
3a : obligation, requirement … to maintain this readiness … is … a first charge upon our military effort …— Sir Winston Churchill
b : management, supervision has charge of the home office
c : the ecclesiastical jurisdiction (such as a parish) committed to a clergyman
d : a person or thing committed into the care of another played with her young charges at the day-care center
4a : instruction, command … he gave them charge about the Queen, To guard and foster her forevermore— Alfred Tennyson
b : instruction in points of law given by a court to a jury
5a : expense, cost gave the banquet at his own charge
b : the price demanded for something no admission charge
c : a debit to an account the purchase was a charge
d : the record of a loan (as of a book from a library)
e British : an interest in property granted as security for a loan
6a : a formal assertion of illegality a charge of murder
b : a statement of complaint or hostile criticism denied the charges of nepotism that were leveled against him
7a(1) : a violent rush forward (as to attack) the charge of the brigade
(2) : the signal for attack sound the charge
b : a usually illegal rush into an opponent in various sports (such as basketball)
in charge
: having control or custody of something he is in charge of the training program

charge

verb
charged; charging

Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a archaic : to lay or put a load on or in : load horses charged with heavy burdens
b(1) : to place a charge (as of powder) in
(2) : to load or fill to capacity
c(1) : to restore the active materials in (a storage battery) by the passage of a direct current through in the opposite direction to that of discharge
(2) : to give an electric charge to charge a capacitor
d(1) : to assume as a heraldic bearing (see bearing sense 4)
(2) : to place a heraldic bearing on charged his shield with three roses
e : to fill or furnish fully the music is charged with excitement
f : electrify sense 2 the crowd was charged by her performance
2a : to impose a task or responsibility on charge him with the job of finding a new meeting place
b : to command, instruct, or exhort with authority I charge you not to go
c of a judge : to give a charge (see charge entry 1 sense 4b) to (a jury)
3a : to make an assertion against especially by ascribing guilt or blame charges him with armed robbery they were charged as being instigators
b : to place the guilt or blame for charge her failure to negligence
c : to assert as an accusation charges that he distorted the data
4a : to bring (a weapon) into position for attack : level charge a lance
b : to rush against : attack The bull charged the matador. also : to rush into (an opponent) usually illegally in various sports
5a(1) : to impose a financial burden on charge his estate with debts incurred
(2) : to impose or record as financial obligation charge debts to an estate
b(1) : to fix or ask as fee or payment charges $50 for an office visit
(2) : to ask payment of (a person) charge a client for expenses
c : to record (an item) as an expense, debt, obligation, or liability charged a new sofa

intransitive verb

1 : to rush forward in or as if in assault : attack came charging into the room also : to charge an opponent in sports
2 : to ask or set a price do you charge for this service?
3 : to charge an item to an account charge now, pay later
4 of a battery or battery-powered device : to gain an electric charge : to receive and store a greater quantity of electrical energy She left the phone charging overnight.

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Synonyms for charge

Synonyms: Noun

complaint, count, indictment, rap

Synonyms: Verb

ask, command, demand

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Verb

command, order, bid, enjoin, direct, instruct, charge mean to issue orders. command and order imply authority and usually some degree of formality and impersonality. command stresses official exercise of authority. a general commanding troops order may suggest peremptory or arbitrary exercise. ordered his employees about like slaves bid suggests giving orders peremptorily (as to children or servants). she bade him be seated enjoin implies giving an order or direction authoritatively and urgently and often with admonition or solicitude. a sign enjoining patrons to be quiet direct and instruct both connote expectation of obedience and usually concern specific points of procedure or method, instruct sometimes implying greater explicitness or formality. directed her assistant to hold all calls the judge instructed the jury to ignore the remark charge adds to enjoin an implication of imposing as a duty or responsibility. charged by the President with a secret mission

Examples of charge in a Sentence

Noun

He set off a charge that destroyed the mountain. He has charge of the building. There is no charge for fixing the tire. a delivery charge for the refrigerator an admission charge at the fair

