Kawasaki disease

play
noun Ka·wa·sa·ki disease \ ˌkä-wə-ˈsä-kē- \

Definition of Kawasaki disease

:an acute illness of unknown cause that chiefly affects infants and children and is characterized especially by fever, rash, conjunctivitis, inflammation of lips and tongue, and swollen lymph nodes of the neck called also Kawasaki syndrome

Origin and Etymology of kawasaki disease

Tomisaku Kawasaki born 1925 Japanese pediatrician


Medical Dictionary

Kawasaki disease

play
noun Ka·wa·sa·ki disease \ ˌkä-wə-ˈsä-kē- \
variants: or Kawasaki syndrome also Kawasaki's disease play \-kēz-\ or Kawasaki's syndrome

medical Definition of Kawasaki disease

:an acute febrile disease of unknown cause affecting especially infants and children that is characterized by a reddish macular rash especially on the trunk, conjunctivitis, inflammation of mucous membranes (as of the tongue), erythema of the palms and soles followed by desquamation, edema of the hands and feet, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Kawasaki disease affects children of all ethnic backgrounds throughout the world, although susceptibility is shaped by genetic influences. Japanese children have the highest incidence of the disease, with an attack rate that has reached 175 per 100,000 children younger than 5 years …
  • —Jane C. Burns, The New England Journal of Medicine,15 Feb. 2007
called also mucocutaneous lymph node disease, mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome

Biographical Note for kawasaki disease

  • Kawasaki \kä-wä-sä-kē\, Tomisaku (flourished 1961), Japanese pediatrician. Kawasaki first discovered mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome in Japanese children in 1961. In 1967 he published his findings based upon 50 case studies, all of which involved Japanese children five years old and younger. Since that original report, however, Kawasaki disease has been observed in other countries and in patients who are considerably older.

  • Learn More about kawasaki disease


    Seen and Heard

    What made you want to look up Kawasaki disease? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

    Love words? Need even more definitions?

    Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

    WORD OF THE DAY

    alert quickness of mind or body

    Get Word of the Day daily email!

    Test Your Vocabulary

    Merriam-Webster's New Words Quiz—Fall 2017 Edition!

    • young-plant-shoots
    • Which of the following is a new sense of the word bunny?
    True or False

    Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

    TAKE THE QUIZ
    Word Winder's CrossWinder

    Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

    TAKE THE QUIZ

    Love words? Need even more definitions?

    Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!