genome

noun
ge·​nome | \ ˈjē-ˌnōm How to pronounce genome (audio) \

Definition of genome

: one haploid set of chromosomes with the genes they contain broadly : the genetic material of an organism — compare proteome

Examples of genome in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web To fully sequence the genome of the ancient bears, the researchers used eight modern bears in the Ursidae family, and three extinct bears as a template, reports Popular Mechanics. Elizabeth Gamillo, Smithsonian Magazine, "Using Only Trace Amounts of Poop in Soil Samples, Researchers Sequenced Entire Genomes of Two Ancient Bear Species," 28 Apr. 2021 Researchers have achieved astonishing results by tweaking the genome of the roundworm C. elegans, extending its life span nearly 10 times — the equivalent of a person’s living 1,000 years. New York Times, "How Long Can We Live?," 28 Apr. 2021 The genome of a dark-skinned, brown-haired, brown-eyed woman from Zlatý kůň cave in the Czech Republic included only 3% Neanderthal DNA, which likely came from a long-ago tryst in the Middle East, not from recent contact, the study suggests. Ann Gibbons, Science | AAAS, "More than 45,000 years ago, modern humans ventured into Neanderthal territory. Here’s what happened next," 7 Apr. 2021 The team analyzed the genome of the Taiwan habu (Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus) brown pit viper to see which genes are associated with the venom system. Chris Smith, BGR, "A new study says humans might have the genetic capability to spit venom," 5 Apr. 2021 Omaha: Officials are watching for variants of the coronavirus by sequencing the entire genome of samples of the virus. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, "Bloody Sunday plans, defining pandemics, teacher dilemmas: News from around our 50 states," 24 Feb. 2021 Researchers reconstructed the mitochondrial genome of a mummified wolf pup buried in permafrost for more than 50,000 years. Sarah Lewin Frasier, Scientific American, "In Case You Missed It," 24 Feb. 2021 Those researchers have been able to reconstruct the entire genome of Neanderthals by piecing together genetic fragments from their bones. Carl Zimmer New York Times, Star Tribune, "Tiny blobs of brain cells could reveal how your mind differs from a Neanderthal's," 18 Feb. 2021 Ten days later, researchers working with health authorities there published the genome of the virus that was making people sick. Megan Molteni, Wired, "A Year Ago I Asked: How Bad Could Covid Get? Now We Know," 22 Jan. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'genome.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of genome

1926, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for genome

German Genom, from Gen gene + -om (as in Chromosom chromosome)

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Last Updated

7 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Genome.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/genome. Accessed 11 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for genome

genome

noun
ge·​nome | \ ˈjē-ˌnōm How to pronounce genome (audio) \

Medical Definition of genome

: one haploid set of chromosomes with the genes they contain broadly : the genetic material of an organism The idea behind sequencing an organism's genome—decoding, letter by letter, the message contained in every last one of its genes—is that it would tell us a lot about how the organism works. — Lori Oliwenstein, Discover, January 1996

More from Merriam-Webster on genome

Nglish: Translation of genome for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about genome

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