bruise

noun
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \

Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin : contusion
b : a similar injury to plant tissue
3 : an injury especially to the feelings criticisms that left a bruise

bruise

verb
bruised; bruising

Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin or a similar injury to plant tissue : to inflict a bruise (see bruise entry 1 sense 1) on : contuse bruised her arm when he grabbed her
2 : to break down (leaves, berries, etc.) by pounding : crush
3 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on The professional and personal tumbles that have bruised your ego in the past 12 months are over. New Woman
4a : batter, dent bruise armor
b archaic : disable

intransitive verb

1 : to bear or show the effects of a bruise : to undergo bruising her skin bruises easily
2 : to inflict a bruise

Synonyms for bruise

Synonyms: Noun

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Examples of bruise in a Sentence

Noun He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell. a bruise on an apple Verb She bruised her knee when she fell. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Baty hit the deck with a sore foot and his first big-league bruise. Joshua Robinson, WSJ, 5 Sep. 2022 Ball continued to experience pain and discomfort in his left knee, exacerbated by a previous bone bruise. Julia Poe, Chicago Tribune, 2 Sep. 2022 The final painting, titled Kiss (Bones and All), features a torrent of brushstrokes in bruise-like shades of purple, blue, and black; appearing almost entirely abstract at first, the features of the actors begin to emerge on closer inspection. Liam Hess, Vogue, 1 Sep. 2022 Zach Wilson is recovering from arthroscopic surgery on a torn meniscus and a bone bruise in his right knee. Pat Leonard, Hartford Courant, 29 Aug. 2022 While Wilson avoided an ACL tear, and the bone bruise/meniscus tear is supposed to keep him out approximately four weeks, the timing couldn’t have been worse. Ben Volin, BostonGlobe.com, 29 Aug. 2022 The second warrant, dated to November 2020, alleges that Dawson picked up the same teammate, carried him outside and dropped him onto the pool deck of an off-campus residence, resulting in a large bruise on the player's right side. Jacob Shames, USA TODAY, 23 Aug. 2022 Jolie described her injuries to the agents as a rug-burn type wound on her right hand, a bruise on her right elbow and an injury to her back. Christie D’zurillastaff Writer, Los Angeles Times, 19 Aug. 2022 Every small word and gesture counts for a lot in Croatian multihyphenate Lerotić’s sparse, still, tender-as-a-bruise debut feature: Any bigger ones might throw a severely delicate situation off-balance. Guy Lodge, Variety, 18 Aug. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Companies, already warned to remain alert to potential Russian cyberattacks, are battling operations by online activists aiming to bruise corporate reputations amid the war in Ukraine. WSJ, 18 Apr. 2022 Companies, already warned to remain alert to potential Russian cyberattacks, are battling operations by online activists aiming to bruise corporate reputations amid the war in Ukraine. WSJ, 18 Apr. 2022 Companies, already warned to remain alert to potential Russian cyberattacks, are battling operations by online activists aiming to bruise corporate reputations amid the war in Ukraine. WSJ, 18 Apr. 2022 The brother of Ohio State running back Miyan Williams, Qierstin, is also waiting to bruise ball carriers. Scott Springer, The Enquirer, 5 July 2022 Companies, already warned to remain alert to potential Russian cyberattacks, are battling operations by online activists aiming to bruise corporate reputations amid the war in Ukraine. WSJ, 18 Apr. 2022 Companies, already warned to remain alert to potential Russian cyberattacks, are battling operations by online activists aiming to bruise corporate reputations amid the war in Ukraine. WSJ, 18 Apr. 2022 Companies, already warned to remain alert to potential Russian cyberattacks, are battling operations by online activists aiming to bruise corporate reputations amid the war in Ukraine. WSJ, 18 Apr. 2022 As confident as salespeople are, our egos bruise easy. Adam Herman, Forbes, 18 Apr. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bruise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of bruise

Noun

1533, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 4b

History and Etymology for bruise

Noun

noun derivative of bruise entry 2

Verb

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celtic origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece

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Time Traveler for bruise

Time Traveler

The first known use of bruise was before the 12th century

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Dictionary Entries Near bruise

bruin

bruise

bruised

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Statistics for bruise

Last Updated

9 Sep 2022

Cite this Entry

“Bruise.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bruise. Accessed 28 Sep. 2022.

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More Definitions for bruise

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Kids Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to injure the flesh (as by a blow) without breaking the skin

bruise

noun

Kids Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a black-and-blue spot on the body or a dark spot on fruit caused by an injury or damage

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Medical Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise on : contuse
2 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on

intransitive verb

: to undergo bruising she bruises easily

bruise

noun

Medical Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration : contusion
2 : an injury especially to the feelings

More from Merriam-Webster on bruise

Nglish: Translation of bruise for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of bruise for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about bruise

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