aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ˈa-gri-gət \

Definition of aggregate 

(Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount : collective: such as

a(1) : clustered in a dense mass or head an aggregate flower

(2) : formed from several separate ovaries of a single flower aggregate fruit

b : composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments

c : taking all units as a whole aggregate sales

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ˈa-gri-ˌgāt \
aggregated; aggregating

Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to collect or gather into a mass or whole The census data were aggregated by gender.

2 : to amount to (a whole sum or total) : total audiences aggregating several million people

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ˈa-gri-gət \

Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another Froth is an aggregate of tiny bubbles.

2 : the whole sum or amount : sum total spent an aggregate of 10 million dollars in advertising during the past three years

3a : a rock composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments : an aggregate rock

b : any of several hard inert materials (such as sand, gravel, or slag) used for mixing with a cementing material to form concrete, mortar, or plaster

c : a clustered mass of individual soil particles varied in shape, ranging in size from a microscopic granule to a small crumb, and considered the basic structural unit of soil

in the aggregate

: considered as a whole : collectively Dividends for the year amounted in the aggregate to 25 million dollars.

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Other Words from aggregate

Adjective

aggregately adverb
aggregateness noun

Did You Know?

Noun

We added "aggregate" to our flock of Latin borrowings in the 15th century. It descends from "aggregare" ("to add to"), a Latin verb made up of the prefix ad- (which means "to," and which usually changes to "ag-" before a "g") and "greg-" or "grex" (meaning "flock"). "Greg-" also gave us "congregate," "gregarious," and "segregate." "Aggregate" is commonly employed in the phrase "in the aggregate," which means "considered as a whole" (as in the sentence "In the aggregate, the student's various achievements were sufficiently impressive to merit a scholarship"). "Aggregate" also has some specialized senses. For example, it is used for a mass of minerals formed into a rock and for a material, such as sand or gravel, used to form concrete, mortar, or plaster.

Examples of aggregate in a Sentence

Adjective

There were to be thirty-seven playgrounds, twenty schools. There were to be a hundred and thirty-three miles of street, paved with an inch and a half of No. 2 macadam on an aggregate base. — Joan Didion, New Yorker, 26 July 1993 Their success at opening up new sources of supply, generating and servicing demand, and connecting new markets with the processing industries of the Amsterdam entrepôt seemed … to belie the axiom of an inelastic aggregate volume of world trade—a zero-sum competition. — Simon Schama, The Embarrassment of Riches, 1988 The mulberry looks a bit like a raspberry. But the raspberry (along with the other brambles, members of the genus Rubus, such as the blackberry) is an aggregate fruit generated by a single, if complex, flower. — Raymond Sokolov, Natural History, October 1986 With Keynes, standard theory conceded that disequilibria might intrude upon the economy as a whole, but it held that these could be remedied by judicious stabilization of aggregate demand—that is, combined government and consumer purchasing power. — Robert Kuttner, Atlantic, February 1985 The university receives more than half its aggregate income from government sources. The team with the highest aggregate score wins.

Verb

The problem, in this case, is that the synergy creates incentives for segregation. Ethnic advertisers scour the TV schedule for shows and channels that "aggregate" viewers of the type the client wants to reach … — Tamar Jacoby, New Republic, 24 Jan. 2000 "We are good at aggregating eyeballs and delivering services," says Barry Schuler, the president of AOL Interactive Services, "and the Time Warner deal is a natural extension of that." — Barry Schuler, Fortune, 7 Feb. 2000 Pollsters, for the most part, know perfectly well what they are doing. One thing they are doing is aggregating and averaging ephemeral spasms of "mood" that may have commercial or political value. — Christopher Hitchens, Harper's, April 1992 … covered only if each of the corporations involved has capital, surplus and undivided profits aggregating more than $10 million … — Joe Sims et al., National Law Journal, 28 Jan. 1991 The Web site aggregates content from many other sites. over time, her petty thefts aggregated a significant shortfall in the company's books

