family

noun
fam·​i·​ly | \ ˈfam-lē How to pronounce family (audio) , ˈfa-mə- \
plural families

Definition of family

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : the basic unit in society traditionally consisting of two parents rearing their children also : any of various social units differing from but regarded as equivalent to the traditional family a single-parent family
b : spouse and children want to spend more time with my family
2 : a group of individuals living under one roof and usually under one head : household
3a : a group of persons of common ancestry : clan
b : a people or group of peoples regarded as deriving from a common stock
4a : a group of people united by certain convictions or a common affiliation : fellowship
b : the staff of a high official (such as the President)
5 : a group of things related by common characteristics: such as
a : a closely related series of elements or chemical compounds
b : a group of soils with similar chemical and physical properties (such as texture, pH, and mineral content) that comprise a category ranking above the series and below the subgroup in soil classification
c : a group of related languages descended from a single ancestral language
6a : a group of related plants or animals forming a category ranking above a genus and below an order and usually comprising several to many genera
b in livestock breeding
(1) : the descendants or line of a particular individual especially of some outstanding female
(2) : an identifiable strain within a breed
7 : a set of curves or surfaces whose equations differ only in parameters
8 : a unit of a crime syndicate (such as the Mafia) operating within a geographical area

family

adjective

Definition of family (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : of or relating to a family (see family entry 1)
2 : designed or suitable for both children and adults family restaurants family movies

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Other Words from family

Noun

familyhood \ ˈfam-​lē-​ˌhu̇d How to pronounce family (audio) , ˈfa-​mə-​ \ noun

What is a family?

The answer to the question “what does family mean?” is both difficult to answer and highly subjective. The word has shifted its meaning considerably since it entered our language, currently contains many different senses, and in at least one of these senses may signify different things to different people. The earliest uses of family denoted “a group of persons in the service of an individual,” a sense that is now archaic. Although this early meaning may seem far afield from the way that most of us use family today, it is not surprising when we consider that the word comes from the Latin familia, which meant “household,” a designation that included both servants and relatives.

In modern use family may refer to one of a number of different groups of people or things collectively, such as chemical compounds, related languages, plants and animals, and people who may or may not share ancestry. Family is often encountered in legal use, but even within the jargon of the law it is not restricted to a single meaning. In many legal contexts family denotes “individuals related by blood, marriage, or adoption,” but in others the definition may be somewhat broader, encompassing groups of individuals not related by these things.

