further

adverb
fur·​ther | \ ˈfər-t͟hər How to pronounce further (audio) \

Definition of further

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : farther sense 1 my ponies are tired, and I have further to go— Thomas Hardy
2 : to a greater degree or extent further annoyed by a second intrusion
3 : in addition : moreover Further, there are aurochs, red deer, wild boar, and large quantities of hare or rabbit.— H. T. Waterbolk

further

adjective

Definition of further (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : farther sense 1 rode … across the valley and up the further slopes— T. E. Lawrence
2 : going or extending beyond : additional further volumes further education

further

verb
furthered; furthering\ ˈfərt͟h-​riŋ How to pronounce furthering (audio) , ˈfər-​t͟hə-​ \

Definition of further (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

: to help forward : promote

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Other Words from further

Verb

furtherer \ ˈfər-​t͟hər-​ər How to pronounce furtherer (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for further

Synonyms: Adverb

beyond, farther, yon, yonder

Synonyms: Adjective

added, additional, another, else, farther, fresh, more, other

Synonyms: Verb

advance, cultivate, encourage, forward, foster, incubate, nourish, nurse, nurture, promote

Antonyms: Verb

discourage, frustrate, hinder, inhibit

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Choose the Right Synonym for further

Verb

advance, promote, forward, further mean to help (someone or something) to move ahead. advance stresses effective assisting in hastening a process or bringing about a desired end. advance the cause of peace promote suggests an encouraging or fostering and may denote an increase in status or rank. a campaign to promote better health forward implies an impetus forcing something ahead. a wage increase would forward productivity further suggests a removing of obstacles in the way of a desired advance. used the marriage to further his career

Farther vs. Further: Usage Guide

Adverb

Farther and further have been used more or less interchangeably throughout most of their history, but currently they are showing signs of diverging. As adverbs they continue to be used interchangeably whenever spatial, temporal, or metaphorical distance is involved. But where there is no notion of distance, further is used. our techniques can be further refined Further is also used as a sentence modifier further, the workshop participants were scarcely optimistic — L. B. Mayhew , but farther is not. A polarizing process appears to be taking place in their adjective use. Farther is taking over the meaning of distance the farther shore and further the meaning of addition. needed no further invitation

Examples of further in a Sentence

Adverb

The town, such as it is, is one of those Northwest places that look like the outskirts of somewhere bigger, further down the road, but turn out to be all there is. — Jonathan Raban, New York Review of Books, 26 Mar. 2009 The Russian artillery fire and bombs are reaching further into the southern sections of the city … — Alessandra Stanley, New York Times, 17 Jan. 1995 … her example gave me courage to develop my own voice further. — Rita Dove, Essence, May 1995 We need to look back further into the past to find the cause of these problems. I've never been further west than St. Louis. Their house is further up the street. We need to research further into this matter. The police have been reluctant to take their investigation any further. “They are not our friends.” “I would go even further and say they are our enemies.” I had enough money to invest. I realized, further, that the risk was small.

Adjective

He will undergo further questioning. If you need further information you can call me. We do not expect any further deliveries today. I have nothing further to say. There is a further problem: do we have enough money? We parked in the further lot. There is more damage to the further part of the fence.

Verb

Their efforts greatly furthered the state of research. The funds are to be used to further the public good.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

