bruise

noun
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \

Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin : contusion
b : a similar injury to plant tissue
3 : an injury especially to the feelings criticisms that left a bruise

bruise

verb
bruised; bruising

Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin or a similar injury to plant tissue : to inflict a bruise (see bruise entry 1 sense 1) on : contuse bruised her arm when he grabbed her
2 : to break down (leaves, berries, etc.) by pounding : crush
3 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on The professional and personal tumbles that have bruised your ego in the past 12 months are over. New Woman
4a : batter, dent bruise armor
b archaic : disable

intransitive verb

1 : to bear or show the effects of a bruise : to undergo bruising her skin bruises easily
2 : to inflict a bruise

Keep scrolling for more

Synonyms for bruise

Synonyms: Noun

Visit the Thesaurus for More 

Examples of bruise in a Sentence

Noun He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell. a bruise on an apple Verb She bruised her knee when she fell. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.
See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Young sustained a bone bruise on his right foot in Game 3 and missed Atlanta’s Game 4 victory over the Bucks on Tuesday. Jeff Zillgitt, USA TODAY, 1 July 2021 With starting striker Rufat Dadashov nursing a bone bruise on his foot, Egbo could be in line for his first start of the season. Theo Mackie, The Arizona Republic, 23 June 2021 Just as Atlanta won a game without its star (Young didn’t play in Atlanta’s Game 4 victory with a bone bruise on his foot), the Bucks found a way without Antetokounmpo, who hyperextended his left knee in Tuesday’s game. Jeff Zillgitt, USA TODAY, 2 July 2021 Trae Young sat Game 4 and 5 with a bone bruise on his right foot for the Hawks. Duane Rankin, The Arizona Republic, 2 July 2021 Walker is dealing with a bone bruise on his left knee, and Williams has been battling an ankle sprain as well as a lingering turf toe. BostonGlobe.com, 30 May 2021 The case report said Broadwater suffered a black eye, a large laceration on the inside of her lip, a bruise on her forehead and multiple cuts on her head, face and neck. Fox News, 26 May 2021 With Embiid on the bench, Harris became more of a focal point of the offense, just like had happened when Embiid missed 10 consecutive games from March 14 to April 1 with a bone bruise on his left knee. Tim Casey, Forbes, 24 May 2021 Nola was back in the starting lineup after being forced out of Friday's game with a bruise on his left hand suffered when he was hit by a pitch from reliever Zack Littell. Chris Haft, Star Tribune, 8 May 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Blenheim apricots, once widely cultivated in California, have a sublime, honeyed flavor and a delicate blush-mottled skin, but also bruise easily and ripen from the inside out, confusing consumers. New York Times, 20 July 2021 Many of the country's roughly 18,000 law enforcement agencies don't tally or make public the number of people who need medical care after officers break their arms, bruise their faces, or shock them with Tasers. NBC News, 23 June 2021 Using a mortar and pestle or the back of your chef's knife, press on the herbs (still on their stems) to bruise them, releasing some of their aromas and oils. Tim Carman, Arkansas Online, 26 May 2021 They were said to bruise easily, like strawberries. Dan Xin Huang, The New Republic, 24 May 2021 Using a mortar and pestle or the back of your chef’s knife, press on the herbs (still on their stems) to bruise them, releasing some of their aromas and oils. Washington Post, 17 May 2021 At the H Mart on Broadway at 110th Street in Manhattan, the lights are bright on the singo pears, round as apples and kept snug in white mesh, so their skin won’t bruise. New York Times, 6 May 2021 Daffodil clumps that need moving can be lifted while in leaf, but take care not to bruise foliage, slice bulbs or damage roots. Washington Post, 5 May 2021 Overdoing it with any lifting tool (for instance, pressing too hard or rolling too fast) could potentially bruise the skin or cause lots of redness. Jacqueline Kilikita, refinery29.com, 29 Apr. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bruise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of bruise

Noun

1533, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 4b

History and Etymology for bruise

Noun

noun derivative of bruise entry 2

Verb

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celtic origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More About bruise

Time Traveler for bruise

Time Traveler

The first known use of bruise was before the 12th century

See more words from the same century

Dictionary Entries Near bruise

bruin

bruise

bruised

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for bruise

Last Updated

23 Jul 2021

Cite this Entry

“Bruise.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bruise. Accessed 3 Aug. 2021.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for bruise

bruise

noun

English Language Learners Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury
: a dark area on a plant or piece of fruit that has been damaged

bruise

verb

English Language Learners Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cause a bruise on (part of a person's body, a piece of fruit, etc.)
: to get a bruise
: to hurt (someone's confidence, feelings, etc.) through speech or actions

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Kids Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to injure the flesh (as by a blow) without breaking the skin

bruise

noun

Kids Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a black-and-blue spot on the body or a dark spot on fruit caused by an injury or damage

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Medical Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise on : contuse
2 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on

intransitive verb

: to undergo bruising she bruises easily

bruise

noun

Medical Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration : contusion
2 : an injury especially to the feelings

More from Merriam-Webster on bruise

Nglish: Translation of bruise for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of bruise for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about bruise

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Difficult Spelling Words Quiz

  • alphabet pasta spelling help
  • Which is the correct spelling?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
 AlphaBear 2

Spell words. Make bears.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!