aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount : collective: such as
a(1) : clustered in a dense mass or head an aggregate flower
(2) : formed from several separate ovaries of a single flower aggregate fruit
b : composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments
c : taking all units as a whole aggregate sales

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to collect or gather into a mass or whole The census data were aggregated by gender.
2 : to amount to (a whole sum or total) : total audiences aggregating several million people

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another Froth is an aggregate of tiny bubbles.
2 : the whole sum or amount : sum total spent an aggregate of 10 million dollars in advertising during the past three years
3a : a rock composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments : an aggregate rock
b : any of several hard inert materials (such as sand, gravel, or slag) used for mixing with a cementing material to form concrete, mortar, or plaster
c : a clustered mass of individual soil particles varied in shape, ranging in size from a microscopic granule to a small crumb, and considered the basic structural unit of soil
in the aggregate
: considered as a whole : collectively Dividends for the year amounted in the aggregate to 25 million dollars.

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Other Words from aggregate

Adjective

aggregately adverb
aggregateness noun

Did You Know?

Noun

We added "aggregate" to our flock of Latin borrowings in the 15th century. It descends from "aggregare" ("to add to"), a Latin verb made up of the prefix ad- (which means "to," and which usually changes to "ag-" before a "g") and "greg-" or "grex" (meaning "flock"). "Greg-" also gave us "congregate," "gregarious," and "segregate." "Aggregate" is commonly employed in the phrase "in the aggregate," which means "considered as a whole" (as in the sentence "In the aggregate, the student's various achievements were sufficiently impressive to merit a scholarship"). "Aggregate" also has some specialized senses. For example, it is used for a mass of minerals formed into a rock and for a material, such as sand or gravel, used to form concrete, mortar, or plaster.

Examples of aggregate in a Sentence

Adjective

There were to be thirty-seven playgrounds, twenty schools. There were to be a hundred and thirty-three miles of street, paved with an inch and a half of No. 2 macadam on an aggregate base. — Joan Didion, New Yorker, 26 July 1993 Their success at opening up new sources of supply, generating and servicing demand, and connecting new markets with the processing industries of the Amsterdam entrepôt seemed … to belie the axiom of an inelastic aggregate volume of world trade—a zero-sum competition. — Simon Schama, The Embarrassment of Riches, 1988 The mulberry looks a bit like a raspberry. But the raspberry (along with the other brambles, members of the genus Rubus, such as the blackberry) is an aggregate fruit generated by a single, if complex, flower. — Raymond Sokolov, Natural History, October 1986 With Keynes, standard theory conceded that disequilibria might intrude upon the economy as a whole, but it held that these could be remedied by judicious stabilization of aggregate demand—that is, combined government and consumer purchasing power. — Robert Kuttner, Atlantic, February 1985 The university receives more than half its aggregate income from government sources. The team with the highest aggregate score wins.

Verb

The problem, in this case, is that the synergy creates incentives for segregation. Ethnic advertisers scour the TV schedule for shows and channels that "aggregate" viewers of the type the client wants to reach … — Tamar Jacoby, New Republic, 24 Jan. 2000 "We are good at aggregating eyeballs and delivering services," says Barry Schuler, the president of AOL Interactive Services, "and the Time Warner deal is a natural extension of that." — Barry Schuler, Fortune, 7 Feb. 2000 Pollsters, for the most part, know perfectly well what they are doing. One thing they are doing is aggregating and averaging ephemeral spasms of "mood" that may have commercial or political value. — Christopher Hitchens, Harper's, April 1992 … covered only if each of the corporations involved has capital, surplus and undivided profits aggregating more than $10 million … — Joe Sims et al., National Law Journal, 28 Jan. 1991 The Web site aggregates content from many other sites. over time, her petty thefts aggregated a significant shortfall in the company's books

