further

adverb
fur·​ther | \ ˈfər-t͟hər How to pronounce further (audio) \

Definition of further

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : farther sense 1 my ponies are tired, and I have further to go— Thomas Hardy
2 : to a greater degree or extent further annoyed by a second intrusion
3 : in addition : moreover Further, there are aurochs, red deer, wild boar, and large quantities of hare or rabbit.— H. T. Waterbolk

further

adjective

Definition of further (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : farther sense 1 rode … across the valley and up the further slopes— T. E. Lawrence
2 : going or extending beyond : additional further volumes further education

further

verb
furthered; furthering\ ˈfərt͟h-​riŋ How to pronounce furthering (audio) , ˈfər-​t͟hə-​ \

Definition of further (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

: to help forward : promote

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Other Words from further

Verb

furtherer \ ˈfər-​t͟hər-​ər How to pronounce furtherer (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for further

Synonyms: Adverb

beyond, farther, yon, yonder

Synonyms: Adjective

added, additional, another, else, farther, fresh, more, other

Synonyms: Verb

advance, cultivate, encourage, forward, foster, incubate, nourish, nurse, nurture, promote

Antonyms: Verb

discourage, frustrate, hinder, inhibit

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Choose the Right Synonym for further

Verb

advance, promote, forward, further mean to help (someone or something) to move ahead. advance stresses effective assisting in hastening a process or bringing about a desired end. advance the cause of peace promote suggests an encouraging or fostering and may denote an increase in status or rank. a campaign to promote better health forward implies an impetus forcing something ahead. a wage increase would forward productivity further suggests a removing of obstacles in the way of a desired advance. used the marriage to further his career

Farther vs. Further: Usage Guide

Adverb

Farther and further have been used more or less interchangeably throughout most of their history, but currently they are showing signs of diverging. As adverbs they continue to be used interchangeably whenever spatial, temporal, or metaphorical distance is involved. But where there is no notion of distance, further is used. our techniques can be further refined Further is also used as a sentence modifier further, the workshop participants were scarcely optimistic — L. B. Mayhew , but farther is not. A polarizing process appears to be taking place in their adjective use. Farther is taking over the meaning of distance the farther shore and further the meaning of addition. needed no further invitation

Examples of further in a Sentence

Adverb

The town, such as it is, is one of those Northwest places that look like the outskirts of somewhere bigger, further down the road, but turn out to be all there is. — Jonathan Raban, New York Review of Books, 26 Mar. 2009 The Russian artillery fire and bombs are reaching further into the southern sections of the city … — Alessandra Stanley, New York Times, 17 Jan. 1995 … her example gave me courage to develop my own voice further. — Rita Dove, Essence, May 1995 We need to look back further into the past to find the cause of these problems. I've never been further west than St. Louis. Their house is further up the street. We need to research further into this matter. The police have been reluctant to take their investigation any further. “They are not our friends.” “I would go even further and say they are our enemies.” I had enough money to invest. I realized, further, that the risk was small.

Adjective

He will undergo further questioning. If you need further information you can call me. We do not expect any further deliveries today. I have nothing further to say. There is a further problem: do we have enough money? We parked in the further lot. There is more damage to the further part of the fence.

Verb

Their efforts greatly furthered the state of research. The funds are to be used to further the public good.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

