gain

noun
\ ˈgān How to pronounce gain (audio) \

Definition of gain

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : resources or advantage acquired or increased : profit made substantial gains last year
2 : the act or process of acquiring something
3a : an increase in amount, magnitude, or degree a gain in efficiency
b : the increase (as of voltage or signal intensity) caused by an amplifier especially : the ratio of output over input
c : the signal-gathering ability of an antenna

gain

verb
gained; gaining; gains

Definition of gain (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to acquire or get possession of usually by industry, merit, or craft gain an advantage he stood to gain a fortune
b : to win in competition or conflict the troops gained enemy territory
c(1) : to arrive at : reach, attain gained the river that night
(2) : traverse, cover gained 10 yards on the play
d : to get by a natural development or process gain strength
e : to establish a specific relationship with gain a friend
2a : to make an increase of (a specified amount) gained three percent in the past month
b : to increase in (a particular quality) gain momentum
3 : to win to one's side : persuade gain adherents to a cause
4 : to cause to be obtained or given : attract gain attention
5 of a timepiece : to run fast by the amount of the clock gains a minute a day

intransitive verb

1 : to get advantage : profit hoped to gain by the deal
2a : increase the day was gaining in warmth
b : to increase in weight
c : to improve in health or ability
3 of a timepiece : to run fast
4 : to get closer to something pursued usually used with on or upon
gain ground
: to make progress

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Other Words from gain

Verb

gainer noun

Examples of gain in a Sentence

Noun The medication can cause nausea and weight gain. attributed her recent weight gain to the medication she was taking Verb They stand to gain an advantage over their competitors by getting an early start. What do you hope to gain from this? gain control of the territory Investigators are trying to gain access to the group's financial records. We were unable to gain admission to the club. We need to gain a better understanding of the problem. They had nothing to lose and everything to gain. He first gained attention as a young writer. Her theories are slowly gaining acceptance. I took the job to gain experience.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The main question for advertisers, the networks and NFL executives is whether Super Bowl LIV can reverse the steady decline and at least post a modest gain over last year’s ratings. Mark Dawidziak, cleveland, "Puppy Bowl and Kitten Bowl offer playful alternatives to Super Bowl LIV on Sunday," 1 Feb. 2020 Before the week began, the S&P 500 had been on one of its longest stretches without a gain or loss of more than 1% since 1969. Gunjan Banerji, WSJ, "Dow Drops 600 Points on Global Growth Concerns," 31 Jan. 2020 The Cboe Volatility Index, or fear gauge, rose to above 18 this month from 13.78, a gain of more than 30 percent. NBC News, "Dow drops 500 points as worries grow about economic impact of coronavirus," 31 Jan. 2020 Americans can expect to live to an average age of 78.7 years, a gain of a tenth of a year compared to 2017 figures released a year ago. Ken Alltucker, USA TODAY, "Life expectancy up for first time in four years, while drug overdose deaths drop by 4%," 30 Jan. 2020 Both Bad Boys 3 and 1917 are contributing to a year-over-year gain of 11 percent in January box office revenue. Pamela Mcclintock, The Hollywood Reporter, "Box Office: 'Bad Boys for Life' Stays No. 1 With Big $34M, '1917' Marches to $16M," 26 Jan. 2020 On the first play, Manning hooked up with Mario Manningham for a 38-yard gain. Chuck Schilken, Los Angeles Times, "Tom Brady to Eli Manning: ‘I wish you hadn’t won any Super Bowls’," 24 Jan. 2020 Then on June 1, participants set out on e-bikes to ride 300 miles, with a total elevation gain of 12,493 feet and loss of 14,203 feet over six days, finishing with a party in Nashville. Chelsey Lewis, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Wisconsin's Driftless 250 adventure race is back for 2020, with sister trips across the U.S.," 23 Jan. 2020 For all of 2019, the Labor Department said, payroll employment rose by 2.1 million, down from a gain of 2.7 million in 2018. Kevin Kelleher, Fortune, "Jobs Report Pushes the Dow Above 29,000 For the First Time Ever—But Can’t Keep It There," 10 Jan. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb With Richards playing 17 of 20 minutes in the second half, Kentucky gained a 20-6 advantage in points in the paint and 22-14 advantage in rebounds. Jon Hale, The Courier-Journal, "Kentucky basketball narrowly avoids embarrassing loss to Vanderbilt," 30 Jan. 2020 The senator gained support from several powerful groups representing labor, environmental, developer, business and real estate interests. Los Angeles Times, "California bill to dramatically increase home building fails for the third year in a row," 30 Jan. 2020 Police believe someone had tried to gain entry into the home, but didn’t enter. cleveland, "Woman sleeps in car to keep it from being repossessed: Lyndhurst Police Blotter," 29 Jan. 2020 Mostert gained fewer than 60 rushing yards in each of his previous two games. Skip Snow, USA TODAY Sportsbook Wire, "2020 Super Bowl Prop Bets: How many rushing yards for 49ers RB Raheem Mostert?," 29 Jan. 2020 Walmart is also trying to gain an upper hand on its current suppliers. Nathaniel Meyersohn, CNN, "Walmart's takes a step toward owning the food chain," 24 Jan. 2020 Burnett gained wider renown several years later for his work in Iran during and after the Revolution. Isaac Chotiner, The New Yorker, "Photographing Impeachment Proceedings Against Three Presidents," 17 Jan. 2020 The federal holiday only gained national recognition in 2000, according to a USA Today article about how the holiday got its start. Chris Mayhew, Cincinnati.com, "How to navigate Martin Luther King Jr. Day: Closed streets and official events," 17 Jan. 2020 The issue gained traction after a February 2018 investigation by ProPublica Illinois found Chicago’s ticketing and debt collection practices disproportionately hurt black motorists, sending thousands of them into bankruptcy. ProPublica, "Tens of Thousands of People Lost Driver’s Licenses Over Unpaid Parking Tickets. Now, They’re Getting Them Back.," 17 Jan. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'gain.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of gain

