supply

verb
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to add as a supplement

2 [ Middle French souploier, alteration of soupplier ]

a : to provide for : satisfy laws by which the material wants of men are suppliedBulletin of Bates College
b : to make available for use : provide supplied the necessary funds
c : to satisfy the needs or wishes of
d : to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (such as blood or nerve fibers)
3 : to substitute for another in specifically : to serve as a supply in (a church or pulpit)

intransitive verb

: to serve as a supply or substitute

supply

noun
plural supplies

Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

1 obsolete : assistance, succor
2a obsolete : reinforcements often used in plural
b : a member of the clergy filling a vacant pulpit temporarily
c : the quantity or amount (as of a commodity) needed or available beer was in short supply in that hot weather— Nevil Shute
d : provisions, stores usually used in plural
3 : the act or process of filling a want or need engaged in the supply of raw materials to industry
4 : the quantities of goods or services offered for sale at a particular time or at one price
5 : something that maintains or constitutes a supply

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Other Words from supply

Verb

supplier \ sə-​ˈplī(-​ə)r How to pronounce supplier (audio) \ noun

Synonyms for supply

Synonyms: Verb

accoutre (or accouter), equip, fit (out), furnish, gird, kit (up or out) [chiefly British], outfit, provision, rig

Synonyms: Noun

budget, force, fund, inventory, pool, repertoire, reservoir, stock

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Examples of supply in a Sentence

Verb

The company supplied the necessary money. You'll have to supply your own food.

Noun

adequate supplies of fresh water He bought a month's supply of cigarettes. They took a month's worth of supplies on the camping trip. The town is in need of basic medical supplies. a store that sells art supplies The state is trying to disrupt the supply of illegal drugs. The storm interrupted the town's electricity supply.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Mario de la Ossa, energy specialist at Orbital Insight, said those stores are likely to keep building since the next-largest importers of Venezuelan crude, China and India, are already well supplied. Stephanie Yang, WSJ, "Venezuelan Oil Supplies Hit Five-Year High as Buyers Become Elusive," 21 Feb. 2019 However, it should be noted that Olixar has not supplied case images for the S10 Lite and S10 Plus at this time, only phone renders, so details may be less solid with those models. Michael Simon, PCWorld, "Samsung Galaxy S10 renders show hole-punch camera, headphone jack, and no fingerprint sensor," 13 Dec. 2018 French magazine Telerama and human right groups reported last year on suspicions that a French company had supplied surveillance equipment the Egyptian government used for political repression. Washington Post, "Human rights group denounce France’s military sales to Egypt," 1 July 2018 The Palm Beach County State Attorney’s Office, which released the records already supplied to defense lawyers, will not comment because the case is pending, spokesman Mike Edmondson said. Marc Freeman, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Records reveal MMA fighter Aaron Rajman was killed in drug robbery gone bad," 29 June 2018 These experiments could also further quantum computing efforts, says Anderson, whose company ColdQuanta has supplied the NASA experiment with hardware. Sophia Chen, WIRED, "The Quest to Make Super Cold Quantum Blobs in Space," 25 June 2018 The black High Sierra bag is one of 50 the National City Police Department has supplied to its officers to give away to homeless people. David Hernandez, sandiegouniontribune.com, "National City to hand out duffle bags to homeless people," 22 June 2018 The mine, which will take about seven months to complete, will supply sand for hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas extraction, the company said. Houston Chronicle, "Company to open new sand mine to feed Permian frackers," 12 June 2018 The mine, which will take about seven months to complete, will supply sand for hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas extraction, the company said. Rye Druzin, San Antonio Express-News, "New frac sand mine opens to feed oil boom," 12 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The city, situated amid forestland that offered a healthy supply of timber, saw its first surge of furniture-making in the 17th century, when English makers settled there and continued their craft in a new homeland. Hadley Keller, House Beautiful, "A Tiny North Carolina Town You've Never Heard of Makes Most of America's Furniture," 27 Mar. 2019 Now, why would there be a benefit to creating a supply of children to be adopted by Christian, heterosexual families? Jennifer Wright, Harper's BAZAAR, "The U.S. Is Tracking Migrant Girls' Periods to Stop Them From Getting Abortions," 2 Apr. 2019 Tampons and pads are medical supplies, and women deserve to receive adequate care while they're incarcerated, plain and simple. Glamour, "Politician Votes Against Access to Pads and Tampons in Prison Because It’s Not ‘a Country Club’," 20 Mar. 2019 The housing market follows the old economic principle of price being a function of supply and demand, and demand is strong with the economy doing well and older millennials finally entering stages of life that lead to buying a home. Jeff Andrews, Curbed, "Housing market signaled potential future downturn in 2018," 21 Dec. 2018 On top of SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket will be one of the company’s Dragon cargo capsules, filled with 5,600 pounds of food, water, supplies, and experiments for the six-member crew of the ISS. Loren Grush, The Verge, "Watch SpaceX launch thousands of pounds of cargo and experiments to the International Space Station," 5 Dec. 2018 The governor urged residents to assemble an emergency kit with food, water, medication, pet supplies and important documents. Elizabeth Zwirz, Fox News, "Tropical Storm Florence advances toward Southeast, expected to become 'major hurricane' during the week," 2 Oct. 2018 Workers are so scarce that, in many parts of the country, low-skill jobs are being handed out to pretty much anyone willing to take them—and high-skilled workers are in even shorter supply. Lauren Weber, WSJ, "Inside the Hottest Job Market in Half a Century," 1 Mar. 2019 Other competing airlines end up changing their prices to match, meaning the deals are in no short supply. Megan Stein, Country Living, "Here's the Best Time to Book Your Summer Travel," 27 Feb. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'supply.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of supply

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for supply

Verb

Middle English supplien to complete, compensate for, from Middle French soupplier, from Latin supplēre to fill up, complete, raise (a military unit, crew) to its full complement, substitute, from sub- up + plēre to fill — more at sub-, full

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Statistics for supply

Last Updated

21 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for supply

The first known use of supply was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for supply

supply

verb

English Language Learners Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to make (something) available to be used : to provide someone or something with (something that is needed or wanted)

supply

noun

English Language Learners Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

: the amount of something that is available to be used
: things (such as food, equipment, fuel, etc.) that are needed for a particular purpose and that will be used by a particular person or group
: the process or system by which something is provided to a person, place, etc.

supply

verb
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Kids Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to provide for : satisfy There is enough to supply the demand.
2 : to make available : furnish The tree supplies shade.

supply

noun
plural supplies

Kids Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the amount of something that is needed or can be gotten medical supplies
2 : store entry 2 sense 3 I keep a supply of pencils in my desk.
3 : the act or process of providing something The company is engaged in the supply of raw materials.
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Medical Definition of supply

: to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (as blood or nerve fibers) used of nerves and blood vessels the mandibular foramen transmits blood vessels and nerves supplying the lower teeth

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More from Merriam-Webster on supply

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with supply

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for supply

Spanish Central: Translation of supply

Nglish: Translation of supply for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of supply for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about supply

Comments on supply

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