further

adverb
fur·​ther | \ ˈfər-t͟hər How to pronounce further (audio) \

Definition of further

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : farther sense 1 my ponies are tired, and I have further to go— Thomas Hardy
2 : to a greater degree or extent further annoyed by a second intrusion
3 : in addition : moreover Further, there are aurochs, red deer, wild boar, and large quantities of hare or rabbit.— H. T. Waterbolk

further

adjective

Definition of further (Entry 2 of 3)

1 : farther sense 1 rode … across the valley and up the further slopes— T. E. Lawrence
2 : going or extending beyond : additional further volumes further education

further

verb
furthered; furthering\ ˈfərt͟h-​riŋ How to pronounce furthering (audio) , ˈfər-​t͟hə-​ \

Definition of further (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

: to help forward : promote

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Other Words from further

Verb

furtherer \ ˈfər-​t͟hər-​ər How to pronounce furtherer (audio) \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for further

Synonyms: Adverb

beyond, farther, yon, yonder

Synonyms: Adjective

added, additional, another, else, farther, fresh, more, other

Synonyms: Verb

advance, cultivate, encourage, forward, foster, incubate, nourish, nurse, nurture, promote

Antonyms: Verb

discourage, frustrate, hinder, inhibit

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Choose the Right Synonym for further

Verb

advance, promote, forward, further mean to help (someone or something) to move ahead. advance stresses effective assisting in hastening a process or bringing about a desired end. advance the cause of peace promote suggests an encouraging or fostering and may denote an increase in status or rank. a campaign to promote better health forward implies an impetus forcing something ahead. a wage increase would forward productivity further suggests a removing of obstacles in the way of a desired advance. used the marriage to further his career

Farther vs. Further: Usage Guide

Adverb

Farther and further have been used more or less interchangeably throughout most of their history, but currently they are showing signs of diverging. As adverbs they continue to be used interchangeably whenever spatial, temporal, or metaphorical distance is involved. But where there is no notion of distance, further is used. our techniques can be further refined Further is also used as a sentence modifier further, the workshop participants were scarcely optimistic — L. B. Mayhew , but farther is not. A polarizing process appears to be taking place in their adjective use. Farther is taking over the meaning of distance the farther shore and further the meaning of addition. needed no further invitation

Examples of further in a Sentence

Adverb

The town, such as it is, is one of those Northwest places that look like the outskirts of somewhere bigger, further down the road, but turn out to be all there is. — Jonathan Raban, New York Review of Books, 26 Mar. 2009 The Russian artillery fire and bombs are reaching further into the southern sections of the city … — Alessandra Stanley, New York Times, 17 Jan. 1995 … her example gave me courage to develop my own voice further. — Rita Dove, Essence, May 1995 We need to look back further into the past to find the cause of these problems. I've never been further west than St. Louis. Their house is further up the street. We need to research further into this matter. The police have been reluctant to take their investigation any further. “They are not our friends.” “I would go even further and say they are our enemies.” I had enough money to invest. I realized, further, that the risk was small.

Adjective

He will undergo further questioning. If you need further information you can call me. We do not expect any further deliveries today. I have nothing further to say. There is a further problem: do we have enough money? We parked in the further lot. There is more damage to the further part of the fence.

Verb

Their efforts greatly furthered the state of research. The funds are to be used to further the public good.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

Dallas businessman with ties to SMU now owns Texas house once listed at $135M Of course, in Houston's outskirts, your home-buying dollar stretches a little further. Darla Guillen Gilthorpe, Houston Chronicle, "How suburban Houston home prices compare, August 2019," 13 Aug. 2019 One possible roadblock to further charges is the controversial plea agreement Epstein struck more than a decade ago in Florida. Washington Post, "Epstein death shifts federal focus to possible conspirators," 13 Aug. 2019 Ethan Chappel, who captured the incident while taking photos for his Chappel Astro project, is awaiting further scientific confirmation of the collision. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "A Meteor Smacked Into Jupiter So Hard We Saw It From Earth," 9 Aug. 2019 Early reports indicate the victims had been in a boom lift before climbing further up trees to get to ropes holding up the installation, officials said. oregonlive.com, "2 die in boom lift accident at Pickathon site," 8 Aug. 2019 The 5th Circuit sent the case back to the trial court for any potential further proceedings. Guillermo Contreras, ExpressNews.com, "Fed appeals judges reverse lower court ruling that tossed immigrant’s indictment," 8 Aug. 2019 Secondly, Indian interest rates still have sufficient space for further reductions, unlike US rates which reached near zero, and could not be reduced further. Rahul Menon, Quartz India, "India’s economic slump is far too deep to be tackled with mere tinkering of interest rates," 7 Aug. 2019 National government has also tabled an additional proposal to give Eskom a further R59 billion over two years. Seán Mfundza Muller, Quartz Africa, "South Africa’s economy is in a perilous state and is running out of time to get fixed," 7 Aug. 2019 Big bird bonanza If further digs eventually reveal the bird’s beak, looking at its shape could provide more clues. Jenny Howard, National Geographic, "This toddler-size parrot was a prehistoric oddity," 6 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

