job

1 of 4

noun (1)

plural jobs
1
a
: a regular remunerative position
got a part-time job as a waiter
she quit her job
b
: a specific duty, role, or function
The heart's job is to circulate blood.
c(1)
: something that has to be done : task
was given the job of delivering the bad news
(2)
: an undertaking requiring unusual exertion
it was a real job to talk over that noise
2
a
: a piece of work
doing odd jobs around the house
Repairing the roof was a big job.
especially : a small miscellaneous piece of work undertaken on order at a stated rate
a car that needs a brake job
b
: the object or material on which work is being done
c
: something produced by or as if by work
did a nice job
d
: an example of a usually specified type : item
the limousine was a long white job
3
a
: something done for private advantage
the whole incident was a put-up job
b
: a criminal enterprise
specifically : robbery
There comes a time in everyone's life when you need a lawyer. And I'm not implying that you're going to hold up a liquor store or pull a bank job anytime soon. Stephen Fenech
c
: a damaging or destructive bit of work
did a job on him
4
chiefly British : state of affairs
usually used with bad or good
it was a good job you didn't hit the old man E. L. Thomas
5
: plastic surgery for cosmetic purposes
an eye job
see nose job

job

2 of 4

verb

jobbed; jobbing

intransitive verb

1
: to do odd or occasional pieces of work for hire
supported himself by jobbing in local orchestras
2
: to carry on public business for private gain
3
: to carry on the business of a middleman or wholesaler

transitive verb

1
: to buy and sell (something, such as stock) for profit : speculate
2
: to hire or let by the job or for a period of service
job a carriage
3
: to get, deal with, or effect by jobbery
4
: to do or cause to be done by separate portions or lots : subcontract
often used with out
a publisher who knew the market might have jobbed out the work to factories in Asia Michael Shnayerson
5
: to penalize or deprive unfairly
… fans and players who may still believe that … they were jobbed out of a World Championship … Roger Angell

job

3 of 4

adjective

1
: of or relating to a job or to employment
a guarantee of job security
2
: used in, engaged in, or done as job work
a job shop
3
British : that is for hire for a given service or period
a job gardener

Job

4 of 4

noun (2)

1
: the hero of the book of Job who endures afflictions with fortitude and faith
2
: a narrative and poetic book of canonical Jewish and Christian Scripture see Bible Table
Phrases
on the job
: at work : while working
was injured on the job
Choose the Right Synonym for job

task, duty, job, chore, stint, assignment mean a piece of work to be done.

task implies work imposed by a person in authority or an employer or by circumstance.

charged with a variety of tasks

duty implies an obligation to perform or responsibility for performance.

the duties of a lifeguard

job applies to a piece of work voluntarily performed; it may sometimes suggest difficulty or importance.

the job of turning the company around

chore implies a minor routine activity necessary for maintaining a household or farm.

every child was assigned chores

stint implies a carefully allotted or measured quantity of assigned work or service.

a 2-month stint as a reporter

assignment implies a definite limited task assigned by one in authority.

