near

adverb
\ˈnir \

Definition of near 

(Entry 1 of 4)

1 : at, within, or to a short distance or time sunset was drawing near

2 : almost, nearly was near dead

3 : in a close or intimate manner : closely near related

4 archaic : in a frugal manner

Definition of near (Entry 2 of 4)

: close to beaches near the city seemed to be near death

near

adjective

Definition of near (Entry 3 of 4)

1a : not far distant in time, place, or degree in the near future

b : almost happening : narrowly missed or avoided a near win in the primary a near midair collision

c : nearly not happening a near escape

2 : closely related or intimately associated her nearest and dearest friend

3a : being the closer of two the near side

b : being the left-hand one of a pair the near wheel of a cart

4 : direct, short the nearest road

6a : closely resembling the standard or typical a near desert

b : approximating the genuine near silk

near

verb
neared; nearing; nears

Definition of near (Entry 4 of 4)

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Other Words from near

Adjective

nearness noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for near

Synonyms: Adverb

about, approximately, around, like, more or less, much, plus or minus, roughly, say, some

Synonyms: Preposition

about, around, by, next to, nigh

Synonyms: Adjective

bosom, buddy-buddy, chummy, close, especial, familiar, friendly, inseparable, intimate, inward, thick, tight

Synonyms: Verb

approach, belly up, close, close in, come up, draw on, nigh

Antonyms: Adverb

exactly, precisely

Antonyms: Adjective

distant

Antonyms: Verb

back (up or away), recede, retire, retreat, withdraw

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Examples of near in a Sentence

Adverb

The plant was near dead when I got it. as the campers grew cold, so they gravitated nearer to the campfire

Preposition

I left the box near the door. The cat won't go near fire. There are several beaches near here. She came home near midnight. We feared he was near death.

Adjective

The nearest grocery store is three blocks away. The near side headlight is out.

Verb

As the date of the performance neared, we grew more and more anxious. He always cheers up when baseball season nears. The airplane began to descend as it neared the island. He must be nearing 80 years of age. The negotiators were nearing a decision.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

Shopping for it is laborious and next-to-near impossible to do online. Lindsay Schallon, Glamour, "The It Cosmetics Foundation I Tell Everyone About Is 25 Percent Off," 2 Nov. 2018 Here is a near-impossible film to recommend: Paul Greengrass’s 22 July, a dramatic re-creation of the 2011 terrorist attack in Norway in which 77 people were killed, nearly all of them teenagers. Taylor Antrim, Vogue, "Paul Greengrass’s New Netflix Film, 22 July, Is Excruciating and Essential," 10 Oct. 2018 Here’s what stylist and colorist so often don’t tell you: It’s near impossible to copy the celebrity hairstyle de jour because celebrities have the best-of-the-best on call to primp and perfect each strand. Alexandra Engler, Harper's BAZAAR, "I Got My Hair Colored Like Jennifer Aniston At An Invite-Only Hollywood Salon," 29 Aug. 2018 Second, today’s American and Chinese tech giants are already near, or within, the lower end of that danger zone, as are several non-tech firms, such as Berkshire Hathaway. The Economist, "History’s biggest firms," 5 July 2018 As the 2018 Folklife Festival (which just got underway this Wednesday) drew near, Smithsonian and CyArk personnel worked intensively to scan the Noravank monastery and Areni-1 caves and convert them into usable packets of data. Ryan P. Smith, Smithsonian, "This Free Virtual Reality App Drops Users in the Heart of Historic Armenia," 28 June 2018 Regardless, the fact that workers aren’t seeing any real wage gains — at (somewhere near) the peak of an economic expansion — is a crisis. Eric Levitz, Daily Intelligencer, "Most Americans’ Wages Have Actually Declined Over the Past Year," 13 June 2018 Whether depletion was distant or near, the problem had to be confronted sooner rather than later. Charles Blahous, WSJ, "The Social Security Trust Fund Goes Bust," 7 June 2018 Pacers Bikeshare also will be starting a partnership program for business and property owners who want to have Pacers Bikeshare stations on, or near, their place of business. Dwight Adams, Indianapolis Star, "Pacers Bikeshare is doubling its bikes and stations. And you can tell the city where to put them.," 15 May 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition

