toxic shock syndrome


variants or less commonly toxic shock
: an acute disease that is characterized by fever, diarrhea, nausea, diffuse erythema, and shock, that is associated especially with the presence of a bacterium (Staphylococcus aureus), and that occurs especially in menstruating females using tampons

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web Possible side effects: Vaginal burning and irritation, urinary tract infection and toxic shock syndrome. Julie Washington, cleveland, 11 July 2022 Before getting into the alternatives, it should be noted that none of these will completely eliminate the risk of toxic shock syndrome (TSS), and should be used as directed. Carly Kulzer,, 27 June 2022 Leaving your tampon in for longer than eight hours also increases your risk of toxic shock syndrome (TSS), Jennifer Lincoln, MD, a fellow of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, tells SELF. Maggie O'neill, SELF, 16 June 2022 Makers of sanitary underwear, however, say their products offer a range of benefits including greater comfort and absorbing capacity than pads, while avoiding toxic shock syndrome, an uncommon but potentially fatal side effect of tampon use. Tiffany Ap, Quartz, 27 Feb. 2022 Staph bacteria can also cause toxic shock syndrome, a life-threatening condition caused by toxins, according to The Mayo Clinic. Evan Macdonald, cleveland, 4 Aug. 2021 Lucas notes that toxic shock syndrome tends to come on in a matter of days following a bacterial infection, whereas MIS-C often manifests several weeks after a child has contracted the coronavirus. Roxanne Khamsi, The Atlantic, 15 July 2021 In the worst-case scenario, disrupting the vaginal ecosystem could lead to toxic shock syndrome, a very rare but serious bacterial infection, Dr. Gaither says. Lauren Gruber, SELF, 16 June 2021 The condition now known as multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is believed to be a rare but severe complication following a COVID-19 infection that shares some similarities with Kawasaki disease and toxic shock syndrome. Angie Leventis Lourgos,, 23 Oct. 2020 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'toxic shock syndrome.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

First Known Use

1978, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of toxic shock syndrome was in 1978

Dictionary Entries Near toxic shock syndrome

Cite this Entry

“Toxic shock syndrome.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 2 Dec. 2022.

Medical Definition

toxic shock syndrome


: an acute and sometimes fatal disease that is characterized by fever, nausea, diarrhea, diffuse erythema, and shock, that is associated especially with the presence of a bacterium of the genus Staphylococcus (S. aureus), and that occurs especially in menstruating females using tampons

called also toxic shock

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