Recent Examples of capital gain from the Web
Under current law, the top tax rate on most investment income (capital gains and dividends) tops out at just 23.8%—far below the 39.6% rate applied to salaries and wages.
According to The Washington Post’s run-down of the disclosure, Trump has sold stocks in a number of companies, including Amazon, Exxon Mobil, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft, and Toyota, which were earning him millions in capital gains and dividends.
And conservatives could cheer an end to the unfair double taxation of dividends and capital gains.
Personal capital gains rates are much lower than the corporate tax rate.
With the step-up in cost basis to the current value of the team at time of the owner's death, the cash received won't be subject to capital gains taxation.
Tapping a retirement account never triggers a capital gains tax, and selling a home only does if the gain is more than $250,000 for a single person and $500,000 for a couple.
That income is currently taxed at the capital gains rate of 20 percent, a fact that has riled certain people, given that said income is often very substantial.
Go for smaller reductions in capital gains and dividends taxes.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'capital gain.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
First Known Use of capital gain
Financial Definition of CAPITAL GAIN
What It Is
How It Works
The formula for capital gain is:
Sale Price - Purchase Price = Capital Gain
Note that this formula assumes the sale price is higher than the purchase price. If an investor sells an asset for less than he or she paid, this is called a capital loss.
Let's assume you purchase 100 shares of XYZ Company for $1 per share. After three months, the share price increases to $5. This means the value of the investment has increased from $100 to $500, for a capital gain of $400.
Why It Matters
Capital gains are taxable, but only when they are realized. That is, they only become taxable when the asset is sold. Until that point, any gains are considered unrealized and are not taxable. The IRS considers nearly every asset owned by individuals and companies as capital assets and thus they are subject to capital gains taxes.
Taxpayers report capital gains on IRS Schedule D, but these gains are subject to different tax rates depending on whether they are short term or long term (and in some cases depending on the type of asset). In the example above, if you sold the XYZ Company shares after a year, the IRS would consider your $400 profit a long-term capital gain and would tax it at one of several lower, flat rates. However, if you sold the XYZ Company shares after just three months, the IRS would consider your $400 profit a short-term capital gain and tax that $400 at your ordinary income tax rate, which is generally higher than the long-term capital gains tax rate. This system encourages long-term investing, but there are many reasons an investor might want to sell an asset before a year has passed.
Some retirement vehicles, such as 401(k)s and IRAs, allow investors to buy and sell assets within these vehicles without becoming subject to capital gains tax. This tax deferral effectively gives investors a larger balance on which to compound interest or returns, with capital gains tax applying only when the investor begins to make withdrawals.
An investor's capital losses sometimes will offset all or a portion of his or her capital gains, lowering the investor's tax bill. There is a limit, however, to how much the investor can offset. Note also that the IRS does not treat the distributions of net realized long-term capital gains, like those from a mutual fund, as capital gains. The IRS treats those as ordinary dividends.
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