Terrified and in agony over her closeted life, J.J. attempted suicide, and the entire game is a sort of near-death fever dream where J.J.’s identity swims between liminal spaces — closeted and out, alive and dead, whole and in literal pieces. Julie Muncy, The Verge, "This queer horror game forces you to literally tear yourself apart," 8 Nov. 2018 Mayor Hermione comes to school and bans the game (publicly revealing that Ben and Dilton’s deaths, and Ethel’s near-death, were linked to it) and sets up a 24-hour crisis hotline manned by Kevin, who is actually only there after school. Jessica Macleish, Teen Vogue, "Someone Died in the Riverdale Flashback Episode and I Need to Talk About It ASAP," 8 Nov. 2018 The company plans to employ 25,000 employees at each location, according to a New York Times story that suggests deals in Virginia and New York are near completion. Patrick Sisson, Curbed, "Amazon HQ2 winner appears to be both New York and Crystal City, Virginia," 6 Nov. 2018 More than a year later Moxon noticed her teenager stiffening up anytime a man got near her and asked what was wrong. Jason Schmidt, Glamour, "The Army of Women Who Took Down Larry Nassar," 30 Oct. 2018 If the phone is not near you or not powered on, activate Lost Mode. Peter Martin, Popular Mechanics, "How to Track a Lost iPhone," 22 Oct. 2018 The hotel is located in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee, right near Dollywood. Megan Friedman, Country Living, "This Hotel Celebrates Christmas All Year Round Because Holiday Miracles Are Real," 19 Oct. 2018 Head to Target to order online or check if this purrfect (sorry, had to!) Halloween accessory is in stock near you. Brittney Morgan, House Beautiful, "People Are Obsessed With Target's Haunted House For Cats," 15 Oct. 2018 Sharp sounds near me (such as my fingers snapping) came through clearly, and a nearby speaker’s voice came across as a bit hollow. Mark Hachman, PCWorld, "Hands-on with Microsoft's Surface Headphones: tune out the outside world to focus," 3 Oct. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

That was part of the rambling justification Trump gave Wednesday when asked at a post-election press conference about the near certainty that Democrats will put his tax returns on their agenda in January. Jen Kirby, Vox, "Democrats are coming for Trump’s tax returns. He just lied about them again.," 7 Nov. 2018 Junior Ryan Kenyon told The Charlotte Observer that after the shooting, students were told to go to the nearest classroom and remain quiet. Jameelah Nasheed, Teen Vogue, "Butler High School Kept Classes in Session the Day a Fatal Shooting Happened," 29 Oct. 2018 In 2016, the city shrank the program’s boundaries to 5.2 square miles, concentrated on the near east and west sides, Southtown, and the Pearl, after complaints the program was fueling gentrification. Patrick Sisson, Curbed, "San Antonio, the nation’s fastest-growing city, sees downtown rebound," 23 Oct. 2018 Clipper will assess the habitability of Europa's ocean and also scout out potential touchdown sites for the lander, which will seek out signs of life that have bubbled up to the surface, or the very near subsurface, from the dark depths. Mike Wall, Space.com, "Jupiter Moon Europa's Jagged Ice Towers Could Imperil Robot Landers," 8 Oct. 2018 Standby status means the public should avoid the area nearest the volcano and have masks available in the event of ashfall. Fox News, "Volcano erupts on same Indonesian island as earlier quake," 3 Oct. 2018 Troopers, joined by detectives from the Western District Major Crime Squad, stopped the car about 2:30 p.m. near Exit 13 in Southbury. Nicholas Rondinone, courant.com, "Connecticut Troopers Capture 12th Suspect In Brutal Slaying Of NYC Teen," 10 July 2018 Other parents, such as those of children who are under 5, have already been moved to the immigration jails nearest to the shelters where their children are being held. Caitlin Dickerson, New York Times, "Trump Administration in Chaotic Scramble to Reunify Migrant Families," 5 July 2018 By comparing the satellite measurements to data from the nearest weather stations, Scambos and his team figured out that the air temperatures in this region would be a little warmer near human-head height, about minus 137°F. National Geographic, "Coldest Place on Earth Found—Here's How," 27 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

