aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount : collective: such as
a(1) : clustered in a dense mass or head an aggregate flower
(2) : formed from several separate ovaries of a single flower aggregate fruit
b : composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments
c : taking all units as a whole aggregate sales

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to collect or gather into a mass or whole The census data were aggregated by gender.
2 : to amount to (a whole sum or total) : total audiences aggregating several million people

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another Froth is an aggregate of tiny bubbles.
2 : the whole sum or amount : sum total spent an aggregate of 10 million dollars in advertising during the past three years
3a : a rock composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments : an aggregate rock
b : any of several hard inert materials (such as sand, gravel, or slag) used for mixing with a cementing material to form concrete, mortar, or plaster
c : a clustered mass of individual soil particles varied in shape, ranging in size from a microscopic granule to a small crumb, and considered the basic structural unit of soil
in the aggregate
: considered as a whole : collectively Dividends for the year amounted in the aggregate to 25 million dollars.

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Other Words from aggregate

Adjective

aggregately adverb
aggregateness noun

Did You Know?

Noun

We added "aggregate" to our flock of Latin borrowings in the 15th century. It descends from "aggregare" ("to add to"), a Latin verb made up of the prefix ad- (which means "to," and which usually changes to "ag-" before a "g") and "greg-" or "grex" (meaning "flock"). "Greg-" also gave us "congregate," "gregarious," and "segregate." "Aggregate" is commonly employed in the phrase "in the aggregate," which means "considered as a whole" (as in the sentence "In the aggregate, the student's various achievements were sufficiently impressive to merit a scholarship"). "Aggregate" also has some specialized senses. For example, it is used for a mass of minerals formed into a rock and for a material, such as sand or gravel, used to form concrete, mortar, or plaster.

