bottom

noun
bot·​tom | \ ˈbä-təm How to pronounce bottom (audio) \

Definition of bottom

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : the underside of something at the bottom of the box a cut on the bottom of her foot The vase is signed on the bottom.
b : a surface (such as the seat of a chair) designed to support something resting on it used figuratively in phrases like the bottom dropped out to describe a sudden collapse or downturn lost millions when the bottom dropped out of the stock market
c : buttocks, rump a baby with a rash on his bottom
2 : the surface on which a body of water lies sank to the bottom of the ocean

3 nautical

a : the part of a ship's hull lying below the water
b : boat, ship cargo … carried by foreign bottoms— Virginia A. Oakes
4a : the lowest part or place the bottom of the page stood at the bottom of the stairs
b : the remotest or inmost point sail to the bottom of the bay
c : the lowest or last place in rank or position The CEO started at the bottom and worked her way up. graduated at the bottom of the class the bottom of the pay scale
d clothing : the part of a garment worn on the lower part of the body white tops and navy blue bottoms a bikini bottom especially : the pants of pajamas usually used in plural
e baseball : the last half of an inning the bottom of the ninth
f music : the bass or baritone instruments of a band
5 geography : bottomland usually used in plural the Mississippi river bottoms
6 : basis, source trying to get to the bottom of these rumors
7 : capacity (as of a horse) to endure strain a breed of dogs outstanding for bottom
8 textiles : a foundation color applied to fibers before dyeing
9 physics : a fundamental quark that accounts for the existence and lifetime of upsilon particles and has an electric charge of −¹/₃ and a measured energy of approximately 5 GeV also : the flavor (see flavor entry 1 sense 4b) characterizing this particle
at bottom
: really, basically It is, at bottom, a love song.

bottom

verb
bottomed; bottoming; bottoms

Definition of bottom (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to furnish (something, such as a chair) with a bottom
2 : to provide a foundation for men who wanted to bottom the dreams of the Romantics— Bonamy Dobrée
3 : to bring to the bottom bottomed the submarine on the ocean floor
4 : to find the basis or source of (something, such as a rumor) : to get to the bottom (see bottom entry 1 sense 6) of The mystery hasn't been bottomed.

intransitive verb

1 : to become based or grounded find on what foundation any proposition bottoms— John Locke
2 : to reach the bottom bottoming on the sea floor
3 : to reach a point where a decline is halted or reversed usually used with out The team bottomed out in last place.

bottom

adjective

Definition of bottom (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : of, relating to, or situated at the bottom (see bottom entry 1) bottom rock
2 : frequenting the lowest part or place : frequenting the bottom bottom fish

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Other Words from bottom

Noun

bottomed \ ˈbä-​təmd How to pronounce bottomed (audio) \ adjective

Verb

bottomer noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for bottom

Synonyms: Noun

underbelly, underbody, underpart, underside, undersurface

Synonyms: Adjective

bottommost, low, lowermost, nethermost, rock-bottom, undermost

Antonyms: Noun

face, top

Antonyms: Adjective

highest, loftiest, top, topmost, upmost, uppermost

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Examples of bottom in a Sentence

Noun

We sailed to the bottom of the bay. the bottom of the garden The poor baby has a rash all over his little bottom. The company's new CEO started at the bottom and worked her way up. Why do I always find myself rooting for the team at the bottom of the league? at the bottom of the pay scale

Adjective

the bottom rung of the ladder Somebody's fingerprints are all along the bottom edge of the photograph.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

