after

adverb
af·ter | \ˈaf-tər \

Definition of after 

(Entry 1 of 7)

: following in time or place : afterward, behind, later we arrived shortly after returned 20 years after

after

preposition

Definition of after (Entry 2 of 7)

1a : behind in place people lined up one after another

b(1) : subsequent to in time or order 20 minutes after 6

(2) : subsequent to and in view of after all our advice

2 used to indicate the object of a stated or implied action go after goldwas asking after you

3 : so as to resemble: such as

a : in accordance with He's a man after my own heart.

b : with the name of or a name derived from that of named after his father

c : in the characteristic manner of : in imitation of writing after the manner of Hemingway

after

conjunction

Definition of after (Entry 3 of 7)

: subsequently to the time when We will come after we make plans.

after

adjective

Definition of after (Entry 4 of 7)

1 : later in time in after years

2 [ Middle English, probably from afte 1aft + -er 1-er ] : located toward the rear and especially toward the stern of a ship or tail of an aircraft an after cabin

af·ter | \ˈäf-tər \

Definition of after (Entry 5 of 7)

chiefly Irish

used with a present participle to indicate action completed and especially just completed the poor old man is after dying on me— J. M. Synge

after

noun

Definition of after (Entry 6 of 7)

after-

prefix

Definition of after- (Entry 7 of 7)

1a used as the first part of a compound to indicate an event or entity that follows or results from the thing denoted by the second part of the compound afterbirthafterlifeafternoon

b used as the first part of a compound to indicate an event or entity of the same nature as the thing denoted by the second part of the compound but which follows that event or entity and is less intense or significant afterglowaftershockafterthought

2 the rear or lower part afterdeck

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Synonyms & Antonyms for after

Synonyms: Adverb

afterward (or afterwards), later, subsequently, thereafter

Synonyms: Preposition

behind, below, following, next to, past

Synonyms: Adjective

ensuing, later, posterior, subsequent

Antonyms: Adverb

ahead, antecedently, anteriorly, before, beforehand, earlier, previously

Antonyms: Preposition

ahead of, before, ere, of, previous to, prior to, to

Antonyms: Adjective

antecedent, anterior, fore, foregoing, former, precedent, preceding, previous, prior

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Examples of after in a Sentence

Adverb

Don't tell them until after. I expected her then, but she arrived the week after. He ate lunch and left just after.

Preposition

We arrived shortly after six o'clock. He returned after 20 years. before, during, and after the war He left just after nightfall. He finished the exam after me. Call me after your arrival. She was going to arrive tomorrow but I'm now expecting her the day after tomorrow instead. He left after an hour. How can you say that after what happened last night? It's the highest mountain after Mount Everest.

Conjunction

He returned after 20 years had passed. Don't tell them until after they've had dinner. He left just after the show ended. Call me after you arrive. He finished the exam after I did. It happened not long after he graduated from college.

Adjective

had heard that the after section of an aircraft is safer in the event of a crash in after years the government set up a special fund for disabled veterans of the war
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

