fraud

noun
\ ˈfrȯd How to pronounce fraud (audio) \

Definition of fraud

1a : deceit, trickery specifically : intentional perversion of truth in order to induce another to part with something of value or to surrender a legal right was accused of credit card fraud
b : an act of deceiving or misrepresenting : trick automobile insurance frauds
2a : a person who is not what he or she pretends to be : impostor He claimed to be a licensed psychologist, but he turned out to be a fraud. also : one who defrauds : cheat
b : one that is not what it seems or is represented to be The UFO picture was proved to be a fraud.

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Synonyms for fraud

Synonyms

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deception, fraud, double-dealing, subterfuge, trickery mean the acts or practices of one who deliberately deceives. deception may or may not imply blameworthiness, since it may suggest cheating or merely tactical resource. magicians are masters of deception fraud always implies guilt and often criminality in act or practice. indicted for fraud double-dealing suggests treachery or at least action contrary to a professed attitude. a go-between suspected of double-dealing subterfuge suggests the adoption of a stratagem or the telling of a lie in order to escape guilt or to gain an end. obtained the papers by subterfuge trickery implies ingenious acts intended to dupe or cheat. resorted to trickery to gain their ends

imposture, fraud, sham, fake, humbug, counterfeit mean a thing made to seem other than it is. imposture applies to any situation in which a spurious object or performance is passed off as genuine. their claim of environmental concern is an imposture fraud usually implies a deliberate perversion of the truth. the diary was exposed as a fraud sham applies to fraudulent imitation of a real thing or action. condemned the election as a sham fake implies an imitation of or substitution for the genuine but does not necessarily imply dishonesty. these jewels are fakes; the real ones are in the vault humbug suggests elaborate pretense usually so flagrant as to be transparent. creating publicity by foisting humbugs on a gullible public counterfeit applies especially to the close imitation of something valuable. 20-dollar bills that were counterfeits

Examples of fraud in a Sentence

He was found guilty of bank fraud. He was the victim of an elaborate fraud. He claimed he was a licensed psychologist, but he turned out to be a fraud. The UFO picture was proved to be a fraud.
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Recent Examples on the Web The President has repeatedly made false claims that voting by mail increases the risk of election fraud. David Z. Morris, Fortune, "Delayed primary results are just a preview. Presidential election results could be slow, too," 27 June 2020 Detailing the outcome of an investigation, Pakistan said this week that almost one third of its pilots obtained their licenses after committing fraud in their pilot exams, such as by getting others to sit for their exams. Saeed Shah, WSJ, "Pakistan Plans Criminal Charges Against Pilots With Bogus Credentials," 26 June 2020 Recently, Mr Barr has taken to parroting Mr Trump’s unfounded warnings that voting by mail risks widespread fraud. The Economist, "Independent? Variable Has America’s Department of Justice been politicised?," 24 June 2020 Martins Friday Inalegwu, 31, and Steincy Mathieu, 24, are charged with one count of conspiracy to commit wire and mail fraud, the U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of New Jersey said in a press release. NBC News, "Couple charged in $6M online-dating scam; 1 victim embezzled to pay them, prosecutor says," 24 June 2020 Gupta is referring to Aadhaar, a biometric database introduced in 2009, initially as a voluntary program to prevent benefit fraud. Priyali Sur, CNN, "Many Indian citizens believe their government is trying to steal and sell their data. Here's why," 21 June 2020 While Padilla and other Democrats are quick to call these rules voter suppression, officials in those states argue that strict regulations are needed to prevent election fraud and ensure that only eligible people cast ballots. John Wildermuth, SFChronicle.com, "California’s elections boss: State’s voting changes are model for the country," 19 June 2020 But Alabama election officials said the laws were crucial to protect the integrity of its elections by preventing voter fraud and safeguarding voter confidence. Caitlin Conant, CBS News, "2020 Daily Trail Markers: Alabama voting restrictions struck down ahead of July Senate runoff," 16 June 2020 The agency is working with the Department of Labor Office of Inspector General to try to find those conducting fraud, DWD spokesman Ben Jedd said. Molly Beck, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "State may have made $1.2 million in fraudulent unemployment payments since outbreak began," 12 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'fraud.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of fraud

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for fraud

Middle English fraude, from Anglo-French, from Latin fraud-, fraus

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Learn More about fraud

Time Traveler for fraud

Time Traveler

The first known use of fraud was in the 14th century

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Statistics for fraud

Last Updated

30 Jun 2020

Cite this Entry

“Fraud.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fraud. Accessed 8 Jul. 2020.

