genome

noun
ge·​nome | \ ˈjē-ˌnōm How to pronounce genome (audio) \

Definition of genome

: one haploid set of chromosomes with the genes they contain broadly : the genetic material of an organism — compare proteome

Examples of genome in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Thailand is the only country that does not explicitly prohibit altering the human genome, whereas Italy and Israel permit it under certain conditions. Sandy Ong, Science | AAAS, "Singapore could become the second country to legalize mitochondrial replacement therapy," 6 June 2018 If a rogue scientist tinkering quietly in a lab can smash through norms, local laws, and meddle with the human genome to feed his own ego or scientific curiosity, the worry is that many more dangerous applications of CRISPR could be in store. Julia Belluz, Vox, "Is the CRISPR baby controversy the start of a terrifying new chapter in gene editing?," 22 Jan. 2019 Mapping a human genome with this device costs around $1,000. NBC News, "Scientists pave way for at-home genome mapping with portable DNA sequencer," 29 Jan. 2018 Many of the differences in the genomes of nerve cells are due to the presence of mobile genetic elements called retrotransposons. Robert Martone, Scientific American, "Early Life Experience: It’s in Your DNA," 10 July 2018 This is the first time scientists have sequenced full genomes of DNA from the cell’s nucleus. Kiona N. Smith, Ars Technica, "DNA may reconnect Aboriginal Australian remains with modern communities," 27 Dec. 2018 In one such study, published in September in the journal Nature Genetics, researchers at the University of Michigan analyzed the genomes of a half million people from the UK Biobank and the Michigan Genomics Initiative. Laura Landro, WSJ, "Doctors Rethink the Cause—and Treatment—of Diverticular Disease," 20 Nov. 2018 But today, these dogs and their kin are nowhere to be found, their genetic legacy wiped from the genomes of all living canines. David Grimm, Science | AAAS, "America’s first dogs lived with people for thousands of years. Then they vanished," 5 July 2018 Johnson and dozens of Australian colleagues on Monday published the full koala genome in the journal Nature Genetics. Joel Achenbach, Washington Post, "Koala genome shows how the adorable marsupial lives on eucalyptus leaves," 2 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'genome.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of genome

1926, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for genome

German Genom, from Gen gene + -om (as in Chromosom chromosome)

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Dictionary Entries near genome

genogram

genoid

genoise

genome

genomere

genomic

genomics

Statistics for genome

Last Updated

13 May 2019

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Time Traveler for genome

The first known use of genome was in 1926

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More Definitions for genome

genome

noun
ge·​nome | \ ˈjē-ˌnōm How to pronounce genome (audio) \

Medical Definition of genome

: one haploid set of chromosomes with the genes they contain broadly : the genetic material of an organism The idea behind sequencing an organism's genome—decoding, letter by letter, the message contained in every last one of its genes—is that it would tell us a lot about how the organism works. — Lori Oliwenstein, Discover, January 1996

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More from Merriam-Webster on genome

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with genome

Nglish: Translation of genome for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about genome

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