medical Definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome
- The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been recognized for more than 30 years as a severe form of acute respiratory failure. Patients with this disorder are critically ill, require mechanical ventilation in an intensive care unit (ICU), and have a high mortality, ranging from 35% to 50% in recent reports.
- —Harriet Kitzman et al., The Journal of the American Medical Association, 19 Apr. 2000
- A relatively simple method of improving oxygenation in a patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome … is to place the patient in the prone position
- —James W. Leatherman et al., Scientific American Medicine Bulletin, May 1997
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