aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount : collective: such as
a(1) : clustered in a dense mass or head an aggregate flower
(2) : formed from several separate ovaries of a single flower aggregate fruit
b : composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments
c : taking all units as a whole aggregate sales

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to collect or gather into a mass or whole The census data were aggregated by gender.
2 : to amount to (a whole sum or total) : total audiences aggregating several million people

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another Froth is an aggregate of tiny bubbles.
2 : the whole sum or amount : sum total spent an aggregate of 10 million dollars in advertising during the past three years
3a : a rock composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments : an aggregate rock
b : any of several hard inert materials (such as sand, gravel, or slag) used for mixing with a cementing material to form concrete, mortar, or plaster
c : a clustered mass of individual soil particles varied in shape, ranging in size from a microscopic granule to a small crumb, and considered the basic structural unit of soil
in the aggregate
: considered as a whole : collectively Dividends for the year amounted in the aggregate to 25 million dollars.

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Other Words from aggregate

Adjective

aggregately adverb
aggregateness noun

Did You Know?

Noun

We added "aggregate" to our flock of Latin borrowings in the 15th century. It descends from "aggregare" ("to add to"), a Latin verb made up of the prefix ad- (which means "to," and which usually changes to "ag-" before a "g") and "greg-" or "grex" (meaning "flock"). "Greg-" also gave us "congregate," "gregarious," and "segregate." "Aggregate" is commonly employed in the phrase "in the aggregate," which means "considered as a whole" (as in the sentence "In the aggregate, the student's various achievements were sufficiently impressive to merit a scholarship"). "Aggregate" also has some specialized senses. For example, it is used for a mass of minerals formed into a rock and for a material, such as sand or gravel, used to form concrete, mortar, or plaster.

Examples of aggregate in a Sentence

Adjective

There were to be thirty-seven playgrounds, twenty schools. There were to be a hundred and thirty-three miles of street, paved with an inch and a half of No. 2 macadam on an aggregate base. — Joan Didion, New Yorker, 26 July 1993 Their success at opening up new sources of supply, generating and servicing demand, and connecting new markets with the processing industries of the Amsterdam entrepôt seemed … to belie the axiom of an inelastic aggregate volume of world trade—a zero-sum competition. — Simon Schama, The Embarrassment of Riches, 1988 The mulberry looks a bit like a raspberry. But the raspberry (along with the other brambles, members of the genus Rubus, such as the blackberry) is an aggregate fruit generated by a single, if complex, flower. — Raymond Sokolov, Natural History, October 1986 With Keynes, standard theory conceded that disequilibria might intrude upon the economy as a whole, but it held that these could be remedied by judicious stabilization of aggregate demand—that is, combined government and consumer purchasing power. — Robert Kuttner, Atlantic, February 1985 The university receives more than half its aggregate income from government sources. The team with the highest aggregate score wins.

Verb

The problem, in this case, is that the synergy creates incentives for segregation. Ethnic advertisers scour the TV schedule for shows and channels that "aggregate" viewers of the type the client wants to reach … — Tamar Jacoby, New Republic, 24 Jan. 2000 "We are good at aggregating eyeballs and delivering services," says Barry Schuler, the president of AOL Interactive Services, "and the Time Warner deal is a natural extension of that." — Barry Schuler, Fortune, 7 Feb. 2000 Pollsters, for the most part, know perfectly well what they are doing. One thing they are doing is aggregating and averaging ephemeral spasms of "mood" that may have commercial or political value. — Christopher Hitchens, Harper's, April 1992 … covered only if each of the corporations involved has capital, surplus and undivided profits aggregating more than $10 million … — Joe Sims et al., National Law Journal, 28 Jan. 1991 The Web site aggregates content from many other sites. over time, her petty thefts aggregated a significant shortfall in the company's books

