aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount : collective: such as
a(1) : clustered in a dense mass or head an aggregate flower
(2) : formed from several separate ovaries of a single flower aggregate fruit
b : composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments
c : taking all units as a whole aggregate sales

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to collect or gather into a mass or whole The census data were aggregated by gender.
2 : to amount to (a whole sum or total) : total audiences aggregating several million people

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another Froth is an aggregate of tiny bubbles.
2 : the whole sum or amount : sum total spent an aggregate of 10 million dollars in advertising during the past three years
3a : a rock composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments : an aggregate rock
b : any of several hard inert materials (such as sand, gravel, or slag) used for mixing with a cementing material to form concrete, mortar, or plaster
c : a clustered mass of individual soil particles varied in shape, ranging in size from a microscopic granule to a small crumb, and considered the basic structural unit of soil
in the aggregate
: considered as a whole : collectively Dividends for the year amounted in the aggregate to 25 million dollars.

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Other Words from aggregate

Adjective

aggregately adverb
aggregateness noun

Did You Know?

Noun

We added "aggregate" to our flock of Latin borrowings in the 15th century. It descends from "aggregare" ("to add to"), a Latin verb made up of the prefix ad- (which means "to," and which usually changes to "ag-" before a "g") and "greg-" or "grex" (meaning "flock"). "Greg-" also gave us "congregate," "gregarious," and "segregate." "Aggregate" is commonly employed in the phrase "in the aggregate," which means "considered as a whole" (as in the sentence "In the aggregate, the student's various achievements were sufficiently impressive to merit a scholarship"). "Aggregate" also has some specialized senses. For example, it is used for a mass of minerals formed into a rock and for a material, such as sand or gravel, used to form concrete, mortar, or plaster.

Examples of aggregate in a Sentence

Adjective

There were to be thirty-seven playgrounds, twenty schools. There were to be a hundred and thirty-three miles of street, paved with an inch and a half of No. 2 macadam on an aggregate base. — Joan Didion, New Yorker, 26 July 1993 Their success at opening up new sources of supply, generating and servicing demand, and connecting new markets with the processing industries of the Amsterdam entrepôt seemed … to belie the axiom of an inelastic aggregate volume of world trade—a zero-sum competition. — Simon Schama, The Embarrassment of Riches, 1988 The mulberry looks a bit like a raspberry. But the raspberry (along with the other brambles, members of the genus Rubus, such as the blackberry) is an aggregate fruit generated by a single, if complex, flower. — Raymond Sokolov, Natural History, October 1986 With Keynes, standard theory conceded that disequilibria might intrude upon the economy as a whole, but it held that these could be remedied by judicious stabilization of aggregate demand—that is, combined government and consumer purchasing power. — Robert Kuttner, Atlantic, February 1985 The university receives more than half its aggregate income from government sources. The team with the highest aggregate score wins.

Verb

The problem, in this case, is that the synergy creates incentives for segregation. Ethnic advertisers scour the TV schedule for shows and channels that "aggregate" viewers of the type the client wants to reach … — Tamar Jacoby, New Republic, 24 Jan. 2000 "We are good at aggregating eyeballs and delivering services," says Barry Schuler, the president of AOL Interactive Services, "and the Time Warner deal is a natural extension of that." — Barry Schuler, Fortune, 7 Feb. 2000 Pollsters, for the most part, know perfectly well what they are doing. One thing they are doing is aggregating and averaging ephemeral spasms of "mood" that may have commercial or political value. — Christopher Hitchens, Harper's, April 1992 … covered only if each of the corporations involved has capital, surplus and undivided profits aggregating more than $10 million … — Joe Sims et al., National Law Journal, 28 Jan. 1991 The Web site aggregates content from many other sites. over time, her petty thefts aggregated a significant shortfall in the company's books

