defense

noun
de·​fense | \ di-ˈfen(t)s How to pronounce defense (audio) ; as antonym of "offense" often ˈdē-ˌfen(t)s How to pronounce defense (audio) \

Definition of defense

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : the act or action of defending the defense of our country speak out in defense of justice quickly jumped to her friend's defense
b law : the denial, answer, or plea (see plea sense 2b) of one against whom a criminal or civil action is brought : a defendant 's denial, answer, or plea
2a : capability of resisting attack the body's defense against disease
b sports : ability to keep an opponent from scoring in a game or contest : defensive play or ability a player known for good defense
3a : means or method of defending or protecting oneself, one's team, or another the nation's air and ground defenses Big shells are an effective defense against these predators as well.— Gregory P. Dietl also : a defensive structure
b : an argument in support or justification offered no defense of his actions
c law : the collected facts and method adopted by a defendant to protect and defend against a plaintiff's action His lawyers used an insanity defense.
d chess : a sequence of moves available to the second player in the opening (see opening sense 3a)
4a law : a defending party or group (as in a court of law) The defense rests.
b sports : a defensive team He was the linchpin of one of the league's stoutest defenses— Sarah Kwak
5 government : the military and industrial aggregate that authorizes and supervises arms production appropriations for defense defense contract

defense

verb
defensed; defensing

Definition of defense (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

sports
: to take specific defensive action against (an opposing team or player or an offensive play) : to attempt to keep (an opponent or play) from scoring in a game or contest The gangly Pressey was clearly Milwaukee's only real hope of defensing Bird …— Jack McCallum

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Other Words from defense

Noun

defenseless \ di-​ˈfen(t)s-​ləs How to pronounce defenseless (audio) \ adjective
defenselessly adverb
defenselessness noun

Examples of defense in a Sentence

Noun They put up a good defense, but the city ultimately fell to the invaders. They mounted a good defense. The city's defenses were not strong enough to keep out the invaders. We need to improve our defenses. the nation's air and ground defenses
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun James Mitchell, an Air Force psychologist who helped design the CIA’s enhanced interrogation program and personally waterboarded Mohammed, is due to be grilled by the defense this week. Jerry Dunleavy, Washington Examiner, "Justice delayed: 9/11 mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed appears in Guantanamo courtroom as trial approaches," 21 Jan. 2020 After the four days of opening arguments — two days per side — senators will be allowed up to 16 hours for questions to the prosecution and defense, followed by four hours of debate. Author: Zeke Miller, Eric Tucker And Lisa Mascaro, Anchorage Daily News, "McConnell proposes swift impeachment trial with long days," 21 Jan. 2020 After the four days of opening arguments, senators will be allowed up to 16 hours for questions to the prosecution and defense, followed by four hours of debate. Tim Darnell, ajc, "Trump impeachment, day 2 | Opening arguments begin Tuesday," 21 Jan. 2020 The second phase, scheduled for June, will consider defense allegations that Canada Border Services, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the FBI violated Meng’s rights while collecting evidence before she was actually arrested. Washington Post, "Extradition hearing begins for top Huawei exec in Canada," 21 Jan. 2020 House Democrats say Trump used America’s economic and military might to try to stay in power, withholding defense and diplomatic aid to Ukraine to get the country to announce investigations into his political rival Joe Biden. Tessa Berenson, Time, "The Constitutional Question at the Heart of Trump's Impeachment," 21 Jan. 2020 Washington State coach Nick Rolovich hires Wyoming defensive coordinator Jake Dickert to run the Cougars’ defense. oregonlive, "Larry Scott talks about 9 a.m. kickoffs, and Gary Andersen is popular at Utah State: Issues & Answers," 21 Jan. 2020 From 1975, when CFIUS was established by executive order, until 2001, national security was defined largely in terms of the U.S. defense posture and capabilities. Mira R. Ricardel, Fortune, "These new rules might end tech’s reliance on Chinese investors," 20 Jan. 2020 However, the defense (40.1 ppg allowed) continues to hold up its end. Matthew Vantryon, Indianapolis Star, "Indy-area girls basketball Fab 15: Top two teams set for state finals rematch," 20 Jan. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Teixeira did not testify and defense attorney Steve Sack presented no witnesses. John Bacon, USA TODAY, "Concierge denies killing Boston doctors, says he was having affair with victim," 10 Dec. 2019 Let’s say there was a U.S.-Israel defense pact in place on June 5, 1967 or June 7, 1981 or Sept. 6, 2007. Gilead Sher, Time, "Netanyahu's Defense Treaty with Trump Is a Bad Idea. Just as Well It's Only a Gimmick," 16 Sep. 2019 Current law projects that defense spending will decline as a share of GDP, from a very low 3.1% now to about 2.5% over the next 10 years. WSJ, "Four Decades of Economic Wisdom From Martin Feldstein," 12 June 2019 These are some of the questions that defense attorneys asked a Yale University student who brought a rape complaint against her classmate. Katie Reilly, Time, "A Yale Student Accused Her Classmate of Rape. His Lawyers Asked What She Was Wearing and How Much She Drank," 9 Mar. 2018 What does this mean for Kentucky’s defense moving forward? Joe Mussatto, ajc, "Kentucky Wildcats podcast: Staff news in Lexington while coaching rumors persist in Knoxville," 30 Nov. 2017 Among the concerns for the Aztecs coming into the game was how to defense Boise State’s quarterback(s). Kirk Kenney, sandiegouniontribune.com, "No. 19 Aztecs' winning streak ends in 31-14 loss to Boise State," 15 Oct. 2017 In fact, the alliance had long ago set a goal that each member would devote at least 2 percent of GDP to defense in their own budgets. The Washington Post, Twin Cities, "Trump bid to smooth relations with Merkel complicated by policy, personal differences," 17 Mar. 2017 PHILADELPHIA — Sharks defense partners Brent Burns and Paul Martin have a pretty special relationship. Curtis Pashelka, The Mercury News, "Sharks’ Paul Martin having a role in Brent Burns’ success," 10 Feb. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'defense.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of defense

