subsequent

adjective

sub·​se·​quent ˈsəb-si-kwənt How to pronounce subsequent (audio)
-sə-ˌkwent
: following in time, order, or place
subsequent events
a subsequent clause in the treaty
subsequent noun

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Subsequent vs. Consequent

The English language has many ways to indicate that something has come after another thing, but a number of these words have subtle differences that you may want to observe.

Something is subsequent if it follows something else in time, order, or place. Its meaning is very similar to that of following or later, but it has a more formal tone to it and may imply that something not only follows but in some way grows out of or is otherwise closely connected with what precedes it (“their courtship and subsequent marriage”).

Consequent may also be used of something that follows, but that does so explicitly as a result of something else (“I said an insensitive thing and the consequent argument lasted for days”).

There may be occasions when either subsequent or consequent would work ("her wounding and subsequent [or consequent] loss of blood"); your choice in such cases would depend upon whether you want to stress the order of events or the causal relationship between one event and another.

Examples of subsequent in a Sentence

Her subsequent account of her ordeal, "The Upstairs Room" (1972), was a young adult tour de force, winning a Newbery Honor and other awards. Compared with Anne Frank's "Diary of a Young Girl," it is sparer and sterner. Leslie Garis, New York Times Book Review, 22 Feb. 2009
In the past, collectors would often hand over partial ownership of a painting—usually from 10% to 20%—and take a tax deduction for an equivalent percentage of the appraised value. The write-off on subsequent donations could rise each time the painting's value grew. Donors got a tax break, and museums got the art to exhibit for a period of time each year. Many such paintings were ultimately bequeathed to the museums. Jeanne McDowell, Time, 20 Nov. 2006
In 1991, the Nurses' Health Study found that women receiving hormone therapy (estrogen and progestin) enjoyed a big (44 percent) reduction in the risk of coronary artery disease, and millions of women were encouraged to begin the therapy to counteract the effects of menopause. But in 2002, the Women's Health Initiative produced a radically different conclusion: Hormone therapy increases the risk of coronary events in post-menopausal women by 20 percent. A subsequent study confirmed that result. Wilson Quarterly, Autumn 2005
The rate of population growth reached a peak in 1999 and declined in subsequent years. Her work had a great influence on subsequent generations. Subsequent studies confirmed their findings. his arrest and subsequent conviction
Recent Examples on the Web Far from being repentant, Ritchie viewed the company’s subsequent stock-price wobble as vindication, and claims its top brass reached out to him personally, eager to mend fences. David Peisner, Rolling Stone, 20 May 2024 Her approach for 2021 and subsequent vintages includes expanding grape selection beyond a single vineyard block and soil type, allowing for more flexibility with the flagship Solari and considering the addition of a reserve wine for the Lark in the most exceptional vintages. Mike Desimone and Jeff Jenssen, Robb Report, 19 May 2024 See all Example Sentences for subsequent 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'subsequent.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin subsequent-, subsequens, present participle of subsequi to follow close, from sub- near + sequi to follow — more at sub-, sue

First Known Use

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of subsequent was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near subsequent

Cite this Entry

“Subsequent.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/subsequent. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

Kids Definition

subsequent

adjective
sub·​se·​quent ˈsəb-si-kwənt How to pronounce subsequent (audio)
-sə-ˌkwent
: following in time, order, or place
subsequent events
subsequent noun
subsequently
-ˌkwent-lē How to pronounce subsequent (audio)
-kwənt-
adverb

Legal Definition

subsequent

adjective
sub·​se·​quent ˈsəb-si-kwənt, -ˌkwent How to pronounce subsequent (audio)
: following in time, order, or space see also condition subsequent at condition compare precedent

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