Noun

In particular, a core of popular politically minded blogs known in the aggregate as the Blogosphere has been a beehive of furious activity. Or should I say a wasp's nest? — Steven Levy, Newsweek, 4 Oct. 2004 It's true that our lives are the aggregate of a lot of little things, that's precisely why, at least once a year, we need to ride the wave of something bigger and bolder than our own little humdrum existence. — Will Manley, Booklist, 1 Sept. 2002 Smallness of enterprises, as in the Japanese bicycle-manufacturing development, is an asset because smallness cuts down administrative and other overhead costs both in individual enterprises and in the aggregate, in comparison with the overhead costs of large operations. — Jane Jacobs, Cities and the Wealth of Nations, (1984) 1985 numerous episodes of pilferage, taken in the aggregate, can really add up to a significant sum
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

In aggregate, Groh-Wargo, Abrams still garnered more of the white vote in 2018 than other recent Democrats at the top of the Georgia ticket. Washington Post, "Abrams tells Democrats: Go after Georgia, irregular voters," 9 Sep. 2019 Atalanta did enjoy a good campaign in Europe though, topping their group and beating the likes of Lyon and Everton before narrowly losing on aggregate to Borussia Dortmund in the round of 32. SI.com, "Atalanta: Why La Dea Could Be the Surprise Package in This Season's Champions League," 9 Sep. 2019 Federal rules call for regulators to disclose in aggregate how many children die each year in day care, but William’s name wasn’t listed on Oregon’s online database as of early March. oregonlive.com, "Eugene day care operator accused of manslaughter in 2018 baby death," 23 July 2019 Now scientists are beginning to understand that evolution has tuned certain proteins to act in aggregate like liquids. Quanta Magazine, "‘Lava-Lamp’ Proteins May Help Cells Cheat Death," 26 Nov. 2018 Bolton sadly fell at the next hurdle in a 2-1 aggregate loss to Sporting CP (who were in turn eliminated by Rangers), while Atletico's recent European history is a little more grandiose. SI.com, "Bolton Wanderers: Remembering the Time the Trotters Knocked Atletico Madrid Out of Europe," 26 Aug. 2019 The governor’s campaign typically does not report payments to specific people, opting instead to report aggregate payroll spending. Hillary Borrud | The Oregonian/oregonlive, oregonlive.com, "How many of Gov. Kate Brown’s state staffers volunteer on her campaign? She won’t say.," 22 Aug. 2019 In 2017, aggregate state spending on emergency management agencies plummeted to $466 million, according to the latest biennial report of the National Emergency Management Association. Thomas Frank, Scientific American, "Why the U.S. Disaster Agency Is Not Ready for Catastrophes," 20 Aug. 2019 Their aggregate box-office total in China is in excess of $2 billion. Michael Ordoña, chicagotribune.com, "Analysis: #BoycottMulan in support of Hong Kong protests tests Disney and moviegoers," 20 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Because the Heat cannot aggregate Leonard in a trade until Sept. 6 (two months from when he was acquired), perhaps there is an intentional holding pattern. Ira Winderman, sun-sentinel.com, "ASK IRA: Could Heat invert, with big men shooting the threes?," 2 Sep. 2019 Data can be aggregated, anonymized, hashed or pseudonymized (given a new name), or used to target you without ever technically changing hands. Anchorage Daily News, "The spy in your wallet: Credit cards have a privacy problem," 2 Sep. 2019 Data can be aggregated, anonymized, hashed or pseudonymized (given a new name), or used to target you without ever technically changing hands. Geoffrey A. Fowler, The Denver Post, "The spy in your wallet: Credit cards have a privacy problem," 31 Aug. 2019 Data can be aggregated, anonymized, hashed or pseudonymized (given a new name), or used to target you without ever technically changing hands. Washington Post, "The spy in your wallet: Credit cards have a privacy problem," 23 Aug. 2019 Information from those tests was aggregated and analyzed to check if data speeds are being slowed, or throttled, for specific mobile services. Olga Kharif, BostonGlobe.com, "Wireless carrier throttling of online video is pervasive," 19 Aug. 2019 Information from those tests was aggregated and analyzed to check if data speeds are being slowed — that is, throttled — for specific mobile services. Los Angeles Times, "Wireless carriers throttle online video basically all the time," 19 Aug. 2019 The study, funded by grants from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Center for Produce Safety, aggregated online media reports of consumers finding wild vertebrates, alive or dead, in prepackaged produce. Marie Fazio, chicagotribune.com, "Eat your greens: Study finds frogs, lizards aren’t as rare as you might think in prepackaged lettuce," 5 Aug. 2019 Despite the efforts of mobile platform developers, many smart phone applications still transmit data that in aggregate can be intercepted, aggregated, and used to surveil their users unprotected by encryption. Sean Gallagher, Ars Technica, "Barr says the US needs encryption backdoors to prevent “going dark.” Um, what?," 4 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Los Malaguistas were given a difficult round of 16 tie against Porto and beat them on aggregate. SI.com, "Atalanta: Why La Dea Could Be the Surprise Package in This Season's Champions League," 9 Sep. 2019 In the aggregate, health made up 7 percent of the gross domestic product. Jeffrey M. Drazen, BostonGlobe.com, "How drug ads drive up health care costs," 13 Aug. 2019 But in the aggregate, the loss of that programming could change its brand identity. Natalie Jarvey, The Hollywood Reporter, "Netflix Under Pressure: Can a Hollywood Disruptor Avoid Getting Disrupted?," 8 Aug. 2019 Films for the 2020 awards must have been been theatrically exhibited publicly to a paying audience on at least 10 commercial screens in the U.K. for at least seven days in aggregate. Alex Ritman, The Hollywood Reporter, "BAFTA Adding Casting Category to 2020 Film, TV Awards," 7 Aug. 2019 The longer-term dot is a measure of where the Fed collectively, on aggregate, thinks it’s going to go. Daniel Kruger, WSJ, "Once a Lonely Bond Bull, HSBC’s Steven Major Takes Stock of This Year’s Rally," 28 June 2019 By 1966, Madrid were back in the European Cup final, having exorcised the ghosts of Inter by dumping Herrera's side out 2-1 on aggregate in the semis. SI.com, "Miguel Muñoz: The Man Who Told Alfredo Di Stefano to F*ck Off & Led the Ye-Ye's to European Glory," 25 July 2019 Apple tells me that performance on this year’s model in the aggregate should be the same as last year’s. Dieter Bohn, The Verge, "Apple MacBook Air (2019) review: the new normal," 17 July 2019 And new evidence suggests that in the aggregate, those faults might rupture more frequently than previously thought. Sandi Doughton, The Seattle Times, "Friday earthquakes on a crustal fault show it’s not only the ‘Big One’ we should fear," 13 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'aggregate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of aggregate

