\ ˈgrīnd How to pronounce grind (audio) \
ground\ ˈgrau̇nd How to pronounce ground (audio) \; grinding

Definition of grind

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to reduce to powder or small fragments by friction (as in a mill or with the teeth) grind the coffee beans
2 : to wear down, polish, or sharpen by friction grind an ax
3a : oppress, harass tyrants who grind their subjects
b : to weaken or destroy gradually usually used with downpoverty ground her spirit down
4a : to press together with a rotating motion grind the teeth
b : to rub or press harshly ground the cigarette out
5 : to operate or produce by turning a crank grind a hand organ

intransitive verb

1 : to perform the operation of grinding
2 : to become pulverized, polished, or sharpened by friction
3 : to move with difficulty or friction especially so as to make a grating noise gears grinding
4 : drudge especially : to study hard grind for an exam
5 : to rotate the hips in an erotic manner



Definition of grind (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : an act of grinding
b : the sound of grinding
2a : dreary, monotonous, or difficult labor, study, or routine the dull grind of office work
b : one who works or studies excessively a grind who never goes to parties
3 : the result of grinding also : material ground to a particular degree of fineness a drip grind of coffee
4 : an action of rotating the hips in an erotic manner (as in a dance or in a burlesque striptease act) — compare bump entry 1 sense 3

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Other Words from grind


grindingly \ ˈgrīn-​diŋ-​lē How to pronounce grindingly (audio) \ adverb

Synonyms for grind

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Noun

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Choose the Right Synonym for grind


work, labor, travail, toil, drudgery, grind mean activity involving effort or exertion. work may imply activity of body, of mind, of a machine, or of a natural force. too tired to do any work labor applies to physical or intellectual work involving great and often strenuous exertion. farmers demanding fair compensation for their labor travail is bookish for labor involving pain or suffering. years of travail were lost when the house burned toil implies prolonged and fatiguing labor. his lot would be years of back-breaking toil drudgery suggests dull and irksome labor. an editorial job with a good deal of drudgery grind implies labor exhausting to mind or body. the grind of the assembly line

