Kawasaki disease

noun

Ka·​wa·​sa·​ki disease ˌkä-wə-ˈsä-kē- How to pronounce Kawasaki disease (audio)
variants or Kawasaki syndrome or less commonly Kawasaki's disease or Kawasaki's syndrome or
: an acute inflammatory illness involving blood vessels throughout the body that is of unknown cause and chiefly affects infants and children

Note: Kawasaki disease is characterized especially by fever, redness and swelling of the hands and feet (often followed by peeling of the skin), conjunctivitis, a reddish rash typically on the abdomen and groin, inflammation of mucous membranes (as of the tongue and throat), and swollen lymph nodes in the neck. It may progress to sometimes life-threatening inflammation of heart muscle and coronary artery damage, such as bulging and thinning of the artery walls.

The high fever, rash, red lips and palms, and swollen lymph nodes pointed to another condition—Kawasaki disease. First identified in Japan in 1967, Kawasaki strikes more than 2,000 U.S. children annually, 80 percent of them under age five. Michael Castleman
The most serious complications of Kawasaki disease involve the coronary vessels and the heart. About 14% to 30% of the affected cases have been shown to develop coronary aneurysms, resulting in acute myocardial infarction in some cases, and death may occur in 2%. Gideon Koren et al.
By nightfall the boy was started on a high dose of aspirin and IVIG, an infusion containing antibodies collected from thousands of blood donors, the first-line treatment for Kawasaki disease. Lisa Sanders
abbreviation KD

called also mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome

Word History

Etymology

Tomisaku Kawasaki born 1925 Japanese pediatrician

First Known Use

1975, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of Kawasaki disease was in 1975

Dictionary Entries Near Kawasaki disease

Cite this Entry

“Kawasaki disease.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Kawasaki%20disease. Accessed 7 Dec. 2022.

Medical Definition

Kawasaki disease

noun
Ka·​wa·​sa·​ki disease ˌkä-wə-ˈsä-kē- How to pronounce Kawasaki disease (audio)
variants or Kawasaki syndrome also Kawasaki's disease or Kawasaki's syndrome or Kawasaki
: an acute inflammatory illness involving blood vessels throughout the body that is of unknown cause and chiefly affects infants and children

Note: Kawasaki disease is characterized especially by fever, redness and swelling of the hands and feet (often followed by desquamation), conjunctivitis, a reddish rash typically on the abdomen and groin, inflammation of mucous membranes (as of the tongue or throat), and swollen lymph nodes in the neck. It may progress to sometimes life-threatening inflammation of heart muscle and coronary artery damage such as bulging and thinning of the artery walls.

Kawasaki disease affects children of all ethnic backgrounds throughout the world, although susceptibility is shaped by genetic influences. Japanese children have the highest incidence of the disease, with an attack rate that has reached 175 per 100,000 children younger than 5 years … Jane C. Burns, The New England Journal of Medicine
Kawasaki syndrome typically produces a spiking fever that lasts several days. A rash can appear anywhere on the body but tends to peel around the fingers and toes. It also produces a "strawberry tongue" that makes the tongue rough and swollen lymph nodes. Lawrence K. Altman, The New York Times
The most serious complications of Kawasaki disease involve the coronary vessels and the heart. About 14% to 30% of the affected cases have been shown to develop coronary aneurysms, resulting in acute myocardial infarction in some cases, and death may occur in 2%. Gideon Koren et al., The Journal of the American Medical Association
First identified in Japan in 1967, Kawasaki strikes more than 2,000 U.S. children annually, 80 percent of them under age five. Michael Castleman, Parenting
abbreviation KD

called also mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome

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