1

bruise

verb \ ˈbrüz \
Updated on: 12 Nov 2017

Definition of bruise

bruised; bruising
transitive verb
1 a archaic : disable
b : batter, dent
  • bruise armor
2 : to inflict an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin or a similar injury to plant tissue : to inflict a bruise (see 2bruise 1) on : contuse
  • bruised her arm when he grabbed her
3 : to break down (leaves, berries, etc.) by pounding : crush
4 : wound, injure; especially : to inflict psychological hurt on
  • The professional and personal tumbles that have bruised your ego in the past 12 months are over.
  • New Woman
intransitive verb
1 : to inflict a bruise
2 : to bear or show the effects of a bruise : to undergo bruising
  • her skin bruises easily

Examples of bruise in a Sentence

  1. She bruised her knee when she fell.

  2. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.

Recent Examples of bruise from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bruise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of bruise

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celt origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece


2

bruise

noun

Definition of bruise

1 a : an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin : contusion
b : a similar injury to plant tissue
3 : an injury especially to the feelings
  • criticisms that left a bruise

Examples of bruise in a Sentence

  1. He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell.

  2. a bruise on an apple

Recent Examples of bruise from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bruise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of bruise

noun derivative of 1bruise

bruise Synonyms


BRUISE Defined for English Language Learners

bruise

verb

Definition of bruise for English Language Learners

  • : to cause a bruise on (part of a person's body, a piece of fruit, etc.)

  • : to get a bruise

  • : to hurt (someone's confidence, feelings, etc.) through speech or actions


bruise

noun

Definition of bruise for English Language Learners

  • : a dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury

  • : a dark area on a plant or piece of fruit that has been damaged


BRUISE Defined for Kids

1

bruise

verb \ ˈbrüz \

Definition of bruise for Students

bruised; bruising
: to injure the flesh (as by a blow) without breaking the skin

2

bruise

noun

Definition of bruise for Students

: a black-and-blue spot on the body or a dark spot on fruit caused by an injury or damage

Medical Dictionary

1

bruise

verb \ ˈbrüz \

medical Definition of bruise

bruised; bruising
transitive verb
1 : to inflict a bruise on : contuse
2 : wound, injure; especially : to inflict psychological hurt on
intransitive verb
: to undergo bruising
  • she bruises easily

2

bruise

noun

medical Definition of bruise

1 : an injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration : contusion
2 : an injury especially to the feelings


Seen and Heard

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