Noun

In particular, a core of popular politically minded blogs known in the aggregate as the Blogosphere has been a beehive of furious activity. Or should I say a wasp's nest? — Steven Levy, Newsweek, 4 Oct. 2004 It's true that our lives are the aggregate of a lot of little things, that's precisely why, at least once a year, we need to ride the wave of something bigger and bolder than our own little humdrum existence. — Will Manley, Booklist, 1 Sept. 2002 Smallness of enterprises, as in the Japanese bicycle-manufacturing development, is an asset because smallness cuts down administrative and other overhead costs both in individual enterprises and in the aggregate, in comparison with the overhead costs of large operations. — Jane Jacobs, Cities and the Wealth of Nations, (1984) 1985 numerous episodes of pilferage, taken in the aggregate, can really add up to a significant sum
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Despite winning the Premier League with record numbers of goals, wins and points last season, City lost 5-1 on aggregate to eventual runners-up Liverpool in the quarter-finals of the Champions League. SI.com, "Riyad Mahrez Believes Pep Guardiola Can Lead Manchester City to UEFA Champions League Glory," 13 July 2018 With the teams 2-2 on aggregate, Leganes advanced on away goals after winning the first leg 1-0. USA TODAY, "Madrid advances in Copa despite 2-2 draw against Numancia," 10 Jan. 2018 But beyond this aggregate information, the OCC has published nothing—naming no banks, not saying whether any were penalised financially, nor whether malpractice was concentrated among a few or was widespread. The Economist, "Other American banks may have misbehaved as Wells Fargo did. Which ones?," 14 June 2018 Similarly, the report gives aggregate information about security incidents, but doesn't offer any granularity for minor blips versus major catastrophes. Lily Hay Newman, WIRED, "The Bleak State of Federal Government Cybersecurity," 30 May 2018 Instead, such businesses are relying on GDPR’s rules on aggregate information to establish entities called data trusts. Bloomberg.com, "Companies Seek Ways to Hold On to Customer Data Under New EU Privacy Law," 27 Mar. 2018 Real knocked Bayern out 4-3 on aggregate - the fifth consecutive year that Bayern have been eliminated by Spanish opposition. SI.com, "Robert Lewandowski Distances Himself From 'New Challenge' Claims But Future Remains Uncertain," 1 June 2018 Companies receiving contracts, their locations, and the nature of the work are: A.W. Oakes and Sons, Racine, aggregate and earthwork. Rick Romell, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Foxconn site preparation to begin this afternoon," 7 May 2018 Sites such as Glassdoor and Fairygodboss aggregate and list pay information for thousands of jobs across industries, giving workers a clearer picture of how their pay stacks up against that of their co-workers. Rebecca Greenfield, latimes.com, "Employers are finally ready to talk about how much they pay," 6 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The Navy and Marine Corps increasingly explains that modern missions require more split or dis-aggregated operations. Kris Osborn, Fox News, "Navy pushes for more amphibious assault ships," 13 July 2018 VirusTotal already aggregates what over 70 antivirus vendors consider malware, so devs can how compare their apps against that list for a little peace of mind. Brian Barrett, WIRED, "Security News This Week: Carriers Stop Selling Location Data in a Rare Privacy Win," 23 June 2018 The long-term goal, which Mangel states is about a year-and-a-half away, is a red-alert system that will aggregate all of the independent analysis modules to indicate if multiple scenarios are going on at the same time. Marshall Weiss, Jewish Journal, "Chabad rabbi's son combats smartphone threats to children via Herzliya startup," 11 Apr. 2018 Cardinal fans had some fun on Twitter, which eventually caught the eye of Busted Coverage, a website out of New York that aggregates miscues in the sports world. Jeffrey Lee Puckett, The Courier-Journal, "Milt Wagner definitely is a Louisville fan, but also a living legend to Cardinal Nation," 29 Mar. 2018 Tassi added that third-party developers also won't be able to see people's messaging activity—though there is anonymized, aggregated usage data shared between Snap and the developer. Lauren Goode, WIRED, "Snap Will Let Other Apps Use Its Features, But Not Your Data," 14 June 2018 In recent years some have gained massive audiences, like Gwyneth Paltrow’s Goop, which has morphed into a lifestyle brand, or The Skimm, which aggregates news from across the web and this year raised $12 million from the likes of Google. Emily Dreyfuss, WIRED, "Judd Legum Wants to Fix News With a Newsletter," 12 July 2018 NewsPicks, which aggregates business news and allows commenting and sharing, has 64,000 subscribers who pay roughly $15 per month, according to the statement. Paul Mozur, BostonGlobe.com, "Quartz, Atlantic Media’s business news startup, is sold to Japanese firm," 3 July 2018 According to a recent poll from FiveThirtyEight, which aggregated polls from CBS News, CNN, Quinnipiac and IPSOS, about two-thirds of Americans oppose the separation policy. Mike Miller, PEOPLE.com, "Jim Carrey Says '40% of the US Doesn’t Care' if President Trump 'Kidnaps' Babies," 20 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Evolutionary biologists still debate what drove simple aggregates of cells to become more and more complex, leading to the wondrous diversity of life today. Elizabeth Pennisi, Science | AAAS, "The momentous transition to multicellular life may not have been so hard after all," 28 June 2018 However, according to an aggregate of polls by RealClearPolitics, the president’s overall approval rating is near 43%. Mike Miller, PEOPLE.com, "Jim Carrey Says '40% of the US Doesn’t Care' if President Trump 'Kidnaps' Babies," 20 June 2018 This starts off as a thick gel, but then hardens into a solid matrix that binds the aggregates together. The Economist, "Making buildings, cars and planes from materials based on plant fibres," 14 June 2018 Hoops Hype, the statistics/salary database and NBA news website, compiles and updates an aggregate of mock drafts; its latest predicted that Bridges would go ninth overall. Mike Sielski, Philly.com, "Villanova's Mikal Bridges would be perfect fit for Sixers, if they can get him | Mike Sielski," 13 June 2018 When the majority of social-media users aren’t willing to pay anything to promote their content (even though Facebook ad revenue is soaring in aggregate), a $5 boost can go far. Daniel Gallant, WSJ, "How to Beat the Zuckerberg Casino," 8 July 2018 In 2017, his side won the Svenska Cupen and qualified for the 2017/18 Europa League, reaching the knockout stages of the competition and famously defeating Arsenal at the Emirates Stadium before being knocked out by the Gunners on aggregate. SI.com, "Swansea City Board Release Statement as Club Prepares for Life in the Championship," 28 June 2018 The best aggregate ranking of any group that scored worse than 25-over than without an amateur was Group 2: Scott Stallings, Sebastian Munoz and Matthew Southgate — combined world ranking, 621. Marcus Hayes, Philly.com, "Phil Mickelson, Rory McIlroy, Jordan Spieth collapse at U.S. Open," 14 June 2018 The 44-year-old guided the Rams to the Championship play-offs, before sliding to a narrow 2-1 aggregate defeat to highly fancied Fulham. SI.com, "Stoke Confirm Appointment of Gary Rowett on 3-Year Deal From Championship Rivals Derby," 22 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'aggregate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of aggregate