a reporter's assignment

Example Sentences

Noun (1) He took a job as a waiter. She has a high-paying job on Wall Street. She's trying to get a job in New York. The new factory will create thousands of jobs. They offered him the job but he turned it down. The blood's job is to carry oxygen to the different parts of the body. Construction of the bridge turned out to be a bigger job than they had expected. It's a dirty job, but someone has to do it. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
President Bill Clinton had campaigned on a platform aimed squarely at the middle and working classes—public investment in job training, education, infrastructure, health care reform, and a middle-class tax cut. Win Mccormack, The New Republic, 23 Nov. 2022 Her team takes on any job, from small homes that take a few hours to hillside castles that take days. Jack Flemming, Los Angeles Times, 23 Nov. 2022 In the United Kingdom, job vacancies have fallen to the lowest level in a year. Hanna Ziady, CNN, 23 Nov. 2022 By the numbers The sophomore quarterback won the starting job in Week 2, beating out incumbent Cade McNamara with his strong arm and mobility. Nathan Baird, cleveland, 23 Nov. 2022 But it's also expected to contribute to slower job growth in the months ahead, increasing the chance of a recession. Paul Davidson, USA TODAY, 22 Nov. 2022 Maybe the idea that people in fashion should be doing more than one job at a time has finally gone out of fashion. Sarah Mower, Vogue, 22 Nov. 2022 What are your thoughts on James Gunn getting the DC job? Mikey O'connell, The Hollywood Reporter, 22 Nov. 2022 At the end of basic training, Ellis gets the same job the filmmaker did: combat camera specialist, making photographs and videos. Mark Jenkins, Washington Post, 22 Nov. 2022
Verb
Should job losses become significant, demand for apartments in Manhattan may drop as people double up or leave the city, resulting in less pressure on prices. Anna Bahney For Cnn Business, CNN, 11 Aug. 2022 And many are willing to job hop to find the best fit. Danielle Abril, Washington Post, 11 Aug. 2022 The Great Resignation is still going strong, and Gen Z is more likely to job hop than generations before them. Jane Thier, Fortune, 1 Aug. 2022 The Masters champion, buoyed by an eagle that came courtesy of a 157-yard can job on the 560-yard par-5 eighth, sat solo atop the US Open leaderboard at 6-under par. Globe Staff, BostonGlobe.com, 18 June 2022 The asphalt mix is then loaded onto 18-ton trucks that transport the mix to job sites. New York Times, 19 Feb. 2022 Employees have resisted – savoring the flexibility afforded by remote work – and many are prepared to job hop if their company mandates in-person work. Fortune, 26 May 2022 The asphalt mix is then loaded onto 18-ton trucks that transport the mix to job sites. New York Times, 19 Feb. 2022 How can job environments be places that help people thrive rather than wearing them down? Christina Maslach, Scientific American, 1 Mar. 2022
Adjective
The students Cruzvergara work with often underplay their non-job experiences. Fortune, 1 June 2022 The City Council has been taking numerous anti-job actions, driving out employment from the city. Star Tribune, 21 May 2021 That's where the Supreme Court's anti-job discrimination decision could play a critical role. Sy Mukherjee, Fortune, 15 June 2020 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'job.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Noun (1), Verb, and Adjective

perhaps from obsolete English job lump

Noun (2)

Latin, from Greek Iōb, from Hebrew Iyyōbh

First Known Use

Noun (1)

circa 1558, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

Verb

1681, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1

Adjective

1748, in the meaning defined at sense 3

Noun (2)

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of job was before the 12th century

Dictionary Entries Near job

Cite this Entry

“Job.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/job. Accessed 1 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

job 1 of 2

noun

ˈjäb
1
a
: a piece of work
especially : one done at a specified rate
b
: something produced by or as if by work
did a good job
2
: a special duty or function : task
your job is to mow the lawn
3
: a position at which one regularly works for pay
lost my job
jobless
-ləs
adjective
joblessness noun

Job

2 of 2

noun

: a narrative and poetic book of canonical Jewish and Christian Scripture see bible

Medical Definition

: plastic surgery for cosmetic purposes
an eye job

Legal Definition

job 1 of 2

verb

jobbed; jobbing

intransitive verb

1
: to do odd or occasional pieces of work for hire
2
: to carry on the business of a middleman or wholesaler

transitive verb

1
: to buy and sell (as stock) for profit
2
: to hire or let by the job or for a period of service
3
: to do or cause to be done by separate portions or lots : subcontract

job

2 of 2

noun

1
a
: a piece of work
especially : a small miscellaneous piece of work undertaken on order at a stated rate
b
: the object or material on which work is being done
2
a
: a specific duty, role, or function
a job description
b
: a regular remunerative position
on the job
: at work

More from Merriam-Webster on job

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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