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for gain

Noun

Middle English gain, borrowed from Anglo-French gain, gaigne, gaaing "tillage, winning, profit," derivative of gaainer, gaaigner "to till, secure (profit, advantage)" — more at gain entry 2

Note: See note at gain entry 2.

Verb

Middle English gaynen "to prevail against," borrowed from Anglo-French gaainer, gaaigner "to cultivate, till, secure (profit, advantage), capture, acquire, be victorious," going back to Old Low Franconian *waiđanjan, of uncertain meaning and origin

Note: The presumed Old Low Franconian verb *waiđanjan has no exact counterpart in neighboring Germanic languages, and given the diverse meanings of the French verb, hypotheses that explain it are all somewhat tenuous. The base has traditionally been taken to be that of Old High German weida "pasture," Old Saxon weiđa, from which a verb meaning "to pasture" was derived, which then hypothetically developed the sense "to cultivate, till" and further derived senses. Alternatively, the verb could be linked to Old High German weidenōn "to hunt," a derivative of weida "hunt, quantity of game taken, catch" (corresponding to Old English wāth "hunt, chase, wandering," Old Norse veiðr "catch, haul of fish"). In Middle English both the noun and verb are presumed to have crossed with borrowings of Old Norse gagn "advantage, victory." Early Modern English gain has acquired senses directly from Middle French and French gagner.

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Time Traveler for gain

Time Traveler

The first known use of gain was in the 14th century

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Statistics for gain

Last Updated

5 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Gain.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/gain?pronunciation&lang=en_us&dir=g&file=gain0001. Accessed 16 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for gain

gain

noun

Financial Definition of gain

What It Is

A gain, also called a capital gain, is an increase in the value of an investment. It is the difference between the purchase price (the basis) and the sale price of an asset. Thus the formula for gain is:

Sale Price - Purchase Price = Gain

Note that this formula assumes the sale price is higher than the purchase price. If an investor sells an asset for less than he or she paid, this is called a loss.

