base

noun
\ ˈbās \
plural bases\ ˈbā-​səz \

Definition of base

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1a architecture

(1) : the lower part of a wall, pier, or column considered as a separate architectural feature
(2) : the lower part of a complete architectural design (as of a monument)
b : the bottom of something considered as its support : foundation the base of the mountain the lamp's heavy base

c mathematics

(1) : a side or face (see face entry 1 sense 5a(5)) of a geometrical figure from which an altitude (see altitude sense 1c(1)) can be constructed especially : a side or face on which the figure stands the base of a triangle
(2) : the length of a base determining the triangle's base
d biology : that part of a bodily organ by which it is attached to another more central structure of the organism the base of the thumb
2a : a main ingredient paint having a latex base
b : a supporting or carrying ingredient (as of a medicine)
c : a first or bottom layer of something on which other elements are added Overnight, Utah's famous snow has freshly blanketed both runs, adding to a solid base of three feet …— Abby Carroll
3a : the fundamental part of something : groundwork, basis the book's theoretical base her broad base of knowledge
b : something (as a group of people) that reliably provides support (such as for a business or political candidate) usually singular efforts to expand their customer basethe band's fan baseBut I do believe that that's a very sore point with many Democrats and could be used to energize their base.— John McCain
c Marxism : the economic factors on which all legal, social, and political relations are formed
4 heraldry : the lower part of a heraldic field (see field entry 1 sense 3c)
5a : the starting point or line for an action or undertaking plans to make this city his base of operation— J. A. Loftus
b : a baseline in surveying
c : a center or area of operations The company has its base in London. : such as
(1) : the place from which a military force draws supplies
(2) : a place where military operations begin
(3) : a permanent military installation a naval base The troops were ordered back to base.

d mathematics

(1) : a number (such as 5 in 56.44 or 57) that is raised to a power (see power entry 1 sense 5a) especially : the number that when raised to a power equal to the logarithm of a number yields the number itself The logarithm of 100 to the base 10 is 2 since 102 = 100.
(2) : a number equal to the number of units in a given digit's place (see place entry 1 sense 8) that for a given system of writing numbers is required to give the numeral 1 in the next higher place The decimal system uses a base of 10. also : such a system of writing numbers using an indicated base Convert from base 10 to base 2.
(3) : a number that is multiplied by a rate or of which a percentage or fraction is calculated To find the interest on $90 at 10 percent multiply the base 90 by .10.
e linguistics : root sense 6 "Leave" is the base of the verb "left."
6a in various games : the starting place or goal
b : any one of the four stations at the corners of a baseball or softball infield allowing the batter to reach base
c : a point to be considered His opening remarks touched every base.

7 chemistry

a : any of various typically water-soluble and bitter tasting compounds that in solution have a pH greater than 7, are capable of reacting with an acid to form a salt, and are molecules or ions able to take up a proton from an acid or able to give up an unshared pair of electrons to an acid
b : any of the five purine or pyrimidine bases of DNA and RNA that include cytosine, guanine, adenine, thymine, and uracil
8 finance : a price level at which a security (see security sense 3) previously declining in price resists further decline
9 linguistics : the part of a transformational grammar that consists of rules and a lexicon and generates the deep structures of a language
10 : an electrode that modulates the current flowing through a bipolar junction transistor according to the voltage applied to the electrode This gate, which is called a grid in a tube and a base in a transistor, enables a small "controlling" voltage to turn on and off a much larger voltage between the cathode and the anode.— Thom Hartmann — compare gate entry 1 sense 5b
cover all the bases or less commonly cover every base or have (all) one's bases covered
: to do or include everything that needs to be done or included : to fulfill all requirements or necessities The well rounded menu covers all the bases—pork or duck breast and always a grilled chicken with complementary sauces and relishes …— Caroline Bates In other words, we need to cover every base. Too often, something is remembered at the last minute and we find ourselves waiting for the stores to open on sale day so we can purchase a much-needed item.— Sue Story In your e-mail, let the company know that, for their convenience, you're e-mailing the resume and letter, but that the original documents will arrive by postal service. This way you've got all your bases covered.— Peter Post
off base
1 : wrong, mistaken Estimates were way off base.
2 : unawares caught off base by the charges
touch all the bases or less commonly touch every base
1 : to mention every subject that needs to be considered a speech that touches all the bases
2 : to do or include everything that needs to be done or included : to fulfill all requirements or necessities need to touch all the bases when applying for a mortgage The owner of the Utah Stars is in Salt Lake City, working 24 hours a day in an effort to touch every base to keep his club in Utah's capital city.— Dan Pattison

