\ ˈgrīnd How to pronounce grind (audio) \
ground\ ˈgrau̇nd How to pronounce ground (audio) \; grinding

Definition of grind

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to reduce to powder or small fragments by friction (as in a mill or with the teeth) grind the coffee beans
2 : to wear down, polish, or sharpen by friction grind an ax
3a : oppress, harass tyrants who grind their subjects
b : to weaken or destroy gradually usually used with downpoverty ground her spirit down
4a : to press together with a rotating motion grind the teeth
b : to rub or press harshly ground the cigarette out
5 : to operate or produce by turning a crank grind a hand organ

intransitive verb

1 : to perform the operation of grinding
2 : to become pulverized, polished, or sharpened by friction
3 : to move with difficulty or friction especially so as to make a grating noise gears grinding
4 : drudge especially : to study hard grind for an exam
5 : to rotate the hips in an erotic manner



Definition of grind (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : an act of grinding
b : the sound of grinding
2a : dreary, monotonous, or difficult labor, study, or routine the dull grind of office work
b : one who works or studies excessively a grind who never goes to parties
3 : the result of grinding also : material ground to a particular degree of fineness a drip grind of coffee
4 : an action of rotating the hips in an erotic manner (as in a dance or in a burlesque striptease act) — compare bump entry 1 sense 3

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Other Words from grind


grindingly \ ˈgrīn-​diŋ-​lē How to pronounce grindingly (audio) \ adverb

Synonyms for grind

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Noun

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Choose the Right Synonym for grind


work, labor, travail, toil, drudgery, grind mean activity involving effort or exertion. work may imply activity of body, of mind, of a machine, or of a natural force. too tired to do any work labor applies to physical or intellectual work involving great and often strenuous exertion. farmers demanding fair compensation for their labor travail is bookish for labor involving pain or suffering. years of travail were lost when the house burned toil implies prolonged and fatiguing labor. his lot would be years of back-breaking toil drudgery suggests dull and irksome labor. an editorial job with a good deal of drudgery grind implies labor exhausting to mind or body. the grind of the assembly line