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1932, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for defense

Noun

Middle English defense, defence, borrowed from Anglo-French defens, defense, defence, borrowed from Medieval Latin dēfensa, dēfensum (Late Latin dēfensa "vengeance"), nominal derivatives from feminine and neuter of Latin dēfensus, past participle of dēfendere "to ward off, defend"

Verb

derivative of defense entry 1

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Time Traveler for defense

Time Traveler

The first known use of defense was in the 14th century

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Statistics for defense

Last Updated

24 Jan 2020

Cite this Entry

“Defense.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/defense?pronunciation&lang=en_us&dir=d&file=defens02. Accessed 24 January 2020.

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More Definitions for defense

defense

noun
How to pronounce defense (audio) How to pronounce defense (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of defense

: the act of defending someone or something from attack
: something that is used to protect yourself, your country, etc.
: the act of speaking or writing in support of someone or something that is being attacked or criticized

defense

noun
de·​fense | \ di-ˈfens How to pronounce defense (audio) \

Kids Definition of defense

1 : the act of protecting or defending They were defeated in spite of a brave defense.
2 : something that defends or protects … sneaking out to spy on him was not much of a defense against his treachery.— Lemony Snicket, The Austere Academy
3 : the players on a team who try to stop the other team from scoring

Other Words from defense

defenseless \ -​ləs \ adjective

defense

noun
de·​fense
variants: or chiefly British defence \ di-​ˈfen(t)s How to pronounce defence (audio) \

Medical Definition of defense

: a means or method of protecting the physical or functional integrity of body or mind ability to concentrate urine may be interpreted as a renal defense of body volume fluid— Jack Metcoff

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defense

noun
de·​fense | \ di-ˈfens, ˈdē-ˌfens How to pronounce defense (audio) \

Legal Definition of defense

1 : the act or action of defending — see also self-defense
2a : the theory or ground that forms the basis for a defendant's opposition to an allegation in a complaint or to a charge in a charging instrument (as an indictment) also : the evidence and arguments presented supporting the defendant's opposition — see also accord, alibi, assumption of risk, coercion, consent, contributory negligence at negligence, denial, diminished capacity, duress, entrapment, estoppel, fraud, infancy, insanity, intoxication, laches, mistake, necessity, res judicata, statute of limitations
absolute defense
: complete defense in this entry
affirmative defense
: a defense that does not deny the truth of the allegations against the defendant but gives some other reason (as insanity, assumption of risk, or expiration of the statute of limitations) why the defendant cannot be held liable

Note: The defendant bears the burden of proof as to affirmative defenses.

choice of evils defense
: a defense to a criminal charge based on the assertion that the criminal act was committed to avoid the commission of an even greater evil

called also lesser evils defense

Note: In jurisdictions that recognize the choice of evils defense, it encompasses both of the older defenses of duress and necessity.

complete defense
: a defense that shields the defendant from any liability and bars any recovery by the plaintiff — compare partial defense in this entry
lesser evils defense
: choice of evils defense in this entry
meritorious defense
: a defense that is based on evidence sufficient to warrant setting aside a default judgment against the defendant in civil litigation
partial defense
: a defense by which the defendant reduces the amount of damages of which he or she is liable — compare complete defense in this entry
b : a basis upon which an obligor of a negotiable instrument may avoid liability under the instrument
personal defense
: a defense of an obligor under a negotiable instrument that can be asserted against anyone but a holder in due course
real defense
: a defense of an obligor of a negotiable instrument that may be asserted even against a holder in due course

Note: Section 3-305(a)(1) of the Uniform Commercial Code sets out the real defenses as infancy, duress, lack of legal capacity, illegality of the transaction, fraud in the factum, and discharge of the obligor by a bankruptcy court. By exclusion, all other defenses are personal defenses.

3 : the defending side in a legal proceeding the defense rests — compare prosecution

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More from Merriam-Webster on defense

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for defense

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with defense

Spanish Central: Translation of defense

Nglish: Translation of defense for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of defense for Arabic Speakers

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