1

stock

play
noun \ ˈstäk \

Definition of stock

1 a archaic :stump
b archaic :a log or block of wood
c (1) archaic :something without life or consciousness
(2) :a dull, stupid, or lifeless person
2 :a supporting framework or structure: such as
a stocks plural :the frame or timbers holding a ship during construction
b stocks plural :a device for publicly punishing offenders consisting of a wooden frame with holes in which the feet or feet and hands can be locked
c (1) :the wooden part by which a shoulder arm is held during firing
(2) :the butt of an implement (such as a whip or fishing rod)
(3) :bitstock, brace
d :a long beam on a field gun forming the third support point in firing
3 a :the main stem of a plant :trunk
b (1) :a plant or plant part united with a scion in grafting and supplying mostly underground parts to a graft
(2) :a plant from which slips or cuttings are taken
4 :the crosspiece of an anchor — see anchor illustration
5 a :the original (such as a person, race, or language) from which others derive :source
b (1) :the descendants of one individual :family, lineage
  • of European stock
(2) :a compound organism
c :an infraspecific group usually having unity of descent
d (1) :a related group of languages
(2) :a language family
6 a (1) :the equipment, materials, or supplies of an establishment
(2) :livestock
b :a store or supply accumulated or available; especially :the inventory of goods of a merchant or manufacturer
7 a archaic :a supply of capital :funds; especially :money or capital invested or available for investment or trading
b (1) :the part of a tally formerly given to the creditor in a transaction
(2) :a debt or fund due (as from a government) for money loaned at interest; alsoBritish :capital or a debt or fund bearing interest in perpetuity and not ordinarily redeemable as to principal
c (1) :the proprietorship element in a corporation usually divided into shares and represented by transferable certificates
(2) :a portion of such stock of one or more companies
8 :any of a genus (Matthiola) of Old World herbs or subshrubs of the mustard family with racemes of usually sweet-scented flowers
9 :a wide band or scarf worn about the neck especially by some clergymen
10 a :liquid in which meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered that is used as a basis for soup, gravy, or sauce
b (1) :raw material from which something is manufactured
(2) :paper used for printing
c :the portion of a pack of cards not distributed to the players at the beginning of a game
11 a (1) :an estimate or evaluation of something
  • take stock of the situation
(2) :the estimation in which someone or something is held
  • his stock with the electorate remains high
  • Newsweek
b :confidence or faith placed in someone or something
  • put little stock in his testimony
12 :the production and presentation of plays by a stock company
13 :stock car 1
in stock
:on hand :in the store and ready for delivery
out of stock
:having no more on hand :completely sold out

Examples of stock in a Sentence

  1. That camera is out of stock.

  2. Do you have any more light bulbs in stock?

  3. They carry a large stock of computer software.

  4. We built up an ample stock of food before the storm.

  5. She always seems to have a fresh stock of funny jokes.

  6. The value of his stocks has soared.

  7. Most of her money is invested in stocks.

  8. Do you own any stock?

Recent Examples of stock from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'stock.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of stock

Middle English stok, from Old English stocc; akin to Old High German stoc stick


2

stock

verb

Definition of stock

transitive verb
1 :to make (a domestic animal) pregnant
2 :to fit to or with a stock
3 :to provide with stock or a stock :supply
  • stock a stream with trout
4 :to procure or keep a stock of
  • our store stocks that brand
5 :to graze (livestock) on land
intransitive verb
1 :to send out new shoots
2 :to put in stock or supplies
  • stock up on canned goods

Examples of stock in a Sentence

  1. Our store stocks only the finest goods.

  2. Do you stock this item?

  3. The bar is stocked with beer, wine and liquor.

  4. They stocked the shelves in the store with a variety of imported foods.

Recent Examples of stock from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'stock.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of stock

15th century


3

stock

adjective

Definition of stock

1 a :kept regularly in stock
  • comes in stock sizes
  • a stock model
b :commonly used or brought forward :standard
  • the stock answer
2 a :kept for breeding purposes :brood
  • a stock mare
b :devoted to the breeding and rearing of livestock
  • a stock farm
c :used or intended for livestock
  • a stock train
d :used in herding livestock
  • a stock horse
  • a stock dog
3 :of or relating to a stock company
4 :employed in handling, checking, or taking care of the stock of merchandise on hand
  • a stock clerk

Examples of stock in a Sentence

  1. Here are the stock patterns you can choose from.

  2. She gave a stock answer to the reporter's question.

  3. a dull narrative with stock characters

  4. That item is a stock model.

Recent Examples of stock from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'stock.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of stock

1625

Other Animal Husbandry Terms


Financial Definition of STOCK

stock

What It Is

Growth stocks are fast-growing, higher-risk companies. They tend to be young. They offer a higher chance of higher returns and a higher chance of bankruptcy.

