bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a archaic : disable
b : batter, dent bruise armor
2 : to inflict an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin or a similar injury to plant tissue : to inflict a bruise (see bruise entry 2 sense 1) on : contuse bruised her arm when he grabbed her
3 : to break down (leaves, berries, etc.) by pounding : crush
4 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on The professional and personal tumbles that have bruised your ego in the past 12 months are over. New Woman

intransitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise
2 : to bear or show the effects of a bruise : to undergo bruising her skin bruises easily

bruise

noun

Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin : contusion
b : a similar injury to plant tissue
3 : an injury especially to the feelings criticisms that left a bruise

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Synonyms for bruise

Synonyms: Noun

contusion

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Examples of bruise in a Sentence

Verb

She bruised her knee when she fell. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.

Noun

He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell. a bruise on an apple
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Questions around Harris’ background seemed prompted by a bruising exchange between her and former Vice President Joe Biden during Thursday’s debates. Time, "Democratic Candidates Condemn 'Attacks' on Sen. Kamala Harris' Race," 30 June 2019 The officer retrieved the woman’s cellphone from his left front pocket and observed more injuries on the woman, including bruising on her right arm and the right side of her neck, the affidavit said. Michelle L. Quinn, Post-Tribune, "Police: Boyfriend charged in Hammond domestic incident," 11 June 2019 Done: There’s now an available turbocharged version, with 250 horsepower and a bruising 310 lb-ft of torque. Ezra Dyer, Popular Mechanics, "The 2019 Popular Mechanics Automotive Excellence Awards," 16 Apr. 2019 The autopsy report found that Abigail's body had bruising on her buttocks and legs. Lauren Smiley, Glamour, "Sarah Hart Was ‘Intoxicated’: Everything We’ve Learned So Far About the Hart Family From the Coroner’s Inquest," 5 Apr. 2019 In the last few years, the magazine has struggled with staff turnover, leadership changes and allegations that bruised its public image. Melissa Repko, Dallas News, "Texas Monthly bought by billionaire oil and gas heiress," 25 June 2019 Their mouthparts bruise then suck sap from the foliage of flowering plants, trees, evergreens, roses and shrubs, vegetables and houseplants. Betty Cahill, The Denver Post, "How to get bad insects out of your garden, from Japanese beetles to spider mites," 24 June 2019 Clarke's bruising around the rim should pair perfectly with Jaren Jackson Jr.'s spacier game, and both of them will be great on the break with Morant. Andrew Sharp, SI.com, "2019 NBA Draft Winners and Losers: Grizzlies, Suns, and Two Stories for the Pelicans," 21 June 2019 Shannon Coulter was a selfless, bruising player who could have rushed for 2,000 yards in 1994 when Peoria shared the Class 4A state championship with Tucson Sahuaro. Richard Obert, azcentral, "Peoria will celebrate football standout Shannon Coulter's life in Saturday ceremony," 21 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

One was a Cuban man, Carlos Cordero Roque, 31, who was released by his captors on Sunday night, with bruises lining his back. Kevin Sieff, BostonGlobe.com, "US begins returning asylum seekers to one of Mexico’s most dangerous states," 10 July 2019 Figueroa-Garcia kept quiet, but sought medical treatment days later for his injuries, which included bruises from the police baton and a boot mark left on his chest. David Owens, courant.com, "Former state trooper faces eight years in prison after pleading no contest to beating, torturing man in Wethersfield," 10 July 2019 Tomás Belzunegui, a spokesman with the regional hospital in Pamplona, says three runners have head injuries or severe bruises. Washington Post, "1 goring, 3 others injured in Spain’s running of the bulls," 9 July 2019 Multiple players went down with knocks and bruises throughout the match. Alicia Delgallo, Pro Soccer USA, "USWNT wins 4th World Cup title, takes down Netherlands 2-0," 8 July 2019 Richey conceded twice and picked up some bruises during his furious defense of a Cincinnati net that was under siege from Houston. Pat Brennan, Cincinnati.com, "FC Cincinnati hangs on for 3-2 win against Houston Dynamo," 6 July 2019 And anything truly awful about the melon (a bruise spot, mushy skin or scarring) is quite apparent to the eye. Bill St. John, The Denver Post, "Get Cooking: How to select (and utilize) melon," 2 July 2019 Despite the currently healthy economic figures, from unemployment to foreclosure rates, under the surface the country still bears bruises from the financial crisis. Lydia Depillis, CNN, "10 years later, America's booming economy still bears scars of the Great Recession," 24 June 2019 Police found about 30 bruises on the neck, forehead, head, arms, legs and stomach of the baby. Sydney Czyzon, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "'A parent's worst nightmare': Babysitter goes to prison for causing brain damage, other injuries to baby," 24 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bruise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of bruise

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Noun

1533, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for bruise

Verb

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celt origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece

Noun

noun derivative of bruise entry 1

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Learn More about bruise

Dictionary Entries near bruise

bruh

bruik

bruin

bruise

bruised

bruiser

bruisewort

Statistics for bruise

Last Updated

12 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for bruise

The first known use of bruise was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for bruise

bruise

verb

English Language Learners Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to cause a bruise on (part of a person's body, a piece of fruit, etc.)
: to get a bruise
: to hurt (someone's confidence, feelings, etc.) through speech or actions

bruise

noun

English Language Learners Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury
: a dark area on a plant or piece of fruit that has been damaged

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Kids Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to injure the flesh (as by a blow) without breaking the skin

bruise

noun

Kids Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a black-and-blue spot on the body or a dark spot on fruit caused by an injury or damage

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Medical Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise on : contuse
2 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on

intransitive verb

: to undergo bruising she bruises easily

bruise

noun

Medical Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration : contusion
2 : an injury especially to the feelings

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More from Merriam-Webster on bruise

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with bruise

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for bruise

Spanish Central: Translation of bruise

Nglish: Translation of bruise for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of bruise for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about bruise

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