further

adverb
fur·​ther | \ ˈfər-t͟hər How to pronounce further (audio) \

Definition of further

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : farther sense 1 my ponies are tired, and I have further to go— Thomas Hardy
2 : to a greater degree or extent further annoyed by a second intrusion
3 : in addition : moreover Further, there are aurochs, red deer, wild boar, and large quantities of hare or rabbit.— H. T. Waterbolk

further

adjective

Definition of further (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : farther sense 1 rode … across the valley and up the further slopes— T. E. Lawrence
2 : going or extending beyond : additional further volumes further education

further

verb
furthered; furthering\ ˈfərt͟h-​riŋ How to pronounce furthering (audio) , ˈfər-​t͟hə-​ \

Definition of further (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

: to help forward : promote

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Other Words from further

Verb

furtherer \ ˈfər-​t͟hər-​ər How to pronounce furtherer (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for further

Synonyms: Adverb

beyond, farther, yon, yonder

Synonyms: Adjective

added, additional, another, else, farther, fresh, more, other

Synonyms: Verb

advance, cultivate, encourage, forward, foster, incubate, nourish, nurse, nurture, promote

Antonyms: Verb

discourage, frustrate, hinder, inhibit

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Choose the Right Synonym for further

Verb

advance, promote, forward, further mean to help (someone or something) to move ahead. advance stresses effective assisting in hastening a process or bringing about a desired end. advance the cause of peace promote suggests an encouraging or fostering and may denote an increase in status or rank. a campaign to promote better health forward implies an impetus forcing something ahead. a wage increase would forward productivity further suggests a removing of obstacles in the way of a desired advance. used the marriage to further his career

Farther vs. Further: Usage Guide

Adverb

Farther and further have been used more or less interchangeably throughout most of their history, but currently they are showing signs of diverging. As adverbs they continue to be used interchangeably whenever spatial, temporal, or metaphorical distance is involved. But where there is no notion of distance, further is used. our techniques can be further refined Further is also used as a sentence modifier further, the workshop participants were scarcely optimistic — L. B. Mayhew , but farther is not. A polarizing process appears to be taking place in their adjective use. Farther is taking over the meaning of distance the farther shore and further the meaning of addition. needed no further invitation

Examples of further in a Sentence

Adverb

The town, such as it is, is one of those Northwest places that look like the outskirts of somewhere bigger, further down the road, but turn out to be all there is. — Jonathan Raban, New York Review of Books, 26 Mar. 2009 The Russian artillery fire and bombs are reaching further into the southern sections of the city … — Alessandra Stanley, New York Times, 17 Jan. 1995 … her example gave me courage to develop my own voice further. — Rita Dove, Essence, May 1995 We need to look back further into the past to find the cause of these problems. I've never been further west than St. Louis. Their house is further up the street. We need to research further into this matter. The police have been reluctant to take their investigation any further. “They are not our friends.” “I would go even further and say they are our enemies.” I had enough money to invest. I realized, further, that the risk was small.

Adjective

He will undergo further questioning. If you need further information you can call me. We do not expect any further deliveries today. I have nothing further to say. There is a further problem: do we have enough money? We parked in the further lot. There is more damage to the further part of the fence.

Verb

Their efforts greatly furthered the state of research. The funds are to be used to further the public good.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

New orders fell sharply, the survey found, a sign that output may fall further in the coming months. Washington Post, "US factory production rose at healthy pace in August," 17 Sep. 2019 Here researchers used reinforcement learning to rapidly design 30,000 new molecules and then narrow them down to six, which were synthesized and further tested in the lab. Jonathan Vanian, Fortune, "Why These Two Innovations In Artificial Intelligence Are So Important: Eye on A.I.," 17 Sep. 2019 Pressley’s resolution would permit an impeachment inquiry, set up a task force to further investigate the allegations made against the Justice, and supply the necessary funding to complete the probe. Tanya A. Christian, Essence, "Rep. Ayanna Pressley To File Resolution For Kavanaugh Impeachment," 17 Sep. 2019 The Judiciary Committee voted Thursday in favor of a new resolution formalizing the impeachment inquiry and further intensifying its investigation into Mr. Trump. Grace Segers, CBS News, "Lewandowski sidesteps questions about Mueller report at House Judiciary Committee impeachment hearing," 17 Sep. 2019 The addition of a grueling MLS travel schedule and oppressive Florida heat further challenged the veteran. Julia Poe, Pro Soccer USA, "Nani praises growth of Orlando City as the captain flourishes in final stretch of season," 17 Sep. 2019 The latter stunt doesn’t work, and this only frustrates Krystal further. Shirley Li, The Atlantic, "The Tragicomedy of the American Dream," 16 Sep. 2019 In this book, her first, Chu further radicalizes the argument. Julian Lucas, Harper's magazine, "New Books," 16 Sep. 2019 The impetus for such interactions, the team writes, may have been seasonal gatherings designed to join communities both nearby and further afield. Meilan Solly, Smithsonian, "Grave Hints at Interaction Between Early Humans Living in Great Lakes, American Southeast," 16 Sep. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

