sepsis

noun
sep·​sis | \ ˈsep-səs How to pronounce sepsis (audio) \
plural sepses\ ˈsep-​ˌsēz How to pronounce sepses (audio) \

Definition of sepsis

: a potentially life-threatening, systemic response of the immune system that results from the spread of pathogenic agents (such as bacteria or viruses) and their toxins to the bloodstream from a localized infection (as of the lungs), that involves both inflammatory and immunosuppressive activity, that is marked especially by fever, chills, rapid heart rate and breathing, fatigue, confusion, increased blood coagulation, hypotension, impaired microcirculation, and organ dysfunction, and that may progress to septic shock

Note: The primary cause of sepsis is pneumonia with secondary causes commonly including infections of the abdominal cavity and urinary tract.

— compare septicemia

Examples of sepsis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Join for a presentation on the basics, what the signs are to look for, how to prevent it, and ensure that time is on your side to help save lives from sepsis. courant.com, "Community News For The West Hartford Edition," 4 Sep. 2020 Duggan said the idea for a memorial came from Cher Coner, who's mom died of sepsis in the Spring. David Williams, CNN, "Detroit turned a park into a memorial for the city's 1,500 Covid-19 victims," 1 Sep. 2020 Death certificates may also list sepsis, respiratory arrest, kidney failure or other conditions as the immediate cause of death, but those are caused by the infection. Anchorage Daily News, "Twitter deletes false claim retweeted by Trump that minimized coronavirus death toll," 1 Sep. 2020 Death certificates may also list sepsis, respiratory arrest, kidney failure or other conditions as the immediate cause of death, but those are caused by the infection. Washington Post, "Twitter deletes claim minimizing coronavirus death toll, which Trump retweeted," 1 Sep. 2020 Cher Coner, 50, said her mother, a lifelong Detroiter, died of sepsis on April 8 in Sacramento, California, and couldn't have a funeral because of public health restrictions. Tresa Baldas, Detroit Free Press, "Detroit's Belle Isle becomes a place to mourn, celebrate the lives lost to COVID-19," 31 Aug. 2020 Join for a presentation on the basics, what the signs are to look for, how to prevent it, and ensure that time is on your side to help save lives from sepsis. courant.com, "Community News For The West Hartford Edition," 28 Aug. 2020 Black women are also two times more likely to experience severe maternal morbidity, defined by the CDC as adverse health conditions caused or worsened by pregnancy, such as cardiac arrest, extreme blood loss, aneurysm, and sepsis. Kelly Glass, Glamour, "The Mental Health Trauma of the Black Maternal Mortality Crisis," 26 Aug. 2020 He was left fighting for his life after contracting sepsis -- the body's life-threatening response to infection -- and nearly had to have his leg amputated. George Ramsay, CNN, "Washington's Alex Smith returns to practice 21 months after sustaining horrific leg injury," 17 Aug. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sepsis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sepsis

1863, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for sepsis

New Latin, from Greek sēpsis decay, from sēpein to putrefy

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Time Traveler for sepsis

Time Traveler

The first known use of sepsis was in 1863

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Statistics for sepsis

Last Updated

13 Sep 2020

Cite this Entry

“Sepsis.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sepsis. Accessed 23 Sep. 2020.

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More Definitions for sepsis

sepsis

noun
How to pronounce sepsis (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of sepsis

medical : illness caused by an infection in a part of the body

sepsis

noun
sep·​sis | \ ˈsep-səs How to pronounce sepsis (audio) \
plural sepses\ ˈsep-​ˌsēz How to pronounce sepses (audio) \

Medical Definition of sepsis

: a potentially life-threatening, systemic response of the immune system that results from the spread of pathogenic agents (as bacteria or viruses) and their toxins to the bloodstream from a localized infection (as of the lungs), that involves both inflammatory and immunosuppressive activity, and that is marked especially by fever, chills, rapid heart rate and breathing, fatigue, confusion, increased blood coagulation, hypotension, impaired microcirculation, and organ dysfunction, and that may progress to septic shock

Note: The primary cause of sepsis is pneumonia with secondary causes commonly including infections of the abdominal cavity and urinary tract.

— compare multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, septicemia

More from Merriam-Webster on sepsis

Britannica English: Translation of sepsis for Arabic Speakers

Comments on sepsis

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