stock

noun
\ ˈstäk How to pronounce stock (audio) \

Definition of stock

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : a store or supply accumulated or available especially : the inventory of goods of a merchant or manufacturer
b(1) : the equipment, materials, or supplies of an establishment
(2) : livestock
2a : the proprietorship element in a corporation usually divided into shares and represented by transferable certificates
b : a portion of such stock of one or more companies
3 : a supporting framework or structure: such as
a stocks plural : a device for publicly punishing offenders consisting of a wooden frame with holes in which the feet or feet and hands can be locked
b(1) : the wooden part by which a shoulder arm is held during firing
(2) : the butt of an implement (such as a whip or fishing rod)
(3) : bitstock, brace
c : a long beam on a field gun forming the third support point in firing
d stocks plural : the frame or timbers holding a ship during construction
4a(1) : the descendants of one individual : family, lineage of European stock
(2) : a compound organism
b : the original (such as a person, race, or language) from which others derive : source
c : an infraspecific group usually having unity of descent
d(1) : a related group of languages
(2) : a language family
5a : liquid in which meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered that is used as a basis for soup, gravy, or sauce
b(1) : raw material from which something is manufactured
(2) : paper used for printing
c : the portion of a pack of cards not distributed to the players at the beginning of a game
6a : confidence or faith placed in someone or something put little stock in his testimony
b(1) : an estimate or evaluation of something take stock of the situation
(2) : the estimation in which someone or something is held his stock with the electorate remains highNewsweek
7a : the main stem of a plant : trunk
b(1) : a plant or plant part united with a scion in grafting and supplying mostly underground parts to a graft
(2) : a plant from which slips or cuttings are taken
8 : the production and presentation of plays by a stock company
10 : the crosspiece of an anchor — see anchor illustration
11a(1) : the part of a tally formerly given to the creditor in a transaction
(2) : a debt or fund due (as from a government) for money loaned at interest also, British : capital or a debt or fund bearing interest in perpetuity and not ordinarily redeemable as to principal
b archaic : a supply of capital : funds especially : money or capital invested or available for investment or trading
12 : any of a genus (Matthiola) of Old World herbs or subshrubs of the mustard family with racemes of usually sweet-scented flowers
13 : a wide band or scarf worn about the neck especially by some clergymen
14a(1) : a dull, stupid, or lifeless person
(2) archaic : something without life or consciousness
b archaic : stump
c archaic : a log or block of wood
in stock
: on hand : in the store and ready for delivery
out of stock
: having no more on hand : completely sold out

stock

verb
stocked; stocking; stocks

Definition of stock (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to procure or keep a stock of our store stocks that brand
2 : to provide with stock or a stock : supply stock a stream with trout
3 : to fit to or with a stock
4 : to graze (livestock) on land
5 : to make (a domestic animal) pregnant

intransitive verb

1 : to put in stock or supplies stock up on canned goods
2 : to send out new shoots

stock

adjective

Definition of stock (Entry 3 of 3)

1a : commonly used or brought forward : standard the stock answer
b : kept regularly in stock comes in stock sizes a stock model
2 : employed in handling, checking, or taking care of the stock of merchandise on hand a stock clerk
3a : kept for breeding purposes : brood a stock mare
b : devoted to the breeding and rearing of livestock a stock farm
c : used or intended for livestock a stock train
d : used in herding livestock a stock horse a stock dog
4 : of or relating to a stock company

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Examples of stock in a Sentence