With November's midterm elections nearing, O’Rourke currently holds a cash advantage over Cruz, with reserves of just under $14 million compared to about $10.2 million for Cruz, the Morning News reported. Benjamin Brown, Fox News, "Ted Cruz, Beto O'Rourke in nation's most expensive Senate race; reports," 19 July 2018 But with the Bucks nearing the luxury tax threshold, the Bulls are expected to make an offer in the range of two years and $40 million that could prove painful to match. K.c. Johnson, chicagotribune.com, "Bulls working to sign restricted free agent Jabari Parker to offer sheet," 14 July 2018 Confidence: Medium Steamy heat continues on Monday with heat index values perhaps again nearing 100 degrees. A. Camden Walker, Washington Post, "D.C.-area forecast: Un-muggy heat through tomorrow, but then we turn steamy and wetter into next week," 13 July 2018 With the population today nearing 7.5 billion globally, census experts predict that by 2030 that number will rise to 8.6 billion – roughly adding 83 million people each year to the planet. Alex Connor, USA TODAY, "World Population Day: Family planning is a human right — but it comes at a cost," 10 July 2018 With Karim El-Ahmadi nearing a move to Saudi side Al-Ittihad, it is believed that Clasie will step in as a replacement for the former Aston Villa midfielder, who was instrumental as Feyenoord won the Eredivisie title last year. SI.com, "Southampton Midfielder Set for Feyenoord Return After 3-Year Stint at St Mary's," 6 July 2018 With enrollment now nearing policy limits, administrators had proposed including money for land and construction of a new high school in the Sienna Plantation subdivision. Kristi Nix, Houston Chronicle, "Fort Bend ISD trustees OK re-zoning amid mounting protests," 19 June 2018 With the Kawhi Leonard saga seemingly nearing an end, here’s a look at the top 10 soap operas in franchise history: 10. Tom Orsborn, San Antonio Express-News, "Leonard soap opera not unheard of; Spurs’ 45 seasons include plenty of drama," 15 June 2018 With Cabrera nearing return, Hicks will serve in his customary role at backup catcher. Anthony Fenech, Detroit Free Press, "3 Detroit Tigers takeaways: Buck Farmer moving up bullpen ranks," 14 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'near.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of near

Adverb

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Preposition

13th century, in the meaning defined above

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

circa 1522, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for near

Adverb

Middle English ner, partly from ner nearer, from Old English nēar, comparative of nēah nigh; partly from Old Norse nær nearer, comparative of nā- nigh — more at nigh

Preposition

see near entry 1

Adjective

see near entry 1

Verb

see near entry 1

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Statistics for near

Last Updated

12 Nov 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for near

The first known use of near was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for near

near

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of near

 (Entry 1 of 4)

: close to someone or something in distance

: not far away in time

: almost or nearly

English Language Learners Definition of near (Entry 2 of 4)

: close to (something or someone)

near

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of near (Entry 3 of 4)

: located a short distance away

: not far away in time

—used to refer to the side, end, etc., that is closer

near

verb

English Language Learners Definition of near (Entry 4 of 4)

: to come closer in space or time to someone or something

near

adverb
\ˈnir \
nearer; nearest

Kids Definition of near

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1 : at, within, or to a short distance or time Don't go any nearer. Night drew near.

2 : almost, nearly The weather was near perfect.

Kids Definition of near (Entry 2 of 4)

: close to We'll take a table near the window.

near

adjective
nearer; nearest

Kids Definition of near (Entry 3 of 4)

1 : closely related or associated a near relative

2 : not far away in distance or time the nearest exit the near future

3 : coming close : narrow a near miss

4 : being the closer of two the near side

Other Words from near

nearness noun

near

verb
neared; nearing

Kids Definition of near (Entry 4 of 4)

: to come near : approach As they neared the burrow Willie … came galloping toward them …— Robert Lawson, Rabbit Hill

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