Noun

In particular, a core of popular politically minded blogs known in the aggregate as the Blogosphere has been a beehive of furious activity. Or should I say a wasp's nest? — Steven Levy, Newsweek, 4 Oct. 2004 It's true that our lives are the aggregate of a lot of little things, that's precisely why, at least once a year, we need to ride the wave of something bigger and bolder than our own little humdrum existence. — Will Manley, Booklist, 1 Sept. 2002 Smallness of enterprises, as in the Japanese bicycle-manufacturing development, is an asset because smallness cuts down administrative and other overhead costs both in individual enterprises and in the aggregate, in comparison with the overhead costs of large operations. — Jane Jacobs, Cities and the Wealth of Nations, (1984) 1985 numerous episodes of pilferage, taken in the aggregate, can really add up to a significant sum
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

This adds to the French oil major's previous investments in the project, bringing its aggregate spend on Tellurian's portfolio close to $907 million. Marissa Luck, Houston Chronicle, "Tellurian, Total finalize big LNG deal," 10 July 2019 Plus, its interior walls were finished with lime plaster, a sand-lime-aggregate material in use since ancient times that is durable and mold-resistant. Cornelia Dean, New York Times, "‘We Cannot Save Everything’: A Historic Neighborhood Confronts Rising Seas," 8 July 2019 Most of all, investment in India is being held back due to the lack of aggregate demand, so that needs to be fixed in order to revive domestic investment. Jayati Ghosh, Quartz India, "“Investment” was mentioned over 30 times in India’s budget speech—but where will it come from?," 8 July 2019 The two teams with the highest aggregate scores at the end of these series will advance to ArenaBowl XXXII, held on the weekend of Aug. 11. Baltimore Sun Staff, baltimoresun.com, "Coppin State sprinter Joseph Amoah victorious at Aliann Pompey Invitational," 8 July 2019 Justin Ritchey, of Orlando, captured first place with an aggregate weight total of 41.8 pounds. Emmett Hall, sun-sentinel.com, "Extreme Kayak Fishing Tournament anglers reel in prize-winning fish," 2 July 2019 Needham said the looming aggregate shortage is real and NIMBY (Not in My Backyard) concerns could prevent Michigan from rebuilding its crumbling roads at a reasonable cost. Paul Egan, Detroit Free Press, "Group wants auditor general to investigate MDOT's role in gravel study," 19 June 2019 The problem with comparing this raw, aggregate data is well documented. The Editorial Board, WSJ, "‘Equal Death Day’: May 3, 2030," 8 Apr. 2019 The eight-day streak is one of the longest on record for bitcoin, and also one of the strongest in terms of aggregate performance. Jason Karaian, Quartz, "Bitcoin is on one of its longest winning streaks in history," 26 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Calibra reserves the right to share aggregated data with Facebook, and will use Facebook data to meet regulatory requirements and increase account security. Sam Dean, latimes.com, "Why Facebook wants its own currency — and why that scares its critics," 18 June 2019 The initiative organizes children to clean beaches, plant trees, sort and aggregate different kinds of plastics for recyclers, who then transport them to recycling facilities. Shayera Dark, Quartz Africa, "The Lagos entrepreneurs championing recycling as a way of life," 7 June 2019 These projections are based on a suite of climate models aggregated in the Localized Constructed Analogs data set developed by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego. Umair Irfan, Vox, "Watch how the climate could change in these US cities by 2050," 24 May 2019 The credit ratings firm predicts aggregated adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization would fall by 15% for six major European auto manufacturers. Nina Trentmann, WSJ, "Higher U.S. Import Tariffs Could Dent Earnings, Credit Ratings at European Car Makers, S&P Says," 26 Mar. 2019 Anyone who knows anything about how the Internet works knows that public-facing online data can easily be scraped and aggregated. Cyrus Farivar, Ars Technica, "Venmo’s terrible idea," 23 July 2018 However, federal loans have yearly and aggregate limits on what a student may borrow, depending on the student’s year in school and whether he or she is considered a dependent. Cheryl Winokur Munk, WSJ, "The Pros and Cons of Federal vs. Private Student Loans," 1 Nov. 2018 Regulators have been considering the release of these data, including ways to anonymize and aggregate them appropriately, for well over a year. Sheila C. Bair And Gaurav Vasisht, WSJ, "The Volcker Rule Needs Transparency More Than ‘Simplification’," 9 Sep. 2018 Carmakers' ultimate objective, Lanctot said, is to build a database of consumer preferences that could be aggregated and sold to outside vendors for marketing purposes, much like Google and Facebook do today. chicagotribune.com, "Pop-up ads in your car? It could be the next big thing," 6 Mar. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The Americans won a home-and-home World Cup qualifying series in 1984, 4-0 on aggregate, thanks to a 4-0 second-leg triumph in St. Louis. Brian Straus, SI.com, "With Reasonable Rotation, USA Wins Gold Cup Group, Has Favorable Path," 26 June 2019 LaFarge’s mine is about 200 to 400 feet underground and is mainly used to produce limestone and dolomite aggregates for construction uses. Steve Lord, Aurora Beacon-News, "Aurora says new lime disposal deal would save city millions of dollars," 6 June 2019 The scoresheet will evaluate candidates on four categories: competence for the office sought, diligence, integrity and temperament and demeanor, and take the aggregate to determine each candidate’s final score. Cory Shaffer, cleveland.com, "Group behind Judge4Yourself unveils changes to how it rates Cuyahoga County judicial candidates," 17 June 2019 The state’s aggregate of $139 million comes from sales of more than 3 million units of cannabis products averaging per-unit spending of $44. BostonGlobe.com, "Adult-use marijuana sales in Massachusetts approach $140M," 12 June 2019 The last time the two sides faced off was in the 2017/18 Champions League round of 16 in which Barca advanced easily 4-1 on aggregate. SI.com, "Barcelona Pre-Season 2019: Where to Watch the Blaugrana Play This Summer," 4 June 2019 But Vulcan, the nation’s largest producer of construction aggregates, is facing stiff resistance to plans to establish a limestone quarry on Texas 46 here in Comal County, and a concrete batch plant on the same road to the west in Kendall County. Zeke Maccormack, San Antonio Express-News, "Vulcan faces fight over projects in Comal and Kendall counties," 4 Mar. 2018 Davis said the two-hole aggregate would be different holes, but not limited to the 17th and 18th holes depending on the course. Doug Ferguson, Houston Chronicle, "US Open abandons 18 playoff, last of golf's majors to do so," 26 Feb. 2018 HitRECord aggregates music, video, writing, and illustration from artists around the world, often crowdsourcing short films from the work of various contributors. Danielle Stein Chizzik, Town & Country, "One-Man Show," 18 Sep. 2013