base

verb
based; basing

Definition of base (Entry 2 of 4)

transitive verb

1 : to make, form, or serve as a base for … great roots based the tree columns …— George Macdonald the company is based in London clients who are based out of their homes
2 : to find a foundation or basis for : to find a base (see base entry 1 sense 3a) for usually used with on or upon base an opinion on faulty informationa story based upon real-life events

base

adjective (1)

Definition of base (Entry 3 of 4)

1 archaic : of little height … the cedar stoops not to the base shrub's foot …— Shakespeare
2 obsolete : low in place or position … fall to the base earth from the firmament!— Shakespeare
3 obsolete : bass
4 archaic : baseborn base in kind and born to be a slave.— William Cowper

5 feudalism

a : resembling a villein : servile a base tenant
b : held by villenage base tenure
6a : being of comparatively low value and having relatively inferior properties (such as lack of resistance to corrosion) a base metal such as iron — compare noble entry 1
b : containing a larger than usual proportion of base metals base silver denarii
7a : lacking or indicating the lack of higher qualities of mind or spirit : ignoble seemed a base betrayal of idealism— L. M. Sears appealing to a person's baser instincts
b : lacking higher values : degrading a drab base way of life

base

adjective (2)

Definition of base (Entry 4 of 4)

1 : constituting or serving as a base This situation is frequently encountered by seaplane pilots in northern Canada who must fly over lakes and tundra to a base camp located on a river.— Alan Lopez
2 : of the simplest or most basic design or form : having the form of something before upgrades or customization This GTO's 350-hp, 5.7-liter V8 is the same that's used in the base Corvette, and it produces the power and throaty exhaust sound of a classic muscle car.Consumer Reports

Illustration of base

Illustration of base

Noun

base of a column: 1 upper torus, 2 scotia, 3 lower torus, 4 plinth, 5 shaft, 6 fillets

In the meaning defined above

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Other Words from base

Noun

based \ ˈbāst \ adjective
baseless \ ˈbā-​sləs \ adjective

Adjective (1)

basely adverb
baseness noun

Choose the Right Synonym for base

Adjective (1)

base, low, vile mean deserving of contempt because of the absence of higher values. base stresses the ignoble and may suggest cruelty, treachery, greed, or grossness. base motives low may connote crafty cunning, vulgarity, or immorality and regularly implies an outraging of one's sense of decency or propriety. refused to listen to such low talk vile, the strongest of these words, tends to suggest disgusting depravity or filth. a vile remark

Examples of base in a Sentence

Noun

the firm belief that complete trust between husband and wife is the base of any successful marriage the army's base of attack was kept top secret until the battle began

Verb

They are going to base their new company in Seattle. The company has based itself in London. Our tour group based itself in a hotel in the heart of the city.