Noun That camera is out of stock. Do you have any more light bulbs in stock? They carry a large stock of computer software. We built up an ample stock of food before the storm. She always seems to have a fresh stock of funny jokes. The value of his stocks has soared. Most of her money is invested in stocks. Do you own any stock? Verb Our store stocks only the finest goods. Do you stock this item? The bar is stocked with beer, wine and liquor. They stocked the shelves in the store with a variety of imported foods. Adjective Here are the stock patterns you can choose from. She gave a stock answer to the reporter's question. a dull narrative with stock characters That item is a stock model.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The large store offered a varied stock of books, office supplies, and stationery items. Tom Dillard, Arkansas Online, "OPINION | TOM DILLARD: A book collector’s lengthy legacy," 15 Feb. 2021 Two weeks ago, County Judge Nelson Wolff sent a letter to the San Antonio Livestock Exposition, which runs the stock show and rodeo, asking that this year’s event be suspended because of the risk of spreading the coronavirus. Vincent T. Davis, San Antonio Express-News, "Coronavirus, venue change don't stop veteran announcers from calling events at San Antonio's annual rodeo," 13 Feb. 2021 Nøttestad, too, thought that ICES’s stock estimation in 2019 was too low. Regin Winther Poulsen, The Atlantic, "The Rules for Dividing the Ocean’s Riches Are Breaking," 13 Feb. 2021 Not so much, and there's more space between stock cars pack racing on the superspeedway than there is between most campers. Dan Gelston, Star Tribune, "Party in a pandemic: NASCAR fans power through at Daytona," 13 Feb. 2021 Robert Higgs reports council members say such a plan – an aggressive approach to fund repairs and improvements to housing stock and to code enforcement -- is needed immediately. Cliff Pinckard, cleveland, "Ohio eliminates coronavirus curfew: The Wake Up for Friday, Feb. 12, 2021," 12 Feb. 2021 These same phenomena are a big part of the Tesla stock story. Andrew Stuttaford, National Review, "The Bubble’s Passive Accomplice," 12 Feb. 2021 O’Brien’s stock was soaring as the Patriots marched toward the Super Bowl, and besides NFL head-coaching interest from the Jacksonville Jaguars, the Nittany Lions set their sights on New England’s play-caller. Mike Rodak | Mrodak@al.com, al, "Inside the NFL, college experience Bill O’Brien brings to Alabama," 12 Feb. 2021 Dallas home health care tech company Signify Health rang the bell on the New York Stock Exchange floor Thursday for an initial stock offering valuing the company at $7 billion. Dom Difurio, Dallas News, "Signify Health goes public with $7 billion valuation as CEO says company is ‘long on Dallas’," 11 Feb. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb In Memphis, Tennessee, snow started falling Sunday afternoon, and while main roads were still passable, lines formed during the day at grocery stores as people rushed to stock up. Tim Darnell, ajc, "More than 2 million without power in Texas as snow, ice blanket southern Plains," 15 Feb. 2021 When gyms across the country closed last year amid the pandemic, people rushed to stock up on home exercise equipment like free weights, resistance bands, weight benches, etc. Amanda Tarlton, USA TODAY, "10 huge trends that will be everywhere in 2021," 5 Jan. 2021 Just buy a bare rack and stock it with good spices, like selections from Burlap & Barrel. Matt Jancer, Wired, "How to Cook in Your Tiny Kitchen (and Stay Sane)," 1 Jan. 2021 Pfizer has purchased equipment to manufacture its own dry ice, but regional health care systems will also need to source and stock it. Maddie Bender, Popular Science, "What the Dippin’ Dots ‘cold chain’ can teach us about COVID-19 vaccines," 15 Dec. 2020 At Amazon, those workers unload products from manufacturers and third-party sellers, stock them in the shelves of their massive warehouses and pick the goods from those shelves to pack orders from customers. Jay Greene, Washington Post, "Amazon’s big holiday shopping advantage: An in-house shipping network swollen by pandemic-fueled growth," 27 Nov. 2020 Once the large donation got to the food bank, some St. Paul’s students volunteered to sort and stock it in the warehouse. NOLA.com, "St. Paul's School donates more than 5 tons of food," 23 Nov. 2020 If a customer requested something, the owners would stock it. Rick Rojas, New York Times, "After Storms, They Built Higher. They Dread Doing It Again.," 23 Sep. 2020 Matches Fashion didnt’ stock them until this month. refinery29.com, "When Fashion Met Face Masks," 1 Sep. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective And the reassuringly stock characters require no special actorly finesse to bring to life. Ben Brantley, New York Times, "Turn the Living Room into a Stage: Read Plays Out Loud," 27 Mar. 2020 Anne Carpenter, an owner of an Ace Hardware store in Berkeley, said the retailer doesn’t usually stock air conditioners. Melia Russell, SFChronicle.com, "Air conditioners, a Bay Area rarity, are selling out," 11 June 2019 The Red Branch production directed by Stephanie Lynn Williams features an endearing cast whose performances make potentially stock characters spring to life. Mike Giuliano, Columbia Flier, "Aristophanes would laugh at 'Lysistrata Jones'," 23 Aug. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'stock.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of stock