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for aggregate

Adjective

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join, include, lump together," from ad- ad- + -gregāre, verbal derivative of greg-, grex "flock, herd, group" — more at gregarious

Verb

Middle English aggregaten, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

Noun

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Medieval Latin aggregātus, noun derivative of Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

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Last Updated

7 Nov 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for aggregate

The first known use of aggregate was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for aggregate

aggregate

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by adding together two or more amounts

aggregate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

: to join or combine into a single group

: to equal a specified number or amount

aggregate

noun

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

: a total amount

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ˈa-gri-ˌgāt \
aggregated; aggregating

Kids Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to collect or gather into a mass or whole The particles of sand aggregated into giant dunes.

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ˈa-gri-gət \

Kids Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a mass or body of units or parts The rock is an aggregate of several minerals.

2 : the whole sum or amount They won by an aggregate of 30 points.

aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ˈag-ri-gət \

Medical Definition of aggregate 

(Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount

Other Words from aggregate

aggregation \ ˌag-​ri-​ˈgā-​shən \ noun
It is now known that these calcifications represent focal aggregations of calcium hydroxyapatite … Medical Radiography & Photography, 1982

aggregate

transitive verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \-ˌgāt \
aggregated; aggregating

Medical Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

: to collect or gather into a mass or whole aggregated human albumin

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \-gət \

Medical Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another

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aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ˈa-grə-gət \

Legal Definition of aggregate 

(Entry 1 of 3)

: taken as a total aggregate liability

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ˈa-grə-ˌgāt \
aggregated; aggregating

Legal Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to combine or gather into a whole class members may aggregate their individual claims — compare join

2 : to amount to an award aggregating $100,000

intransitive verb

: to form an aggregate they may not aggregate if their claims are regarded as “separate and distinct”— J. M. Landers et al.

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ˈa-grə-gət \

Legal Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : total amount may sue in federal court if the aggregate of the claims exceeds $75,000

2 : a whole made up of individual units the aggregate of operative facts

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