1

bane

noun \ ˈbān \

Definition of bane

1 a obsolete : killer, slayer
b : poison
c : death, destruction
  • stop the way of those that seek my bane
  • —Philip Sidney
d : woe
2 : a source of harm or ruin : curse
  • national frontiers have been more of a bane than a boon for mankind
  • —D. C. Thomson

Origin and Etymology of bane

Middle English, "killer, agent of death, death," going back to Old English bana "killer, agent of death," going back to Germanic *banan- (whence also Old Frisian bana, bona "killer," Old High German bano "killer, murderer," Old Norse bani "murderer, violent death"), of uncertain origin
Note: Another Germanic derivative from the same base is represented by Old English benn (feminine strong noun) "wound, sore," Old Saxon beniwunda, Old Norse ben "wound," Gothic banja "blow, wound." Attempts have been made to derive the etymon from Indo-European *gwhen- "strike, kill" (see defend), but the general view is that initial *gwh could not yield b in Germanic.


2

bane

verb

Definition of bane

baned; baning
obsolete
: to kill especially with poison

Origin and Etymology of bane

derivative of 1bane


3

bane

noun

Definition of bane

chiefly Scotland
: bone

Origin and Etymology of bane

early Scots and northern Middle English ban, bane, going back to Old English bān — more at 1bone


Medical Dictionary

bane

noun \ ˈbān \

medical Definition of bane

: poison — see henbane


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