As these releases fuel further warming, climate change is causing more climate change, which affects the entire planet. Nancy Fresco, The Conversation, "Huge wildfires in the Arctic and far North send a planetary warning," 14 Aug. 2019 Birmingham Fire and Rescue and the Jefferson County coroner also responded; the coroner pronounced the victim dead at the scene around 9:40 p.m. No further details on the victim were released because police were yet to confirm his identity. Howard Koplowitz | Hkoplowitz@al.com, al, "Police: Male shot dead in street Tuesday night in Norwood," 13 Aug. 2019 The team looks into reports of abuse at 24-hour residential programs licensed by the state, but Yambra said further details of open investigations are protected under state law. oregonlive.com, "$4.5 million lawsuit alleges abuse of developmentally disabled man at state-licensed group home," 11 Aug. 2019 The court records do not provide further detail about the allegations. Kristina Davis, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Retired Border Patrol agent charged with embezzlement on the job," 8 Aug. 2019 Reuters reported earlier this week that police were investigating 8chan but offered no further details. Adi Robertson, The Verge, "8chan is under police investigation in the Philippines," 8 Aug. 2019 Continue using boiled or bottled water until further notice. Detroit Free Press Staff, Detroit Free Press, "Entire city of Flint under boil water advisory after main breaks," 8 Aug. 2019 Apart from the title announcement, no further details have been given as to the future development of the reboots. Sara Delgado, Teen Vogue, "Disney Will Remake "Cheaper by the Dozen," "Home Alone," And More Beloved Films," 7 Aug. 2019 Authorities have accused Amiri of committing crimes against national security without giving further details. Wired Staff, WIRED, "One Free Press Coalition Spotlights Journalists Under Attack," 1 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

ToutiaoSearch furthers that purpose by not only returning search hits from across theworld-wide web – censorship permitting – but by alsooffering results of content from its own apps. Eamon Barrett, Fortune, "What Is Bytedance Searching For?—Data Sheet," 13 Aug. 2019 In 2015 Dweck, Yeager and others co-founded the Mindset Scholars Network, an interdisciplinary group dedicated to furthering research on learning mindsets. Lydia Denworth, Scientific American, "Debate Arises over Teaching “Growth Mindsets” to Motivate Students," 12 Aug. 2019 For nearly a century, critics have accused Boas and his successors of everything from justifying immorality to furthering the batty idea that the United States might not be the greatest country that has ever existed. Charles King, Washington Post, "The anthropologists who upended the ‘science’ of white supremacy," 2 Aug. 2019 Through his findings, Walsh furthers our understanding of what an apocalypse might look like and digs into the biggest threats facing our world. Annabel Gutterman, Time, "Here Are the 11 New Books You Should Read in August," 30 July 2019 As a result, an unimaginable amount of money and resources have been devoted to furthering our knowledge of space, while only a fraction of that has been invested in understanding the ocean. Eric Desatnik, Quartz, "We should care more about the deep sea than we do deep space," 20 June 2019 The restored building and campus is now a research and teaching institution dedicated to furthering Bauhaus ideas. Margo Pfeiff, latimes.com, "Exploring the birthplace of Bauhaus, a German movement that changed design," 16 June 2019 Humanity has been given access to thousands of Earth-like planets which has created a land rush and furthered tensions between the opposing nations of Earth, Mars and the Belt. Sydney Bucksbaum, EW.com, "Amazon renews Carnival Row ahead of its debut, The Expanse season 5 and more," 27 July 2019 The islands may be just the wedge Moscow needs to further splinter the United States' most important security relationship in Asia, and distract Washington from other parts of the world currently higher on Russia's agenda. Brad Lendon, CNN, "Why Russia and China are wading into a centuries' old dispute over a tiny island cluster," 26 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'further.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of further

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for further

Adverb, Adjective, and Verb

Middle English, from Old English furthor (akin to Old High German furthar further), comparative, from the base of Old English forth forth

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Statistics for further

Last Updated

16 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for further

The first known use of further was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for further

further

adverb

English Language Learners Definition of further

 (Entry 1 of 3)

: to or at a more distant place or time
: to a greater degree or extent
formal : in addition to what has been said

further

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of further (Entry 2 of 3)

: more distant

further

verb

English Language Learners Definition of further (Entry 3 of 3)

: to help the progress of (something) : to cause (something) to become more successful or advanced

further

adverb
fur·​ther | \ ˈfər-t͟hər How to pronounce further (audio) \

Kids Definition of further

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : farther entry 1 sense 1 We walked further into the forest.
2 : besides entry 2, also I understand further that it is not your fault.
3 : to a greater degree or extent Her anger increased further.

further

verb
furthered; furthering

Kids Definition of further (Entry 2 of 3)

: to help forward : promote Training will further your career.

further

adjective

Kids Definition of further (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : farther entry 2 Our property extends to the further tree.
2 : going or extending beyond : additional further study

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More from Merriam-Webster on further

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for further

Spanish Central: Translation of further

Nglish: Translation of further for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of further for Arabic Speakers

Comments on further

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