Noun

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 14b

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 5

Adjective

1625, in the meaning defined at sense 1b

History and Etymology for stock

Noun

Middle English stok, from Old English stocc; akin to Old High German stoc stick

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Time Traveler for stock

Time Traveler

The first known use of stock was before the 12th century

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Statistics for stock

Last Updated

20 Feb 2021

Cite this Entry

“Stock.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/stock. Accessed 24 Feb. 2021.

Style: MLA
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More Definitions for stock

stock

noun

English Language Learners Definition of stock

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: the supply of goods available for sale in a store
: a supply of something that is available for use
: a share of the value of a company which can be bought, sold, or traded as an investment

stock

verb

English Language Learners Definition of stock (Entry 2 of 3)

: to have a supply of (something) in a store for sale
: to fill (something, such as a room or a building) with a supply of food, drinks, etc.

stock

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of stock (Entry 3 of 3)

: regularly used or included with something
: commonly used and not original or interesting
: usually available for sale in a store

stock

noun
\ ˈstäk How to pronounce stock (audio) \

Kids Definition of stock

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : the whole supply or amount on hand Our stock of food is running low.
2 stocks plural : a wooden frame with holes to hold the feet or the feet and hands once used to punish a wrongdoer publicly
3 : the wooden part by which a rifle or shotgun is held against the shoulder during firing
4 : the source from which others descend : ancestry He is of Irish stock.
5 : farm animals : livestock, cattle
6 : a part ownership in a business that can be traded independently
7 : liquid in which meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered
in stock
: on hand : in the store and available for purchase

stock

verb
stocked; stocking

Kids Definition of stock (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to provide with or get supplies especially for future use I'm stocking up on groceries.
2 : to get or keep a supply of That store stocks only the best goods.

stock

adjective

Kids Definition of stock (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : kept regularly in supply especially for sale The window comes in stock sizes.
2 : commonly used : standard He gave a stock answer.

stock

noun
\ ˈstäk How to pronounce stock (audio) \

Medical Definition of stock

: a population, colony, or culture of organisms used for scientific research or medical purposes smallpox virus stocks retained for research into new vaccines and treatments against smallpox

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stock

noun

Legal Definition of stock

1a : the equipment, materials, or supplies of a business
b : a store or supply accumulated especially : the inventory of the goods of a merchant or manufacturer
2 : the ownership element in a corporation usually divided into shares and represented by transferable certificates also : the certificate evidencing ownership of one or more shares of stock
capital stock
1 : the stock that a corporation may issue under its charter including both common and preferred stock
2 : the outstanding shares of a joint stock company considered as an aggregate
common stock
: a class of stock whose holders share in company profits (as through dividends) on a pro rata basis, may vote for directors and on important matters such as mergers, and may have limited access to information not publicly available
cumulative preferred stock
: preferred stock whose holders are entitled to the payment of cumulative dividends as well as current dividends before common stockholders are paid
growth stock
: stock issued by a growth company
margin stock
: stock that may be purchased in a margin account
no-par value stock
: stock issued with no par value which may be carried for corporate accounting purposes as part of the capital stock or as part of the capital surplus to the extent allowed by law

called also no-par stock

penny stock
: the stock of a small company not listed on a major exchange and traditionally selling at less than a dollar a share
preferred stock
: a class of corporate stock whose holders are guaranteed payment of dividends and a share of asset distribution before the holders of common stock but are usually denied voting rights
Treasury stock
: stock that is reacquired and held by the issuing company (as to increase the market value of traded shares)
voting stock
: stock (as common stock) entitling the holder to vote in matters of corporate governance
watered stock
: stock issued with a par value greater than the value of the underlying assets

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