How It Works

The nature of a company's business determines many of the characteristics of its stock, especially for growth stocks. For example, blue-chip stocks are issued by high-quality, large companies and generally have steady dividend payments. Their values don't "jump around" as much as shares of smaller, riskier companies, generally speaking, and so conservative investors who like dividend payments and not much risk tend to like blue-chip stocks. Companies that pay out dividends are typically not growth stocks -- they are generally mature companies that feel the highest and best use of its excess cash is dividends rather than, say, research and development or other investments.

Growth stocks are generally riskier than other types of companies, but they also offer a chance at very high returns. These returns are often in the form of capital gains rather than dividends. Tech stocks are generally good examples -- they tend to reinvest all excess cash into their businesses and rely heavily on research and development of products that can be very lucrative but easily outdated.

Why It Matters

It's important to note that a company's stock can fall into more than one category. Large-cap stocks can be blue-chip stocks, growth stocks or income stocks, for example. Small-cap stocks can be growth stocks, income stocks, or tech stocks. However, perhaps the most important attribute of growth stocks is that like all stocks, their holders are the last in line when it comes to getting their money back. If the company goes bankrupt and has to sell off all its assets, the cash from the asset sale first goes to pay off lenders, employees and lawyers. The shareholders get whatever is left (which is usually nothing, or just a few pennies for every dollar they originally invested).

Deciding whether to buy growth stocks, or which growth stocks to buy, requires you to consider your goals in life, your age, your cash needs, future cash needs you might have (retirement, college, etc.), your tax situation, the nature of your other investments, and how much risk you're willing to take.



STOCK Defined for English Language Learners

stock

play
noun

Definition of stock for English Language Learners

  • : the supply of goods available for sale in a store

  • : a supply of something that is available for use

  • : a share of the value of a company which can be bought, sold, or traded as an investment


stock

verb

Definition of stock for English Language Learners

  • : to have a supply of (something) in a store for sale

  • : to fill (something, such as a room or a building) with a supply of food, drinks, etc.


stock

adjective

Definition of stock for English Language Learners

  • : regularly used or included with something

  • : commonly used and not original or interesting

  • : usually available for sale in a store


STOCK Defined for Kids

1

stock

play
noun \ ˈstäk \

Definition of stock for Students

1 :the whole supply or amount on hand
  • Our stock of food is running low.
2 stocks plural :a wooden frame with holes to hold the feet or the feet and hands once used to punish a wrongdoer publicly
3 :the wooden part by which a rifle or shotgun is held against the shoulder during firing
4 :the source from which others descend :ancestry
  • He is of Irish stock.
5 :farm animals :livestock, cattle
6 :a part ownership in a business that can be traded independently
7 :liquid in which meat, fish, or vegetables have been simmered
in stock
:on hand :in the store and available for purchase

2

stock

verb

Definition of stock for Students

stocked; stocking
1 :to provide with or get supplies especially for future use
  • I'm stocking up on groceries.
2 :to get or keep a supply of
  • That store stocks only the best goods.

3

stock

adjective

Definition of stock for Students

1 :kept regularly in supply especially for sale
  • The window comes in stock sizes.
2 :commonly used :standard
  • He gave a stock answer.

Medical Dictionary

stock

play
noun \ ˈstäk \

medical Definition of stock

:a population, colony, or culture of organisms used for scientific research or medical purposes
  • smallpox virus stocks retained for research into new vaccines and treatments against smallpox

Law Dictionary

stock

noun

legal Definition of stock

1 a :the equipment, materials, or supplies of a business
b :a store or supply accumulated; especially :the inventory of the goods of a merchant or manufacturer
2 :the ownership element in a corporation usually divided into shares and represented by transferable certificates; also :the certificate evidencing ownership of one or more shares of stock
capital stock
1 :the stock that a corporation may issue under its charter including both common and preferred stock
2 :the outstanding shares of a joint stock company considered as an aggregate
common stock
:a class of stock whose holders share in company profits (as through dividends) on a pro rata basis, may vote for directors and on important matters such as mergers, and may have limited access to information not publicly available
cumulative preferred stock
:preferred stock whose holders are entitled to the payment of cumulative dividends as well as current dividends before common stockholders are paid
growth stock
:stock issued by a growth company
margin stock
:stock that may be purchased in a margin account
no-par value stock
:stock issued with no par value which may be carried for corporate accounting purposes as part of the capital stock or as part of the capital surplus to the extent allowed by law called also no-par stock
penny stock
:the stock of a small company not listed on a major exchange and traditionally selling at less than a dollar a share
preferred stock
:a class of corporate stock whose holders are guaranteed payment of dividends and a share of asset distribution before the holders of common stock but are usually denied voting rights
Treasury stock
:stock that is reacquired and held by the issuing company (as to increase the market value of traded shares)
voting stock
:stock (as common stock) entitling the holder to vote in matters of corporate governance
watered stock
:stock issued with a par value greater than the value of the underlying assets


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