af·​ter | \ ˈaf-tər How to pronounce after (audio) \

Definition of after

 (Entry 1 of 7)

: following in time or place : afterward, behind, later we arrived shortly after returned 20 years after



Definition of after (Entry 2 of 7)

1a : behind in place people lined up one after another
b(1) : subsequent to in time or order 20 minutes after 6
(2) : subsequent to and in view of after all our advice
2 used to indicate the object of a stated or implied action go after goldwas asking after you
3 : so as to resemble: such as
a : in accordance with He's a man after my own heart.
b : with the name of or a name derived from that of named after his father
c : in the characteristic manner of : in imitation of writing after the manner of Hemingway



Definition of after (Entry 3 of 7)

: subsequently to the time when We will come after we make plans.



Definition of after (Entry 4 of 7)

1 : later in time in after years
2 [ Middle English, probably from afte 1aft + -er 1-er ] : located toward the rear and especially toward the stern of a ship or tail of an aircraft an after cabin
af·​ter | \ ˈäf-tər How to pronounce after (audio) \

Definition of after (Entry 5 of 7)

chiefly Irish
used with a present participle to indicate action completed and especially just completed the poor old man is after dying on me— J. M. Synge



Definition of after (Entry 6 of 7)



Definition of after- (Entry 7 of 7)

1a used as the first part of a compound to indicate an event or entity that follows or results from the thing denoted by the second part of the compound afterbirthafterlifeafternoon
b used as the first part of a compound to indicate an event or entity of the same nature as the thing denoted by the second part of the compound but which follows that event or entity and is less intense or significant afterglowaftershockafterthought
2 the rear or lower part afterdeck

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Synonyms & Antonyms for after

Synonyms: Adverb

afterward (or afterwards), later, latterly, subsequently, thereafter

Synonyms: Preposition

après, behind, below, following, next to, past

Synonyms: Adjective

aft, back, hind, hinder, hindmost, posterior, rear, rearward

Antonyms: Adverb

afore [chiefly dialect], ahead, antecedently, anteriorly, before, beforehand, earlier, previously

Antonyms: Preposition

afore [chiefly dialect], ahead of, before, ere, of, previous to, prior to, to

Antonyms: Adjective

anterior, fore, forward, front, frontal

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Examples of after in a Sentence


Don't tell them until after. I expected her then, but she arrived the week after. He ate lunch and left just after.


We arrived shortly after six o'clock. He returned after 20 years. before, during, and after the war He left just after nightfall. He finished the exam after me. Call me after your arrival. She was going to arrive tomorrow but I'm now expecting her the day after tomorrow instead. He left after an hour. How can you say that after what happened last night? It's the highest mountain after Mount Everest.


He returned after 20 years had passed. Don't tell them until after they've had dinner. He left just after the show ended. Call me after you arrive. He finished the exam after I did. It happened not long after he graduated from college.


had heard that the after section of an aircraft is safer in the event of a crash in after years the government set up a special fund for disabled veterans of the war
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

Soon after, a 25-year-old man walked into an area hospital with gunshot wounds on his body, according to a release posted online. Mckenna Oxenden,, "Three men injured in overnight shootings, Baltimore police say," 4 June 2019 Soon after, her birth mom put McFadden in an orphanage. Jenny Mccoy, SELF, "17-Time Paralympic Medalist Tatyana McFadden on Fighting for the Rights of Athletes With Disabilities," 14 May 2019 It, like almost all of her legendary jewelry collection, was sold in 1904 and soon after, Cartier offered it to Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt, hence the name. Stellene Volandes, Town & Country, "For Mother’s Day, Get Her a Bouquet of Jewels Not Flowers," 9 May 2019 Soon after, the couple got back together and were later engaged, until they officially got married later that year. Tamara Fuentes, Seventeen, "Here's the Real Reason Why Justin Bieber and Hailey Baldwin Ditched the 2019 Billboard Music Awards," 1 May 2019 Soon after, Ina was the proud owner of the The Barefoot Contessa. Megan Friedman, Country Living, "Ina Garten's Net Worth Is Seriously Impressive," 18 Apr. 2019 New Jersey passed a statewide ban soon after, and a similar ban is working its way through the New York City Council. Alexandra Olson, The Seattle Times, "As cashless stores grow, so does the backlash," 14 Apr. 2019 Soon after, Kevin Jonas (of all people!) decided to rock the same top for the cover of the Jonas Brothers’s upcoming album. Rachel Hahn, Vogue, "Swae Lee Takes This Beyoncé-Approved Print to Wavy New Heights," 1 Apr. 2019 Soon after, at least one man returned to the bar and began shooting, injuring some of the people in the bar. P.r. Lockhart, Vox, "A black security guard caught a shooting suspect — only to be shot by police minutes later," 23 Jan. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

