alkali metal


Definition of alkali metal

: any of the monovalent mostly basic metals of group I of the periodic table comprising lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, and francium — see Periodic Table

Examples of alkali metal in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In the paper, scientists characterize the meteorites’ material phases as alloys of lead, tin and indium, which is the softest non-alkali metal. Fox News, "Scientists discover extraterrestrial superconductivity in meteorites," 24 Mar. 2020 The first group, known as the alkali metals, has just one such electron, easy to lose when reacting with an element that has more electrons, such as one from the 17th group, the halogens. Bill Andrews, Discover Magazine, "Everything Worth Knowing About The Periodic Table," 26 June 2019 The brine water that has been accumulating for millennia under the Atacama is lithium-rich, and companies pump it out and send the brine to evaporation ponds where heat extracts the water and leaves the reactive alkali metal behind. Megan Geuss, Ars Technica, "Lithium giants feud over competition, brine in Chile’s Atacama Desert," 21 Oct. 2018 The calibration is done with the alkali metal cesium. Jay Bennett, Popular Mechanics, "The Centuries-Long Quest to Measure One Second," 24 Mar. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'alkali metal.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of alkali metal

1860, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of alkali metal was in 1860

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Cite this Entry

“Alkali metal.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 4 Aug. 2020.

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More Definitions for alkali metal

alkali metal


Medical Definition of alkali metal

: any of the univalent mostly basic metals of group I of the periodic table comprising lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, and francium

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