Examples of aggregate in a Sentence

Adjective There were to be thirty-seven playgrounds, twenty schools. There were to be a hundred and thirty-three miles of street, paved with an inch and a half of No. 2 macadam on an aggregate base. — Joan Didion, New Yorker, 26 July 1993 Their success at opening up new sources of supply, generating and servicing demand, and connecting new markets with the processing industries of the Amsterdam entrepôt seemed … to belie the axiom of an inelastic aggregate volume of world trade—a zero-sum competition. — Simon Schama, The Embarrassment of Riches, 1988 The mulberry looks a bit like a raspberry. But the raspberry (along with the other brambles, members of the genus Rubus, such as the blackberry) is an aggregate fruit generated by a single, if complex, flower. — Raymond Sokolov, Natural History, October 1986 With Keynes, standard theory conceded that disequilibria might intrude upon the economy as a whole, but it held that these could be remedied by judicious stabilization of aggregate demand—that is, combined government and consumer purchasing power. — Robert Kuttner, Atlantic, February 1985 The university receives more than half its aggregate income from government sources. The team with the highest aggregate score wins. Verb The problem, in this case, is that the synergy creates incentives for segregation. Ethnic advertisers scour the TV schedule for shows and channels that "aggregate" viewers of the type the client wants to reach … — Tamar Jacoby, New Republic, 24 Jan. 2000 "We are good at aggregating eyeballs and delivering services," says Barry Schuler, the president of AOL Interactive Services, "and the Time Warner deal is a natural extension of that." — Barry Schuler, Fortune, 7 Feb. 2000 Pollsters, for the most part, know perfectly well what they are doing. One thing they are doing is aggregating and averaging ephemeral spasms of "mood" that may have commercial or political value. — Christopher Hitchens, Harper's, April 1992 … covered only if each of the corporations involved has capital, surplus and undivided profits aggregating more than $10 million … — Joe Sims et al., National Law Journal, 28 Jan. 1991 The Web site aggregates content from many other sites. over time, her petty thefts aggregated a significant shortfall in the company's books Noun In particular, a core of popular politically minded blogs known in the aggregate as the Blogosphere has been a beehive of furious activity. Or should I say a wasp's nest? — Steven Levy, Newsweek, 4 Oct. 2004 It's true that our lives are the aggregate of a lot of little things, that's precisely why, at least once a year, we need to ride the wave of something bigger and bolder than our own little humdrum existence. — Will Manley, Booklist, 1 Sept. 2002 Smallness of enterprises, as in the Japanese bicycle-manufacturing development, is an asset because smallness cuts down administrative and other overhead costs both in individual enterprises and in the aggregate, in comparison with the overhead costs of large operations. — Jane Jacobs, Cities and the Wealth of Nations, (1984) 1985 numerous episodes of pilferage, taken in the aggregate, can really add up to a significant sum
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective But the state can’t provide aggregate data from it. Laura Hancock, cleveland, "Ohio heads into the weekend with 1,533 new coronavirus cases: Friday update," 31 July 2020 Hollier is calling for the NCAA to bring a uniform policy to all member institutions to make aggregate data on student-athletes and coaches public. Evan Petzold, Detroit Free Press, "Mid-American Conference schools lack transparency on COVID-19 data. Here's why it matters," 13 July 2020 The Fed’s public balance sheet is updated each week, including with aggregate information on the Main Street facility. Rachel Siegel, Washington Post, "Fed’s Main Street lending program doesn’t have many large banks making loans to new customers," 8 July 2020 The University of Oregon continues to resist making public a similar report of aggregate positive tests among athletes on the UO campus. oregonlive, "Time trials and intrasquad meets won’t grow the sport: Oregon track & field rundown," 1 July 2020 This payment-adjustment mechanism allows the country to adhere to its annual health care budget and return information to physicians on aggregate and individual resource utilization. Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Cathy Zhang, STAT, "Learning from Taiwan about responding to Covid-19 — and using electronic health records," 30 June 2020 Everyone’s trying to stand out, and the aggregate weight of that creates a system that tilts to noise, and not clarity. David Sims, The Atlantic, "‘Our Problem-Solving Mechanism Has Broken Down’," 24 June 2020 The city of Detroit’s Buildings, Safety Engineering and Environmental Department in December said that Detroit Bulk Storage was storing aggregate piles at the site without a permit. Keith Matheny, Detroit Free Press, "Company behind shoreline collapse on Detroit River proposes new seawall," 17 June 2020 The agency said that its aggregate counts are consistent with data presented through the Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center. Fox News, "COVID-19 is 12 times deadlier for patients with underlying health conditions: CDC," 16 June 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Trump has also championed the Space Force, a new military service that will aggregate American space power under a single command. Tim Fernholz, Quartz, "What is Joe Biden’s plan for space?," 2 July 2020 More concerning, the groups believe, is Microsoft’s deal with the NYPD to provide tools that aggregate and analyze data from license plate readers and video cameras, among other sources. Jonathan Vanian, Fortune, "Civil rights groups urge Microsoft to end NYPD partnership," 30 June 2020 After an investigation, Morales was arrested and accused of second-degree felony theft aggregate up to $300,000. David Taylor, Houston Chronicle, "Humble man accused of filing fraudulent timesheets agrees to repay Cypress business $300,000 in plea deal," 26 June 2020 Sixty-seven people who lived or worked at long-term care facilities in San Mateo County have died from COVID-19 as of Monday, according to daily aggregate coronavirus data from county officials. Chronicle Staff, SFChronicle.com, "Coronavirus news from the Bay Area: June 16," 17 June 2020 To aggregate podcasts into the app, Podhero uses Apple’s podcast API, a set of tools provided by Apple to developers who want to build podcast player apps. Boone Ashworth, Wired, "This Streaming App Wants to Be Patreon for Podcasts," 10 June 2020 Branding agency Any Studios is aggregating merch on Swag It Back, too, with new items being added regularly. Cnt Editors, Condé Nast Traveler, "The Hotel and Restaurant Merch We're Buying to Support Our Favorite Places," 27 May 2020 As more cells aggregated, their starvation signals degraded. Quanta Magazine, "Out-of-Sync ‘Loners’ May Secretly Protect Orderly Swarms," 21 May 2020 The world’s largest social network shares anonymized, aggregated location information as part of an effort to study disease outbreaks, and more than 150 organizations partner with the company to use that data for research. Kurt Wagner, Bloomberg.com, "Facebook Expands Location Data Sharing With Covid-19 Researchers," 13 May 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun There simply aren’t enough available jobs in the aggregate for everyone who wants or needs one. Tom Benning, Dallas News, "‘You’re not thinking about us’: 1.8 million unemployed Texans fret about losing $600 weekly boost from Congress," 31 July 2020 The aggregate revenue total for the five conferences represents an increase of just more than 6% compared to the total for fiscal 2018. Steve Berkowitz, USA TODAY, "Power Five conferences had over $2.9 billion in revenue in fiscal 2019, new tax records show," 11 July 2020 Leipzig's young side tore Jose Mourinho's Tottenham apart in the round of 16, winning 4-0 on aggregate and playing some of the most expansive and exciting football on the continent under 32-year-old coach Julian Nagelsmann. Matias Grez, CNN, "Champions League draw: European giants discover their fate," 10 July 2020 Taken in aggregate, S&P 500 companies saw the top- (sales) and bottom lines (earnings) fall quarter-on-quarter, as this BofA breakdown shows: There was just one exception to that. Bernhard Warner, Fortune, "Investors hit pause on global stocks rally—for now," 7 July 2020 And the aggregate of all these links, also known as a connectome, can provide clues about how the brain processes information. Michele Solis, Scientific American, "How Human Brains Are Different: It Has a Lot to Do with the Connections," 7 July 2020 Detroit Bulk Storage was leasing the site from Erickson to store large piles of limestone aggregate along the river. Keith Matheny, Detroit Free Press, "Company behind shoreline collapse on Detroit River proposes new seawall," 17 June 2020 Friday, crews will lay a graded aggregate base in each direction, with traffic flagged into the open lane of travel on the stone surface. David Ibata, ajc, "Road work to snarl Bethany traffic in Alpharetta," 9 June 2020 Surviving Autocracy contains much that will be familiar to anyone who has followed the news over the last few years, but there is something about seeing all this in the aggregate that sharpens an edge of disgust lately blunted by relentless use. Hari Kunzru, The New York Review of Books, "Democracy’s Red Line," 4 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'aggregate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of aggregate