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'aggregate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of aggregate

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for aggregate

Adjective

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join, include, lump together," from ad- ad- + -gregāre, verbal derivative of greg-, grex "flock, herd, group" — more at gregarious

Verb

Middle English aggregaten, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

Noun

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Medieval Latin aggregātus, noun derivative of Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

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Statistics for aggregate

Last Updated

18 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for aggregate

The first known use of aggregate was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for aggregate

aggregate

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by adding together two or more amounts

aggregate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

formal
: to join or combine into a single group
: to equal a specified number or amount

aggregate

noun

English Language Learners Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

formal : a total amount

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Kids Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to collect or gather into a mass or whole The particles of sand aggregated into giant dunes.

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Kids Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a mass or body of units or parts The rock is an aggregate of several minerals.
2 : the whole sum or amount They won by an aggregate of 30 points.

aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈag-ri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Medical Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount

Other Words from aggregate

aggregation \ ˌag-​ri-​ˈgā-​shən How to pronounce aggregation (audio) \ noun
It is now known that these calcifications represent focal aggregations of calcium hydroxyapatite … Medical Radiography & Photography, 1982

aggregate

transitive verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ -ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Medical Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

: to collect or gather into a mass or whole aggregated human albumin

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ -gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Medical Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another

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aggregate

adjective
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Legal Definition of aggregate

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: taken as a total aggregate liability

aggregate

verb
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \
aggregated; aggregating

Legal Definition of aggregate (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to combine or gather into a whole class members may aggregate their individual claims — compare join
2 : to amount to an award aggregating $100,000

intransitive verb

: to form an aggregate they may not aggregate if their claims are regarded as “separate and distinct”— J. M. Landers et al.

aggregate

noun
ag·​gre·​gate | \ ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio) \

Legal Definition of aggregate (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : total amount may sue in federal court if the aggregate of the claims exceeds $75,000
2 : a whole made up of individual units the aggregate of operative facts

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Comments on aggregate

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