battery

noun

bat·​tery ˈba-t(ə-)rē How to pronounce battery (audio)
plural batteries
1
a
: the act of beating someone or something with successive blows : the act of battering (see batter entry 1 sense 1)
b
law : an offensive touching or use of force on a person without the person's consent
evidence that supports a charge of battery
compare assault entry 1 sense 2a
2
[Middle French batterie, from battre to beat] military
a
: a grouping of artillery pieces for tactical (see tactical sense 1a(1)) purposes
a battery of cannon from the Revolutionary War
b
: the guns of a warship
the starboard battery
3
military : an artillery (see artillery sense 2b) unit in the army equivalent to a company (see company entry 1 sense 2b)
4
a
: a combination of apparatus for producing a single electrical effect
a battery of generators
b
: a group of two or more cells (see cell sense 5) connected together to furnish electric current
also : a single cell that furnishes electric current
need to replace the flashlight's batteries
c
batteries plural : level of energy or enthusiasm
needs a vacation to recharge her batteries
5
a(1)
: a number of similar articles, items, or devices arranged, connected, or used together : set, series
ran through a battery of tests
a battery of filing cabinets
(2)
: a series of cages or compartments for raising or fattening poultry
often used before another noun
battery chickensbattery farming
b
: a usually impressive or imposing group : array
a battery of specialists
6
: the position of readiness of a gun for firing
the gun would not return to battery Infantry Journal
7
baseball : the pitcher and catcher of a team
one of the greatest batteries in baseball history

Example Sentences

I bought new batteries for the flashlights. The operation was performed by a battery of doctors.
Recent Examples on the Web However, the feature will consume battery life on both the AirPods and the iOS device. Chris Smith, BGR, 20 Nov. 2022 Tracking his wellbeing never looked so good, as Oura's latest model still has a sleek exterior, while adding new features like longer battery life, and a new temperature sensing system to monitor his stress and sleep levels. Sara Klausing, Men's Health, 20 Nov. 2022 Amazon says the Paperwhite can get up to 10 weeks of battery life. Billy Kwong, PCMAG, 20 Nov. 2022 Rapp sued Spacey in civil court in 2020, accusing the actor of assault, battery and intentional infliction of emotional distress. Bethonie Butler, Washington Post, 16 Nov. 2022 The insane battery life (up to 28 days in smartwatch mode, or up to 89 days in GPS mode) gets an extra boost from the sun for longer stretches between charges. The Editors, Outside Online, 15 Nov. 2022 The battery life could be better, but the machine still offers good value and a great experience for both gaming and non-gaming tasks—especially with this discount. Louryn Strampe Gear Team, WIRED, 11 Nov. 2022 The Broadway actor was seeking $40 million in compensatory and punitive damages for battery and intentional infliction of emotional distress, per Reuters. Joelle Goldstein, Peoplemag, 20 Oct. 2022 Polestar claims the 400-volt system can recharge the battery from 10 to 80 percent in 30 minutes on a DC fast charger at up to 250 kW. Caleb Miller, Car and Driver, 12 Oct. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'battery.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Anglo-French baterie, from batre to beat, from Latin battuere

First Known Use

1531, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Time Traveler
The first known use of battery was in 1531

Dictionary Entries Near battery

Cite this Entry

“Battery.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/battery. Accessed 4 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

battery

noun

bat·​tery ˈbat-ə-rē How to pronounce battery (audio)
ˈba-trē
plural batteries
1
a
: the act of beating
b
: the unlawful beating or use of force upon a person
2
: two or more big military guns that are controlled as a unit
3
: an electric cell or connected electric cells for providing electric current
a flashlight battery
4
: a number of similar articles, items, or devices arranged, connected, or used together
a battery of tests
5
: the pitcher and catcher of a baseball team

Medical Definition

battery

noun

plural batteries
1
a
: a combination of apparatus for producing a single electrical effect
b
: a group of two or more cells connected together to furnish electric current
also : a single cell that furnishes electric current
2
: a group or series of tests
especially : a group of intelligence or personality tests given to a subject as an aid in psychological analysis

Legal Definition

battery

noun

bat·​tery ˈba-tə-rē, -trē How to pronounce battery (audio)
: the crime or tort of intentionally or recklessly causing offensive physical contact or bodily harm (as by striking or by administering a poison or drug) that is not consented to by the victim compare assault
aggravated battery
: criminal battery that is accompanied by aggravating factors: as
a : criminal battery that causes or is intended to cause serious bodily injury especially through the use of a dangerous weapon
b : criminal battery committed on a protected person (as a minor or a police officer) compare simple battery in this entry

Note: Aggravated battery is usually classified as a felony.

sexual battery
: intentional and offensive sexual contact and especially sexual intercourse with a person who has not given or (as in the case of a child) is incapable of giving consent
broadly : forced or coerced contact with the sexual parts of either the victim or the perpetrator see also rape

Note: This is a broad definition of the offense. The specific elements of this crime vary from state to state, and some states use more narrow definitions.

simple battery
: criminal battery that is not accompanied by aggravating factors (as a dangerous weapon) compare aggravated battery in this entry

Note: Simple battery is usually classified as a misdemeanor.

History and Etymology for battery

Old French batterie beating, from battre to beat, from Latin battuere

More from Merriam-Webster on battery

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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