Definition of genome
: one haploid set of chromosomes with the genes they contain; broadly : the genetic material of an organism — compare proteome
Recent Examples of genome from the Web
Instead of being rarities that almost inevitably harm health, mutations litter the human genome.
The bacteria grab the DNA of invading viruses, incorporating it into their own genomes.
The Denisovans were only correctly identified in 2010 by a team of researchers led by Svante Paabo, who used the finger bone to sequence the species’ genome.
An insect biotechnology group, for instance, would be able to get more insect genomes to work with.
Certainly the lines between races, given the complexity of the human genome and of human interactions, are hazy.
To test the method, the scientists sought to capture more than 3,000 DNA strands from the E. coli bacterial genome, commonly used as a model organism, and were successful with most of the targets.
Researchers are trying to wade into the remaining 98 percent of the genome to look for irregularities associated with autism.
Of the 50 healthy patients who agreed to undergo whole-genome sequencing, 11 tested positive.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'genome.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Origin and Etymology of genome
German Genom, from Gen gene + -om (as in Chromosom chromosome)
First Known Use: 1926See Words from the same year
Medical Definition of genome
: one haploid set of chromosomes with the genes they contain; broadly : the genetic material of an organism The idea behind sequencing an organism's genome—decoding, letter by letter, the message contained in every last one of its genes—is that it would tell us a lot about how the organism works.—Lori Oliwenstein, Discover, January 1996
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