Examples of family in a Sentence

Noun The disappearance of decent-paying low-skilled jobs over the last 30 years makes it virtually impossible for a young high-school dropout to successfully support a family on a legitimate income. — Karen De Witt, Essence, August 1994 A defendant in a racketeering trial was described yesterday as a Mafia captain who had carried out a plot to kill three rivals in the Bonanno crime family. — Arnold H. Lubasch, New York Times, 30 Apr. 1987 Nobody ever came to the farm—through "the big gate," a mile off on the pike—except kin and a family named Rawls: a widow with two daughters and a son, my only playmate. — Robert Penn Warren, Jefferson Davis Gets His Citizenship Back, 1980 It was quite an understood thing in the family that Lord Fawn must marry money. — Anthony Trollope, The Eustace Diamonds, 1871 There were a lot of families at the circus. The show is fun for the whole family. a death in the family There are several doctors on his mother's side of the family. She wants to spend more time with her family. After his father's death he became the head of the family. She's a friend of the family. He spent a quiet evening at home with family. trying to find a balance between work and family He's devoted to his wife and family.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Whaley, an assistant attorney general, also told the jury that the victim's family later found Martin’s dog tags on a shelf in their historic home. Andrew Wolfson, The Courier-Journal, 18 June 2021 Western Digital announced the availability of its new high-performance Ultrastar Edge server family that brings compute closer to where data is generated for faster processing, lower latency and real-time decision making. Tom Coughlin, Forbes, 18 June 2021 D’Alie and the other athletes won’t be able to bring any family or friends to Tokyo which is difficult for her. Ricardo Torres, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 18 June 2021 The Grand Cherokee L’s wheelbase and overall length are greater than all the family haulers I’ve named, but nearly 6 inches shorter than a Chevrolet Tahoe. Mark Phelan, Detroit Free Press, 18 June 2021 In graduate school, Fraga’s focus was a family of desert plants called monkey flowers, which produce quirky blossoms but are weedy and hard to love. Gregory Barber, Wired, 17 June 2021 Yet this was no luxurious family tomb, as might have been expected. Roger Anis, Smithsonian Magazine, 17 June 2021 The afternoon festival, held at the nearby Bates Athletic Complex, features music and dance performances, including the Chuck Brown Band, vendors, artists and family activities. Washington Post, 17 June 2021 In Avon, resident Dana Barcellos-Allen organized a family picnic at the Congregational Church on Sunday; more than 100 people showed up to hear speakers promote the values of inclusion and diversity. Don Stacom, courant.com, 17 June 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Project Manager Joe Fox said that the 9-foot width is standard for mall parking lots, but in multi-family residential, cities like Chicago have been known to go with 8 feet. Thomas Jewell, cleveland, 14 June 2021 Developer Cory O'Donnell of Gremar LLC said the project originally included a multi-family component, but that was later removed. Evan Frank, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 12 June 2021 The Chronicle reviewed data from the Construction Industry Research Board, which showed new housing statewide fell by 10% in 2020, with most of the decrease coming from multi-family unit production. Chronicle Staff, San Francisco Chronicle, 16 May 2021 But in small gatherings that include non-family or non-friends, who could be vaccinated or not, the CDC advises people who haven’t got their COVID-19 shot(s) yet to stay masked. Robin Lloyd, Scientific American, 30 Apr. 2021 But it’s the single- and multi-family markets in the city that are the most competitive right now. BostonGlobe.com, 21 Apr. 2021 There are other types of Circles too, such as those undergoing redundancy or other non-family specific issues. Tim Lai, Forbes, 30 May 2021 But now a person can only drop off two mail-in ballots from non-family members, instead of the unlimited amount previously allowed by law. Steven Lemongello, orlandosentinel.com, 14 May 2021 Police responded to the multi-family home at 26 Taft St. around 12:26 p.m. BostonGlobe.com, 3 May 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'family.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of family

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Adjective

1602, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for family

Noun and Adjective

Middle English familie, from Latin familia household (including servants as well as kin of the householder), from famulus servant

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Time Traveler for family

Time Traveler

The first known use of family was in the 15th century

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Statistics for family

Last Updated

20 Jun 2021

Cite this Entry

“Family.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/family. Accessed 24 Jun. 2021.

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More Definitions for family

family

noun

English Language Learners Definition of family

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a group of people who are related to each other
: a person's children
: a group of related people including people who lived in the past

family

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of family (Entry 2 of 2)

: of or relating to a family
: designed or suitable for both children and adults

family

noun
fam·​i·​ly | \ ˈfa-mə-lē How to pronounce family (audio) , ˈfam-lē \
plural families

Kids Definition of family

1 : a social group made up of parents and their children
2 : a group of people who come from the same ancestor You resemble your mother's side of the family.
3 : a group of people living together : household
4 : a group of things sharing certain characteristics a family of languages
5 : a group of related living things (as plants or animals) that ranks above the genus and below the order in scientific classification Domestic cats, lions, and tigers are some of the members of the cat family.

family

noun
fam·​i·​ly | \ ˈfam-(ə-)lē How to pronounce family (audio) \
plural families

Medical Definition of family

1 : the basic unit in society traditionally consisting of two parents rearing their children also : any of various social units differing from but regarded as equivalent to the traditional family a single-parent family
2 : a group of related plants or animals forming a category ranking above a genus and below an order and usually comprising several to many genera

Other Words from family

family adjective

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family

noun
fam·​i·​ly | \ ˈfam-lē, ˈfa-mə- How to pronounce family (audio) \
plural families

Legal Definition of family

1 : a group of individuals related by blood, marriage, or adoption
2 : a group of usually related individuals who live together under common household authority and especially who have reciprocal duties to each other

Note: The interpretation of the word family in a law context depends upon the area of the law concerned (as contract or zoning law), the purpose of the document (as a statute or contract) in which it is used, and the facts of the case. Often for zoning purposes, the occupants of a group home are considered a family if the organization is like that of a family or if the home is going to be a permanent rather than a transitional residence for the occupants.

Other Words from family

familial \ fə-​ˈmil-​yəl How to pronounce family (audio) \ adjective

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