1

brood

noun \ ˈbrüd \
|Updated on: 14 Jun 2018

Definition of brood

1 : the young of an animal or a family of young; especially : the young (as of a bird or insect) hatched or cared for at one time
  • a hen with her brood of chicks
2 : a group having a common nature or origin
  • the entire brood of chronicle plays
  • —T. S. Eliot
3 : the children of a family
  • takes their brood to church every Sunday

Examples of brood in a Sentence

  1. a hen and her brood of chicks

  2. Mrs. Smith took her brood to church every Sunday.

Recent Examples of brood from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'brood.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

The eggy history of brood

One of the noun senses of brood that is often encountered today is "the children of a family" (as in "they showed up at the picnic with their whole brood"). This may seem as though it is unrelated to the most commonly used verb sense, which is "to think anxiously or gloomily about; ponder," but the two words come from the same source, the Old English brōd. The noun form of brood came first, and the verb, when it appeared in our language, was used to refer to the action of chickens sitting on their eggs. Eventually the verb began to be used in a figurative manner, and took on the "worriedly pondering" sense it has today.

Origin and Etymology of brood

Middle English, from Old English brōd; akin to Middle High German bruot brood and perhaps to Old English beorma yeast — more at barm

2

brood

adjective

Definition of brood

: kept for breeding (see 1breed 3)
  • a brood flock

Origin and Etymology of brood

Middle English brod- (in compounds), attributive use of brod, brood 1brood

Other Animal Husbandry Terms


3

brood

verb

Definition of brood

brooded; brooding; broods
1 a : to sit on or incubate (eggs)
b : to produce by or as if by incubation : hatch
2 of a bird : to cover (young) with the wings
3 : to think anxiously or gloomily about : ponder
  • I used to brood these things on my walk
  • —Christopher Morley
1 a of a bird : to brood eggs or young
b : to sit quietly and thoughtfully : meditate
2 : hover, loom
  • the old fort brooding above the valley
3 a : to dwell gloomily on a subject
  • brooded over his mistake
b : to be in a state of depression
  • sat brooding in her room

Examples of brood in a Sentence

  1. He brooded over his mistake.

  2. After the argument, she sat in her bedroom, brooding.

Recent Examples of brood from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'brood.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of brood

Middle English broden, verbal derivative of brod, brood 1brood

brood Synonyms

Synonyms

hatch, incubate, set c, sit;

Related Words

lay, spawn;


BROOD Defined for English Language Learners

brood

Definition of brood for English Language Learners

  • : a group of young birds (such as chickens) that were all born at the same time

  • : the children in someone's family


brood

Definition of brood for English Language Learners

  • : to think a lot about something in an unhappy way


BROOD Defined for Kids

1

brood

verb \ ˈbrüd \

Definition of brood for Students

brooded; brooding
1 : to sit on eggs to hatch them
2 : to cover (young) with the wings for warmth and protection a hen brooding her chicks
3 : to think long and anxiously about something
  • She brooded over her mistake.

2

brood

noun

Definition of brood for Students

1 : the young of birds hatched at the same time
  • a brood of chicks
2 : a group of young children or animals having the same mother

Medical Dictionary

1

brood

noun \ ˈbrüd \

medical Definition of brood

: the young of an animal or a family of young; especially : the young (as of a bird or insect) hatched or cared for at one time

2

brood

transitive verb

medical Definition of brood

1 a : to sit on or incubate (eggs)
b : to produce by or as if by incubation
2 : to think anxiously or gloomily about
1 of a bird : to brood eggs or young
2 a : to dwell gloomily on a subject
b : to be in a state of depression


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