Verb

We tried to charge the car's battery. The government charged that he had not paid taxes for five years. It is not clear if he violated the rules, as his critics have charged. The basketball player was charged with a foul.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Everyone who buys a new or used vehicle from Central Houston Nissan is automatically enrolled, at no charge, in Central Care. Jeff Yip, Houston Chronicle, "Central Houston Nissan wraps up massive expansion," 8 June 2019 But some school boards are thinking less about how to get students to study drones and more about how to keep the devices away from their charges. Sophia Kunthara, SFChronicle.com, "Tiburon considers ban on drones over schools," 8 June 2019 An organization that tracks politically connected arrests, OVD-Info, said 11 journalists were detained at the protest, but later released without charges. Nataliya Vasilyeva, chicagotribune.com, "Prominent investigative journalist detained in Russia, charged with drug dealing," 7 June 2019 The actress, 54, and her husband, 55, have both pleaded not guilty to fraud and money laundering charges, with each count carrying a maximum potential sentence of 20 years in federal prison. Martha Ross, The Mercury News, "Could Lori Loughlin sue USC? Prosecutors and USC hint at potential litigation," 7 June 2019 Anthony was acquitted of murder and manslaughter charges on July 5, 2011. Fox News, "‘Racy’ Casey Anthony biopic reportedly in the works," 7 June 2019 In exchange for his guilty plea, the state dismissed additional charges of reckless homicide involving a motor vehicle and failure to report an accident resulting in death. Jim Newton, Lake County News-Sun, "Grayslake man sentenced more than 7 years in fatal 2018 DUI crash," 7 June 2019 Florida’s 911 Good Samaritan Act, passed in 2012, shields those who call for help after an overdose from being prosecuted for drug charges. Michael Williams, orlandosentinel.com, "Men said they buried their friend after his overdose to avoid jail, cops say. Now they’re facing charges," 7 June 2019 Some even go through the process only to have their charges dropped by prosecutors in the end. oregonlive.com, "Top Oregon health official alerts governor to ‘crisis’ at psychiatric hospital," 7 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Tony’’ Joiner, has been arrested and charged with killing his wife in a case dating to 2016, police said. BostonGlobe.com, "Ex-college teammate of Aaron Hernandez charged with murder in wife’s 2016 death," 10 June 2019 Denali Brehmer, 18, and Kayden McIntosh, 16, were previously arrested and charged. Michelle Theriault Boots, Anchorage Daily News, "Three more teens charged in Thunderbird Falls killing," 10 June 2019 Fake news even though Garmon really was arrested, charged, booked into the Etowah County Jail with the goofiest of mugshots, and released on $3,000 bond. John Archibald | Jarchibald@al.com, al.com, "Roy Moore’s cries of fake news are fake," 9 June 2019 Tony Joiner, whose full name is Earl Antonio Joiner, was arrested and charged with second-degree murder on Saturday in Lake Wales, Florida, for the 2016 killing of Heyzel Obando, according to Fort Myers, Florida Police. Eric Levenson, CNN, "Former Florida Gators football captain arrested for murder," 9 June 2019 Joiner is the second player from Meyer's 2007 Florida squad to be arrested and charged with murder, joining former Gators tight end Aaron Hernandez. Kaelen Jones, SI.com, "Report: Ex-Gator Tony Joiner Arrested for Allegedly Murdering Wife," 9 June 2019 Jada Jena Smith, 18, of Southeast, was arrested Thursday and charged with armed robbery and first-degree murder. Peter Hermann, Washington Post, "D.C. police arrest teenager, seek another in fatal stabbing outside Metro station," 8 June 2019 Family is Everything’ In order to save his collapsing empire, DeLorean turned to selling drugs, and in October 1982 was arrested and charged with conspiracy to obtain and distribute $24 million worth of cocaine. PEOPLE.com, "Who Was John DeLorean, Disgraced ’80s Auto Mogul Arrested for Smuggling $24 Million of Cocaine?," 7 June 2019 But the manufacturer went bankrupt by the mid-'80s, after DeLorean was arrested by the FBI and charged with trafficking cocaine, irrevocably tarnishing his reputation even though he was found not guilty. Patrick Ryan, USA TODAY, "Alec Baldwin is 'so done' playing Trump on 'SNL': 'They should find somebody who wants to'," 6 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'charge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of charge

