noun (1)
\ ˈjäb How to pronounce job (audio) \

Definition of job

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1a : a regular remunerative position got a part-time job as a waiter she quit her job
b : a specific duty, role, or function The heart's job is to circulate blood.
c(1) : something that has to be done : task was given the job of delivering the bad news
(2) : an undertaking requiring unusual exertion it was a real job to talk over that noise
2a : a piece of work doing odd jobs around the house Repairing the roof was a big job. especially : a small miscellaneous piece of work undertaken on order at a stated rate a car that needs a brake job
b : the object or material on which work is being done
c : something produced by or as if by work did a nice job
d : an example of a usually specified type : item the limousine was a long white job
3a : something done for private advantage the whole incident was a put-up job
b : a criminal enterprise specifically : robbery the gang that pulled the bank job
c : a damaging or destructive bit of work did a job on him
4 chiefly British : state of affairs usually used with bad or good it was a good job you didn't hit the old man— E. L. Thomas
5 : plastic surgery for cosmetic purposes an eye job — see nose job
on the job
: at work : while working was injured on the job


jobbed; jobbing

Definition of job (Entry 2 of 4)

intransitive verb

1 : to do odd or occasional pieces of work for hire supported himself by jobbing in local orchestras
2 : to carry on public business for private gain
3 : to carry on the business of a middleman or wholesaler

transitive verb

1 : to buy and sell (something, such as stock) for profit : speculate
2 : to hire or let by the job or for a period of service job a carriage
3 : to get, deal with, or effect by jobbery
4 : to do or cause to be done by separate portions or lots : subcontract often used with out a publisher who knew the market might have jobbed out the work to factories in Asia— Michael Shnayerson
5 : to penalize or deprive unfairly … fans and players who may still believe that … they were jobbed out of a World Championship …— Roger Angell



Definition of job (Entry 3 of 4)

1 : of or relating to a job or to employment a guarantee of job security
2 : used in, engaged in, or done as job work a job shop
3 British : that is for hire for a given service or period a job gardener


noun (2)
\ ˈjōb How to pronounce Job (audio) \

Definition of Job (Entry 4 of 4)

1 : the hero of the book of Job who endures afflictions with fortitude and faith
2 : a narrative and poetic book of canonical Jewish and Christian Scripture — see Bible Table

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Choose the Right Synonym for job

Noun (1)

task, duty, job, chore, stint, assignment mean a piece of work to be done. task implies work imposed by a person in authority or an employer or by circumstance. charged with a variety of tasks duty implies an obligation to perform or responsibility for performance. the duties of a lifeguard job applies to a piece of work voluntarily performed; it may sometimes suggest difficulty or importance. the job of turning the company around chore implies a minor routine activity necessary for maintaining a household or farm. every child was assigned chores stint implies a carefully allotted or measured quantity of assigned work or service. a 2-month stint as a reporter assignment implies a definite limited task assigned by one in authority. a reporter's assignment

