\ ˈləmp How to pronounce lump (audio) \

Definition of lump

 (Entry 1 of 4)

1 : a piece or mass of indefinite size and shape a lump of coal a lump of clay
2a : aggregate, totality taken in the lump
b : majority few candidates ever started with such a lump who did not get the nomination— R. L. Strout
3 : protuberance especially : an abnormal swelling came to with nothing more than a lump on his head
4 : a person who is heavy and awkward a lump of a man also : one who is stupid or dull
5 lumps plural
a : beatings, bruises had taken a lot of lumps growing up in the city
b : defeat, loss can cheerfully take his lumps on losers, because the payout is big on the winners— Martin Mayer
lump in one's throat
: a constriction of the throat caused by emotion


verb (1)
lumped; lumping; lumps

Definition of lump (Entry 2 of 4)

transitive verb

1 : to group indiscriminately
2 : to make into lumps also : to make lumps on or in
3 : to move noisily and clumsily

intransitive verb

1 : to become formed into lumps
2 : to move oneself noisily and clumsily



Definition of lump (Entry 3 of 4)

: not divided into parts : entire a lump sum


verb (2)
lumped; lumping; lumps

Definition of lump (Entry 4 of 4)

transitive verb

: to put up with like it or lump it

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Examples of lump in a Sentence

