1

predicate

noun pred·i·cate \ ˈpre-di-kət \
Updated on: 15 Nov 2017

Definition of predicate

1 a :something that is affirmed or denied of the subject in a proposition in logic
b :a term designating a property or relation
2 :the part of a sentence or clause that expresses what is said of the subject and that usually consists of a verb with or without objects, complements, or adverbial modifiers

predicative

play \ˈpre-di-kə-tiv, -ˌkā-\ adjective

predicatively

adverb

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Examples of predicate in a Sentence

  1. In the sentence “The child threw the ball,” the subject is “the child” and the predicate is “threw the ball.”

Recent Examples of predicate from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'predicate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of predicate

Middle English, from Late Latin praedicatum, from neuter of praedicatus

Other Grammar and Linguistics Terms


2

predicate

verb pred·i·cate \ ˈpre-də-ˌkāt \

Definition of predicate

predicated; predicating
transitive verb
1 a :affirm, declare
b archaic :preach
2 a :to assert to be a quality, attribute, or property used with following of
  • predicates intelligence of humans
b :to make (a term) the predicate in a proposition
3 :found, base usually used with on
  • the theory is predicated on recent findings
4 :imply

Examples of predicate in a Sentence

  1. she has predicated her theory on recent findings by other astronomers

Recent Examples of predicate from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'predicate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Did You Know?

The verb predicate means, among other things, "to found or base." Despite being attested as early as 1754, that sense has endured attack as a misuse on the grounds that it is not true to its Latin root praedicare, meaning "to proclaim, assert." This criticism, however, has subsided. Predicate can also mean "imply," but be careful about using it to mean "predict"-that use does appear in published sources sometimes, but it's an easy target for usage commentators, who are bound to consider it an all-too-predictable error. The meaning of predicate directly tapped from its Latin root-that is, "to assert"-most often occurs in metaphysic contemplation. A simplistic example of such use is the statement "if y is said to be x (e.g., an apple is a fruit), everything that is predicated of y is predicated of x."

Origin and Etymology of predicate

Late Latin praedicatus, past participle of praedicare to assert, predicate logically, preach, from Latin, to proclaim, assert — more at preach

predicate Synonyms


3

predicate

adjective pred·i·cate \ ˈpre-di-kət \

Definition of predicate

:completing the meaning of a copula
  • predicate adjective
  • predicate noun

Examples of predicate in a Sentence

  1. In “the sun is hot,” “hot” is a predicate adjective.

Recent Examples of predicate from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'predicate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of predicate

1887

Other Grammar and Linguistics Terms


PREDICATE Defined for English Language Learners

predicate

noun

Definition of predicate for English Language Learners

  • grammar : the part of a sentence that expresses what is said about the subject


predicate

verb

Definition of predicate for English Language Learners

  • : to base (something) on or upon something else


predicate

adjective

Definition of predicate for English Language Learners

  • grammar : used after a linking verb to describe a noun that comes before the verb


PREDICATE Defined for Kids

1

predicate

noun pred·i·cate \ ˈpre-di-kət \

Definition of predicate for Students

:the part of a sentence or clause that tells what is said about the subject
  • “Rang” in “the doorbell rang” is the predicate.

2

predicate

adjective

Definition of predicate for Students

:completing the meaning of a linking verb
  • “Sweet” in “the sugar is sweet” is a predicate adjective.

Law Dictionary

1

predicate

transitive verb pred·i·cate \ ˈpre-də-ˌkāt \

legal Definition of predicate

predicated; predicating
:to set or ground on something :find a basis for usually used with on
  • Jurisdiction over the lawsuit was predicated on the California contacts
  • Daimler AG v. Bauman, 571 U.S. ___ (2014)

2

predicate

adjective pred·i·cate \ ˈpre-di-kət \

legal Definition of predicate

1 :occurring prior to and providing the basis or part of the basis for a conviction for another offense (as a RICO offense)
  • predicate acts
2 :occurring prior to and providing the basis for sentence enhancement upon conviction for a later offense

predicate

noun


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