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1

that

play
pronoun that, thət\

Definition of that

plural those play thōz\

  1. 1a :  the person, thing, or idea indicated, mentioned, or understood from the situation <that is my father>b :  the time, action, or event specified <after that I went to bed>c :  the kind or thing specified as follows <the purest water is that produced by distillation>d :  one or a group of the indicated kind <that's a cat — quick and agile>

  2. 2a :  the one farther away or less immediately under observation or discussion <those are maples and these are elms>b :  the former one

  3. 3a —used as a function word after and to indicate emphatic repetition of the idea expressed by a previous word or phrase <he was helpful, and that to an unusual degree>b —used as a function word immediately before or after a word group consisting of a verbal auxiliary or a form of the verb be preceded by there or a personal pronoun subject to indicate emphatic repetition of the idea expressed by a previous verb or predicate noun or predicate adjective <is she capable? She is that>

  4. 4a :  the one :  the thing :  the kind :  something, anything <the truth of that which is true> <the senses are that whereby we experience the world> <what's that you say>b plural :  some persons <those who think the time has come>

all that
  1. :  everything of the kind indicated <tact, discretion, and all that>

at that
  1. 1 :  in spite of what has been said or implied

  2. 2 :  in addition :  2besides



Origin of that

Middle English, from Old English thæt, neuter demonstrative pron. & definite article; akin to Old High German daz, neuter demonstrative pron. & definite article, Greek to, Latin istud, neuter demonstrative pron.


First Known Use: before 12th century


2

that

play
conjunction \thət, ˈthat\

Simple Definition of that

  • —used to introduce a clause that is the subject or object of a verb

  • —used to introduce a clause that completes or explains the meaning of a previous noun or adjective or of the pronoun it

  • —used to introduce a clause that states a reason or purpose

Full Definition of that

  1. 1a (1) —used as a function word to introduce a noun clause that is usually the subject or object of a verb or a predicate nominative <said that he was afraid> (2) —used as a function word to introduce a subordinate clause that is anticipated by the expletive it occurring as subject of the verb <it is unlikely that he'll be in> (3) —used as a function word to introduce a subordinate clause that is joined as complement to a noun or adjective <we are certain that this is true> <the fact that you are here> (4) —used as a function word to introduce a subordinate clause modifying an adverb or adverbial expression <will go anywhere that he is invited>b —used as a function word to introduce an exclamatory clause expressing a strong emotion especially of surprise, sorrow, or indignation <that it should come to this!>

  2. 2a (1) —used as a function word to introduce a subordinate clause expressing purpose or desired result <cutting down expenses that her son might inherit an unencumbered estate — W. B. Yeats> (2) —used as a function word to introduce a subordinate clause expressing a reason or cause <rejoice that you are lightened of a load — Robert Browning> (3) —used as a function word to introduce a subordinate clause expressing consequence, result, or effect <are of sufficient importance that they cannot be neglected — Hannah Wormington>b —used as a function word to introduce an exclamatory clause expressing a wish <oh, that he would come>

  3. 3 —used as a function word after a subordinating conjunction without modifying its meaning <if that thy bent of love be honorable — Shakespeare>

Before 12th Century

First Known Use of that

before 12th century


3

that

adjective

Simple Definition of that

  • —used to indicate which person, thing, or idea is being shown, pointed to, or mentioned

  • —used to indicate the one that is farther away or less familiar

  • : the other

Full Definition of that

plural those

  1. 1a :  being the person, thing, or idea specified, mentioned, or understoodb :  being the one specified —usually used for emphasis <that rarity among leaders> <that brother of yours>c :  so great a :  such

  2. 2 :  the farther away or less immediately under observation or discussion <this chair or that one>

Examples of that

  1. She twisted it this way and that way.



12th Century

First Known Use of that

12th century


4

that

play
pronoun \thət, ˈthat\

Definition of that

  1. 1 —used as a function word to introduce a restrictive relative clause and to serve as a substitute within that clause for the substantive modified by the clause <the house that Jack built> <I'll make a ghost of him that lets me — Shakespeare>

  2. 2a :  at which :  in which :  on which :  by which :  with which :  to which <each year that the lectures are given>b :  according to what :  to the extent of what —used after a negative <has never been here that I know of>

  3. 3a archaic :  that whichb obsolete :  the person who



Usage Discussion of that

That, which, who: In current usage that refers to persons or things, which chiefly to things and rarely to subhuman entities, who chiefly to persons and sometimes to animals. The notion that that should not be used to refer to persons is without foundation; such use is entirely standard. Because that has no genitive form or construction, of which or whose must be substituted for it in contexts that call for the genitive.

That, which: Although some handbooks say otherwise, that and which are both regularly used to introduce restrictive clauses in edited prose. Which is also used to introduce nonrestrictive clauses. That was formerly used to introduce nonrestrictive clauses; such use is virtually nonexistent in present-day edited prose, though it may occasionally be found in poetry.

Origin of that

Middle English, from Old English thæt, neuter relative pron., from thæt, neuter demonstrative pron.


First Known Use: before 12th century


5

that

play
adverb that\

Simple Definition of that

  • : to the degree that is stated or suggested

  • : to the degree or extent indicated by a gesture

  • : to a great degree

Full Definition of that

  1. 1 :  to such an extent <a nail about that long>

  2. 2 :  very, extremely —usually used with the negative <did not take the festival that seriously — Eric Goldman>

Examples of that

  1. It was the worst movie that I have ever seen. Was it really that bad? Yes, it was that bad.

  2. What would you do with that much money?

  3. Don't go over the speed limit. Does the car even go that fast?

  4. I didn't realize the book was that long.

  5. I need a nail about that long.



13th Century

First Known Use of that

13th century



THAT Defined for Kids

1

that

play
pronoun that\

Definition of that

plural those thōz\

  1. 1 :  the person or thing seen, mentioned, or understood <I'm sure that is my book.> <Those are my shoes.>

  2. 2 :  the time, action, or event mentioned <Wash up, and after that, you can eat.>

  3. 3 :  the one farther away <This is an elm, that is a hickory.>

  4. 4 :  the one :  the kind <The richest ore is that found higher up.>




2

that

play
conjunction \thət, ˈthat\

Definition of that

  1. 1 —used to introduce a clause that modifies a noun or adjective <I'm certain that this is true.>

  2. 2 —used to introduce a clause that modifies an adverb or adverbial expression <He'll go anywhere that he is invited.>

  3. 3 —used to introduce a noun clause serving especially as the subject or object of a verb <He said that he wasn't afraid.>

  4. 4 :  2so 1 <She shouted that all might hear.>

  5. 5 —used to introduce a clause naming a result <I was so hungry that I fainted.>

  6. 6 :  because <He is glad that you came.>




3

that

play
adjective

Definition of that

plural those

  1. 1 :  being the one mentioned, indicated, or understood <that boy> <those people>

  2. 2 :  being the one farther away <this book or that one> <these crayons or those>




4

that

play
pronoun \thət, ˈthat\

Definition of that

  1. 1 :  who 2, whom, which <the person that won the race> <the people that you saw> <the food that I like>

  2. 2 :  in, on, or at which <the year that I moved>




5

that

play
adverb that\

Definition of that

  1. :  to the extent or degree shown (as by the hands) <The table is about that high.>





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