Noun

In particular, a core of popular politically minded blogs known in the aggregate as the Blogosphere has been a beehive of furious activity. Or should I say a wasp's nest? — Steven Levy, Newsweek, 4 Oct. 2004 It's true that our lives are the aggregate of a lot of little things, that's precisely why, at least once a year, we need to ride the wave of something bigger and bolder than our own little humdrum existence. — Will Manley, Booklist, 1 Sept. 2002 Smallness of enterprises, as in the Japanese bicycle-manufacturing development, is an asset because smallness cuts down administrative and other overhead costs both in individual enterprises and in the aggregate, in comparison with the overhead costs of large operations. — Jane Jacobs, Cities and the Wealth of Nations, (1984) 1985 numerous episodes of pilferage, taken in the aggregate, can really add up to a significant sum
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Hamilton said the new schedule would result in an additional annual cost of about $1.9 million in aggregate salary increases to employees. Paul Gattis | Pgattis@al.com, al, "Huntsville council approves new city salary schedule," 8 Aug. 2019 The aggregate national data suggests that Mr. Trump has gained more support than that — if not from Republicans then perhaps from some number of independents or former Democrats. Nate Cohn, New York Times, "Don’t Assume Trump’s Approval Rating Can’t Climb Higher. It Already Has.," 7 Aug. 2019 Yet for all the talk about tariffs, the aggregate economic effect has been modest. David J. Lynch, Washington Post, "Trump says China is paying his tariffs, but U.S. companies keep getting the bill," 23 July 2019 In June, the PhonePe app reached 290 million transactions with an aggregate value of $85 billion, compared with 71 million transactions at $22 billion a year earlier, according to the company. Saritha Rai, latimes.com, "The $10-billion surprise hiding inside Walmart’s acquisition of Flipkart," 10 July 2019 Barcelona held a commanding 3-0 aggregate lead at the halfway stage of the tie after Messi himself played a starring role in the first leg at Camp Nou. SI.com, "Lionel Messi Reveals Son Pretends to Be Liverpool Since Defeat & 'Cheers' for Real Madrid," 6 June 2019 The team with the highest aggregate score at the end of the series will advance to ArenaBowl 32 to be played on Aug. 11 at 8 p.m. ArenaBowl 32 will be broadcast on ESPN2. Doug Feinberg, baltimoresun.com, "U.S. expands women’s basketball training and will pay players," 28 July 2019 Growth in gross merchandise sales (GMS), the aggregate value of products sold, had slowed sharply, and an activist investor, Black-and-White Capital, was pushing Etsy to fix its business or sell itself. Phil Wahba, Fortune, "How Etsy Crafted an E-Commerce Comeback," 25 July 2019 The Television Academy’s aggregate tastes, viewing habits and fundamental sense of what television can or should be naturally alter as younger people join and older ones depart for that undiscovered country from which no series is rebooted. Los Angeles Times, "When it comes to Emmy-nominated comedies, it’s no longer hip to be square," 16 July 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Last year, the software company RescueTime gathered and aggregated anonymized computer-usage logs from tens of thousands of people. Cal Newport, The New Yorker, "Was E-mail a Mistake?," 6 Aug. 2019 When fully operational, the site will contain both original and aggregated articles that cast Baltimore in a positive light, the men said. Luke Broadwater, baltimoresun.com, "Baltimore boosters launch ‘We Are Baltimore’ website after Trump’s criticism of city," 29 July 2019 She is charged with six counts of murder, six counts of aggregated vehicular homicide and one count of operating a vehicle under the influence of alcohol. Harriet Sokmensuer, PEOPLE.com, "Woman Allegedly Killed a Family by Intentionally Driving Into Them Because Husband Was Leaving Her," 22 July 2019 Wherever possible, data could be aggregated to protect identities and private information. John Detrixhe, Quartz, "Mega hacks like the Capital One data breach are inevitable—here’s how to deal with them," 30 July 2019 Rather than burn gas cruising around the ocean, boats often use fish aggregating devices that attract large schools of tuna and are often equipped with satellite technology. Phillip Molnar, San Diego Union-Tribune, "San Diego-based tuna company selling boats, blames U.S. regulations," 10 July 2019 Alexandrium has a fascinating life strategy, feeding, aggregating to reproduce, and then resting on the ocean floor as a dormant hard cyst over the winter. Jenny Howard, National Geographic, "Red tides, explained," 5 July 2019 As a country, we were extremely bothered by the government aggregating databases and mining for certain behavioral signatures that might reveal extremist leanings. Renee Diresta, WIRED, "How the Tech Giants Created What Darpa Couldn’t," 29 May 2018 Calibra reserves the right to share aggregated data with Facebook, and will use Facebook data to meet regulatory requirements and increase account security. Sam Dean, latimes.com, "Why Facebook wants its own currency — and why that scares its critics," 18 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Films for the 2020 awards must have been been theatrically exhibited publicly to a paying audience on at least 10 commercial screens in the U.K. for at least seven days in aggregate. Alex Ritman, The Hollywood Reporter, "BAFTA Adding Casting Category to 2020 Film, TV Awards," 7 Aug. 2019 The longer-term dot is a measure of where the Fed collectively, on aggregate, thinks it’s going to go. Daniel Kruger, WSJ, "Once a Lonely Bond Bull, HSBC’s Steven Major Takes Stock of This Year’s Rally," 28 June 2019 By 1966, Madrid were back in the European Cup final, having exorcised the ghosts of Inter by dumping Herrera's side out 2-1 on aggregate in the semis. SI.com, "Miguel Muñoz: The Man Who Told Alfredo Di Stefano to F*ck Off & Led the Ye-Ye's to European Glory," 25 July 2019 Apple tells me that performance on this year’s model in the aggregate should be the same as last year’s. Dieter Bohn, The Verge, "Apple MacBook Air (2019) review: the new normal," 17 July 2019 And new evidence suggests that in the aggregate, those faults might rupture more frequently than previously thought. Sandi Doughton, The Seattle Times, "Friday earthquakes on a crustal fault show it’s not only the ‘Big One’ we should fear," 13 July 2019 Madrid beat Bayern Munich 4-3 on aggregate in the other semifinal. Afp, chicagotribune.com, "Henderson: Liverpool 'never do it the easy way'," 2 May 2018 Madrid beat Bayern Munich, 4-3, on aggregate in the other semifinal. Andrew Dampf, BostonGlobe.com, "Liverpool advances to Champions League final," 2 May 2018 The bag limit for game turtles is four per day (singly or in aggregate), and the possession limit is 8 (total) for these species. Tim Evans, Indianapolis Star, "Snapping turtles: 5 things you need to know," 14 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'aggregate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of aggregate