Noun

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for charge

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from charger

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French charger, from Late Latin carricare, from Latin carrus wheeled vehicle — more at car

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Statistics for charge

Last Updated

12 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for charge

The first known use of charge was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for charge

charge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an amount of electricity
: the amount of an explosive material (such as dynamite) that is used in a single blast
: the responsibility of managing or watching over something

charge

verb

English Language Learners Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

: to give an amount of electricity to (something) : to put electricity into a battery so that a machine or device will run
formal : to give a job or responsibility to (a person or group) : to make (a person or group) responsible for something
: to formally accuse (someone) of a crime

charge

noun
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \

Kids Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the responsibility of managing, controlling, or caring for She has charge of the building. He took charge of the planning.
2 : a task or duty given to a person : obligation Grooming the animals was his charge.
3 : a person or thing given to someone to look after At long last, each of our charges was tucked in bed.— Ann M. Martin, Baby-sitters' Winter Vacation
4 : the price asked especially for a service
5 : an amount listed as a debt on an account charges on a phone bill
6 : accusation a charge of mutiny
7 : an instruction or command based on authority a judge's charge to a jury
8 : the amount of an explosive material (as dynamite) used in a single blast
9 : an amount of electricity an electrical charge
10 : a rushing attack the soldiers' charge
11 : the signal for attack Sound the charge!

charge

verb
charged; charging

Kids Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to give an electric charge to charge a device
2 : to refill (as an exhausted battery) with available energy
3 : to give a task, duty, or responsibility to I was charged with supervising the children.
4 : to instruct or command with authority … he cried to his sons, and charged them to yield …— Mark Twain, A Connecticut Yankee
5 : to accuse especially formally He was charged with speeding.
6 : to rush toward or against The bull charged the matador.
7 : to ask for payment from You charged me too much.
8 : to ask or set as a price or fee The garage charged 100 dollars for repairs.
9 : to enter as a debt or responsibility on a record The purchase was charged to her account.
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \
charged; charging

Medical Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give an electric charge to

charge

noun

Medical Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a plaster or ointment used on a domestic animal
2 : a definite quantity of electricity especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body

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charge

noun

Legal Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : something required : obligation
b : personal management or supervision put the child in his charge
c : a person or thing placed under the care of another
2 : an authoritative instruction or command especially : instruction in points of law given by a judge to a jury conviction…reversed, because of trial court's charge — W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
3a : an incurred expense
b : the price demanded for something (as admission or use) a finance charge
c : a debit to an account especially : a debit resulting from unexpected operating expenses a charge against earnings
4 : a formal allegation of an offense or wrongdoing based on a charge that was dismissedNational Law Journal — see also complaint, indictment, information
charged; charging

Legal Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to impose a task or responsibility on was charged with protecting civil rights
b : to command or instruct with authority especially : to give a charge to (a jury) the jury should have been charged on common-law negligence National Law Journal
2a : to make an accusation against especially in order to bring to trial charging her with attempted robbery — see also accuse, indict
b : to allege especially as an accusation crimes charged in the indictment
3a : to impose a financial liability on charge the estate
b : to impose or record as a financial burden or liability charge the debts to the estate charging the loss against earnings
4a : to fix or ask as a fee or payment charge $4 for parking
b : to ask payment of (an individual or organization) charge a client for expenses

Other Words from charge

chargeable adjective

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More from Merriam-Webster on charge

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with charge

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for charge

Spanish Central: Translation of charge

Nglish: Translation of charge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of charge for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about charge

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