Adjective (1)

Iron is a base metal. a base and sneaky act that is a clear violation of international law
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Since then, he's been regularly fundraising and speaking at campaign rallies, shoring up his base. Caroline Hallemann, Town & Country, "Presidential Candidates 2020: Here's Who's Running So Far," 25 Jan. 2019 Jeff's private space company, Blue Origin, has its base in Texas, and and that estate happens to be the largest in his portfolio. Taylor Mead, House Beautiful, "Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos Has An Insane Real Estate Portfolio," 12 Jan. 2019 Those people represented two percent of its daily active user base. Ashley Carman, The Verge, "The Verge 2018 tech report card: Snap," 27 Dec. 2018 As my fan base grew, beauty brands started sending me lots of products. Jackie Aina, Glamour, "Jackie Aina Is Changing the Beauty Industry, One Product at a Time," 7 Dec. 2018 According to Glassdoor, the average base salary of an Amazon software developer is around $113,000 a year (though Amazon says many of the salaries will be more like $150,000). Lisa Selin Davis, Curbed, "Amazon’s New York City move is bad for the city—and for Amazon’s employees," 20 Nov. 2018 At the lower end of the tech scale, Take-Two Interactive reported a 0.75-to-1 ratio, largely because its CEO takes a $1 base salary. Rachel Lerman, The Seattle Times, "Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella makes 154 times median employee pay," 16 Oct. 2018 The engineers had to figure out how to reroute cables running from the base to the display lid, and have patents pending on their design. Melissa Riofrio, PCWorld, "Dell's Inspiron 7000 2-in-1 Black Edition laptops save you from lost pens and hot panels," 8 Jan. 2019 Caal Maquin was at the base for seven hours before boarding the bus. Dara Lind, Vox, "The death of 7-year-old Jakelin Caal Maquin in Border Patrol custody isn’t an isolated outrage," 18 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

When the show first aired in 2012, Entertainment Tonight caught up with the cast and their professional advisors to discuss how much of the NBC drama is based on facts. Kelly O'sullivan, Country Living, "The 'Chicago Fire' Cast Had to Do Some Intense Professional Training for the Show," 6 Feb. 2019 Though Kiko is now based in Japan, she was born in Dallas. Carolyn Twersky, Seventeen, "Who is Harry Styles’s Rumored Girlfriend Kiko Mizuhara?," 5 Feb. 2019 The seemingly straightforward title actually is designed to be deliberately murky, according to Luke Jennings, author of Codename Villanelle on which the series is based. Katherine J. Igoe, Marie Claire, "Now 'Killing Eve' Fans Have Two Ways to Watch Season Two," 31 Jan. 2019 For more than a decade, Australian engineers working under the name Rotary Engine Development Agency have developed a new design of rotary engine that is based on a deforming rhombus rather than the conventional triangular rotors. Matthew Jancer, Popular Mechanics, "The Rhombus Rotary Engine: Can a Quirky New Design Top the Famous Wankel?," 18 Jan. 2019 Netflix would not comment on where the majority of Bird Box’s viewers were geographically based. Julia Alexander, The Verge, "Netflix says over 45 million accounts watched Bird Box — here’s what that means," 30 Dec. 2018 TriStar Television/Hulu is developing a show based on her work. Lili Anolik, Harper's BAZAAR, "How Eve Babitz Is Becoming an Unlikely Icon for Millennial Women," 24 Jan. 2019 This island is the homeland of jamu, a traditional system of health and beauty treatments based on botanical ingredients. Jennifer Goldstein, Marie Claire, "How To Spice Up Your Skincare Routine," 18 Jan. 2019 Universal Pictures To be sure, there are a few scenes in which the movie overcomes this setup, to say something real about how expectations based on race, class, and identity can wreak havoc on a person’s soul. Alissa Wilkinson, Vox, "Green Book builds a feel-good comedy atop an artifact of shameful segregation. Yikes.," 7 Jan. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Long signed a four-year, $27.5 million contract with the Jets last March and was also due a base salary of about $3.46 million next year. Dennis Waszak Jr., The Seattle Times, "Jets release guard/center Spencer Long after 1 season," 5 Feb. 2019 That’s created a kind of lingua franca, a base level of understanding among a large group of people about the experience of playing the game. Bijan Stephen, The Verge, "Fortnite was 2018’s most important social network," 21 Dec. 2018 There is no longer a base payment per order—simply, the worker is presented with the general details of an order (a summary of items, distance to the customer, and estimated pay) and given the option to confirm or decline. Cyrus Farivar, Ars Technica, "Instacart changes how it pays shoppers, but many say they’re now making less," 18 Nov. 2018 Klieman agreed to a six-year contract with a base salary of $2.3 million next season, increasing by $200,000 each subsequent season. Dave Skretta, The Seattle Times, "Kansas State hires NDSU’s Klieman to lead football program," 11 Dec. 2018 The existing rules already let 18-year-olds play for the G League—but for a base salary of only $35,000. Andrew Zimbalist, WSJ, "NBA Players Don’t Need College," 24 Oct. 2018 In our tests, Mullvad retained about 52 percent of the base speed across five locations. Ian Paul, PCWorld, "Mullvad 2018 review: A fantastic VPN has a great new look," 17 Oct. 2018 That part has eight cores and 16 threads, with a base speed of 3.6GHz and a maximum turbo of 5GHz. Peter Bright, Ars Technica, "Intel goes up to 8 cores for mainstream chips, with a 28 core overclockable Xeon," 8 Oct. 2018 The base thesis is in order to viably replace personal car ownership, people need to have choice. Patrick Sisson, Curbed, "Uber launches electric scooter service," 3 Oct. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'base.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of base