Examples of grind in a Sentence

Verb The corn is ground into meal. The steel grinds to a sharp edge. She kept grinding the car's gears. He grinds his teeth in his sleep. I could hear the gears grinding. Noun I need a break from the daily grind. the dull grind of office work
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The new fossils have a wide surface on the roof of the mouth for grinding, suggesting the animal might have used its powerful jaws to crunch mollusk shells. Gretchen Vogel, Science | AAAS, "Battle-scarred fossils suggest giant turtles fought each other—and crocodiles three times their size," 12 Feb. 2020 In October 2013, Pignatello allegedly followed Scott from the bank to her car, verbally harassing her and then grinding into her backside, according to Scott's lawsuit against Pignatello and the bank. Ben Kesslen, NBC News, "Black bank employee who said white customer sexually harassed her wins $2.4M," 12 Feb. 2020 Bills were grinding through the House of Delegates. Washington Post, "‘I was too afraid to be them:’ Emotional speech from first trans delegate highlights change in Va. General Assembly," 7 Feb. 2020 For instance, a burr grinder (such as the OXO Brew Conical Burr Grinder, a pick from Wirecutter, a New York Times company that reviews and recommends products), which chops and grinds beans into a consistent coarseness, starts at about $100. Joanne Chen, New York Times, "5 Cheap(ish) Things to Make the Perfect Cup of Coffee," 5 Feb. 2020 The rising insecurity has ground most archaeological work in the region to a halt, despite the unknown quantity of priceless art and other historical objects lying in the soil. Joe Penney, Quartz Africa, "These West African artifacts tell stories of great forgotten empires but also the battle to own Africa’s art," 1 Feb. 2020 Meanwhile, business travel to China is grinding to a halt, travel managers said. Thomas M. Burton, WSJ, "U.S. Expands Airport Screening for Coronavirus; Officials Add Risk of Extensive Infections Is Low," 29 Jan. 2020 After ordering dry, whole-roasted crickets from a company in Maine that specializes in wholesale edible insects, Costilla simply ground some of the cylindrical bodies and added them to his mother’s salsa recipe. Jeremy Hallock, Dallas News, "Oak Cliff family launches new Cricket Salsa brand that’s packed with protein," 22 Jan. 2020 The outcome of the audit remains to be seen — the Microsoft case grinds on — but the blowback was effective. Paul Kiel, ProPublica, "The IRS Decided to Get Tough Against Microsoft. Microsoft Got Tougher.," 22 Jan. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun At two key moments, Djokovic abandoned his usual grind-points-out script and went on the attack, rushing to the net after a serve when facing a break point — first, at 2-1 in the fourth set, then again at 2-1 in the fifth. Time, "Novak Djokovic Wins 17th Grand Slam Trophy in Australian Open," 2 Feb. 2020 The connection to cars comes to this: As cities, like L.A., grind to a halt in their own daily traffic, more affluent commuters, like Kobe, are resorting to helicopters. Dan Neil, WSJ, "Why Porsche and Toyota Are Investing in Flying Cars," 31 Jan. 2020 From slender wood carvers, like Morakniv Companion, to more robust bushcraft knives, many of these share a wood-gobbling edge—the Scandi grind. Tim Macwelch, Outdoor Life, "10 of the Best Survival Knives," 27 Jan. 2020 Some of this has to do with grind size, brew time, and water temperature, but the most significant factor is the coffee to water ratio. Alex Delany, Bon Appétit, "The Absolute Most Important Factor in Brewing Great Coffee," 17 Jan. 2020 Among the things to consider when shopping for a coffee grinder is getting the correct grind size for your brewer. The Editors, Field & Stream, "Three Things You Need to Make A Great Cup Of Coffee," 5 Dec. 2019 The speedy running back feels that the summer grind brought the Wildcats together. Marcus Gutierrez, Houston Chronicle, "Football: Three-headed backfield trio helps power Humble to playoffs," 8 Nov. 2019 Searching for elk, Coues deer, and mule deer is a grind. Jace Bauserman, Outdoor Life, "6 Secrets Hunting and Fishing Guides Will Never Reveal," 8 Jan. 2020 Winterhawks get the shootout win in a grind of a game to stay 3 points behind Everett for first in the division. Dylan Bumbarger, oregonlive, "Winterhawks beat Giants in a shootout 2-1," 10 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'grind.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of grind


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for grind

Verb and Noun

Middle English, from Old English grindan; akin to Latin frendere to crush, grind

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Time Traveler for grind

Time Traveler

The first known use of grind was before the 12th century

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Statistics for grind

Last Updated

15 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Grind.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 16 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for grind


How to pronounce grind (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of grind

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to crush or break (something) into very small pieces by rubbing it against a rough surface or using a special machine
: to cut (meat) into small pieces by putting it through a special machine
: to make (something) sharp or smooth by rubbing it against a hard surface



English Language Learners Definition of grind (Entry 2 of 2)

: boring or difficult work
US : a person who works or studies too much
used to describe the size of the pieces of something that has been ground


\ ˈgrīnd How to pronounce grind (audio) \
ground\ ˈgrau̇nd \; grinding

Kids Definition of grind

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make or be made into powder or small pieces by rubbing The mill grinds wheat into flour.
2 : to wear down, polish, or sharpen by friction grind an ax
3 : to rub together with a scraping noise grind the teeth
4 : to operate or produce by or as if by turning a crank



Kids Definition of grind (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an act of sharpening or reducing to powder
2 : steady hard work the daily grind
\ ˈgrīnd How to pronounce grind (audio) \
ground\ ˈgrau̇nd How to pronounce ground (audio) \; grinding

Medical Definition of grind

1 : to reduce to powder or small fragments by friction (as with the teeth)
2 : to press together and move with a rotating or back-and-forth motion — see bruxism

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More from Merriam-Webster on grind

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for grind

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with grind

Spanish Central: Translation of grind

Nglish: Translation of grind for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of grind for Arabic Speakers

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