lump

1 of 4

noun

1
: a piece or mass of indefinite size and shape
a lump of coal
a lump of clay
2
a
: aggregate, totality
taken in the lump
b
: majority
few candidates ever started with such a lump who did not get the nomination R. L. Strout
3
: protuberance
especially : an abnormal swelling
came to with nothing more than a lump on his head
4
: a person who is heavy and awkward
a lump of a man
also : one who is stupid or dull
5
lumps plural
a
: beatings, bruises
had taken a lot of lumps growing up in the city
b
: defeat, loss
can cheerfully take his lumps on losers, because the payout is big on the winners Martin Mayer

lump

2 of 4

verb (1)

lumped; lumping; lumps

transitive verb

1
: to group indiscriminately
2
: to make into lumps
also : to make lumps on or in
3
: to move noisily and clumsily

intransitive verb

1
: to become formed into lumps
2
: to move oneself noisily and clumsily

lump

3 of 4

adjective

: not divided into parts : entire
a lump sum

lump

4 of 4

verb (2)

lumped; lumping; lumps

transitive verb

: to put up with
like it or lump it
Phrases
lump in one's throat
: a constriction of the throat caused by emotion

Example Sentences

Noun turning a lump of clay into a beautiful pot He got a lump on his head after bumping into the doorway.
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
The language of the executive order would have given these 150 people the full multibillion-dollar lump sum, rather than divide it among thousands of deserving 9/11 families. The Editorial Board, WSJ, 27 Nov. 2022 The aid Biden won last year included six monthly payments (of $250 a child or $300 for those under 6) and a lump-sum payment for an additional six months that was paid this spring. Jason Deparle, BostonGlobe.com, 25 Nov. 2022 The amount of the lump-sum, or balloon, payments, which can be tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars, may not be spelled out in the contract terms; the payment dates may also be unclear. Jessica Lussenhop, ProPublica, 21 Nov. 2022 Bet $50 or less, and your risk-free bet will come in one lump sum. Catena Media, oregonlive, 21 Nov. 2022 Rakuten sends a lump sum every three months, either via check or PayPal deposit. Jaclyn Peiser, Washington Post, 18 Nov. 2022 Powerball winners, who are advised to seek financial counsel before making decisions, have two options to collect the prize: $997.6 million in a lump sum. George Petras, USA Today, 12 Nov. 2022 The winner can take home either $2.04 billion, paid out in 30 annual payments, or a smaller lump sum of nearly $998 million. Alyssa Lukpat, WSJ, 8 Nov. 2022 Winners of lottery jackpots usually prefer a lump sum of cash, which for Monday’s drawing would be $929.1 million. Chicago Tribune Staff, Chicago Tribune, 7 Nov. 2022
Verb
The signature guacamole is $15, $28 for a double, and can be topped off with pineapple pico de gallo ($4), bacon-cotija ($5) and lump crab meat ($9). Susan Dunne, Hartford Courant, 24 Oct. 2022 While casual observers often lump Ethereum in with Bitcoin, the two blockchains are very different. Taylor Locke, Fortune, 29 Sep. 2022 Some economists also lump the Great Recession into this group. Q.ai - Powering A Personal Wealth Movement, Forbes, 12 Aug. 2022 But large databases on American religion often lump Others in with the Nones. Byron R. Johnson And Jeff Levin, WSJ, 28 July 2022 And keep in mind that as interest rates rise, lump sum pension values decrease. Amy Wagner And Steve Sprovach, The Enquirer, 5 May 2022 According to Netflix, the series will have the biggest cast and lump sum prize money in reality TV history: 456 contestants and $4.56 million, respectively. Kelly Lawler, USA TODAY, 14 June 2022 His theories about elections tend to lump all Chicago Democrats together, so that Michelle and Barack Obama are considered just as capable of unsavory political tactics as the two Daleys who governed Chicago for decades. Megan O’matz, ProPublica, 25 May 2022 Privacy advocates, for their part, worried that even though Floc data would lump people into groups, ad companies would eventually be able to identify individuals, and sensitive information about them, by collecting enough Floc data. Sam Schechner, WSJ, 25 Jan. 2022
Adjective
The Malaysian government has offered monthly assistance to the unemployed and lump payments to workers in certain sectors. Matt Apuzzo, New York Times, 23 Mar. 2020 The menu includes grilled salmon salad on a corn tostada, red fish with tomato artichoke beurre blanc sauce, enchiladas with lump crab meat, chocolate strawberries and churros. Audrey Eads, Dallas News, 7 Feb. 2020 This means making sure you get paid for all your unused vacation time or PTO, and, if applicable, understanding the options for your company stock and pension (for example, single life, lump sum, or joint with survivor). Nathan Bachrach And Amy Wagner, Cincinnati.com, 4 Feb. 2020 States under the total lump sum block-grant model would be required to keep health service spending at a level of at least 80% of the target. Stephanie Armour, WSJ, 30 Jan. 2020 Under the wages provision in the new contract, a firefighter who has been on the force for five years, earning $57,900, would get a 5 percent lump sum payment of $2,895. Joshua Fechter, ExpressNews.com, 24 Jan. 2020 If that funding is converted to a block grant, a state could get a limited, lump sum of federal money instead. Stephanie Armour, WSJ, 19 Jan. 2020 Members will also receive raises equal to 6% of wages over the life of the contract, and two lump sum payments equal to 4% of annual wages. Chris Isidore, CNN, 11 Dec. 2019 In the deal, workers would receive $9,000 before taxes, plus lump sum payments for skilled-trades workers of $1,000 this year and in 2021. Grace Schneider, The Courier-Journal, 16 Nov. 2019 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'lump.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Noun, Verb (1), and Adjective

Middle English

Verb (2)

origin unknown

First Known Use

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb (1)

1624, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Adjective

circa 1700, in the meaning defined above

Verb (2)

1791, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of lump was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near lump

Cite this Entry

“Lump.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/lump. Accessed 2 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

lump 1 of 3

noun

1
: a small uneven mass
2
: a collection or sum of units or parts : total
taken in the lump
3
: an abnormal swelling or growth

lump

2 of 3

adjective

: not divided into parts : whole
a lump sum

lump

3 of 3

verb

1
: to group together
2
: to move noisily and clumsily
3
: to form into a lump

Medical Definition

1
: a piece or mass of indefinite size and shape
2
: an abnormal mass or swelling
presenting as a neck lump

More from Merriam-Webster on lump

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