supply

1 of 3

noun

plural supplies
1
a
: the quantity or amount (as of a commodity) needed or available
beer was in short supply in that hot weatherNevil Shute
b
: provisions, stores
usually used in plural
c
: a member of the clergy filling a vacant pulpit temporarily
d
obsolete : reinforcements
often used in plural
2
: the act or process of filling a want or need
engaged in the supply of raw materials to industry
3
: the quantities of goods or services offered for sale at a particular time or at one price
4
: something that maintains or constitutes a supply
5
obsolete : assistance, succor

supply

2 of 3

verb

sup·​ply sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio)
supplied; supplying

transitive verb

1
a
: to make available for use : provide
supplied the necessary funds
b
: to satisfy the needs or wishes of
c
: to provide for : satisfy
laws by which the material wants of men are suppliedBulletin of Bates College
d
: to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (such as blood or nerve fibers)
2
: to substitute for another in
specifically : to serve as a supply in (a church or pulpit)
3
: to add as a supplement

intransitive verb

: to serve as a supply or substitute
supplier noun

supply

3 of 3

less common spelling of supplely

Examples of supply in a Sentence

Noun adequate supplies of fresh water He bought a month's supply of cigarettes. They took a month's worth of supplies on the camping trip. The town is in need of basic medical supplies. a store that sells art supplies The state is trying to disrupt the supply of illegal drugs. The storm interrupted the town's electricity supply. Verb The company supplied the necessary money. You'll have to supply your own food.
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
The Oak Creek coal plant is an everyday contributor to customers' electric power supply, one that is being replaced by solar and wind power. Karl Ebert, Journal Sentinel, 8 Apr. 2024 Order it now for just $5 while supplies last! RULES OF THE GAME: 1. Kathleen Saxe, The Mercury News, 8 Apr. 2024 The company, founded in 1982, once offered an assortment of groceries, beauty products, and household supplies at a steep discount. Francisco Velasquez, Quartz, 8 Apr. 2024 Michigan retail chains expected to carry solar eclipse glasses: Walmart Lowe's Menards Kroger Meijer Staples Detroit Public Library Detroit Public Library is hosting viewing parties at each of its open branches, supplying eclipse glasses while supplies last. Detroit Free Press, 8 Apr. 2024 This place, this idea, demands of its adherents what religion does any pilgrim — devotion, sacrifice, faith that all will be worth it in the end — and supplies in turn the same benefits — ritual, community, comfort. Matt Brennan, Los Angeles Times, 8 Apr. 2024 Thus armed, Ukraine could cut off Russia’s line forces from supply, forcing their withdrawal from the country. Robert Zubrin, National Review, 7 Apr. 2024 Lentil soup is often all the family can afford in Deir al-Balah, where market supplies are thin and food prices have rocketed. Mohammad Al Sawalhi, CNN, 7 Apr. 2024 Nearly 150 were out of medicine, and others were nearing the end of their supply. Casey Parks, Washington Post, 7 Apr. 2024
Verb
America supplied Israel with the weaponry required to free the hostages and destroy Hamas as a coherent military force. Matthew Continetti, National Review, 6 Apr. 2024 In October 2023, Colorado Parks and Wildlife announced a one-year agreement with the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife to supply the state with gray wolves. USA TODAY, 4 Apr. 2024 But the rail lines that both sides need to supply troops are intact. Claire Harbage, NPR, 4 Apr. 2024 The United States has supplied Israel with weapons since the war began. Adam Taylor, Washington Post, 2 Apr. 2024 But the President has continued to insure that Israel is supplied with weapons and aid. Isaac Chotiner, The New Yorker, 2 Apr. 2024 The Colorado River supplies cities and farmlands in seven states from Wyoming to California, as well as 30 tribal nations. Ian James, Los Angeles Times, 28 Mar. 2024 Each item supplied by PlaygroundEquipment.com meets the industry’s national safety and quality standards as set by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). Brianna Kamienski, USA TODAY, 27 Mar. 2024 The test starts with a collection of malware-hosting web pages supplied by the researchers at MRG-Effitas. PCMAG, 27 Mar. 2024

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'supply.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

derivative of supply entry 2

Verb

Middle English supplien "to fill up, accomplish, discharge (an office)," borrowed from Middle French soupplier "to add what is lacking to" (also souppleer, suploier "to make up for [a lack, deficiency]," suppleer a, soupplir "to replace"), going back to Latin supplēre "to fill up, complete, raise (a military unit, crew) to its full complement, make good a deficiency in," from sub- sub- + plēre "to fill" — more at full entry 1

Note: Though the French verb receives its semantic start with Latin supplēre, none of the great variety of formal outcomes appear to be directly traceable to it. Variants such as suploier and soupplier have evidently been crossed with outcomes of supplicāre "to sue for forgiveness, supplicate" (see also suppliant entry 1). The form suppleer, which may be directly behind Modern French suppléer, appears to have been both latinized (after supplēre) and conformed to verbs such as créer. The variant soupplir suggests the general Romance re-formation *supplīre (compare Old Occitan and Spanish suplir, Italian sopperire).

First Known Use

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 3

Time Traveler
The first known use of supply was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near supply

Cite this Entry

“Supply.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/supply. Accessed 22 Apr. 2024.

Kids Definition

supply

1 of 2 verb
sup·​ply sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio)
supplied; supplying
1
: to add as a supplement
2
a
: to provide for : satisfy
enough to supply the demand
b
: to make available for use
supplied the necessary money
c
: to satisfy the needs or wishes of
supplier noun

supply

2 of 2 noun
plural supplies
1
a
: the quantity or amount of something that is needed or available
the nation's oil supply
b
: store entry 2 sense 1b
usually used in plural
2
: the act or process of filling a want or need
3
: the quantities of goods or services offered for sale at a particular time or at one price

Medical Definition

supply

transitive verb
sup·​ply sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio)
supplied; supplying
: to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (as blood or nerve fibers)
used of nerves and blood vessels
the mandibular foramen transmits blood vessels and nerves supplying the lower teeth

More from Merriam-Webster on supply

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