While most celebs snapped at last night's Met Gala on the red carpet, many made sure to debut stunning looks at the after party as well. Gianluca Russo, Teen Vogue, "Kim Kardashian’s Met Gala 2019 After Party Look Was Clearly Cher Inspired," 7 May 2019 But, even with the couple ditching the after show party together, as well as the photographic proof of a friendship between the two women, everyone is still focusing on those pesky love triangle rumors. Lucy Wood, Marie Claire, "Bradley Cooper's Ex-Wife Posted a Cryptic Response to His Relationship With Lady Gaga," 26 Feb. 2019 Here's a before-and-after look at marijuana shops across Anchorage, some of which have transformed more dramatically than others. Annie Zak, Anchorage Daily News, "Before and after: How retail marijuana has changed storefronts across Anchorage," 16 May 2018 So their before-and-after pictures show really dramatic improvements. Michelle Gant, Fox News, "The truth about those popular 'liquid nose jobs'," 4 May 2018 On Wednesday, the fitness influencer posted an Instagram before-and-after photo showing her postpartum body. Blake Bakkila,, "Emily Skye Reveals She Has Changed Her Body Goals Post-Baby in Her Latest Transformation Photo," 19 Apr. 2018 Teams employ various strategies to compete for fans' sought-after entertainment dollars. Marc Bona,, "Free baseball tickets? Orioles trying 'Kids Cheer Free' deal," 15 Apr. 2018 Morstead conducted more than two dozen interviews during a day that began before dawn and didn't end until well after sunset. Jeff Duncan,, "Thomas Morstead's third trip to Minnesota is a rewarding one," 2 Feb. 2018 Experts say the same thing occurred in late 1986 - donations surged that year, dropped the next - after enactment of the Reagan administration tax overhaul, the biggest reworking of the U.S. tax system until this one. Marcy Gordon, Houston Chronicle, "Charity donations likely to drop next year due to tax law," 28 Dec. 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The official Survivor Instagram account then uploaded a series of photos showing the before and afters of Joe's noble haircut. Jennifer Aldrich, Country Living, "'Survivor' Star Joe Anglim Is Unrecognizable After Chopping Off His Hair," 27 May 2019 Read reviews, look at images of before and afters, and choose your artist wisely. Audrey Noble, Harper's BAZAAR, "#BeautySchool: What Is Microblading?," 2 May 2016 Check out the rest of the amazing before and afters below, and gather up some serious home inspo. Elizabeth Gulino, House Beautiful, "This Company Let Kids Draw Their Dream Rooms—And Then Brought Them to Life," 19 Apr. 2019 Unfortunately, Tayshia is not the holder of Colton's v-card, and their morning-after is Awkward City. Amanda Mitchell, Marie Claire, "'The Bachelor' Recap: The Fence, It Hath Been Jumped," 5 Mar. 2019 But amid all of the cheerful talking squirrels and bippity-boppity-boos and eventual happily ever afters (usually involving impossibly small-waisted princesses), Disney decided that all of the mothers must die. Michelle Ruiz, Vogue, "Why Does Disney Hate Mothers So Much?," 28 Mar. 2019 On especially sought-after streets—including Moray Place plus nearby Heriot Row and Northumberland Street—prices can rise to around $800 per square foot. Ruth Bloomfield, WSJ, "Inside One of The United Kingdom’s Hottest Real-Estate Markets," 20 June 2018 Even more impressive than Mandy Moore's laundry room before-and-after. Danielle Tullo, House Beautiful, "You Won't Believe What This Kitchen Looks Like Now," 28 Sep. 2018 But that doesn’t mean that most artists see even a small fraction of that money, since the highest-value sales usually involve one wealthy collector putting a highly sought-after work up for auction. Gaby Del Valle, Vox, "Why is art so expensive?," 31 Oct. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'after.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of after


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Auxiliary verb

1778, in the meaning defined above


circa 1902, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for after


Middle English after, efter, going back to Old English æfter, going back to Germanic *after- (whence Old Saxon & Old High German aftar "after, behind," Old Norse eptir, Gothic aptaro), perhaps from Indo-European *h1epi-, *h1opi- "on, at" + *-ter-, suffix of separation and distinctness — more at epi-

Note: The initial element has alternatively been assigned to Indo-European *h2epo-, "(away) from" (see of entry 1); cf. Sanskrit apataram, "farther off." In a Germanic context the forms may well have interacted with each other.


Middle English after, efter, going back to Old English æfter, identical with the adverb æfter after entry 1 when governing an object


Middle English, elliptically for after that, from after after entry 2 + that that entry 2


independent use of after-

Auxiliary verb

after entry 2, copying Irish prepositional constructions tar éis, i ndiaidh, etc.


by shortening


Middle English after, going back to Old English æfter, form in composition of adverbial æfter after entry 1

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Statistics for after

Last Updated

7 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for after

The first known use of after was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for after



English Language Learners Definition of after

 (Entry 1 of 4)

: following in time : at a later time



English Language Learners Definition of after (Entry 2 of 4)

: at a time following (something or someone) : later than (something or someone)
US used to describe a time following a specified hour
: following and because of (something)



English Language Learners Definition of after (Entry 3 of 4)

: later than the time that : later than when



English Language Learners Definition of after (Entry 4 of 4)

old-fashioned + literary : later in time


af·​ter | \ ˈaf-tər How to pronounce after (audio) \

Kids Definition of after

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: following in time or place : at a later time He ate and left immediately after.



Kids Definition of after (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : behind in time or place They got there after me. after lunch
2 : for the reason of catching, seizing, or getting Run after the ball. They're going after the championship.
3 : following in order or in a series The number 20 comes before 21 and after 19.
4 : following the actions or departure of Don't expect me to clean up after you.
5 : with the name of He's named after his father.



Kids Definition of after (Entry 3 of 3)

: following the time when I opened the door after she knocked.

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More from Merriam-Webster on after

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with after

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for after

Spanish Central: Translation of after

Nglish: Translation of after for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of after for Arabic Speakers

Comments on after

What made you want to look up after? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


incapable of being surmounted or overcome

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