alkali

noun
al·​ka·​li | \ ˈal-kə-ˌlī How to pronounce alkali (audio) \
plural alkalies or alkalis

Definition of alkali

1 : a soluble salt obtained from the ashes of plants and consisting largely of potassium or sodium carbonate broadly : a substance (such as a hydroxide or carbonate of an alkali metal) having marked basic properties — compare base sense 6a
3 : a soluble salt or a mixture of soluble salts present in some soils of arid regions in quantity detrimental to agriculture

Examples of alkali in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Baking soda is a mild alkali that's effective at dissolving dirt and grease. Alicia Chilton, Better Homes & Gardens, 2 Nov. 2020 Don’t use cleaners containing acid, alkali or sodium hypochlorite that will mar, etch, corrode and permanently discolor the laminate surface, says the Formica company. oregonlive, 28 May 2020 Don’t use cleaners containing acid, alkali or sodium hypochlorite that will mar, etch, corrode and permanently discolor the laminate surface, says the Formica company. oregonlive, 20 Mar. 2020 The company, which acquired several area properties from Dow Chemical in 2015, previously announced plans to close its chlor alkali and vinylidene chloride plants in Freeport in 2020 to cut costs. Katherine Feser, Houston Chronicle, 12 Feb. 2020 Don’t use cleaners containing acid, alkali or sodium hypochlorite that will mar, etch, corrode and permanently discolor the laminate surface, says the Formica company. oregonlive, 20 Mar. 2020 Don’t use cleaners containing acid, alkali or sodium hypochlorite that will mar, etch, corrode and permanently discolor the laminate surface, says the Formica company. oregonlive, 20 Mar. 2020 Don’t use cleaners containing acid, alkali or sodium hypochlorite that will mar, etch, corrode and permanently discolor the laminate surface, says the Formica company. oregonlive, 20 Mar. 2020 According to one report on recent cases of milk-alkali syndrome, the question is almost impossible to answer for the general population. Claire Maldarelli, Popular Science, 28 May 2018 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'alkali.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of alkali

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for alkali

Middle English, from Medieval Latin, from Arabic al-qili the ashes of the plant saltwort

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Time Traveler for alkali

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The first known use of alkali was in the 14th century

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Dictionary Entries Near alkali

alkakengi

alkali

alkali bee

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Cite this Entry

“Alkali.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/alkali. Accessed 17 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for alkali

alkali

noun
al·​ka·​li | \ ˈal-kə-ˌlī How to pronounce alkali (audio) \
plural alkalies or alkalis

Kids Definition of alkali

1 : a substance that has a bitter taste and reacts with an acid to form a salt : base
2 : a salt or a mixture of salts sometimes found in large amounts in the soil of dry regions

alkali

noun
al·​ka·​li | \ ˈal-kə-ˌlī How to pronounce alkali (audio) \
plural alkalies or alkalis

Medical Definition of alkali

: a substance (as a hydroxide or carbonate of an alkali metal) having marked basic properties — compare base

More from Merriam-Webster on alkali

Nglish: Translation of alkali for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about alkali

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