acute respiratory distress syndrome

noun

Definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome

: respiratory failure of sudden onset in adults or children that follows injury to the endothelium of the lung (as in sepsis, chest trauma, massive blood transfusion, aspiration of the gastric contents, or pneumonia) and results in the accumulation of protein-rich fluid and the collapse of alveoli leading to difficult, rapid breathing and very low levels of oxygen in the blood abbreviation ARD

called also adult respiratory distress syndrome

Examples of acute respiratory distress syndrome in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Brook said, with acute respiratory distress syndrome, an often-fatal fluid leak into the lungs. Anne Saker, Cincinnati.com, "Coronavirus in Ohio: How a team, some luck and 46 days made Dan Pilder a COVID-19 survivor," 8 May 2020 The reasoning: Severe obesity reportedly increases the risk of a major COVID-19 complication known as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and can cause difficulties with a doctor's ability to provide a person with respiratory support. Kasandra Brabaw, Health.com, "The CDC Says 'Severely Obese' People Are at Greater Risk for COVID-19 Complications—but Are They Really?," 29 Apr. 2020 Covid-19 patients frequently experience acute lung injury, which can cause leakiness in mucus membranes, leading to what's called acute respiratory distress syndrome, Christman said. Ryan Prior, CNN, "Now's the time to quit smoking: It could increase your odds of beating Covid-19," 3 Apr. 2020 In a small number of severe cases that can develop into acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which requires a patient be placed on a ventilator to supply oxygen. USA Today, "What does the coronavirus do to your body? Everything to know about the infection process," 14 Mar. 2020 These patients are quite sick, but their disease does not present like typical acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a type of lung failure known from the 2003 outbreak of the SARS coronavirus and other respiratory diseases. Fox News, "'Silent hypoxia' may be killing COVID-19 patients, but there's hope," 28 Apr. 2020 Severely ill patients have signs of what is known as acute respiratory distress syndrome, or ARDS, such as extremely low blood oxygen levels, heavy breathing, fatigue and fogginess. Guy Boulton, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Less-invasive breathing therapies could keep 'significant number' of patients off ventilators," 27 Apr. 2020 But others deteriorate, often quite suddenly, developing a condition called acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Meredith Wadman, Science | AAAS, "How does coronavirus kill? Clinicians trace a ferocious rampage through the body, from brain to toes," 17 Apr. 2020 For some — especially those with pre-existing respiratory conditions — COVID-19 can even lead to viral pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Molly Longman, refinery29.com, "This Is What Coronavirus Does To Your Body," 6 Apr. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'acute respiratory distress syndrome.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of acute respiratory distress syndrome

1981, in the meaning defined above

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The first known use of acute respiratory distress syndrome was in 1981

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Last Updated

15 May 2020

Cite this Entry

“Acute respiratory distress syndrome.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/acute%20respiratory%20distress%20syndrome. Accessed 26 May. 2020.

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More Definitions for acute respiratory distress syndrome

acute respiratory distress syndrome

noun

Medical Definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome

: respiratory failure of sudden onset in adults or children that follows injury to the endothelium of the lung (as in sepsis, chest trauma, massive blood transfusion, aspiration of the gastric contents, or pneumonia) with the accumulation of protein-rich fluid and the collapse of alveoli leading to difficult, rapid breathing and very low levels of oxygen in the blood The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been recognized for more than 30 years as a severe form of acute respiratory failure. Patients with this disorder are critically ill, require mechanical ventilation in an intensive care unit (ICU), and have a high mortality, ranging from 35% to 50% in recent reports.— Harriet Kitzman et al., The Journal of the American Medical Association, 19 Apr. 2000 A relatively simple method of improving oxygenation in a patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome … is to place the patient in the prone position— James W. Leatherman et al., Scientific American Medicine Bulletin, May 1997 abbreviation ARDS

called also adult respiratory distress syndrome

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