refeeding syndrome

noun
|Updated on: 12 Jun 2018

Definition of refeeding syndrome

medical : a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs from the usually rapid reintroduction of nutrition into a severely malnourished person and that is marked by variable symptoms including muscle weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, hypotension, arrhythmia, respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, coma, or death
Note: Refeeding syndrome results from disturbances in metabolism which follow refeeding and especially depletion of electrolytes (such as phosphate), deficiency of thiamine, retention of fluid, and hyperglycemia.
  • The major adverse effect associated with the treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa is the refeeding syndrome, a relatively rare but potentially life-threatening condition characterized by shifts in fluids, electrolytes, and minerals, along with alterations in nutrient metabolism and other related changes.
  • —Evelyn Attia et al.

First Known Use of refeeding syndrome

1981

in the meaning defined above

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