Noun turning a lump of clay into a beautiful pot He got a lump on his head after bumping into the doorway.
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Some consumers reported that after calling their servicers, they were left with the impression that a lump sum payment, repayment plan or modification were the only post-forbearance options available. Brenda Richardson, Forbes, "Mortgage Servicing Complaints Reach A Three-Year High," 6 May 2021 Signing up is free, and members are entitled to receive lump-sum cash payouts of up to $45,000 in cases of certain critical illnesses or life-threatening injuries. Keith Zhai, WSJ, "Ant Looks to Revamp a Controversial Business Without Sparking an Outcry," 6 May 2021 The winner chose to take the lump-sum payment of $914,000 instead of the annual payments. Jared Goffinet, The Enquirer, "NKY man wins $1M off of scratch-off ticket," 5 May 2021 The original developer of the hotel complex, Westshaw Associates, paid the city an initial lump sum of just under $2 million to buy nearby habitat and preserve it. David Garrick, San Diego Union-Tribune, "San Diego sues Grand Del Mar resort for $1.5M in allegedly unpaid fees," 4 May 2021 Jaynes agreed to pay the owners in monthly installments over several years as well as a sizable lump sum due last August. Kristen Leigh Painter, Star Tribune, "Twin Cities produce suppliers say new private-equity owner left them to rot," 1 May 2021 Families would see monthly payments of $250 to $300 per child through December and then the rest of the money next year during tax time, instead of the usual lump sum issued once a year. Nushrat Rahman, Detroit Free Press, "Child tax credits are expected to start arriving in July. Here's what to know," 29 Apr. 2021 Unlike a grant or loan where venue owners receive a lump sum of money and pay bills out of that, Subscribe to Live will pay bills directly on their behalves. Taylor Mims, Billboard, "San Francisco Nonprofit Will Pay Struggling Indie Venues' Bills," 28 Apr. 2021 There are a few situations where taking a lump sum may be smart. Liz Weston, oregonlive, "Liz Weston: Should retiring worker take lump-sum pension payment? Not so fast," 25 Apr. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Pandemia teems with mental health challenges, but don’t lump in possessiveness, control or blaming. Washington Post, "Carolyn Hax: It’s simple, support your sister," 10 Mar. 2021 Instead of tracking you, Google will essentially profile you, lump you into a group of like-minded people, and then serve ads based on your like-minded interests. Mark Hachman, PCWorld, "Google Chrome will replace third-party cookies with tracking that's less intrusive," 3 Mar. 2021 The extraordinary, thin-skinned Pentagon effort to lump Tucker Carlson in with foes such as the Chinese is an illustration of this larger — and increasingly dangerous — pathology. Victor Davis Hanson, National Review, "Why Is Our Military Choosing New Enemies?," 18 Mar. 2021 The simplest epidemiological models lump everyone into three buckets—susceptible, infected and recovered—and neglect this complex structure of connections. Kelsey Houston-edwards, Scientific American, "The Mathematics of How Connections Become Global," 16 Mar. 2021 There are no nationwide statistics on carjacking, as many enforcement agencies lump the crime into more general robbery tallies. Washington Post, "Teens drive brutal spike in carjackings with covid limiting school and supervision," 25 Feb. 2021 Instead, the agency would lump the category of mail — which includes letters, magazines, catalogs among others — into the same three- to five-day window as nonlocal mail. NBC News, "Biden expected to diversify USPS board, cement Democrats' oversight with appointments," 24 Feb. 2021 Both Cohen and Francis said this should be considered not one but three polar vortex disruptions, though some scientists lump it all together. Seth Borenstein, Star Tribune, "EXPLAINER: Topsy-turvy weather comes from polar vortex," 16 Feb. 2021 Other states remove inactive voters, deceased voters or those who moved out of state from all parties, and lump those people together with voters who changed their own registrations. New York Times, "‘There’s Nothing Left’: Why Thousands of Republicans Are Leaving the Party," 10 Feb. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The Malaysian government has offered monthly assistance to the unemployed and lump payments to workers in certain sectors. Matt Apuzzo, New York Times, "Covid-19’s Economic Pain Is Universal. But Relief? Depends on Where You Live.," 23 Mar. 2020 The menu includes grilled salmon salad on a corn tostada, red fish with tomato artichoke beurre blanc sauce, enchiladas with lump crab meat, chocolate strawberries and churros. Audrey Eads, Dallas News, "Plan a special Valentine’s Day meal at one of these D-FW restaurants," 7 Feb. 2020 This means making sure you get paid for all your unused vacation time or PTO, and, if applicable, understanding the options for your company stock and pension (for example, single life, lump sum, or joint with survivor). Nathan Bachrach And Amy Wagner,, "Simply Money: Forced into retirement? The crucial first steps to take," 4 Feb. 2020 States under the total lump sum block-grant model would be required to keep health service spending at a level of at least 80% of the target. Stephanie Armour, WSJ, "Trump Administration to Give States Wide Latitude in Medicaid Block-Grant Plan," 30 Jan. 2020 Under the wages provision in the new contract, a firefighter who has been on the force for five years, earning $57,900, would get a 5 percent lump sum payment of $2,895. Joshua Fechter,, "Details emerge about new five-year union contract for San Antonio firefighters," 24 Jan. 2020 If that funding is converted to a block grant, a state could get a limited, lump sum of federal money instead. Stephanie Armour, WSJ, "Trump Administration to Soon Issue Guidance on Medicaid Block Grants," 19 Jan. 2020 Members will also receive raises equal to 6% of wages over the life of the contract, and two lump sum payments equal to 4% of annual wages. Chris Isidore, CNN, "Auto workers OK labor deal at Fiat Chrysler," 11 Dec. 2019 In the deal, workers would receive $9,000 before taxes, plus lump sum payments for skilled-trades workers of $1,000 this year and in 2021. Grace Schneider, The Courier-Journal, "Louisville's Ford production workers reject UAW contract, but it's approved nationwide," 16 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'lump.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of lump


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb (1)

1624, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1


circa 1700, in the meaning defined above

Verb (2)

1791, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for lump

Noun, Verb (1), and Adjective

Middle English

Verb (2)

origin unknown

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Time Traveler for lump

Time Traveler

The first known use of lump was in the 14th century

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Statistics for lump

Last Updated

10 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Lump.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 17 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for lump



English Language Learners Definition of lump

: a small piece or mass of something
: an area of swelling or growth on your body


\ ˈləmp How to pronounce lump (audio) \

Kids Definition of lump

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a small piece or chunk a lump of coal
2 : a swelling or growth She got a lump on her forehead.
3 : a tight feeling in the throat caused by emotion


lumped; lumping

Kids Definition of lump (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : to group together Lump all the clothing into one pile.
2 : to form into lumps The gravy lumped.



Kids Definition of lump (Entry 3 of 3)

: not divided into parts a lump sum


\ ˈləmp How to pronounce lump (audio) \

Medical Definition of lump

1 : a piece or mass of indefinite size and shape
2 : an abnormal mass or swelling presenting as a neck lump

More from Merriam-Webster on lump

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for lump

Nglish: Translation of lump for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of lump for Arabic Speakers

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