The committee raises further concerns about Chao's failure to divest from a construction company reliant on DOT infrastructure allocations until this summer - despite a promise to do so in 2017, before she was confirmed to the position. Hannah Knowles, Anchorage Daily News, "Transportation secretary faces investigation over ethics allegations," 17 Sep. 2019 Then, last week, Equifax sent a spammy-looking email demanding further proof from people who had claimed the money. Adam Lashinsky, Fortune, "Why Cities Need to De-Emphasize Cars and Turn Streets Into Parks—Data Sheet," 17 Sep. 2019 With rates already ultra-low, few economists think a further modest drop in borrowing costs would provide much economic stimulus. BostonGlobe.com, "WASHINGTON — For a second straight time, the Federal Reserve is set to cut interest rates this week to try to protect the economy from the consequences of a global slowdown and President Trump’s trade war with China.," 17 Sep. 2019 That suggested further cuts in the Fed's benchmark rate. CBS News, "Federal Reserve expected to cut interest rates on Wednesday," 17 Sep. 2019 On Monday, Sare’e threatened further Houthi attacks on the kingdom. Robin Wright, The New Yorker, "In Saudi Arabia, World Oil Supplies Are in Flames," 16 Sep. 2019 Yusef-Zadeh added that further observations may help the researchers understand whether the eruptions that created the bubbles are one-time events or happen periodically as galaxies evolve. Denise Chow, NBC News, "Huge, mysterious 'bubbles' discovered at the heart of the Milky Way," 16 Sep. 2019 Upon arrival, Officer Andrade took custody of the suspect and transported to the Bellaire Jail for further processing. Houston Chronicle, "Bellaire Police Department weekly report," 16 Sep. 2019 Everyone seems to have an opinion on fillers, but further discussion often reveals huge gaps in the knowledge surrounding them. Sarah Wu, Glamour, "Your Ultimate Guide to Face Fillers," 16 Sep. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Already on sale for this year's school season at major retailers including Office Depot and OfficeMax, this past weekend's mass shootings in El Paso, Texas, and Dayton, Ohio, furthered interest in the products. Kate Gibson, CBS News, "Bullet-resistant backpacks marketed to back-to-school shoppers," 6 Aug. 2019 Murphy said recently that the incident has only furthered his resolve to work in Baltimore, which has suffered a surge in violent crime since the 2015 unrest following Freddie Gray’s death. Jessica Anderson, baltimoresun.com, "Teen charged in robbery of Baltimore deputy commissioner was on GPS monitoring, court records show," 2 Aug. 2019 The State Department established a new group to examine and define human rights, drawing skepticism from critics who worried the Trump administration was furthering its conservative political agenda. Courtney Mcbride, WSJ, "Pompeo Creates Commission on Human Rights," 8 July 2019 Along with the legs-for-days moment afforded by her abbreviated hemline, Teigen secured a set of oversize hoops that furthered the seasonal fun factor. Calin Van Paris, Vogue, "Chrissy Teigen’s New Waist-Skimming Waves Are Made for Summer," 27 June 2019 The company furthers its goal of being easily accessible to its clients by investing in top-tier technology; their 24/7 Portals allow Employers, Members and Providers to easily access information at their own convenience. Jessica Levy, Cincinnati.com, "Custom Design Benefits employees share insights into their workplace," 7 June 2019 And Trump is eager to use the power of the office to further his case for reelection. Jonathan Lemire, chicagotribune.com, "Trump is announcing his reelection bid tonight. Can he still run as an outsider?," 18 June 2019 The Defendant cannot be permitted to use the instant subpoenas to further a campaign of witness harassment or fan the flames of a ‘no snitching’ culture in Cuyahoga County government. Cory Shaffer, cleveland.com, "Prominent Cleveland lawyer who called witness in corruption case a snitch withdraws from case," 7 June 2019 Dalot has been attracting interest from a number of clubs this summer, with the revealing of the teenager's £17.5m release clause only furthering competition for his signature this summer. SI.com, "Man Utd Set to Complete Two Major Deals With Porto & Shakhtar Stars in England Ahead of Medicals," 4 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'further.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of further

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for further

Adverb, Adjective, and Verb

Middle English, from Old English furthor (akin to Old High German furthar further), comparative, from the base of Old English forth forth

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Statistics for further

Last Updated

11 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for further

The first known use of further was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for further

further

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of further

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: to or at a more distant place or time
: to a greater degree or extent
formal : in addition to what has been said

further

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of further (Entry 2 of 3)

: more distant

further

verb

English Language Learners Definition of further (Entry 3 of 3)

: to help the progress of (something) : to cause (something) to become more successful or advanced

further

adverb
fur·​ther | \ ˈfər-t͟hər How to pronounce further (audio) \

Kids Definition of further

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : farther entry 1 sense 1 We walked further into the forest.
2 : besides entry 2, also I understand further that it is not your fault.
3 : to a greater degree or extent Her anger increased further.

further

verb
furthered; furthering

Kids Definition of further (Entry 2 of 3)

: to help forward : promote Training will further your career.

further

adjective

Kids Definition of further (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : farther entry 2 Our property extends to the further tree.
2 : going or extending beyond : additional further study

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More from Merriam-Webster on further

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for further

Spanish Central: Translation of further

Nglish: Translation of further for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of further for Arabic Speakers

Comments on further

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