Examples of grind in a Sentence

Verb The corn is ground into meal. The steel grinds to a sharp edge. She kept grinding the car's gears. He grinds his teeth in his sleep. I could hear the gears grinding. Noun I need a break from the daily grind. the dull grind of office work
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb While the legal wheels grind ahead, this American icon, with his own star on Hollywood Boulevard, is buried in an unmarked grave in Oslo, Norway. Peter Van Sant, CBS News, "Casey Kasem's wife, children accused each other of "killing" radio icon," 4 July 2020 In the first quarter, as the coronavirus pandemic caused most of the nation’s economy to grind to a halt, PDD’s active users surged 68% and revenue jumped 44%, the company said in May. Fortune, "His net worth grew by $25 billion in 6 months. Then this 40-year-old CEO called it quits," 3 July 2020 Put the wrong widget into the wrong dashboard and production may grind to a halt. Will Knight, Wired, "In These Factories, Inspector Robot Will Check Your Work," 1 July 2020 In The Long Winter, for example, Laura’s mother figures out how to grind wheat to make bread using a coffee mill when the train that usually delivers general-store goods such as flour can’t come to town on account of blizzards. Ashley Fetters, The Atlantic, "The Weird Retro-Futurism of Pandemic Life," 25 June 2020 More teeth in the parrotfish’s throat grind the coral up further, and by the time the bits pass through the digestive tract and out the other end, what was once hard, rocklike coral has been turned into a cloud of white dust. Washington Post, "That sand between your toes may start as rock. But it may also be fish poop.," 24 June 2020 If enough of the highly skilled seafarers take action, the move could cause slumping global trade to grind to a halt, according to the Federation, snarling supply chains. Hanna Ziady, CNN, "A new threat to global trade: Exhausted crews want off cargo ships now," 18 June 2020 The judge sets Lalo's bail at $7 million, a huge number on a show where Jimmy tends to grind three-digit fees off working-class misdemeanors. Darren Franich,, "The death and life of the lawyer show," 18 June 2020 The mulcher is also powerful and can grind 16 bags of mulch into just one. Jennifer Aldrich, Better Homes & Gardens, "Black+Decker Appliances Are on Sale at Amazon for One Day Only," 10 June 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Stanley Cup champions face a short offseason then the grind of 82 games of every team trying to knock you off. Jace Evans, USA TODAY, "NHL restart: Here are biggest questions as season resumes in two hub cities amid pandemic," 30 July 2020 A baseball season, even a 60-game season, is a grind. John Fay, The Enquirer, "RedsXtra: Eugenio Suarez gives the Reds personality and a big bat," 11 July 2020 As sports slowly make their return, teammates are reuniting and getting back to the grind. Jack Williams, The Arizona Republic, "Desert Vista alum Cade Van Raaphorst training in isolation for upcoming pro lacrosse event," 11 July 2020 That youth, and the unprecedented size of this staff, might be paying off now at the strange grind of summer camp. Henry Schulman,, "Giants’ ‘baby’ coaching staff might prove to be an advantage in long camp days," 9 July 2020 If people do more of them Monday through Friday, dog-walking grind, that’s going to be more consistent and similar to a regular work schedule. Erika Fry, Fortune, "The Coronavirus Economy: It’s tough, but the pet-sitting business hasn’t totally gone to the dogs," 8 June 2020 There are many chances across the grind of a season to allow for a point gained or a point lost. Matthew Defranks, Dallas News, "How a comeback OT win over the Oilers was the difference between the Stars being winners, losers of the NHL playoff format," 30 May 2020 But on a personal level, Cote also delves deep about leadership, including his own processes for finding time to think big thoughts amid the daily grind. Shawn Tully, Fortune, "‘Winning Now, Winning Later’ author David Cote on his secret to corporate creativity," 30 June 2020 Everyone around the Irish needed a break from the grind of league play, the mounting frustration and the pressure to get it all back on track. Tom Noie, The Indianapolis Star, "Noie: Non-league matchup with Howard bigger than basketball for Notre Dame," 27 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'grind.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of grind


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for grind

Verb and Noun

Middle English, from Old English grindan; akin to Latin frendere to crush, grind

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Time Traveler for grind

Time Traveler

The first known use of grind was before the 12th century

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Statistics for grind

Last Updated

8 Jul 2020

Cite this Entry

“Grind.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 8 Aug. 2020.

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More Definitions for grind


How to pronounce grind (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of grind

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to crush or break (something) into very small pieces by rubbing it against a rough surface or using a special machine
: to cut (meat) into small pieces by putting it through a special machine
: to make (something) sharp or smooth by rubbing it against a hard surface



English Language Learners Definition of grind (Entry 2 of 2)

: boring or difficult work
US : a person who works or studies too much
used to describe the size of the pieces of something that has been ground


\ ˈgrīnd How to pronounce grind (audio) \
ground\ ˈgrau̇nd \; grinding

Kids Definition of grind

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make or be made into powder or small pieces by rubbing The mill grinds wheat into flour.
2 : to wear down, polish, or sharpen by friction grind an ax
3 : to rub together with a scraping noise grind the teeth
4 : to operate or produce by or as if by turning a crank



Kids Definition of grind (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an act of sharpening or reducing to powder
2 : steady hard work the daily grind
\ ˈgrīnd How to pronounce grind (audio) \
ground\ ˈgrau̇nd How to pronounce ground (audio) \; grinding

Medical Definition of grind

1 : to reduce to powder or small fragments by friction (as with the teeth)
2 : to press together and move with a rotating or back-and-forth motion — see bruxism

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More from Merriam-Webster on grind

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for grind

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with grind

Spanish Central: Translation of grind

Nglish: Translation of grind for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of grind for Arabic Speakers

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