syndrome

noun
syn·​drome | \ ˈsin-ˌdrōm also -drəm How to pronounce syndrome (audio) \

Definition of syndrome

1 : a group of signs and symptoms that occur together and characterize a particular abnormality or condition
2 : a set of concurrent things (such as emotions or actions) that usually form an identifiable pattern

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Did You Know?

Combining its two Greek roots, syndrome means basically "running together". So when diagnosing a condition or disease, doctors tend to look for a group of symptoms existing together. As long as a set of symptoms remains mysterious, it may be referred to as a specific syndrome. But if that name is used for a while, it may become the condition's permanent name, even after an underlying cause has been found. So today we have Down syndrome, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, Asperger's syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, Tourette's syndrome, sick building syndrome, and many more. And since mental conditions often turn out to have physical causes, syndrome is used in psychology as well as in medicine.

Examples of syndrome in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

According to research, reproductive health conditions like fibroids, polycystic ovarian syndrome, infertility, and endometriosis are all fairly common among the Black community. Teen Vogue, "Period Taboo and Menstrual Cups in the Black Community," 15 Nov. 2018 About 3 to 6 percent of ART patients experience ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and .01 to 3 percent experience severe OHSS. Pamela Tsigdinos, Marie Claire, "The Wild World of IVF, Explained," 1 Oct. 2018 Another possibility: Mussels trigger a chocolate syndrome, meaning that a food usually harmless proves toxic only to dogs. Tim Prudente, baltimoresun.com, "Explosion of false dark mussels revives hopes for clearer waters and concern for dogs in Anne Arundel County," 11 July 2018 Struggling to lose weight, Andrea went for a checkup with her primary care doctor, TriHealth’s Lee Niemeyer, MD, which led to her being diagnosed with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Trihealth, Cincinnati.com, "Making the most of being mom – how weight loss surgery changed Andrea’s life," 29 June 2018 No doctor has ever initiated a conversation with me about fibroids, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), or endometriosis. Minda Honey, Longreads, "The Power in Knowing: Black Women, HIV, and the Realities of Safe Sex," 19 June 2018 The umbilical cord blood has a high concentration of stem cells, which can be used for the treatment of leukemia, lymphomas, bone marrow failure syndromes, immune deficiencies and sickle cell disease. Naseem S. Miller, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Orlando-based cord blood bank CORD:USE acquired for $14 million," 5 June 2018 The blood pools in my blood vessels, which are too stretchy because of hypermobility syndrome. Paula Akpan, Teen Vogue, "7 People With Less Visible Disabilities Talk Misconceptions and Stigma," 17 Apr. 2019 Louie suffers from Angelman syndrome, a rare neuro-genetic disorder that affects about one in 12,000 babies worldwide. Shelley Levitt, Woman's Day, "These 4 Inspirational Women Went to Great Lengths for Their Kids," 4 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'syndrome.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of syndrome

1541, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for syndrome

New Latin, from Greek syndromē combination, syndrome, from syn- + dramein to run — more at dromedary

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Statistics for syndrome

Last Updated

15 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for syndrome

The first known use of syndrome was in 1541

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More Definitions for syndrome

syndrome

noun

English Language Learners Definition of syndrome

: a disease or disorder that involves a particular group of signs and symptoms

syndrome

noun
syn·​drome | \ ˈsin-ˌdrōm also -drəm\

Medical Definition of syndrome

: a group of signs and symptoms that occur together and characterize a particular abnormality

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More from Merriam-Webster on syndrome

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with syndrome

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for syndrome

Spanish Central: Translation of syndrome

Nglish: Translation of syndrome for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of syndrome for Arabic Speakers

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