acute respiratory distress syndrome

noun

Definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome

: respiratory failure of sudden onset in adults or children that follows injury to the endothelium of the lung (as in sepsis, chest trauma, massive blood transfusion, aspiration of the gastric contents, or pneumonia) and results in the accumulation of protein-rich fluid and the collapse of alveoli leading to difficult, rapid breathing and very low levels of oxygen in the blood abbreviation ARD

called also adult respiratory distress syndrome

Examples of acute respiratory distress syndrome in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Thousands of Covid-19 survivors have developed ARDS, or acute respiratory distress syndrome, which allows fluid to leak into the lungs. NBC News, "Covid disease damage leading to 'completely new category' of organ transplants," 12 Apr. 2021 When patients with lung failure began to fill ICUs 1 year ago, many physicians fell back on years of experience with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a life-threatening buildup of fluid in lungs damaged by trauma or infection. Kelly Servick, Science | AAAS, "How do you treat coronavirus? Here are physicians’ best strategies," 16 Mar. 2021 Butler developed acute respiratory distress syndrome, a severe complication of COVID-19 pneumonia. Sophie Carson, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Diane Butler, who carried her family on her shoulders, fell to COVID in 2020," 10 Mar. 2021 His official cause of death, on April 1, was COVID-19-related pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Akilah Johnson, ProPublica, "How COVID-19 Hollowed Out a Generation of Young Black Men," 22 Dec. 2020 In the most serious cases, COVID progresses to acute respiratory distress syndrome, where fluid accumulates in the air sacs of the lungs, impeding their ability to provide oxygen to the body. Lauren Caruba, ExpressNews.com, "San Antonio’s first double lung transplant for COVID-19 performed at University Hospital," 24 Nov. 2020 The stem cell therapy is being developed to treat acute respiratory distress syndrome, a complication often seen in advanced Covid-19 patients. Cristin Flanagan, Bloomberg.com, "Novartis Invests in Stem Cell Therapy for Covid," 20 Nov. 2020 His sister Angeli was put under a hospital ventilator before dying, according to her death certificate, of acute respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia and metastatic lung cancer. USA Today, "How the South and Southwest became the global epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic," 10 Dec. 2020 Both viruses can cause people to develop acute respiratory distress syndrome, but the researchers explained that this syndrome is more common in COVID-19 patients than in flu patients, and that this may explain the higher mortality rate. Rachael Zisk, Popular Science, "You can get COVID-19 and the flu at the same time," 16 Nov. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'acute respiratory distress syndrome.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of acute respiratory distress syndrome

1981, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of acute respiratory distress syndrome was in 1981

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Last Updated

18 Apr 2021

Cite this Entry

“Acute respiratory distress syndrome.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/acute%20respiratory%20distress%20syndrome. Accessed 8 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for acute respiratory distress syndrome

acute respiratory distress syndrome

noun

Medical Definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome

: respiratory failure of sudden onset in adults or children that follows injury to the endothelium of the lung (as in sepsis, chest trauma, massive blood transfusion, aspiration of the gastric contents, or pneumonia) with the accumulation of protein-rich fluid and the collapse of alveoli leading to difficult, rapid breathing and very low levels of oxygen in the blood The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been recognized for more than 30 years as a severe form of acute respiratory failure. Patients with this disorder are critically ill, require mechanical ventilation in an intensive care unit (ICU), and have a high mortality, ranging from 35% to 50% in recent reports.— Harriet Kitzman et al., The Journal of the American Medical Association, 19 Apr. 2000 A relatively simple method of improving oxygenation in a patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome … is to place the patient in the prone position— James W. Leatherman et al., Scientific American Medicine Bulletin, May 1997 abbreviation ARDS

called also adult respiratory distress syndrome

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