There is nothing worse than staring down your nose at the bottom of an empty beer glass. James Lynch, Popular Mechanics, "We Made a Beer Documentary and You Can Pre-Order It Now," 27 Feb. 2019 Like Titanfall before it, Apex Legends has some fun with Nessie, the creature at the bottom of Loch Ness. Hayden Dingman, PCWorld, "This week in games: Hollow Knight gets a sequel, Neill Blomkamp makes a live-action Anthem trailer," 15 Feb. 2019 Kendall's style preference leans clean, simple, and tailored, mixed with streetwear vibes, while Emily's favorite looks are Southern California cool, with plenty of dresses and tops that show off her décolletage, along with leg-baring bottoms. Nicole Saunders, Harper's BAZAAR, "Kendall Jenner and Emily Ratajkowski Are Style Twins in Matching Black Turtlenecks at the Same Basketball Game," 25 Jan. 2019 Stash a mini can of hairspray and a few bobby pins at the bottom of your purse. Seventeen.com Editors, Seventeen, "50 Life-Changing Prom Beauty Tips You Haven't Heard Before," 19 Dec. 2018 Sophie wore a red suit embellished with beads and embroidery with a yellow dupatta, and Joe wore a light blue kurta with pink bottoms, perfectly complementing his brother and soon-to-be sister-in-law. Mekita Rivas, Teen Vogue, "Everything Priyanka Chopra and Nick Jonas Wore During Their Wedding Celebrations," 29 Nov. 2018 Earlier this year, for example, experts announced the discovery of the 119-year-old shipwreck Margaret Olwill at the bottom of Lake Erie. Fox News, "Mysterious shipwreck reveals its secrets: Wreck may be Lake Erie’s oldest," 15 Oct. 2018 Use a ladle to drop mounds of the batter into the pan, spreading them slightly with the bottom of the ladle. Caleb Barber, BostonGlobe.com, "Recipe: Pancake lovers will sing with joy over these cornmeal-oat blueberry beauties," 9 July 2018 The bottom is 2 inches of memory foam for support and pressure relief, while the top layer is 2 inches of fiberfill for cloud-like comfort. Lexie Sachs, Good Housekeeping, "7 Top-Rated Mattress Toppers, According to Textile Pros," 19 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Cyclical stocks tend to bottom out before their underlying fundamentals. Jacky Wong, WSJ, "Why the Chip Slump May Not Hurt Chip Investors," 7 Jan. 2019 Home affordability has been worsening since the real-estate market bottomed in 2012. Josh Boak, The Seattle Times, "Analysis: Falling home sales not helping middle-class buyers," 23 Jan. 2019 Compared to Apple's pre-2015 laptops, the new keys travel a very shallow distance, which requires you to adjust to a gentler keystroke to save your fingertips from stabbing into the plastic as the keys rapidly bottom out. Alexander George, Popular Mechanics, "So, About That Retina Macbook Air Keyboard," 30 Oct. 2018 With Pollock now on the disabled list, the Diamondbacks have bottomed out. Nick Piecoro, azcentral, "Diamondbacks quickly becoming a punchline as Brewers complete sweep with rout," 23 May 2018 Over New England, central pressure bottomed out at 960 millibars. Jeff Halverson, Washington Post, "The five most remarkable attributes of the Storm of the Century," 13 Mar. 2018 In a way, vertically integrating with the energy industry is a reasonable hedge against the price of Bitcoin bottoming out. Megan Geuss, Ars Technica, "Construction to begin on 36 megawatt Moroccan wind farm for Bitcoin mining," 18 Sep. 2018 Death Valley—which, along with being the hottest place in the world, is also the lowest spot in the United States, bottoming out at 282 feet below sea level—set the previous world record in 2017, when average July temperatures hit 107.4. Sebastian Modak, Condé Nast Traveler, "Death Valley, California Is Set to Beat Its Own Record for Hottest Month on Earth," 2 Aug. 2018 Modell's: If someone on your holiday shopping list is in the market for sweats, head to Modell's at 6 p.m. Thursday for Black Friday doorbusters, including select Champion tops and bottoms starting at $10. Kim Fusaro, Glamour, "Black Friday 2018: The Best In-Store Deals We Know About So Far," 19 Nov. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Once hailed as the franchise savior, Ackley returns on the bottom rung of the clubhouse hierarchy – a non-roster invitee with almost no chance to make the roster. Larry Stone, The Seattle Times, "‘I’m in a way better spot’: Back with Mariners on minor-league deal, Dustin Ackley is hopeful, and realistic," 20 Feb. 2019 The Shivan Dragon’s power and toughness is located on the bottom right, and is a 5/5. Darren Orf, Popular Mechanics, "How to Play 'Magic: The Gathering': Everything You Need to Know," 19 Feb. 2019 Fold the collar down toward the bottom hem to make a small rectangle. Heather Finn, Good Housekeeping, "Here's How to Fold a Dress Shirt, Because Sometimes You Have To," 11 Feb. 2019 Start at the bottom section and then move up, using the lowest heat level possible to prevent damage. Redbook, "How to Look Like You Just Left the Salon," 27 Nov. 2018 The whole thing reaches from the top of the fourth floor all the way to the bottom level, suspended from the ceiling at the center of the boutique's staircase. Sally Holmes, Marie Claire, "Chanel's New Flagship Contains a 60-Foot Tall Pearl Necklace Sculpture," 17 Nov. 2018 Here’s some footage from UC-Irvine, from MSNBC’s Jacob Soboroff (see bottom tweet for Election Day). Ella Nilsen, Vox, "Youth turnout this year is surpassing 2014 levels on several college campuses," 7 Nov. 2018 From the bottom center to the low edge of the image, two main rilles, or shallow grooves, are visible. Miguel Claro, Space.com, "See the Moon in All Its Cratered, Groovy Glory (Photo)," 25 July 2018 Secure top and bottom sections of large orange pumpkin along back and sides with wood skewers. Woman's Day Staff, Woman's Day, "50+ Creative Pumpkin Carving Ideas for Halloween," 25 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bottom.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of bottom

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1544, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Adjective

1561, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for bottom

Noun

Middle English botme, botom, bothom, going back to Old English botm, *boðm, going back to Germanic *butma- (whence, with varying dental consonants, Old Saxon bođom "ground, bottom," Old High German bodam, Old Norse botn), going back to Indo-European *bhudh-mḗn, *bhudh-mn-ós, whence also Greek pythmḗn "bottom, ground, base," Sanskrit budhná- and (with metathesis of stop and nasal) Latin fundus "bottom, base," Middle Irish bonn "sole of the foot"

Verb

derivative of bottom entry 1

Adjective

from attributive use of bottom entry 1

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Statistics for bottom

Last Updated

8 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for bottom

The first known use of bottom was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for bottom

bottom

noun

English Language Learners Definition of bottom

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the lowest part, point, or level of something
: the part of something that is below or under the other parts
: the lowest point or surface inside something : the part of something hollow that is furthest from the top

bottom

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of bottom (Entry 2 of 2)

: in the lowest position
: living at the lowest level of an ocean or lake

bottom

noun
bot·​tom | \ ˈbä-təm How to pronounce bottom (audio) \

Kids Definition of bottom

1 : the lowest part of something the bottom of the stairs the bottom of the bowl
2 : the under surface of something There's gum on the bottom of my shoe.
3 : a supporting surface or part : base chair bottoms
4 : the lowest or worst level or position She graduated at the bottom of her class.
5 : clothing that covers the lower part of the body pajama bottoms
6 : the bed of a body of water the lake bottom
7 : low land along a river Mississippi River bottoms
8 : the most basic part Let's get to the bottom of the problem.
9 : the second half of an inning of baseball

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More from Merriam-Webster on bottom

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with bottom

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for bottom

Spanish Central: Translation of bottom

Nglish: Translation of bottom for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of bottom for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about bottom

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