Not long after, Argento — who had been dating the TV host since 2017 — took to Twitter to pay tribute in an emotional statement. Evan Real, The Hollywood Reporter, "Hollywood Stars Defend Asia Argento in Open Letter About Anthony Bourdain's Suicide," 13 July 2018 But soon after, authorities say Carter — with a pot of hot grease in one hand and bleach and a butcher knife in the other — hunted down Henderson. Raisa Habersham, ajc, "DeKalb woman convicted of throwing hot grease in victim’s face," 13 July 2018 Walton closed with 11 points on 5-of-15 shooting Sunday after, like Jones, being given Saturday off when the Heat lost to the New Orleans Pelicans. Ira Winderman, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Heat's Derrick Jones Jr. sprains ankle in loss at summer league," 8 July 2018 The next week after, on Being the Elite [on YouTube], to address what were Cody's thoughts during the match, before, after. Jim Varsallone, miamiherald, "Kenny Omega, Cody talk NJPW G1 Special, which follows Bullet Club TV marathon," 2 July 2018 Soon after, Jara, who runs the restaurant with his sons Angel and Jesus, paid nearly $500,000 in unpaid wages and penalties, and made changes to restaurant operations. Jonathan Kauffman, SFChronicle.com, "La Taqueria workers’ risky complaints over unpaid overtime, health care bring reforms," 30 June 2018 Soon after, moved in with three cousins at another apartment complex back in the Millenia area, according to his reports. Jeff Weiner, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Gary Wayne Lindsey pledged self-improvement days before killing 4 kids, shooting cop: records," 28 June 2018 But the two old people made it all the way back to Boston on their own, safe and sound, after six glorious days of biking in one of Europe’s most enchanting locations. BostonGlobe.com, "A modern wonder — the electric bike — lets us relive the good old days in France," 11 July 2018 Immigration authorities focused their limited time and resources going after violent criminals and other individuals who posed a risk to public safety and national security. Sen. Catherine Cortez Masto, Marie Claire, "Separating Families at the Border Is Just One Way Trump is Trying to Tear Apart Immigrant Families," 25 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Here's a before-and-after look at marijuana shops across Anchorage, some of which have transformed more dramatically than others. Annie Zak, Anchorage Daily News, "Before and after: How retail marijuana has changed storefronts across Anchorage," 16 May 2018 So their before-and-after pictures show really dramatic improvements. Michelle Gant, Fox News, "The truth about those popular 'liquid nose jobs'," 4 May 2018 On Wednesday, the fitness influencer posted an Instagram before-and-after photo showing her postpartum body. Blake Bakkila, Health.com, "Emily Skye Reveals She Has Changed Her Body Goals Post-Baby in Her Latest Transformation Photo," 19 Apr. 2018 Teams employ various strategies to compete for fans' sought-after entertainment dollars. Marc Bona, cleveland.com, "Free baseball tickets? Orioles trying 'Kids Cheer Free' deal," 15 Apr. 2018 Morstead conducted more than two dozen interviews during a day that began before dawn and didn't end until well after sunset. Jeff Duncan, NOLA.com, "Thomas Morstead's third trip to Minnesota is a rewarding one," 2 Feb. 2018 Experts say the same thing occurred in late 1986 - donations surged that year, dropped the next - after enactment of the Reagan administration tax overhaul, the biggest reworking of the U.S. tax system until this one. Marcy Gordon, Houston Chronicle, "Charity donations likely to drop next year due to tax law," 28 Dec. 2017 Such alliances are key in the advertising industry, where buying smaller rivals or forming partnerships can be one of the only ways to bring in much sought-after information-technology talent. Grace Huang, Bloomberg.com, "WPP Alliance Dead With or Without Bain Deal, ADK's CEO Says," 19 Oct. 2017 The Fed's key rate is at a still-low range of 1 percent to 1.25 percent after two quarter-point rate increases this year, in March and June. Martin Crutsinger, Philly.com, "Fed officials indicate that interest rates could rise," 12 Oct. 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Vacancies for glacier monitors are rare and highly sought-after, and many glaciers have been in the same family for generations, passed down to sons and daughters, like Haraldsson, when the journey becomes too arduous for their aging watchmen. The Atlantic, "The Icelandic Families Tracking Climate Change With Measuring Tape," 6 June 2018 Vacancies for glacier monitors are rare and highly sought-after, and many glaciers have been in the same family for generations, passed down to sons and daughters, like Haraldsson, when the journey becomes too arduous for their aging watchmen. The Atlantic, "The Icelandic Families Tracking Climate Change With Measuring Tape," 6 June 2018 Vacancies for glacier monitors are rare and highly sought-after, and many glaciers have been in the same family for generations, passed down to sons and daughters, like Haraldsson, when the journey becomes too arduous for their aging watchmen. The Atlantic, "The Icelandic Families Tracking Climate Change With Measuring Tape," 6 June 2018 Vacancies for glacier monitors are rare and highly sought-after, and many glaciers have been in the same family for generations, passed down to sons and daughters, like Haraldsson, when the journey becomes too arduous for their aging watchmen. The Atlantic, "The Icelandic Families Tracking Climate Change With Measuring Tape," 6 June 2018 Vacancies for glacier monitors are rare and highly sought-after, and many glaciers have been in the same family for generations, passed down to sons and daughters, like Haraldsson, when the journey becomes too arduous for their aging watchmen. The Atlantic, "The Icelandic Families Tracking Climate Change With Measuring Tape," 6 June 2018 Announcers marveled at his feat, while the baby didn't even seem that interested in the baseball when the man brought it close to her after. SI.com, "Watch: Fan Grabs Foul Ball Backwards With Baby in Arms," 7 June 2018 Vacancies for glacier monitors are rare and highly sought-after, and many glaciers have been in the same family for generations, passed down to sons and daughters, like Haraldsson, when the journey becomes too arduous for their aging watchmen. The Atlantic, "The Icelandic Families Tracking Climate Change With Measuring Tape," 6 June 2018 Vacancies for glacier monitors are rare and highly sought-after, and many glaciers have been in the same family for generations, passed down to sons and daughters, like Haraldsson, when the journey becomes too arduous for their aging watchmen. The Atlantic, "The Icelandic Families Tracking Climate Change With Measuring Tape," 6 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'after.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of after

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

Preposition

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Conjunction

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

Adjective

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Auxiliary verb

1778, in the meaning defined above

Noun

circa 1902, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for after

Adverb

Middle English after, efter, going back to Old English æfter, going back to Germanic *after- (whence Old Saxon & Old High German aftar "after, behind," Old Norse eptir, Gothic aptaro), perhaps from Indo-European *h1epi-, *h1opi- "on, at" + *-ter-, suffix of separation and distinctness — more at epi-

Note: The initial element has alternatively been assigned to Indo-European *h2epo-, "(away) from" (see of entry 1); cf. Sanskrit apataram, "farther off." In a Germanic context the forms may well have interacted with each other.

Preposition

Middle English after, efter, going back to Old English æfter, identical with the adverb æfter after entry 1 when governing an object

Conjunction

Middle English, elliptically for after that, from after after entry 2 + that that entry 2

Adjective

independent use of after-

Auxiliary verb

after entry 2, copying Irish prepositional constructions tar éis, i ndiaidh, etc.

Noun

by shortening

Prefix

Middle English after, going back to Old English æfter, form in composition of adverbial æfter after entry 1

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Statistics for after

Last Updated

11 Oct 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for after

The first known use of after was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for after

after

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of after

 (Entry 1 of 4)

: following in time : at a later time

after

preposition

English Language Learners Definition of after (Entry 2 of 4)

: at a time following (something or someone) : later than (something or someone)

—used to describe a time following a specified hour

: following and because of (something)

after

conjunction

English Language Learners Definition of after (Entry 3 of 4)

: later than the time that : later than when

after

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of after (Entry 4 of 4)

: later in time

after

adverb
af·ter | \ˈaf-tər \

Kids Definition of after

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: following in time or place : at a later time He ate and left immediately after.

after

preposition

Kids Definition of after (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : behind in time or place They got there after me. after lunch

2 : for the reason of catching, seizing, or getting Run after the ball. They're going after the championship.

3 : following in order or in a series The number 20 comes before 21 and after 19.

4 : following the actions or departure of Don't expect me to clean up after you.

5 : with the name of He's named after his father.

after

conjunction

Kids Definition of after (Entry 3 of 3)

: following the time when I opened the door after she knocked.

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Comments on after

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