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for aggregate

Adjective

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join, include, lump together," from ad- ad- + -gregāre, verbal derivative of greg-, grex "flock, herd, group" — more at gregarious

Verb

Middle English aggregaten, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

Noun

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Medieval Latin aggregātus, noun derivative of Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

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Statistics for aggregate

Last Updated

12 Sep 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for aggregate

The first known use of aggregate was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for aggregate

aggregate

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by adding together two or more amounts

aggregate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

formal
: to join or combine into a single group
: to equal a specified number or amount

aggregate

noun

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

formal : a total amount

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Kids Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to collect or gather into a mass or whole The particles of sand aggregated into giant dunes.

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Kids Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a mass or body of units or parts The rock is an aggregate of several minerals.
2 : the whole sum or amount They won by an aggregate of 30 points.

aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈag-ri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Medical Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount

Other Words from aggregate

aggregation \ ˌag-​ri-​ˈgā-​shən How to pronounce aggregation (audio) \ noun
It is now known that these calcifications represent focal aggregations of calcium hydroxyapatite … Medical Radiography & Photography, 1982

aggregate

transitive verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ -ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Medical Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

: to collect or gather into a mass or whole aggregated human albumin

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ -gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Medical Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another

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aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Legal Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: taken as a total aggregate liability

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Legal Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to combine or gather into a whole class members may aggregate their individual claims — compare join
2 : to amount to an award aggregating $100,000

intransitive verb

: to form an aggregate they may not aggregate if their claims are regarded as “separate and distinct”— J. M. Landers et al.

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Legal Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : total amount may sue in federal court if the aggregate of the claims exceeds $75,000
2 : a whole made up of individual units the aggregate of operative facts

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