refeeding syndrome

noun

medical : a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs from the usually rapid reintroduction of nutrition into a severely malnourished person and that is marked by variable symptoms including muscle weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, hypotension, arrhythmia, respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, coma, or death

Note: Refeeding syndrome results from disturbances in metabolism which follow refeeding and especially depletion of electrolytes (such as phosphate), deficiency of thiamine, retention of fluid, and hyperglycemia.

The major adverse effect associated with the treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa is the refeeding syndrome, a relatively rare but potentially life-threatening condition characterized by shifts in fluids, electrolytes, and minerals, along with alterations in nutrient metabolism and other related changes.Evelyn Attia et al.

Word History

First Known Use

1981, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of refeeding syndrome was in 1981

Dictionary Entries Near refeeding syndrome

Cite this Entry

“Refeeding syndrome.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/refeeding%20syndrome. Accessed 12 Apr. 2024.

Medical Definition

refeeding syndrome

noun
: a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs from the usually rapid reintroduction of nutrition into a severely malnourished person and that is marked by variable symptoms including muscle weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, hypotension, arrhythmia, respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, coma, or death

Note: Refeeding syndrome results from disturbances in metabolism which follow refeeding and especially depletion of electrolytes (as phosphate), deficiency of thiamine, retention of fluid, and hyperglycemia.

Refeeding syndrome is characterized by electrolyte depletion (hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, and hypomagnesemia), fluid retention causing edema, and hyperglycemia.Sondra S. Crosby et al.
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