Arendt took this logic one step further: nonviolence is civil society. Batya Ungar-sargon, The New York Review of Books, "A Palestinian in Israeli Military Court: Issa Amro, the Judge, & Me," 17 June 2019 Herring went a step further in recent days, in a newspaper op-ed and remarks to reporters, by calling for decriminalization as a first step toward full legalization. Laura Vozzella, Washington Post, "State Attorney General Mark Herring calls for marijuana legalization in Virginia," 17 June 2019 Taking this idea a step further, Roberto Di Leonardo at Sapienza University of Rome has used flowing bacteria to transport small cargo; others have induced them to turn tiny gears. Quanta Magazine, "Swirling Bacteria Linked to the Physics of Phase Transitions," 16 June 2019 Several companies such as Tesla (TSLA), for instance, have begun creating apps to allow users to get into their cars without the keys, and some companies are hoping to take it a step further with keyless entry on smartwatches. Michelle Toh, CNN, "Virtual assistants, VR headsets and app stores. How tech is changing cars," 14 June 2019 But last month the boy decided to take his kindness a step further. Char Adams, PEOPLE.com, "9-Year-Old Boy Pays Off School Lunch Debt for Classmates — and Sparks a National Discussion," 12 June 2019 Collins went one step further, putting his own speaking agenda on the line. Sy Mukherjee, Fortune, "The NIH Chief Wants to End the 'Manel'—Brainstorm Health," 12 June 2019 Asma took her inspiration a step further by drawing each letter to represent a person entering the village. Phil Rockrohr, chicagotribune.com, "Seventh-grader wins design contest for new Lincolnwood vehicle stickers," 11 June 2019 San Francisco, Berkeley and Alameda have banned the use of plastic straws and utensils, but Palo Alto’s ordinance would go one step further by also prohibiting plastic produce and meat bags at grocery stores. Maggie Angst, The Mercury News, "Palo Alto to consider one of the Bay Area’s strictest bans of plastic straws, produce bags," 9 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Moss, after further questions about rider demographics that may show how many want or need free Wi-Fi, agreed to vote in favor of the proposal as long as RTA officials provide an update in six months about data usage. Courtney Astolfi, cleveland.com, "RTA board approves free passenger Wi-Fi," 18 June 2019 Representatives for Jenni Rivera Enterprises did not immediately respond to EW’s request for further comment or details. Joey Nolfi, EW.com, "Jenni Rivera biopic in the works from What's Love Got to Do with It writer," 18 June 2019 The authors of the new report, who work at Cooper University Hospital in New Jersey, warn that infections caused by V. vulnificus aren’t uncommon in the Chesapeake Bay, which is further south than the Delaware Bay. Maggie O'neill, Health.com, "Flesh-Eating Bacteria on New Jersey Beaches Are Rising Because of Climate Change—What You Need to Know," 18 June 2019 For further information, please see his page on the funeral home website. Orlando Sentinel, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Deaths in Central Florida: 6/16," 16 June 2019 But its enemies will now feel emboldened to ensure that further investigations of politicians die. The Economist, "Brazil’s Lava Jato corruption investigation could self-destruct," 15 June 2019 Those lyrics only contribute further to Swift’s newly open support of the LGBTQ community. Stephen Daw, Billboard, "Why Taylor Swift's Open Support of the LGBTQ Community Should Be Celebrated," 14 June 2019 The company deferred any further questions to ADPH, citing the person’s privacy rights. William Thornton | Wthornton@al.com, al.com, "Contractor with Honda plant diagnosed with tuberculosis," 12 June 2019 The officer made contact with the vehicle and upon further investigation, it was discovered that the operator of the vehicle was under the influence of alcohol. Houston Chronicle, "West University Place Police Department weekly report," 10 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

For the region, Boeing’s decision furthers the efforts by entities like the Space Coast’s Economic Development Commission to diversify the local space industry by attracting a headquarters move like Boeing’s. Chabeli Herrera, orlandosentinel.com, "Boeing is moving its Space and Launch headquarters to Florida’s Space Coast," 19 June 2019 Take a training course or advanced education that could further your current career. WSJ, "The Best Financial Advice I Ever Got," 16 June 2019 Those employees would work to further the goals of the council as a whole, unlike the half-dozen staff members already working for each of the city’s nine council members. San Diego Union-Tribune, "San Diego approves $1.6B budget that addresses homelessness, other priorities," 11 June 2019 While many media figures understandably, in the wake of the election, focused on the Russia sanctions the bill included, the Iranian sanctions furthered undermined Iranian-American relations. Tyler Bellstrom, The New Republic, "The Biggest Barrier to a Leftist Foreign Policy: Democrats," 11 June 2019 Her first formal job was working for MacMurray College in their admissions office encouraging other women to further their educational and career goals. sun-sentinel.com, "Deaths in South Florida: 6/9," 9 June 2019 However, Swan said he’s not committed to furthering investment into chips like memory. Mark Hachman, PCWorld, "Intel commits to shipping 7nm chips by 2021, an aggressive change of pace," 8 May 2019 Everyone in the White House is grateful for these valuable contributions to furthering the President’s agenda. BostonGlobe.com, "Jared Kushner’s security clearance has been downgraded," 27 Feb. 2018 Here's the best and worst of the three-hour show, which balanced meaning with merriment and proved there's never too much time devoted to furthering social justice. Julie Hinds, Detroit Free Press, "Golden Globes 2018: Best and worst moments of the #TimesUp, black-clad ceremony," 7 Jan. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'further.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of further

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for further

Adverb, Adjective, and Verb

Middle English, from Old English furthor (akin to Old High German furthar further), comparative, from the base of Old English forth forth

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Statistics for further

Last Updated

21 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for further

The first known use of further was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for further

further

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of further

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: to or at a more distant place or time
: to a greater degree or extent
formal : in addition to what has been said

further

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of further (Entry 2 of 3)

: more distant

further

verb

English Language Learners Definition of further (Entry 3 of 3)

: to help the progress of (something) : to cause (something) to become more successful or advanced

further

adverb
fur·​ther | \ ˈfər-t͟hər How to pronounce further (audio) \

Kids Definition of further

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : farther entry 1 sense 1 We walked further into the forest.
2 : besides entry 2, also I understand further that it is not your fault.
3 : to a greater degree or extent Her anger increased further.

further

verb
furthered; furthering

Kids Definition of further (Entry 2 of 3)

: to help forward : promote Training will further your career.

further

adjective

Kids Definition of further (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : farther entry 2 Our property extends to the further tree.
2 : going or extending beyond : additional further study

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More from Merriam-Webster on further

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for further

Spanish Central: Translation of further

Nglish: Translation of further for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of further for Arabic Speakers

Comments on further

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