Definition of syndrome
1 : a group of signs and symptoms that occur together and characterize a particular abnormality or condition
2 : a set of concurrent things (such as emotions or actions) that usually form an identifiable pattern
Did You Know?
Combining its two Greek roots, syndrome means basically "running together". So when diagnosing a condition or disease, doctors tend to look for a group of symptoms existing together. As long as a set of symptoms remains mysterious, it may be referred to as a specific syndrome. But if that name is used for a while, it may become the condition's permanent name, even after an underlying cause has been found. So today we have Down syndrome, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, Asperger's syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, Tourette's syndrome, sick building syndrome, and many more. And since mental conditions often turn out to have physical causes, syndrome is used in psychology as well as in medicine.
Origin and Etymology of syndrome
New Latin, from Greek syndromē combination, syndrome, from syn- + dramein to run — more at dromedary
First Known Use: 1541
SYNDROME Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of syndrome for English Language Learners
: a disease or disorder that involves a particular group of signs and symptoms
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