estoppel

noun
es·​top·​pel | \e-ˈstä-pəl \

Definition of estoppel 

: a legal bar to alleging or denying a fact because of one's own previous actions or words to the contrary

Examples of estoppel in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

The players' second claim is for promissory estoppel. Michael Mccann, SI.com, "Should the NCAA Be Worried About the Lawsuit It's Facing From Former Louisville Players?," 12 July 2018 But his attorney, Deputy Public Defender Kevin Brady, argued that the sentencing could not go forward under a legal principle called collateral estoppel, which is akin to double jeopardy. Michael Kiefer, azcentral, "Serial rapist to be sentenced after authorities solve name mystery," 2 July 2018 The plaintiffs are also claiming breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing, promissory estoppel, tortious interference and declaratory judgment against Briggs and McLaughlin. Colin Stutz, Billboard, "Bishop Briggs' Former Manager & Producers File Lawsuit Claiming Breach of Contract," 13 Mar. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estoppel.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estoppel

1531, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for estoppel

probably alteration of Anglo-French estopere stopping, from estoper

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Dictionary Entries near estoppel

Estonian

estop

esto perpetua

estoppel

estoque

Estoril

estr-

Statistics for estoppel

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Time Traveler for estoppel

The first known use of estoppel was in 1531

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More Definitions for estoppel

estoppel

noun
es·​top·​pel | \e-ˈstä-pəl \

Legal Definition of estoppel 

1 : a bar to the use of contradictory words or acts in asserting a claim or right against another especially : equitable estoppel in this entry — compare waiver

equitable estoppel

: an estoppel that prevents a person from adopting a new position that contradicts a previous position maintained by words, silence, or actions when allowing the new position to be adopted would unfairly harm another person who has relied on the previous position to his or her loss

called also estoppel in pais

Note: Traditionally equitable estoppel required that the original position was a misrepresentation which was being denied in the new position. Some jurisdictions retain the requirement of misrepresentation.

estoppel by deed

: an estoppel precluding a person from denying the truth of any matter that he or she asserted in a deed especially regarding his or her title to the property — compare after-acquired title at title

estoppel by silence

: an estoppel preventing a person from making an assertion to another's disadvantage when the person previously had the opportunity and duty to speak but failed to do so

estoppel in pais

: equitable estoppel in this entry

file wrapper estoppel

: an estoppel in patent law barring an applicant who has acquiesced in the rejection of a broad claim in the application for a patent from later asserting that a claim deliberately more restricted is equivalent to the original claim

called also prosecution history estoppel

promissory estoppel

: an estoppel that prevents a promisor from denying the existence of a promise when the promisee reasonably and foreseeably relies on the promise and to his or her loss acts or fails to act and suffers an injustice that can only be avoided by enforcement of the promise

prosecution history estoppel

: file wrapper estoppel in this entry

quasi estoppel

: an equitable estoppel that does not require misrepresentation by one party nor reliance or ignorance by the other party

2a : a bar to the relitigation of issues

collateral estoppel

: estoppel by judgment barring the relitigation of issues litigated by the same parties on a different cause of action broadly : estoppel by judgment barring the relitigation of issues litigated by the same parties on a different or the same cause of action

direct estoppel

: estoppel by judgment barring the relitigation of issues litigated by the same parties on the same cause of action

estoppel by judgment

: a bar to the relitigation in a second action of issues already determined in a previous action especially : collateral estoppel in this entry

called also estoppel by verdict, issue preclusion

— see also former adjudication — compare merger sense 4, res judicata

b : the affirmative defense of estoppel

by estoppel

: arising from the operation of estoppel an entrapment by estoppel

History and Etymology for estoppel

probably from Middle French estoupail plug, stopper, from estouper to stop up — see estop

More from Merriam-Webster on estoppel

Nglish: Translation of estoppel for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of estoppel for Arabic Speakers

Comments on estoppel

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