charge

verb
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \
charged; charging

Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a(1) : to fix or ask as fee or payment charges $50 for an office visit
(2) : to ask payment of (a person) charge a client for expenses
b : to record (an item) as an expense, debt, obligation, or liability charged a new sofa
c(1) : to impose a financial burden on charge his estate with debts incurred
(2) : to impose or record as financial obligation charge debts to an estate
2a(1) : to give an electric charge to charge a capacitor
(2) : to restore the active materials in (a storage battery) by the passage of a direct current through in the opposite direction to that of discharge
b(1) : to place a charge (as of powder) in
(2) : to load or fill to capacity
c : to fill or furnish fully The music is charged with excitement.
d : electrify sense 2 The crowd was charged by her performance.
e(1) : to assume as a heraldic bearing (see bearing sense 4)
(2) : to place a heraldic bearing on charged his shield with three roses
f archaic : to lay or put a load on or in : load horses charged with heavy burdens
3a : to rush against : attack The bull charged the matador. also : to rush into (an opponent) usually illegally in various sports
b : to bring (a weapon) into position for attack : level charge a lance
4a : to make an assertion against especially by ascribing guilt or blame charges him with armed robbery They were charged as being instigators.
b : to place the guilt or blame for charge her failure to negligence
c : to assert as an accusation charges that they distorted the data
5a : to impose a task or responsibility on charge him with the job of finding a new meeting place
b : to command, instruct, or exhort with authority I charge you not to go.
c of a judge : to give a charge (see charge entry 2 sense 6a) to (a jury)

intransitive verb

1 : to rush forward in or as if in assault : attack came charging into the room also : to charge an opponent in sports
2 : to ask or set a price Do you charge for this service?
3 : to charge an item to an account charge now, pay later
4 of a battery or battery-powered device : to gain an electric charge : to receive and store a greater quantity of electrical energy She left the phone charging overnight.

charge

noun

Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : the price demanded for something no admission charge
b : a debit to an account The purchase was a charge.
c : expense, cost gave the banquet at his own charge
d : the record of a loan (as of a book from a library)
e British : an interest in property granted as security for a loan
2a : a definite quantity of electricity especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body
b : the quantity of explosive used in a single discharge
c : the quantity that an apparatus is intended to receive and fitted to hold the charge of chemicals in a fire extinguisher
d : thrill, kick got a charge out of the game
e : a store or accumulation of impelling force the deeply emotional charge of the drama
3a : management, supervision has charge of the home office — see also take charge
b : a person or thing committed into the care of another played with her young charges at the day-care center
c : obligation, requirement … to maintain this readiness … is … a first charge upon our military effort …— Sir Winston Churchill
d : the ecclesiastical jurisdiction (such as a parish) committed to a clergyman
4a : a formal assertion of illegality a charge of murder
b : a statement of complaint or hostile criticism denied the charges of nepotism that were leveled against him
5a(1) : a violent rush forward (as to attack) the charge of the brigade
(2) : the signal for attack sound the charge
b : a usually illegal rush into an opponent in various sports (such as basketball)
6a : instruction, command … he gave them charge about the Queen, To guard and foster her forevermore.— Alfred Tennyson
b : instruction in points of law given by a court to a jury
7a : a figure borne on a heraldic field
b obsolete : a material load or weight
in charge
: having control or custody of something He is in charge of the training program.

Synonyms for charge

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Noun

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Choose the Right Synonym for charge

Verb

command, order, bid, enjoin, direct, instruct, charge mean to issue orders. command and order imply authority and usually some degree of formality and impersonality. command stresses official exercise of authority. a general commanding troops order may suggest peremptory or arbitrary exercise. ordered his employees about bid suggests giving orders peremptorily (as to children or servants). she bade him be seated enjoin implies giving an order or direction authoritatively and urgently and often with admonition or solicitude. a sign enjoining patrons to be quiet direct and instruct both connote expectation of obedience and usually concern specific points of procedure or method, instruct sometimes implying greater explicitness or formality. directed her assistant to hold all calls the judge instructed the jury to ignore the remark charge adds to enjoin an implication of imposing as a duty or responsibility. charged by the President with a secret mission

