bruise

noun
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \

Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin : contusion
b : a similar injury to plant tissue
3 : an injury especially to the feelings criticisms that left a bruise

bruise

verb
bruised; bruising

Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin or a similar injury to plant tissue : to inflict a bruise (see bruise entry 1 sense 1) on : contuse bruised her arm when he grabbed her
2 : to break down (leaves, berries, etc.) by pounding : crush
3 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on The professional and personal tumbles that have bruised your ego in the past 12 months are over. New Woman
4a : batter, dent bruise armor
b archaic : disable

intransitive verb

1 : to bear or show the effects of a bruise : to undergo bruising her skin bruises easily
2 : to inflict a bruise

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Synonyms for bruise

Synonyms: Noun

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Examples of bruise in a Sentence

Noun He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell. a bruise on an apple Verb She bruised her knee when she fell. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Photos of cuts and bruises to her face were released by a lawyer for her family, David Smith. NBC News, "Officers charged with allegedly slamming transgender woman's face on ground," 16 May 2020 At Detroit Capstone, one boy from Illinois got into fights almost every day, according to a department report, and suffered a black eye, cuts and bruises. David Jackson, ProPublica, "Thousands of Foster Children Were Sent Out of State to Mental Health Facilities Where Some Faced Abuse and Neglect," 14 Mar. 2020 Ikea has received six reports of tip-over incidents involving the Kullen three-drawer chests, including one report involving a minor cut and one report involving minor cuts and bruises. Kate Gibson, CBS News, "Ikea recalls 820,000 chests due to tip-over risk to children," 4 Mar. 2020 He was transported to a local hospital, suffering from smoke inhalation, burns, cuts and bruises. Italiana Anderson, USA TODAY, "Mom and 6 kids killed in Mississippi house fire, authorities say," 8 Feb. 2020 As sheet after sheet of magma bled into the expanding bruise for millennia, more and more gas bubbled from the ocean like a boiling pot. Quanta Magazine, "Sudden Ancient Global Warming Event Traced to Magma Flood," 19 Mar. 2020 There are a lot of hard falls, a lot of bruises and scrapes, a lot of time spent alone, repeating mistakes and fine-tuning muscle memory. Gregory Thomas, San Francisco Chronicle, "Skate craft," 11 Mar. 2020 Doctors at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center determined the infant had a fractured leg that was already healing and a suspicious pattern of bruises. Ashley Southall, New York Times, "A Young Father Was Investigated 4 Times. Then His Newborn Died.," 7 Feb. 2020 D’Antoni said he had not been told of any injury issue prior to the thigh bruise. Jonathan Feigen, Houston Chronicle, "Rockets' James Harden questionable vs. Nuggets," 25 Jan. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Voloshin was bruised but not seriously hurt, according to the document. oregonlive, "Candidate for Clackamas County sheriff confirms 2 suspensions, including one for using force," 28 Apr. 2020 More than 100 cases of the condition—characterized by purple, bruise-like bumps and swelling— have been recorded in a COVID-19 symptom registry kept by the American Academy of Dermatology. Jamie Ducharme, Time, "From 'COVID Toes' to Hives, These Are the Skin Conditions Dermatologists Think Could Be Signs of Coronavirus," 28 Apr. 2020 Though the research has not yet been peer-reviewed, the findings could help doctors and nurses whose protective gear has bruised their faces after long and harrowing shifts treating coronavirus patients. Natasha Reda, Glamour, "Improve Your Face Masks With One Simple Item You Probably Have In Your Drawers," 25 Apr. 2020 But that bruising experience didn’t shake his faith in the value of public discourse on issues affecting the scientific community and the need for scientists to become engaged in policy. Jeffrey Mervis, Science | AAAS, "Donald Kennedy, who led Science through turbulent times, dies at 88," 23 Apr. 2020 The victim suffered bruising to her eye, the release said. Christopher Roth, azcentral, "Caregiver arrested after video shows woman being hit on head in assisted living facility," 20 Apr. 2020 Some donors may experience bruising at the injection site. Claire Gillespie, Health.com, "Donating Plasma for COVID-19 Patients: Everything You Need to Know," 20 Apr. 2020 Doctors and nurses around the world are posting photographs of their faces, bruised from grueling shifts in protective gear. Anchorage Daily News, "As they rush to save lives, health care workers are updating their own wills and funeral plans," 27 Mar. 2020 To be in ministry with that, Jesus has to be completely relational and in all the gritty places of life that bleed and bruise easily. Garrett M. Graff, Wired, "'Here in Spirit': An Oral History of Faith Amid the Pandemic," 10 Apr. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bruise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of bruise

Noun

1533, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 4b

History and Etymology for bruise

Noun

noun derivative of bruise entry 2

Verb

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celtic origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece

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Time Traveler for bruise

Time Traveler

The first known use of bruise was before the 12th century

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Statistics for bruise

Last Updated

31 May 2020

Cite this Entry

“Bruise.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bruise. Accessed 4 Jun. 2020.

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More Definitions for bruise

bruise

noun
How to pronounce bruise (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury
: a dark area on a plant or piece of fruit that has been damaged

bruise

verb

English Language Learners Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cause a bruise on (part of a person's body, a piece of fruit, etc.)
: to get a bruise
: to hurt (someone's confidence, feelings, etc.) through speech or actions

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Kids Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to injure the flesh (as by a blow) without breaking the skin

bruise

noun

Kids Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a black-and-blue spot on the body or a dark spot on fruit caused by an injury or damage

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Medical Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise on : contuse
2 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on

intransitive verb

: to undergo bruising she bruises easily

bruise

noun

Medical Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration : contusion
2 : an injury especially to the feelings

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Comments on bruise

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