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for aggregate

Adjective

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join, include, lump together," from ad- ad- + -gregāre, verbal derivative of greg-, grex "flock, herd, group" — more at gregarious

Verb

Middle English aggregaten, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

Noun

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Medieval Latin aggregātus, noun derivative of Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

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Last Updated

15 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for aggregate

The first known use of aggregate was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for aggregate

aggregate

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by adding together two or more amounts

aggregate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

formal
: to join or combine into a single group
: to equal a specified number or amount

aggregate

noun

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

formal : a total amount

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Kids Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to collect or gather into a mass or whole The particles of sand aggregated into giant dunes.

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Kids Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a mass or body of units or parts The rock is an aggregate of several minerals.
2 : the whole sum or amount They won by an aggregate of 30 points.

aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈag-ri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Medical Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount

Other Words from aggregate

aggregation \ ˌag-​ri-​ˈgā-​shən How to pronounce aggregation (audio) \ noun
It is now known that these calcifications represent focal aggregations of calcium hydroxyapatite … Medical Radiography & Photography, 1982

aggregate

transitive verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ -ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Medical Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

: to collect or gather into a mass or whole aggregated human albumin

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ -gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Medical Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another

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aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Legal Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: taken as a total aggregate liability

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Legal Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to combine or gather into a whole class members may aggregate their individual claims — compare join
2 : to amount to an award aggregating $100,000

intransitive verb

: to form an aggregate they may not aggregate if their claims are regarded as “separate and distinct”— J. M. Landers et al.

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Legal Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : total amount may sue in federal court if the aggregate of the claims exceeds $75,000
2 : a whole made up of individual units the aggregate of operative facts

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