Examples of job in a Sentence

Noun (1) He took a job as a waiter. She has a high-paying job on Wall Street. She's trying to get a job in New York. The new factory will create thousands of jobs. They offered him the job but he turned it down. The blood's job is to carry oxygen to the different parts of the body. Construction of the bridge turned out to be a bigger job than they had expected. It's a dirty job, but someone has to do it.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Ehlinger started 37 consecutive games after battling with quarterback Shane Buechele for the starting job his freshman season. Dallas News, "Texas Longhorns selections on Day 3 of the 2021 NFL draft: Sam Ehlinger taken by Colts in Round 6," 2 May 2021 Berry got the top goaltending job with Thomas Milic going to the World U-18s. Dylan Bumbarger, oregonlive, "Portland Winterhawks at Seattle Thunderbirds: Preview, updates, chat, how to listen and watch," 2 May 2021 National conversations around racial injustice, the presidential election and the Capitol riot impacted the job too, especially for teachers of color. Acacia Coronado And Kantele Franko,, "During pandemic year, US teachers faced backlash over school closures, and saw a newfound respect for their work," 2 May 2021 Kenley Jansen remains the team’s closer but is basically doing the job on a part-time basis. Dylan Hernández Columnist, Los Angeles Times, "Column: One blowout win can’t mask Dodgers’ very real issues with their bullpen and defense," 2 May 2021 Which means that the Tom Brady of esports will likely need that phenom’s competitive drive and near-monomania to weather the job’s many ups and downs. Helena Madden, Robb Report, "Meet the Teenage Gamers Raking in Millions in the High-Stakes World of Esports," 2 May 2021 While the job comes with a spacious Westminster apartment, a baronial weekend home, Chequers, and an annual decorating budget of 30,000 pounds ($41,600), the government does not pay for food or household staff., "Decorating scandal engulfs Boris Johnson and puts fiancée in spotlight," 2 May 2021 The service then sends the order to a different florist, and again, after several hours, the job is rejected. Star Tribune, "Get the best Mothers' Day blooms for your buck," 1 May 2021 Otzelberger was officially introduced as Iowa State’s head coach on March 18, leaving the UNLV job up for grabs. Josh Newman, The Salt Lake Tribune, "DeMarlo Slocum is back at the University of Utah, a place he never wanted to leave in the first place," 1 May 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The agreement also includes a social equity fund to divert some revenue to job placement and after-school programs, the sources said. Aaron Katersky, ABC News, "New York state close to deal on legalizing recreational marijuana: Sources," 24 Mar. 2021 Rowe tugged on his gloves and started to job onto the pitch before the referees called him back, realizing a player couldn’t be substituted during a shootout. Julia Poe,, "Orlando City keeper Brian Rowe steps into goal for conference semifinal," 24 Nov. 2020 It is sponsored by Workforce Solutions and will help job candidates from Stafford, Missouri City, Sugar Land, Rosenberg, Fulshear, Katy, Richmond and southwest Houston meet employers through virtual booths that are free for employers. Roy Kent, Houston Chronicle, "THIS WEEK: Fort Bend County bond election update slated for Wednesday," 20 Sep. 2020 Plus, the penalties offset, which is a dumb rule that punishes no one. · Ravens blasting Browns Sunday just made the Bengals job a little harder Thursday night, assuming the Browns have any pride at all. Paul Daugherty, The Enquirer, "Doc's Morning Line: 10 things from Cincinnati Bengals vs. Los Angeles Chargers," 14 Sep. 2020 The wind industry is plagued by slowdowns in obtaining parts from overseas, getting them to job sites and constructing new turbines. Patrick Whittle, The Denver Post, "Solar, wind energy struggle as coronavirus takes toll," 2 May 2020 And for the first time, lawmakers in Washington are talking seriously about responding with a government jobs program, along the lines of what President Franklin Roosevelt enacted in the 1930s. Giovanni Russonello, New York Times, "On Politics: How Will the Economy Be Rebuilt?," 2 Apr. 2020 The Royal Horticultural Society welcomed its 500,000th member in 2019, the same year that saw the number of jobbing gardeners in Britain grow by more than 5% to 157,000, according to Statista, a business data platform. The Economist, "Looking for gardeners Finding a great gardener can be a challenge in Britain," 14 Mar. 2020 The biggest was Vegas, getting jobbed by bad officiating in their matchup with San Jose., "Most read on," 3 Oct. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective That's where the Supreme Court's anti-job discrimination decision could play a critical role. Sy Mukherjee, Fortune, "What the Supreme Court’s landmark ruling on LGBTQ job discrimination means for transgender health protections," 15 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'job.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of job

Noun (1)

circa 1558, in the meaning defined at sense 2a


1681, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1


1748, in the meaning defined at sense 3

Noun (2)

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for job

Noun (1), Verb, and Adjective

perhaps from obsolete English job lump

Noun (2)

Latin, from Greek Iōb, from Hebrew Iyyōbh

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Time Traveler for job

Time Traveler

The first known use of job was before the 12th century

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Statistics for job

Last Updated

5 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Job.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 7 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for job



English Language Learners Definition of job

: the work that a person does regularly in order to earn money
: a duty, task, or function that someone or something has
: something that requires very great effort


\ ˈjäb How to pronounce job (audio) \

Kids Definition of job

1 : work done regularly for pay My mom has a good job.
2 : a special duty or function It's my job to wash dishes.
3 : a piece of work usually done on order at an agreed rate Carpenters did the repair job.
4 : something produced by or as if by work I can do a better job.

Other Words from job

jobless \ -​ləs \ adjective


\ ˈjäb How to pronounce job (audio) \

Medical Definition of job

: plastic surgery for cosmetic purposes an eye job

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jobbed; jobbing

Legal Definition of job

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1 : to do odd or occasional pieces of work for hire
2 : to carry on the business of a middleman or wholesaler

transitive verb

1 : to buy and sell (as stock) for profit
2 : to hire or let by the job or for a period of service
3 : to do or cause to be done by separate portions or lots : subcontract



Legal Definition of job (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : a piece of work especially : a small miscellaneous piece of work undertaken on order at a stated rate
b : the object or material on which work is being done
2a : a specific duty, role, or function a job description
b : a regular remunerative position
on the job
: at work

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More from Merriam-Webster on job

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for job

Nglish: Translation of job for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of job for Arabic Speakers

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