Those vehicles already have been given tax credits, so a further free ride is unconscionable. WSJ, "Time to Take a Fresh Look At the Federal Gasoline Tax," 29 Mar. 2019 Advertising That was further good news for the president on top of the Justice Department’s earlier announcement that Mueller had wrapped his investigation without new indictments. Chad Day, The Seattle Times, "Mueller finds no Trump collusion, leaves obstruction open," 25 Mar. 2019 Even in a worst-case scenario where the probe can’t descend any further, NASA can still learn a great deal about the subsurface of Mars. Avery Thompson, Popular Mechanics, "NASA's New Underground Mars Probe Is Stuck," 6 Mar. 2019 The challenge now is building the global will to launch ourselves further and faster than ever toward a future without carbon emissions. Umair Irfan, Vox, "Climate and energy news in 2018 actually wasn’t all bad," 1 Jan. 2019 Capcom took it a step further with Devil May Cry 5. Hayden Dingman, PCWorld, "This week in games: Diablo rises from the dead on GOG, Dead or Alive's $93 season pass, Halo on PC?," 8 Mar. 2019 Brands should provide customer service on messaging apps and use them to engage people further and sell goods too, Mr. Fazal said. Nat Ives, WSJ, "Facebook’s Pivot to Messaging Puts Advertisers In a Tight Spot," 8 Mar. 2019 So for those who want their moments of intimacy interspersed with a mediocre history lesson, look no further. Hannah Dylan Pasternak, SELF, "15 Netflix Shows With the Hottest Sex Scenes You Need to Watch," 21 Dec. 2018 Meet Jerome Jackson, New Orlean's native and Site Sustainability Leader at Folgers® Coffee, who knows that couldn't be further from the truth. Stacia Affelt, Country Living, "How Anyone Can Make a Difference in Their Local Community," 6 Nov. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Without further ado, these are the beauty products that long-haul flight attendants rely on. Elizabeth Siegel, Allure, "14 Skin-Care Products Flight Attendants Swear By For Travel-Induced Dryness," 14 Mar. 2019 The company’s morass is further proof there is no quick fix for big consumer brands in mature markets, more of which are struggling to compete and grow amid seismic shifts in retailing, advertising and shopper preferences. Sharon Terlep, WSJ, "Procter & Gamble Tries to Break a Cycle of Stagnation," 29 Sep. 2018 For further proof, see this amped-up Super Bowl spot: In just about every respect, the New New Beetle is a better car than the New Beetle. Andrew Moseman, Popular Mechanics, "The VW Beetle Is Dead Because They Made It Too Good," 13 Sep. 2018 But the salaries of its biggest stars just provide further proof. Alexis Jones, Harper's BAZAAR, "Game of Thrones Stars Could Be Making Millions Per Episode in the Final Season," 2 Apr. 2019 The Grammy-winning star slipped on a pair of sky-high metallic Sophia Webster stilettos that revealed her shimmering baby blue toes—further proof that the ’90s are here to stay. Jenna Rennert, Vogue, "Taylor Swift’s Surprising Pedicure Shade Is Proof the ’90s Are Back," 15 Mar. 2019 Avoiding cosmetics gives your skin time to rebound without further irritation or allergic reaction. Jessica Toscano, SELF, "Here's What It Means If You Got a Skin Reaction From Your Makeup," 1 Mar. 2019 Instead of confirming that risperidone is linked with birth defects, the study authors note that this is simply something that warrants further investigation. Korin Miller, SELF, "What to Know About Getting Pregnant If You Take Antipsychotics," 17 Jan. 2019 Need further proof that de Kok and Holder's workout routine will challenge you at the gym and actually achieve results? Nicole Saunders, Harper's BAZAAR, "How to Work Out Like a Victoria's Secret Model at the Gym," 11 Feb. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Ugandan adoption requirements demanded that the soon-to-be-parents foster Willa in the country for a year, during which Lauren and Thomas frequently traveled abroad to further the process. Blair Donovan, Country Living, "Everything to Know About Thomas Rhett and Lauren Akins' Adorable Kids," 7 Apr. 2019 Strayer has been helping busy working adults go back to school for over 125 years and I’m honored to add to that legacy and support the students who are working so hard to further their careers. Niki Mcgloster, Essence.com, "The Quick Read: Black Lives Matter Activists Protest $95 Million Chicago Police Academy," 24 May 2018 Photo: Max Whittaker for The Wall Street Journal (Originally published 9/15/15) Some environmentalists accused the administration of using the Camp Fire tragedy to further an agenda of helping big timber companies. Jim Carlton, WSJ, "Trump Administration Seeks Authority for More Logging to Fight Fire Danger," 20 Nov. 2018 Fortunately, new hitting coach Chili Davis is here to help revive Zobrist, Jason Heyward and Kyle Schwarber — all of whom have something to prove — while furthering the development of Albert Almora Jr. and Ian Happ. Paul Sullivan, chicagotribune.com, "A crowded Cubs outfield has plenty to prove in 2018," 18 Jan. 2018 Both were designed, according to U.S. authorities, to promote disinformation and sway public opinion in ways that furthered Russia’s interests. Dustin Volz, WSJ, "West Accuses Russia of Persistent Campaign of Hacking by the Kremlin," 4 Oct. 2018 All counts charge the men with furthering the goals of 3NG, the DA's office reported. Hanna Krueger, NOLA.com, "5 men indicted on charges of killing 1-year-old Keria Holmes," 11 Feb. 2018 Hadid was also photographed leaving Malik's place last night, according to pictures published in The Sun and The Daily Mail, furthering speculation that she and the singer might still be seeing each other. Erica Gonzales, Harper's BAZAAR, "Gigi Hadid Was Seen at Zayn Malik's Apartment After They Broke Up," 17 Jan. 2019 However, the launch and landing of Chang'e-4 also helps to reveal the full scope of China's spaceflight ambitions and how the space program furthers the country's ambitious geopolitical goals. Eric Berger, Ars Technica, "Here’s why China’s launch to the far side of the Moon is a big deal," 10 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'further.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of further

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for further

Adverb, Adjective, and Verb

Middle English, from Old English furthor (akin to Old High German furthar further), comparative, from the base of Old English forth forth

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Statistics for further

Last Updated

12 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for further

The first known use of further was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for further

further

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of further

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: to or at a more distant place or time
: to a greater degree or extent
formal : in addition to what has been said

further

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of further (Entry 2 of 3)

: more distant

further

verb

English Language Learners Definition of further (Entry 3 of 3)

: to help the progress of (something) : to cause (something) to become more successful or advanced

further

adverb
fur·​ther | \ ˈfər-t͟hər How to pronounce further (audio) \

Kids Definition of further

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : farther entry 1 sense 1 We walked further into the forest.
2 : besides entry 2, also I understand further that it is not your fault.
3 : to a greater degree or extent Her anger increased further.

further

verb
furthered; furthering

Kids Definition of further (Entry 2 of 3)

: to help forward : promote Training will further your career.

further

adjective

Kids Definition of further (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : farther entry 2 Our property extends to the further tree.
2 : going or extending beyond : additional further study

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More from Merriam-Webster on further

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for further

Spanish Central: Translation of further

Nglish: Translation of further for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of further for Arabic Speakers

Comments on further

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