infer vs. imply
Sir Thomas More is the first writer known to have used both infer and imply in their approved senses in 1528 (with infer meaning “to deduce from facts” and imply meaning “to hint at”). He is also the first to have used infer in a sense close in meaning to imply (1533). Both of these uses of infer coexisted without comment until some time around the end of World War I. Since then, the “indicate” and “hint or suggest” meanings of infer have been frequently condemned as an undesirable blurring of a useful distinction. The actual blurring has been done by the commentators. The “indicate” sense of infer, descended from More's use of 1533, does not occur with a personal subject. When objections arose, they were to a use with a personal subject (which is now considered a use of the “suggest, hint” sense of infer). Since dictionaries did not recognize this use specifically, the objectors assumed that the “indicate” sense was the one they found illogical, even though it had been in respectable use for four centuries. The actual usage condemned was a spoken one never used in logical discourse. At present the condemned “suggest, hint” sense is found in print chiefly in letters to the editor and other informal prose, not in serious intellectual writing. The controversy over the “suggest, hint” sense has apparently reduced the frequency with which the “indicate” sense of infer is used.
Examples of imply in a Sentence
Early reports implied that the judge's death was not an accident.
His words implied a threat.
War implies fighting and death.
Recent Examples of imply from the Web
Trading on WTO terms implies small tariffs on goods such as cars and pharmaceuticals and larger ones on farm products.
The Lady is less a wilting violet who learns to bloom than, as the title implies, a cunning murderess.
George R.R. Martin himself has implied that his saga is headed towards some unprecedented apocalypse.
Someone from DeLay’s office obtained Laney’s flight plan from the Department of Homeland Security by implying that Laney’s plane was overdue to land and might have crashed or been seized by terrorists.
Some seemed to imply that the thread was directed at President Donald Trump.
The Vox article will stand as our moment’s gold-standard reference on the issue, but its calm conclusion that the black–white IQ gap is wholly environmental in origin is by no means as self-evident as the authors imply.
Color commentator Don MacLean implied as much when the Huskies hosted Arizona last season.
My colleague Laura Entis points out some of the absurdities surrounding breathless health study articles which seem to imply that just about everything—from certain diets to complaining to, yes, cats—can/will kill you.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'imply.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Synonym Discussion of imply
IMPLY Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of imply for English Language Learners
: to express (something) in an indirect way : to suggest (something) without saying or showing it plainly
: to include or involve (something) as a natural or necessary part or result
IMPLY Defined for Kids
Definition of imply for Students
: to express indirectly : suggest rather than say plainly Your remark implies that I am wrong.
Legal Definition of imply
1 : to recognize as existing by inference or necessary consequence especially on legal or equitable grounds in ordinary circumstances…the law would imply that it was the duty of the hospital to use due care — Haase v. Starnes, 915 S.W.2d 675 (1996)
2 : to make known indirectly
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