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

Verb

1587, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective (1)

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective (2)

1734, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for base

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin basis, from Greek, step, base, from bainein to go — more at come

Verb

verbal derivative of base entry 1

Adjective (1)

Middle English bas, from Anglo-French, from Late Latin bassus fat, short, low

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Statistics for base

Last Updated

14 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for base

The first known use of base was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for base

base

noun

English Language Learners Definition of base

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the bottom or lowest part of something : the part on which something rests or is supported
: something (such as a group of people or things) that provides support for a place, business, etc.
: a main ingredient to which other things are added to make something

base

verb

English Language Learners Definition of base (Entry 2 of 2)

: to have a particular place as the main place where a person works or lives or where a business operates

base

noun
\ ˈbās \

Kids Definition of base

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a thing or a part on which something rests : bottom, foundation the base of a statue the base of the mountain
2 : a starting place or goal in various games
3 : any of the four stations a runner in baseball must touch in order to score
4 : the main place or starting place of an action or operation The company's base is in New York.
5 : a place where a military force keeps its supplies or from which it starts its operations an air force base
6 : a line or surface of a geometric figure upon which an altitude is or is thought to be constructed base of a triangle
7 : the main substance in a mixture
8 : a number with reference to which a system of numbers is constructed
9 : a chemical substance (as lime or ammonia) that reacts with an acid to form a salt and turns red litmus paper blue

base

verb
based; basing

Kids Definition of base (Entry 2 of 3)

: to use as a main place of operation or action The company is based in Ohio.
base on or base upon
: to make or form from a starting point It's based on a true story.

base

adjective
baser; basest

Kids Definition of base (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : of low value and not very good in some ways base metals
2 : not honorable “I'll appeal to his baser instincts, of which he has plenty.”— E. B. White, Charlotte's Web

base

noun
\ ˈbās \
plural bases\ ˈbā-​səz \

Medical Definition of base

1 : that portion of a bodily organ or part by which it is attached to another more central structure of the organism the base of the thumb
2a : the usually inactive ingredient of a preparation serving as the vehicle for the active medicinal preparation the fatty base of an ointment
b : the chief active ingredient of a preparation

called also basis

3a : any of various typically water-soluble and bitter tasting compounds that in solution have a pH greater than 7, are capable of reacting with an acid to form a salt, and are molecules or ions able to take up a proton from an acid or are substances able to give up an unshared pair of electrons to an acid — compare alkali
b : any of the five purine or pyrimidine bases of DNA and RNA that include cytosine, guanine, adenine, thymine, and uracil
4 : freebase

Other Words from base

based \ ˈbāst \ adjective

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More from Merriam-Webster on base

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with base

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for base

Spanish Central: Translation of base

Nglish: Translation of base for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of base for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about base

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