sub·​se·​quent | \ˈsəb-si-kwənt, -sə-ˌkwent\

Definition of subsequent 

: following in time, order, or place subsequent events a subsequent clause in the treaty

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Other Words from subsequent

subsequent noun
subsequently \ˈsəb-​si-​ˌkwent-​lē, -​kwənt-​ \ adverb

Subsequent vs. Consequent

The English language has many ways to indicate that something has come after another thing, but a number of these words have subtle differences that you may want to observe.

Something is subsequent if it follows something else in time, order, or place. Its meaning is very similar to that of following or later, but it has a more formal tone to it and may imply that something not only follows but in some way grows out of or is otherwise closely connected with what precedes it (“their courtship and subsequent marriage”).

Consequent may also be used of something that follows, but that does so explicitly as a result of something else (“I said an insensitive thing and the consequent argument lasted for days”).

There may be occasions when either subsequent or consequent would work ("her wounding and subsequent [or consequent] loss of blood"); your choice in such cases would depend upon whether you want to stress the order of events or the causal relationship between one event and another.

Examples of subsequent in a Sentence

Her subsequent account of her ordeal, "The Upstairs Room" (1972), was a young adult tour de force, winning a Newbery Honor and other awards. Compared with Anne Frank's "Diary of a Young Girl," it is sparer and sterner. — Leslie Garis, New York Times Book Review, 22 Feb. 2009 In the past, collectors would often hand over partial ownership of a painting—usually from 10% to 20%—and take a tax deduction for an equivalent percentage of the appraised value. The write-off on subsequent donations could rise each time the painting's value grew. Donors got a tax break, and museums got the art to exhibit for a period of time each year. Many such paintings were ultimately bequeathed to the museums. — Jeanne McDowell, Time, 20 Nov. 2006 In 1991, the Nurses' Health Study found that women receiving hormone therapy (estrogen and progestin) enjoyed a big (44 percent) reduction in the risk of coronary artery disease, and millions of women were encouraged to begin the therapy to counteract the effects of menopause. But in 2002, the Women's Health Initiative produced a radically different conclusion: Hormone therapy increases the risk of coronary events in post-menopausal women by 20 percent. A subsequent study confirmed that result. Wilson Quarterly, Autumn 2005 The rate of population growth reached a peak in 1999 and declined in subsequent years. Her work had a great influence on subsequent generations. Subsequent studies confirmed their findings. his arrest and subsequent conviction
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Recent Examples on the Web

In addition to Riverdale, I get recognized for the Hughes films, which are still enormously popular with subsequent generations—and also for Secret Life of the American Teenager. Jessica Radloff, Glamour, "The Parents of Riverdale Were All Really Famous Teens—And Yes, They Have Stories," 7 Nov. 2018 Companies that fail to comply with the new rule face fines of $100,000 for a first violation and $300,000 for a second or subsequent violation. Shirin Ghaffary, Recode, "California is officially the first state that will try to require companies like Apple, Facebook and Alphabet to add more women to their boards," 1 Oct. 2018 And any fundamental shift toward sustainability is enjoyed by all subsequent generations of humans, so, y’know, the value compounds. David Roberts, Vox, "We could shift to sustainability and save $26 trillion. Why are aren’t we doing it?," 6 Sep. 2018 As critics have noted since at least the 1980s, Piper’s influence on subsequent generations of artists, black and nonblack alike, has been substantial even as the full measure of her output is only now being tallied. Thomas Chatterton Williams, New York Times, "Adrian Piper’s Show at MoMA is the Largest Ever for a Living Artist. Why Hasn’t She Seen It?," 27 June 2018 Currently, the 1997 Flores Settlement Agreement and subsequent court decisions prohibit the government from detaining children for long periods under certain circumstances — generally around 20 days. Daniella Silva /, NBC News, "Trump ended family separations, but he's still making life difficult for migrant children," 22 June 2018 In subsequent interviews the actress complained about Kelly's question. Eileen Reslen, Town & Country, "Megyn Kelly's Most Controversial Moments Ever," 26 Oct. 2018 However, subsequent reports suggested the Duke and Duchess of Sussex actually stayed at Ashford Castle in Ireland after their wedding. Amy Mackelden, Harper's BAZAAR, "Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank's Honeymoon Destination Might Be the Place They First Met," 3 Oct. 2018 Several civilians in Gaza (with faces covered) have said in subsequent interviews that they are regularly forced by Hamas to act as human shields or face death. WSJ, "More Accurate Better Bombs and Sparing Human Shields," 10 Aug. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'subsequent.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of subsequent

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for subsequent

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin subsequent-, subsequens, present participle of subsequi to follow close, from sub- near + sequi to follow — more at sub-, sue

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Last Updated

30 Nov 2018

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Time Traveler for subsequent

The first known use of subsequent was in the 15th century

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English Language Learners Definition of subsequent

: happening or coming after something else


sub·​se·​quent | \ˈsəb-si-kwənt \

Kids Definition of subsequent

: following in time, order, or place subsequent events

Other Words from subsequent

subsequently adverb


sub·​se·​quent | \ˈsəb-si-kwənt, -ˌkwent \

Legal Definition of subsequent 

: following in time, order, or space — see also condition subsequent at condition — compare precedent

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What made you want to look up subsequent? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to enclose within walls

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