Examples of charge in a Sentence

Verb We tried to charge the car's battery. The government charged that he had not paid taxes for five years. It is not clear if he violated the rules, as his critics have charged. The basketball player was charged with a foul. Noun He set off a charge that destroyed the mountain. He has charge of the building. There is no charge for fixing the tire. a delivery charge for the refrigerator an admission charge at the fair See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The indictment also accuses him of fatally shooting his millionaire grandfather, John Chakalos, in 2013 in Connecticut, but does not charge him with that killing. Dave Collins And Denise Lavoie, Hartford Courant, 26 May 2022 That would be able to charge the existing 52kWh battery from empty to full in barely 5 minutes, which would start to make longer Formula E sessions than 45 minutes viable, even Le Mans-style 24-hour long-distance races. James Morris, Forbes, 7 May 2022 In theory, the expensive liquor brands preferred by wealthy consumers should be able to charge more without hurting demand. Carol Ryan, WSJ, 5 May 2022 And as Robb Report previously noted, the truck’s battery will be able to charge other electric vehicles and even power a house for up to three days during a blackout. Tori Latham, Robb Report, 3 May 2022 So will the dentist be able to charge those kinds of prices or will this be discount orthodonture because the dentist is doing it. Laura Johnston, cleveland, 8 Mar. 2022 Volvo also claims that the C40 Recharge will be able to charge from 10 to 80 percent in around 32 minutes when plugged into a fast charger. Caleb Miller, Car and Driver, 4 Mar. 2022 Palacios-Carbajal’s death prompted protests in Salt Lake City throughout the summer of 2020, including the day Salt Lake County District Attorney Sim Gill announced that his office would not charge the two officers. Kolbie Peterson, The Salt Lake Tribune, 4 Mar. 2022 As with some other fields, babysitters are able to charge more because there is currently a shortage of providers. Aimee Picchi, CBS News, 3 Mar. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Qualcomm is claiming that the Snapdragon 8+ Gen 1 can game for nearly an hour longer than its predecessor or stream video for over 80 minutes longer on single battery charge. Marco Chiappetta, Forbes, 20 May 2022 The bikes come in Army green, have a top speed of 55 miles an hour, and have a range of 62 to 93 miles on a single charge. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, 19 May 2022 Lithium-ion batteries can’t be charged too often, forcing drivers to ride on a single charge. Pranshu Verma, Washington Post, 18 May 2022 The jury fully acquitted Mr. Harris and convicted Mr. Weaver on a single charge, that of violating his original bail conditions. New York Times, 13 May 2022 It's fitted with 22-inch wheels, which is why the range drops to 300 miles compared to the 320 miles that the other extended-range Lightnings will travel on a single charge. Jonathan M. Gitlin, Ars Technica, 12 May 2022 The travel speaker connects wirelessly with any Bluetooth device within a 32.8-foot radius and has a battery life of five hours on a single charge. Emily Belfiore, Travel + Leisure, 6 May 2022 As a basic guide, 24-volt mowers can last around 20 to 30 minutes, whereas an 80-volt mower can run up to 60-minutes on a single charge. Better Homes & Gardens, 4 May 2022 Our experts like that the battery gives up to 60 minutes cut time on a single charge and can recharge in an hour. Rachel Rothman, Good Housekeeping, 29 Apr. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'charge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of charge

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 2f

Noun

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 7b

History and Etymology for charge

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French charger, from Late Latin carricare, from Latin carrus wheeled vehicle — more at car

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from charger

Learn More About charge

Time Traveler for charge

Time Traveler

The first known use of charge was in the 13th century

See more words from the same century

Dictionary Entries Near charge

charette

charge

chargeable

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Statistics for charge

Last Updated

28 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Charge.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/charge. Accessed 28 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for charge

charge

noun
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \

Kids Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the responsibility of managing, controlling, or caring for She has charge of the building. He took charge of the planning.
2 : a task or duty given to a person : obligation Grooming the animals was his charge.
3 : a person or thing given to someone to look after At long last, each of our charges was tucked in bed.— Ann M. Martin, Baby-sitters' Winter Vacation
4 : the price asked especially for a service
5 : an amount listed as a debt on an account charges on a phone bill
6 : accusation a charge of mutiny
7 : an instruction or command based on authority a judge's charge to a jury
8 : the amount of an explosive material (as dynamite) used in a single blast
9 : an amount of electricity an electrical charge
10 : a rushing attack the soldiers' charge
11 : the signal for attack Sound the charge!

charge

verb
charged; charging

Kids Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to give an electric charge to charge a device
2 : to refill (as an exhausted battery) with available energy
3 : to give a task, duty, or responsibility to I was charged with supervising the children.
4 : to instruct or command with authority … he cried to his sons, and charged them to yield …— Mark Twain, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
5 : to accuse especially formally He was charged with speeding.
6 : to rush toward or against The bull charged the matador.
7 : to ask for payment from You charged me too much.
8 : to ask or set as a price or fee The garage charged 100 dollars for repairs.
9 : to enter as a debt or responsibility on a record The purchase was charged to her account.

charge

transitive verb
\ ˈchärj How to pronounce charge (audio) \
charged; charging

Medical Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give an electric charge to

charge

noun

Medical Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a plaster or ointment used on a domestic animal
2 : a definite quantity of electricity especially : an excess or deficiency of electrons in a body

charge

noun

Legal Definition of charge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : something required : obligation
b : personal management or supervision put the child in his charge
c : a person or thing placed under the care of another
2 : an authoritative instruction or command especially : instruction in points of law given by a judge to a jury conviction…reversed, because of trial court's charge — W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr.
3a : an incurred expense
b : the price demanded for something (as admission or use) a finance charge
c : a debit to an account especially : a debit resulting from unexpected operating expenses a charge against earnings
4 : a formal allegation of an offense or wrongdoing based on a charge that was dismissedNational Law Journal — see also complaint, indictment, information

charge

transitive verb
charged; charging

Legal Definition of charge (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : to impose a task or responsibility on was charged with protecting civil rights
b : to command or instruct with authority especially : to give a charge to (a jury) the jury should have been charged on common-law negligence National Law Journal
2a : to make an accusation against especially in order to bring to trial charging her with attempted robbery — see also accuse, indict
b : to allege especially as an accusation crimes charged in the indictment
3a : to impose a financial liability on charge the estate
b : to impose or record as a financial burden or liability charge the debts to the estate charging the loss against earnings
4a : to fix or ask as a fee or payment charge $4 for parking
b : to ask payment of (an individual or organization) charge a client for expenses

Other Words from charge

chargeable adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on charge

Nglish: Translation of charge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of charge for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about charge

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