How It Works

Let's assume you purchase 100 shares of Company XYZ for $1 per share. After three months, the share price increases to $5. This means the value of the investment has increased from $100 to $500, for a gain of $400.

Why It Matters

Gains are taxable, but only when they are realized. That is, they only become taxable when the asset is sold. Until that point, any gains are considered unrealized and are not taxable. The IRS considers nearly every asset owned by individuals and companies as capital assets and thus subject to capital gains taxes.

Taxpayers report capital gains on IRS Schedule D, but these gains are subject to different tax rates depending on whether they are short-term or long-term (and in some cases depending on the type of asset). In the example above, if you sold the Company XYZ shares after a year, the IRS would consider your $400 profit a long-term capital gain and tax it at one of several flat rates. However, if you sold the Company XYZ shares after just three months, the IRS would consider your $400 profit a short-term capital gain and tax that $400 at your ordinary income tax rate, which varies by several factors, including which state you live in, and is generally higher than the long-term capital gains tax rate. This system encourages long-term investing, but there are still many logical reasons an investor might want to sell an asset before a year has passed.

Some retirement vehicles, such as 401(k)s and IRAs, allow investors to buy and sell assets within these vehicles without becoming subject to capital gains tax. This tax deferral effectively gives investors a larger balance on which to compound interest or returns, with capital gains tax applying only when the investor begins to make withdrawals.

An investor's capital losses sometimes will offset all or a portion of his or her capital gains, lowering the investor's tax bill. There is a limit, however, to how much the investor can offset. Note also that the IRS does not treat the distributions of net realized long-term capital gains, like those from a mutual fund, for example, as capital gains. The IRS treats those as ordinary dividends.

Source: Investing Answers

gain

noun
How to pronounce gain (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of gain

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: something wanted or valued that is gotten : something that is gained especially : money gotten through some activity or process
: something that is helpful : advantage or benefit
: an increase in amount, size, or number

gain

verb

English Language Learners Definition of gain (Entry 2 of 2)

: to get (something wanted or valued)
: to win (something) in a competition, battle, etc.
: to gradually get (something) or more of (something) as time passes

gain

noun
\ ˈgān How to pronounce gain (audio) \

Kids Definition of gain

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something valuable or desirable that is obtained or acquired : profit financial gains
2 : an increase in amount, size, or degree

gain

verb
gained; gaining

Kids Definition of gain (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to get or win often by effort You gain knowledge by study. He exercised to gain strength.
2 : to get or acquire in a natural or gradual way He gained ten pounds.
3 : to increase in The car gained speed.
4 : to get to : reach The swimmer gained the shore.
5 : to get an advantage : profit We all gained from the lesson.

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\ ˈgān How to pronounce gain (audio) \

Medical Definition of gain

: to improve in health the patient gained daily

gain

noun

Legal Definition of gain

1 : an increase in value, capital, or amount — compare loss
capital gain
: a gain realized on the sale or exchange of a capital asset (as a stock or real estate)
casualty gain
: a gain realized by an insured because property insurance benefits paid for a loss from a casualty or theft are greater than the adjusted value of the insured asset
long-term capital gain
: a capital gain realized on the sale or exchange of an asset held for more than a specified period (as a year)
ordinary gain
: a gain from the exchange or sale of an asset that is not capital
short-term capital gain
: a capital gain realized on the sale or exchange of an asset held for less than a specified period (as a year) that is treated as ordinary income under federal income tax laws
2 plural, in the civil law of Louisiana : a class of community property that reflects the increase in property value contributed by the common skill or labor of the spouses

Other Words from gain

gain verb

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More from Merriam-Webster on gain

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for gain

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with gain

Spanish Central: Translation of gain

Nglish: Translation of gain for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of gain for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about gain

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