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for aggregate

Adjective

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join, include, lump together," from ad- ad- + -gregāre, verbal derivative of greg-, grex "flock, herd, group" — more at gregarious

Verb

Middle English aggregaten, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

Noun

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Medieval Latin aggregātus, noun derivative of Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

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Time Traveler for aggregate

Time Traveler

The first known use of aggregate was in the 15th century

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Statistics for aggregate

Last Updated

4 Aug 2020

Cite this Entry

“Aggregate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/aggregate. Accessed 6 Aug. 2020.

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More Definitions for aggregate

aggregate

adjective
How to pronounce aggregate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by adding together two or more amounts

aggregate

verb
How to pronounce aggregate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

formal
: to join or combine into a single group
: to equal a specified number or amount

aggregate

noun
How to pronounce aggregate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

formal : a total amount

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Kids Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to collect or gather into a mass or whole The particles of sand aggregated into giant dunes.

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Kids Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a mass or body of units or parts The rock is an aggregate of several minerals.
2 : the whole sum or amount They won by an aggregate of 30 points.

aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈag-ri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Medical Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount

Other Words from aggregate

aggregation \ ˌag-​ri-​ˈgā-​shən How to pronounce aggregation (audio) \ noun
It is now known that these calcifications represent focal aggregations of calcium hydroxyapatite … Medical Radiography & Photography, 1982

aggregate

transitive verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ -ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Medical Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

: to collect or gather into a mass or whole aggregated human albumin

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ -gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Medical Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another

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aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Legal Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: taken as a total aggregate liability

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Legal Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to combine or gather into a whole class members may aggregate their individual claims — compare join
2 : to amount to an award aggregating $100,000

intransitive verb

: to form an aggregate they may not aggregate if their claims are regarded as “separate and distinct”— J. M. Landers et al.

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Legal Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : total amount may sue in federal court if the aggregate of the claims exceeds $75,000
2 : a whole made up of individual units the aggregate of operative facts

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Comments on aggregate

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