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More Definitions for fraud

fraud

noun
How to pronounce fraud (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of fraud

: the crime of using dishonest methods to take something valuable from another person
: a person who pretends to be what he or she is not in order to trick people
: a copy of something that is meant to look like the real thing in order to trick people

fraud

noun
\ ˈfrȯd How to pronounce fraud (audio) \

Kids Definition of fraud

1 : trickery, deceit They got the money by fraud.
2 : an act of deceiving : trick Investigators uncovered the fraud.
3 : a person who pretends to be what he or she is not You're not Santa Claus—you're a fraud.

fraud

noun

Legal Definition of fraud

1a : any act, expression, omission, or concealment calculated to deceive another to his or her disadvantage specifically : a misrepresentation or concealment with reference to some fact material to a transaction that is made with knowledge of its falsity or in reckless disregard of its truth or falsity and with the intent to deceive another and that is reasonably relied on by the other who is injured thereby
b : the affirmative defense of having acted in response to a fraud
2 : the crime or tort of committing fraud convicted of securities fraud — see also misrepresentation

Note: A tort action based on fraud is also referred to as an action of deceit.

actual fraud
: fraud committed with the actual intent to deceive and thereby injure another

called also fraud in fact

— compare constructive fraud in this entry
collateral fraud
: extrinsic fraud in this entry
constructive fraud
: conduct that is considered fraud under the law despite the absence of an intent to deceive because it has the same consequences as an actual fraud would have and it is against public interests (as because of the violation of a public or private trust or confidence, the breach of a fiduciary duty, or the use of undue influence)

called also legal fraud

— compare actual fraud in this entry
equitable fraud
: constructive fraud in this entry used especially in New Jersey
extrinsic fraud
: fraud (as that involved in making a false offer of compromise) that induces one not to present a case in court or deprives one of the opportunity to be heard also : fraud that is not involved in the actual issues presented to a court and that prevents a full and fair hearing

called also collateral fraud

— compare intrinsic fraud in this entry
fraud in fact
: actual fraud in this entry
fraud in law
: fraud that is presumed to have occurred in light of the circumstances irrespective of intent to deceive
fraud in the factum
: fraud in which the deception causes the other party to misunderstand the nature of the transaction in which he or she is engaging especially with regard to the contents of an instrument (as a contract or promissory note)

called also fraud in the execution

— compare fraud in the inducement in this entry
fraud in the inducement
: fraud in which the deception leads the other party to engage in a transaction the nature of which he or she understands — compare fraud in the factum in this entry
fraud on the court
: fraud involving conduct that undermines the integrity of the judicial process (as by improperly influencing a judge, jury, or other court personnel) also : extrinsic fraud in this entry
identity fraud
: the unauthorized use of another's means of identification (as name or social security number) to commit fraud
intrinsic fraud
: fraud (as by the use of false or forged documents, false claims, or perjured testimony) that deceives the trier of fact and results in a judgment in favor of the party perpetrating the fraud — compare extrinsic fraud in this entry
legal fraud
1 : constructive fraud in this entry
2 : actual fraud in this entry used especially in New Jersey
mail fraud
: fraud committed by use of the postal service especially as described in title 18 section 1341 of the U.S. Code
wire fraud
: fraud committed by using a means of electronic communication (as a telephone) — see also Wire Fraud Act

History and Etymology for fraud

Latin fraud-, fraus

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More from Merriam-Webster on fraud

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for fraud

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with fraud

Spanish Central: Translation of fraud

Nglish: Translation of fraud for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of fraud for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about fraud

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